THE CONCEPT OF MULTIFUNCIONAL WALL - AN ENERGY SYSTEM INTEGRATED IN A SINGLE WALL

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Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Architecture , Civil Engineering , Engineering, Environmental

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ISSN: 1899-0142

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 (March 2017) > List of articles

THE CONCEPT OF MULTIFUNCIONAL WALL - AN ENERGY SYSTEM INTEGRATED IN A SINGLE WALL

Jarosław FIGASZEWSKI / Joanna SOKOŁOWSKA-MOSKWIAK

Keywords : Energy-saving buildings, External walls, Smart materials, Photovoltaic, Transparent insulation, Phase change materials

Citation Information : Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment. Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 5-10, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/acee-2017-001

License : (BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 10-November-2016 / Accepted: 27-February-2017 / Published Online: 27-August-2018

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ABSTRACT

In 1981 Mike Davis proposed a new design of the glass wall, which he called a polyvalent wall that would dynamically respond to changing environmental conditions. The idea of an inter-active component in a building envelope has become a source of inspiration for the proponents of external wall concepts. The proposed designs are important because they apply principles of multifunctionality based on cooperation between the wall layers and the dynamic reaction of changing external and internal thermal conditions. The multilayer wall, therefore, plays a major role in the thermal shielding of a building and is a key component in energy efficiency. And the use of new construction materials the wall functionality has been expanded. This application has also expanded the role of a wall in the process of energy management of a building. A non-transparent wall can produce electricity, supply heat from solar radiation, absorb, store and distribute heat. It can be responsible for stabilizing room temperatures. The cooperation between individual layers also has an impact on energy efficiency and on the microclimate of a given building. This paper will present different ways of energy activation in external walls with a special focus on the photovoltaic panels/modules (PV), the transparent insulation (TIM) and phase change materials (PCM). New materials can be included in the partition structure in different configurations such as a single or a bi-material component for improving thermal effects.

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REFERENCES

[1] Addington M. Schodek D.; Smart Materials and Technologies. For the architecture and design professions, Elsevier, Oxford, 2005

[2] Figaszewski J.; Aktywizacja energetyczna przegród w związku z użyciem nowych materiałów (The energy activation of partitions in relation to the new material use) [in:] Kierunki rozwoju budownictwa energooszczędnego i wykorzystania odnawialnych źródeł energii na terenie Dolnego Śląska, red. A. Bać i J. Kasperski, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław, 2013; p.145-155 (in Polish)

[3] Figaszewski J.; Zastosowanie komponentów energetycznych w przegrodzie wielowarstwowej (The application of energy components in multi-layered wall), Materiały Budowlane, No.1, 2014; p.12-14 (in Polish)

[4] Harland A., Mackay C., Vale B.; Phase change materials in architecture, SB10 New Zeland, No.4, http://www.braz.co.nz [access: 30 April 2012]

[5] Huang M.J., Eames P.C., Norton B.; Thermal regulation of building-integrated photovoltaics using phase change materials, Int. J. Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.47, 2004; p.2715-2733

[6] Radziszewska-Zielna E.; Metody ocieplenia ścian za pomocą transparentnej izolacji cieplnej (Warming methods for walls using transparent heat insulation), Przegląd Budowlany, No.2, 2004 (in Polish)

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