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Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology

Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand

Ole Jakob Storebø

Subject: Medicine


eISSN: 2245-8875



Psychiatric problems and quality of life in a clinical sample of adolescents: The role of peer relations
Finnish schoolchildren’s perceived health-related quality of life deteriorates remarkably with age
The Growing Trend of Prescribing Antipsychotics for Young People in Finland, 2000 to 2010
Are Autistic Traits in Youth Meaningful? A Replication study in Non-referred Siblings of Youth with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

VOLUME 8 (2020) - List of articles

What children and young people learn about ADHD from youth information books: A text analysis of nine books on ADHD available in Dutch

Laura Batstra/ Linda Foget/ Caroline van Haeringen/ Sanne te Meerman/ Ernst Daniël Thoutenhoofd

Abstract Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is not a singular concept. For the purposes of this study, understandings of ADHD are assumed also to spread along a conceptual dimension that includes some combination of biomedical and psychosocial knowledge. Biomedically, ADHD may be considered a somatic affliction causing inattention and hyperactivity, amenable to pharmaceutical treatment. Psychosocially, ADHD ranks among adverse behaviour patterns that are amenable to psychosocial and(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-001

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

Frida Thorsén/ Carl Antonson/ Jan Sundquist/ Kristina Sundquist

Background: Background: Sleep affects psychiatric health and perceived stress during adolescence. Objective: Objective: The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of poor sleep in a sample of Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. The second aim was to investigate correlations between: a) sleep and psychiatric symptoms and; b) sleep and perceived stress. The third aim was to examine possible sex differences in sleep. Method: Method: In 2011, a total of 185 Swedish adolescent(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-002

Parental internalizing symptoms as predictors of anxiety symptoms in clinic-referred children

Krister Westlye Fjermestad/ Christina Lium/ Einar R. Heiervang/ Odd E. Havik/ Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland/ Ingvar Bjelland/ Gro Janne Henningsen Wergeland

Background: Background: Mothers’ and fathers’ internalizing symptoms may influence children’s anxiety symptoms differently. Objective: Objective: To explore the relationship between parental internalizing symptoms and children’s anxiety symptoms in a clinical sample of children with anxiety disorders. Method: Method: The sample was recruited through community mental health clinics for a randomized controlled anxiety treatment trial. At pre-intervention, children (n = 182), mothers (n = 165), and(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-003

Cyberbullying: relationship with developmental variables and cyber victimization▪

Gülendam Akgül/ Müge Artar

Background and objective: Background and objective: Cyberbullying is increasingly turning into a significant problem for children and adolescents due to its adverse psychological and academic outcomes. In the present study, the protective and risk factors for cyberbullying has been investigated. One of the aims of the study was to examine the relationship between peer relations, negative emotion regulation strategies, and cyberbullying. The successful identity development process is thought to i(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-004

An exploration of group-based compassion-focused therapy for adolescents and their parents

Anna Sofia Bratt/ Marie Rusner/ Idor Svensson

Background: Background: The long-term negative consequences of mental health problems during adolescence highlight the need for effective treatments. Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) aims to help individuals to enhance their ability to support and care for themselves and to alleviate shame and self-stigmatization. Objective: Objective: This non-randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of group-based CFT on perceived stress and the extent of self-compassion in a clinical sample of a(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-005

The use of wearable technology to measure and support abilities, disabilities and functional skills in autistic youth: a scoping review

Melissa H. Black/ Benjamin Milbourn/ Nigel T. M. Chen/ Sarah McGarry/ Fatema Wali/ Armilda S. V. Ho/ Mika Lee/ Sven Bölte/ Torbjorn Falkmer/ Sonya Girdler

Background: Background: Wearable technology (WT) to measure and support social and non-social functioning in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been a growing interest of researchers over the past decade. There is however limited understanding of the WTs currently available for autistic individuals, and how they measure functioning in this population. Objective: Objective: This scoping review explored the use of WTs for measuring and supporting abilities, disabilities and functional skills in au(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-006

Psychometric validity of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scale for Adolescents: a Swedish version

Eva Henje/ Frida Carlberg Rindestig/ Paul Gilbert/ Inga Dennhag

Background: Background: There is increasing evidence that compassion is linked to mental health and well-being while difficulties in receiving and expressing compassion to self and others is associated with mental health and social difficulties. For the most part the self-report scales that measure these processes have been developed for adults and little is known how they function in adolescents. This study investigates a Swedish adaption for adolescents of the Compassionate Engagement and Acti(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-007

Help-seeking behavior in Norwegian adolescents: the role of bullying and cyberbullying victimization in a cross-sectional study

Sabine Kaiser/ Henriette Kyrrestad/ Sturla Fossum

Background: Background: Help-seeking is considered a constructive coping style. However, the threshold at which many adolescents seek help is relatively high, and the outcomes are not necessarily always positive. Objective: Objective: The main aim of this study was to examine if bullying and cyberbullying victimization predicted help-seeking behavior among Norwegian adolescents. Method: Method: Help-seeking behavior was predicted using three different Generalized Linear Mixed Models. In addition(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-008

“The big wide world of school”: Supporting children on the autism spectrum to successfully transition to primary school: Perspectives from parents and early intervention professionals

Nigel Chen/ Scott Miller/ Ben Milbourn/ Melissa H. Black/ Kathryn Fordyce/ Gerdamari Van Der Watt/ Tasha Alach/ Anne Masi/ Grace Frost/ Madonna Tucker/ Valsamma Eapen/ Sonya Girdler

Background: Background: The transition to primary school is often a complex and uncertain time for autistic children and their families. Understanding how best to develop school readiness and support transition to primary school for autistic children is essential. School readiness and transition planning are influenced by a range of personal and contextual factors, and it is important to understand the perspectives of the various stakeholders involved in the transition process. Methods: Methods:(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-009

Victimization in traditional and cyberbullying as risk factors for substance use, self-harm and suicide attempts in high school students

Mohammad Saeed Azami/ Farhad Taremian

Background: Background: Traditional bullying (or peer bullying) is considered a common and unpleasant experience among students and has serious consequences such as mental health problems and unhealthy behavior. In recent years, another type of bullying named cyberbullying has emerged as a growing problem with negative effects on school achievement, physiology, and mental health of its victims. Objective: Objective: The purpose of this research is to examine and compare the roles of traditional (..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-010

Moderation of treatment effects by parent-adolescent conflict in a randomised controlled trial of Attachment-Based Family Therapy for adolescent depression

Erling W. Rognli/ Luxsiya Waraan/ Nikolai O. Czajkowski/ Marianne Aalberg

Background: Background: Conflict with parents is frequent in adolescent depression, and has been shown to predict poor treatment outcomes. Attachment Based Family Therapy (ABFT) is a manualised treatment for adolescent depression that may be robust to parent-adolescent conflict. Objective: Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis that parent-adolescent conflict moderates the outcome of Attachment-Based Family Therapy compared with treatment as usual. Methods: Methods: Data were obtained from a rand(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-011

One-year follow-up of The Incredible Years Parents and Babies Program: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Maiken Pontoppidan/ Tróndur Møller Sandoy/ Sihu K. Klest

Background: Background: The foundation of a healthy life begins in pregnancy and early adversity can have detrimental long-term consequences for affected children. Objective: Objective: This paper examines the effects of the Incredible Years Parents and Babies program (IYPB) at one-year follow-up when offered as a universal parenting intervention to parents with newborn infants. Method: Method: We conducted a pragmatic, two-arm, parallel pilot randomized controlled trial; 112 families with newbo(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-012

Zolpidem in treatment resistant adolescent catatonia: a case series

Abstract Catatonia is a well-established psycho-motor disorder occurring in the background of various psychiatric and medical disorders. Catatonia is commonly associated with psychiatric disorders, especially affective disorders followed by schizophrenia. However, almost 20% occur in the background of different medical and neurological disorders which need to be properly examined and investigated. Catatonia is a serious medical and psychiatric emergency condition; most probably caused by alterat(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-013

I’m not a diagnosis: Adolescents’ perspectives on user participation and shared decision-making in mental healthcare

Stig Bjønness/ Trond Grønnestad/ Marianne Storm

Background: Background: Adolescents have the right to be involved in decisions affecting their healthcare. More knowledge is needed to provide quality healthcare services that is both suitable for adolescents and in line with policy. Shared decision-making has the potential to combine user participation and evidence-based treatment. Research and governmental policies emphasize shared decision-making as key for high quality mental healthcare services. Objective: Objective: To explore adolescents’(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-014

Repetitive Negative Thinking outperforms loneliness and lack of social connectedness as a predictor of prospective depressive symptoms in adolescents

Filip Raes/ Margot Bastin/ Tina Pede/ Eline Belmans/ Luc Goossens/ Janne Vanhalst

Background: Background: Repetitive Negative Thinking (RNT) is a well-established predictor in adolescents of emotional problems, such as depression. Surprisingly little research, however, has looked at the relative importance of RNT vs. more interpersonally relevant variables in the context of depression, such as loneliness and lack of social connectedness. Objective: Objective: The present study, therefore, set out to examine whether RNT is a significant predictor when taking into account the c(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-015

Can the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) help characterize the types of psychopathologic conditions driving child psychiatry referrals?

Joseph Biederman/ Maura DiSalvo/ Carrie Vaudreuil/ Janet Wozniak/ Mai Uchida/ K. Yvonne Woodworth/ Allison Green/ Stephen V. Faraone

Background: Background: Little is known about the scope of problems driving referrals to child and adolescent psychiatry services. Identifying the full range of mental disorders affecting a particular child can help triage the child to a clinician with the appropriate level of expertise. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is an easy-to-use assessment tool that may provide invaluable information regarding the severity of the presenting complaints and also aid in the referral process. Objective: (..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-016

Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community

Elias Heino/ Sari Fröjd/ Mauri Marttunen/ Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Background: Background: Sexuality is a major facet of development during adolescence. Apace with normal sexual development, sexual experiences become more common and intimate. Recent research reports mixed results as to whether this is the case among transgender identifying adolescents. Recent research also suggests that trans youth experience negative sexual experiences (such as dating violence and sexual harassment) more often than their cisgender identifying peers. However, most studies have (..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-017

Before the damage is done: Early childhood hyperactivity difficulties in adolescents with deliberate self-harm – findings from the DALSC cohort

Therese A. Evald/ Bo Møhl

Background: Background: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a growing issue among Danish adolescents, and a dramatic increase in the incidence of DSH has been observed since the turn of the millennium. The importance of early childhood factors on later development has been established, but research on the trajectories of DSH is still scarce, and longitudinal studies are much needed. Method: Method: Participants were 3,291 children and their mothers from The Danish Longitudinal Survey of Children (DALS(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2020-018

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