FARMED AND COMPANION ANIMALS AS RESERVOIRS OF ZOONOTIC ROTAVIRUS STRAINS

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VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 2 (September 2018) > List of articles

FARMED AND COMPANION ANIMALS AS RESERVOIRS OF ZOONOTIC ROTAVIRUS STRAINS

Iwona Kozyra / Artur Rzeżutka *

Keywords : animals, rotavirus group A, zoonotic transmission, zoonotic strains

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 57, Issue 2, Pages 156-166, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.156

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 23-May-2019

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

Rotavirus (RV) infections are a major epidemiological problem in humans and farm animals. So far, a number of human and animal RV strains have been identified. Based on the antigenic properties of the VP6 capsid protein, they have been classified into eight serogroups (A-H). The most important of them are viruses from group A (RVA), which are responsible for more than 90% of cases of rotaviral diarrhoea. The segmented structure of the virus genome and the presence of animals in human neighbourhood favour genetic reassortment between RV strains originating from different hosts. This could result in an emergence of zoonotic virus strains. The increasing number of human infections caused by virus strains having genotypes which have only been identified in animals indicates the need for epidemiological surveillance of infections. Additionally, the identification of epidemic virus strains in the outbreaks of disease in humans should be conducted. The identification of RVA strains circulating in humans and animals will allow the assessment of the impact of vaccination on the selection and emergence of zoonotic RVA strains.

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