CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF HYDROPHOBINSAND THEIR USE IN MANIFOLD INDUSTRIES

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VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 4 (April 2018) > List of articles

CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF HYDROPHOBINSAND THEIR USE IN MANIFOLD INDUSTRIES

Łukasz P. Tymiński / Zuzanna Znajewska / Grażyna B. Dąbrowska *

Keywords : fungi, hydrophobins, stress, hydrophobin film

Citation Information : Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology. Volume 57, Issue 4, Pages 374-384, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/PM-2018.57.4.374

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 24-May-2019

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ABSTRACT

Hydrophobins are surface active proteins produced by filamentous fungi. They play a role in fungal growth and their life cycle. Proteins with similar properties have been also found in prokaryotic organisms. Hydrophobins are characterized by a specific arrangement of cysteine residues, which form four disulfide bridges in the amino acid sequence. This construction gives hydrophobins their hydrophobic properties, allowing for their spontaneous assembly into amphipathic monolayers at hydrophobic-hydrophilic interfaces. These unique properties of hydrophobins make them more and more popular with regard to their potential application in industry. New ways of using hydrofobins in various branches of the business sector are being developed. Hydrofobins are already widely used in the food industry, pharmaceutical industry, as well as molecular biology.

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