REVIVE TO SURVIVE AND DEVELOP. CITY CENTRES OF SHEFFIELD (U.K.) AND KATOWICE (PL)

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Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Architecture , Civil Engineering , Engineering, Environmental

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 4 (December 2017) > List of articles

REVIVE TO SURVIVE AND DEVELOP. CITY CENTRES OF SHEFFIELD (U.K.) AND KATOWICE (PL)

Anna Marta WŁODARCZYK / Michał WŁODARCZYK

Keywords : New public open spaces, Neglected areas, City centres, Urban and landscape transformations, Master plans.

Citation Information : Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment. Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 53-69, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/acee-2017-050

License : (BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 28-August-2018

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ABSTRACT

In the beginnings of 21 century revitalization by means of public open space planning is becoming more and more popular. The purpose of the paper is to juxtapose (not to compare) two European examples of public open spaces created in areas, which are neglected in urban and landscape way: The revitalized centre of the Sheffield post-industrial steel-city in England and the former coal mine area of the present new Silesian Museum in Katowice, Poland. The empirical and analytical methods were applied, like in situ analysis in Sheffield: scientific walk, photo-documentation, interviews with experts, and research of professional material from the City Council (2014, 2016–2017). In Katowice: the field work, professional architectural supervision of the investment process, as well as the cooperation with architects and city planners (also by the Master Plan 2010) had been carried out during eight years (2006–2014). The results show various approaches to public open space planning in post-industrial city-centres. In Sheffield the main attention is paid to the interconnected and safe pedestrian areas. In contrary in Katowice the planning efforts focus on architectural design, while the easy accessible and networked common spaces are missing. These differences are rooted in the urban and landscape strategies, assigned in the master plan (in one case), and the lack of such strategies (in the other case).

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REFERENCES

[1] Armonat, T. (2010). Scharnier im Freiraumgefuege (Hinge in the free space structure). In: Garten & Landschaft, 7, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany, 14-15.

[2] Cullen, G. (2011). Obraz Miasta (Image of the city). Wydawnictwo Brama Grodzka Teatr NN, Lublin, Poland, 15-16.

[3] Dellinger, F. (2012). Ein neuer Rahmen fuer Lyons Hafen (A new frame for the Lyons Harbour). In: Garten & Landschaft, 1, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany, 23-25.

[4] Jakob, T. (2010). Kuehe in der Stadt (Cows in the city). In: Garten & Landschaft, 7, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany, 20-22.

[5] Kissling, J. (2010). Chronik einer Entstehungsgeschichte (Chronicle of a history of rising). In: Garten & Landschaft, 7, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany, 27-29.

[6] Meinharter, E. (2012). Zwischen Hochhaeusern und Hochoefen (Between tower blocks and blast-furnance). In: Garten & Landschaft, 1, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany, 34-37.

[7] Pfammatter, U. (2012). Bauen im Kultur- und Klimawandel. Green traditions - clean future. vdf, Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zuerich, Zurich, Switzerland, 317.

[8] Schneegans, J. (2012). Wilde Natur auf dem Gleisdreieck (Wild nature in the Gleisdreieck). In: Garten & Landschaft, 1, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany, 17-19.

[9] Sheffield City Council/City Development Division (2011). Sheffield City Centre Breathing Spaces Strategy. (2010). Sheffield, England, 2-3.

[10] Sheffield City Council (2013). The Master Plan of Sheffield, Sheffield, England, 5, 35, 36.

[11] Sheffield Libraries Archives and Information, Archives and Local Studies (2006). A Short History of Sheffield. Sheffield City Council, 1-14.

[12] Strabel, W. / Arch-Urbs Design-Research Office (2010). The Concept of the Master Plan for the area of the Olimpijska street in Katowice. Katowice, Poland.

[13] Urząd Miasta Katowice; Informacje o mieście (Katowice City Council; Information about the city): www.um.katowice.pl (17/07/2016).

[14] https://muzeumslaskie.pl/pl/architektura-i-przestrzen (16/07/2017) - official webside of the Silesian Museum in Katowice.

[15] SWOT analyses describing strong (S) and weak (W) sides, opportunities (O) and threats (T) of the analyzed subject.

[16] The author: Anna Marta Włodarczyk. In situ investigation in Sheffield 2014: Photo documentation, official materials and interviews with experts in the Sheffield City Council and at the University of Sheffield. Cooperator in the design of the Master Plan for the area of the Olimpijska Street in Katowice 2010, analyzed in the paper.

[17] The author: Michał Włodarczyk. Coordinator for the building process of the new Silesian Museum in Katowice in the time 2006-2014. Cooperator in the design of the Master Plan for the area of the Olimpijska Street in Katowice 2010, analyzed in the paper.

[18] The Concept of the Master Plan for the area of the Olimpijska street in Katowice (today the “Culture Zone”), preparded by Arch-Urbs Design-Research Office in Katowice: The City Council of Katowice resigned of this plan in order to develop the site using solely the simplified form of Conditions of Building, which gives more freedom to investors and permits to build without official form of legal urban regulations. The results are, that today the public open space on the analyzed “culture island” in Katowice is not interconnected and makes only the marginal pecentage of the revitalized post-industrial area. It does not exist in form of a network and have no relations with the neighbourhood.

[19] Original text: “Główną ideą projektu jest zachowanie dziedzictwa kulturowego Górnego Śląska poprzez adaptację dwóch zabytkowych budynków” from https://muzeumslaskie.pl/pl/architektura-i-przestrzen (16/07/2017). The english translation in the main text of the paper by A. M. Wlodarczyk.

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