STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDISAS A CAUSATIVE AGENTOF HEALTHCARE - ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS

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VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 4 (April 2018) > List of articles

STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDISAS A CAUSATIVE AGENTOF HEALTHCARE - ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS

Beata Podgórska * / Danuta Kędzia

Keywords : healthcare-associated infections, Staphylococcus epidermidis

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 57, Issue 4, Pages 348-359, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/PM-2018.57.4.348

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 24-May-2019

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ABSTRACT

Healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance are two of the most important threats in the contemporary medicine, representing a serious burden for the public health system. Previously regarded only as an innocuous commensal microorganism of human skin, S. epidermidis is nowadays seen as an important opportunistic pathogen and the most frequent cause of nosocomial infections. S. epidermidis is the most genetically diverse species within the genus Staphylococcus. Strains belonging to ST2, the most frequently found clonal type of hospital-associated invasive S. epidermidis, are characterized by bacterial biofilm formation and resistance to methicillin, amongst other antibiotics. S. epidermidis is mainly responsible for bloodstream infections and other biomedical device-related infections. Treating infections characterized by biofilm formation is problematic. An additional challenge is differentiation between actual S. epidermidis bloodstream infections and blood probe contamination.

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