CONTRIBUTION OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY TO THE ‘ONE HEALTH’ IDEA

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Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology

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eISSN: 2545-3149

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VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 2 (September 2018) > List of articles

CONTRIBUTION OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY TO THE ‘ONE HEALTH’ IDEA

Marian Binek * / Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda / Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel

Keywords : One Health, emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, creation of veterinary microbiology, animal reservoir of pathogens

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 57, Issue 2, Pages 95-105, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.095

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 23-May-2019

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ABSTRACT

In recent years, there have been notable increas in the occurrence of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Most have resulted from the crossing of species barriers from animals to humans, especially from wildlife reservoirs. These threats draw attention to the changing patterns of diseases on a global scale and raise the need for a new worldwide strategy for expanding interdisciplinary collaborations and communications in all aspects of health care for humans, animals and the environment. The most commonly used term for this concept is ‘One Health’. Its origin lies in pre-modern medicine and refers to the idea of One Medicine which means that there is no difference between humans and animals when it comes to the approach to health and disease. The creation of veterinary schools across Europe in the late 18th and 19th centuries is portrayed as a break with the past, in which a new enlightened approach to animal healing superseded that of ignorance and cruelty. At the end of the 19th century, discovery upon discovery was rapidly made in the domain of bacteriology and immunology. Animal diseases were first studied, and veterinary medicine and veterinary bacteriology was closely linked with these findings. Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, ‘One Health’ concept broke new ground in its concern with the environmental and wildlife aspects of health. This change in thought pattern has been fueled by a number of high-profile international infectious disease events over the past decades. To continue the implementation of the ‘One Health’ idea, the next generation of infectious disease specialists needs to be acquainted not only with modern diagnostic technics, but also equipped to understand disease pathogenesis and the basic principles underlying disease control.

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