BACTERIAL CHITINASES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

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VOLUME 56 , ISSUE 3 (April 2017) > List of articles

BACTERIAL CHITINASES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

Anna Kisiel * / Ewa Kępczyńska

Keywords : N-acetylglucosamine, chitinolytic bacterial, biofungicides, bioinsecticides, chitin, chitinases, biological control

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 56, Issue 3, Pages 306-315, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/PM-2017.56.3.306

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 22-May-2019

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ABSTRACT

Chitin, an insoluble linear β-1,4-linked polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, is the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature after cellulose. It is present in cell walls of several fungi, exoskeletons of insects and crustacean shells. Enzymatic hydrolysis of this polysaccharide is carried out in the presence of glycoside hydrolases-chitinases. They are produced by microorganisms, insects, plants, and animal, but it is the bacterial chitinases which play a fundamental role in degradation of the chitin. Chitinases and their products, chito-oligomers, have been of interest in recent years due to their wide range of applications in agriculture, medicine and industry. This review focuses on the enzymatic properties of the bacterial chitinases and their potential applications in various kinds of biotechnology.

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