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Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis

Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology

Polish Neuroscience Society

Subject: Behavioral Sciences , Biomedical Sciences & Nutrition , Life Sciences , Medicine , Neurosciences

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ISSN: 0065-1400
eISSN: 1689-0035

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FEATURED ARTICLES

Selective neuronal death following exposure to methylenedioxypyrovalerone is accompanied by an inhibition of NMDA receptor NR2B subunit expression
Neuroprotective effects of lipopolysaccharide and naltrexone co-preconditioning in the photothrombotic model of unilateral selective hippocampal ischemia in rat
Differences in spatio-temporal distribution of the visual P3b event-related potential between young men and women
Fos immunoreactivity in the intermediolateral nucleus induced by tendon vibration of the m. triceps surae in rats pretreated with a nitric oxide blocker or precursor

VOLUME 79 , ISSUE 4 (December 2019) - List of articles

Spinal cord regeneration using dental stem cell-based therapies

Yifan Xu/ Meikai Chen/ Tan Zhang/ Yuliang Ma/ Xuerong Chen/ Ping Zhou/ Xiaofeng Zhao/ Fei Pang/ Wenqing Liang

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is traumatic central nervous system damage resulting in a motor and sensory dysfunction that usually causes a severe and permanent paralysis. Today, the treatment of SCI principally includes surgical treatment, pharmacological treatments and rehabilitation therapies, which target secondary events determining only some clinical improvements in patients. SCI is still a worldwide problem in the clinic and remains a big challenge for neuroscientists and neurologists througho(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-030

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Updating the picture of layer 2/3 VIP-expressing interneuron function in the mouse cerebral cortex

Anna Posłuszny

For years, interneurons expressing vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) interneurons and their function within the neocortex have been shrouded in mystery. Their relatively small size and minimal representation in the cortex have made investigation difficult. Due to their service role performed in co-operation with glia and blood vessels to supply energy during neuronal activation in the brain, the contribution of VIP interneurons to local neuronal circuit function was not appreciated. VIP intern(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-031

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Chondroitin sulfate metabolism in the brain

Anna Gręda/ Dorota Nowicka

Over the last twenty years chondroitin sulfate (CS) has become a focus of interest of neuroscience due to its indubitable role in shaping axonal growth, synaptic plasticity and glial scar forming. Various patterns of sulfation give rise to various CS molecules with different properties that are capable of interactions with a plethora of molecules, including growth factors, receptors and guidance molecules. The involvement of CS chains has been implicated in visual critical period regulation, mem(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-032

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Crocin acts as a neuroprotective mediator against methylphenidate-induced neurobehavioral and neurochemical sequelae: Possible role of the CREB-BDNF signaling pathway

Andia Ebrahimzadeh/ Sara Yousefi Moghadam/ Hanieh Rahimi/ Majid Motaghinejad/ Manijeh Motevalian/ Sepideh Safari/ Mobina Abbasi Mesrabadi

Methylphenidate (MPH) abuse causes adverse neurobehavioral and neurochemical effects. Some herbal components such as crocin have shown neuroprotective properties. The current study evaluates the potential role of the cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB)-brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling pathway in mediating the neuroprotective effects of crocin against MPH-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Seventy adult male rats were randomly divided into seven groups. Group 1 and 2 (..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-033

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Diverse changes in myelin protein expression in rat brain after perinatal methadone exposure

Rahul Oberoi/ Tianci Chu/ Nicholas Mellen/ Rekha Jagadapillai/ Hezhong Ouyang/ Lori A. Devlin/ Jun Cai

The national incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome has dramatically increased over the last decade due to an increase in antenatal opioid exposure. Recent human and animal studies suggest that antenatal opioid exposure impacts the developing brain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of perinatal methadone exposure on myelination in multiple regions in the developing rat brain. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into three experimental groups and subsequentl(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-034

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Physical activity and environmental enrichment: Behavioural effects of exposure to different housing conditions in mice

Raisa Rabadán/ Marta Ramos-Campos/ Rosa Redolat/ Patricia Mesa-Gresa

Enriched environments and exercise provide complex environmental stimulation that can induce emotional and cognitive changes; however, few studies have evaluated the effects of these two components on other behaviours, such as novelty seeking or pain sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of voluntary physical activity provided through different housing conditions on anxiety, locomotor activity, pain sensitivity, and exploration. Male mice at postnatal day (PN(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-035

Published Online: 10-January-2020

When is the brain ready for mental actions? Readiness potential for mental calculations

Maciej Raś/ Agnieszka M. Nowik/ Andrzej Klawiter/ Grzegorz Króliczak

While the preparatory neural mechanisms of real and imagined body movements have been extensively studied, the underpinnings of self-initiated, voluntary mental acts are largely unknown. Therefore, using electroencephalography (EEG), we studied the time course and patterns of changes in brain activity associated with purely mental processes which start on their own, without an external or interoceptive stimulation. We compared EEG recordings for decisions to perform mental operations on numbers,(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-036

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Oppel-Kundt illusion balance

Algis Bertulis/ Tadas Surkys/ Arūnas Bielevičius

Perceptual estimates of spatial dimensions of visual objects depend on their shape and surface attributes. The present psychophysical study emphasizes two main contributors to the Oppel-Kundt illusion: the outline of the filled space and the mode of filling. In past experiments, both factors have been considered significant. Our experiments were performed by using combined stimuli of the Oppel-Kundt figures and supplementary objects situated within the empty intervals of the figures. Line segmen(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-037

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Lovastatin alters neurotrophin expression in rat hippocampus-derived neural stem cells in vitro

Farzaneh Fakheri/ Alireza Abdanipour/ Kazem Parivar/ Iraj Jafari Anarkooli/ Hossein Rastegar

Neural stem/progenitor cells hold valuable potential for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders. The modulation of intrinsic growth factor expression, such as neurotrophins and their receptors, is a necessary step in achieving neural stem cells (NSCs) therapy. The statins have recently been reported to provide both anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. In the developing and mature nervous systems, neurotrophic factors are known to impact neuronal growth and survival. In this study(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-038

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Successful BCI communication via high-frequency SSVEP or visual, audio or tactile P300 in 30 tested volunteers

Anna Chabuda/ Marian Dovgialo/ Anna Duszyk/ Anna Stróż/ Maciej Pawlisz/ Piotr Durka

In the pursuit to clarify the concept of “BCI illiteracy”, we investigated the possibilities of attaining basic binary (yes/no) communication via brain-computer interface (BCI). We tested four BCI paradigms: steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEP), tactile, visual, and auditory evoked potentials (P300). The proposed criterion for assessing for the possibility of communication are based on the number of correct choices obtained in a given BCI paradigm after a short calibration session, with(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-039

Published Online: 10-January-2020

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery triggers rapid DNA fragmentation in vagal afferent neurons in rats

Dulce M. Minaya/ Patricia M. Di Lorenzo/ Andras Hajnal/ Krzysztof Czaja

Previous studies have shown that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), one of the most effective weight loss treatments for obesity, results in neurodegenerative responses in vagal afferent gut-brain connection reflected by microglia activation and reduced sensory input to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). However, it is not known whether RYGB-induced microglia activation is the cause or an effect of the reported neuronal damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the order of neur(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ane-2019-040

Published Online: 10-January-2020

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