TAXONOMY, VIRULENCE AND LIFE CYCLES OF BACILLUS CEREUS SENSU LATO

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VOLUME 56 , ISSUE 4 (April 2017) > List of articles

TAXONOMY, VIRULENCE AND LIFE CYCLES OF BACILLUS CEREUS SENSU LATO

Marek Bartoszewicz * / Urszula Czyżewska

Keywords : cereulide, enterotoxins, psychrotolerance, taxonomy

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 56, Issue 4, Pages 440-450, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/PM-2017.56.4.440

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 22-May-2019

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ABSTRACT

Bacillus cereus sensu lato is a group of several species of Gram-positive sporeformers ubiquitous in nature and showing huge impact on human activities. They are often found in soil, air, plant material, animal tissues and digestive tracts as well as in food products. Their genetic similarities and frequent horizontal gene transfer causes doubts regarding their taxonomy. In addition, their toxicity and psychrotolerance constitute serious problems in the dairy industry, being responsible for food-poisonings and spoilage of cold-stored products. Finally, recent finding indicate that B. cereus sensu lato toxicity plays an important role not only in their virulence, but also in social interactions with other bacteria.

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