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Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology


ISSN: 0079-4252
eISSN: 2545-3149





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VOLUME 56 , ISSUE 2 (April 2017) > List of articles


Edyta Abramczuk * / Katarzyna Pancer / Włodzimierz Gut / Bogumiła Litwińska

Keywords : koinfekcje wirusowe, koronawirusy człowieka, viral co-infections, human coronaviruses

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 56, Issue 2, Pages 205-213, DOI:

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 22-May-2019



In this article, the characteristics of human coronaviruses (HCoV) are presented. Currently, six human coronaviruses are known: HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, HCoV-SARS and HCoV-MERS. The first human coronaviruses were described in the sixties of the twentieth century, the last one, HCoV-MERS, in 2012 y. Coronaviruses can cause mild, asymptomatic infections as well as severe respiratory diseases, like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. The symptoms of HCoV infection are mainly: fever, nasopharyngitis, cough, bronchiolitis, pneumonia. Infections due to HCoV occur during the whole human life, but aremost frequent in children. They can occur throughout the year, but are most common in the winter season. Treatment of HCoV infections is usually symptomatic. Diagnosis of HCoV is mainly based on molecular technics such as quantitative PCR. Serological tests are only used for epidemiological purposes.

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