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International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering , Engineering, Electrical & Electronic

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eISSN: 1178-5608

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FEATURED ARTICLES

Touch fingerprint sensor based on sensor cell isolation technique with pseudo direct signaling
HYBRID DATA APPROACH FOR SELECTING EFFECTIVE TEST CASES DURING THE REGRESSION TESTING
PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS OF AUTOMATIC LICENSE PLATE LOCALIZATION AND RECOGNITION FROM VIDEO SEQUENCES

VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 3 (June 2013) - List of articles

LT-PAM: A Ranging Method Using Dual Frequency Optical Signals

Masanori Sugimoto/ Shigeki Nakamura/ Yuki Inoue/ Hiromichi Hashizume

This paper describes a new ranging technique using optical signals. The proposed technique is called LT-PAM (Long-Term Phase Accordance Method), and it has been extended from our own ranging technique called Phase Accordance Method (PAM). LT-PAM transmits multiple sync patterns composed of two sinusoidal waves with different frequencies. Unlike chirp modulation techniques, LTPAM transmits the two waves simultaneously and thus enables the shortening of measurement time. We have conducted experime(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-566

Published Online: 05-June-2013

Object Handling Precision Using Mouse-like Haptic Display Generating Tactile and Force Sensation

Satoshi Tsuboi/ Masahiro Ohka/ Hanafiah Yussof/ Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar/ Siti Nora Basir

This paper presents development of new haptic display capable of stimulating the muscles and tendons of the forearms as well as the tactile receptors in the fingers as a new approach for virtual reality device. Investigation of simultaneous presentation of both tactile and force effects are conducted and presented in this paper. The haptic display consists of a tactile display with a 4-by-12 array of stimulus pins driven by micro-actuators and an articulated manipulator. The display’s handle was(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-567

Published Online: 05-June-2013

AUTO-ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF A ONE-JOINT ARM DIRECT DRIVEN BY ANTAGONISTIC SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY

D Josephine Selvarani Ruth/ S Sunjai Nakshatharan/ K Dhanalakshmi

This paper pursues a promising approach to obtain strain feedback based angular motion control of a manipulator for any robotic application. The proposed single degree of freedom manipulator uses antagonistic shape memory alloy (SMA) actuated wires. Antagonistic SMA actuated structures employ opposing pairs of one-way SMA actuators to create systems capable of a fully reversible response. A self-tuning PID type fuzzy (auto adaptive) based control scheme is designed and implemented experimentally(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-568

Published Online: 05-June-2013

ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF OPTIMAL SOIL MOISTURE SENSOR PROBE LENGTH

Zhao Yandong/ Nie Mingjun

two parallel needle moisture sensors has been widely used in Soil moisture detection equipment, for example, frequency domain (FD), time domain reflectometry (TDR) and standing wave ratio (SWR) measurement. The design of probe‘s port impedance is key technology parameters to soil moisture sensor. In this study, according to the relationships between the length and impedance characteristics of terminal open and closed state probe were presented based on two-pin probe structure of parallel resista(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-569

Published Online: 05-June-2013

THE RESEACH ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR LANDSLIDE MONITORING

He Yueshun/ Zhang Wei

The paper mainly discusses design and implementation of key functions such as transceiver unit, MCU control unit, Data acquisition module and Background monitoring unit. Furthermore, the corresponding software platform is implemented according to hardware architecture. Finally the solution is applied into Loess landslide at Luoshan County in China. The experimental results show that bit error rate remains between at 10-5~ 10-6. This range coincides with communication standards of wireless sensor(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-570

Published Online: 05-June-2013

LOSSLESS ELECTROCARDIOGRAM COMPRESSION TECHNIQUE AND GSM BASED TELE-CARDIOLOGY APPLICATION

S. K. Mukhopadhyay/ S. Ghosh/ S. Chakraborty/ S. Das/ M. Mitra/ S. Mitra

Software based efficient lossless Electrocardiogram compression and transmission scheme is proposed here. The algorithm has been tested to various ECG data taken from PTB Diagnostic ECG Database. The compression scheme is such that it outputs only ASCII characters. These characters are transmitted using Global System for Mobile Communication based Short Message Service system and at the receiving end original ECG signal is brought back using the reverse logic of compression. It is observed that (..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-571

Published Online: 05-June-2013

A NOVEL TRI-FACTOR MUTUAL AUTHENTICATION WITH BIOMETRICS FOR WIRELESS BODY SENSOR NETWORKS IN HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS

Chen-Guang He/ Shu-Di Bao/ Ye Li

User authentication, as a fundamental security protocol, has been addressed with more concerns recently. Unlike normal authentication processes invoked by a user to access the network, biosensors with healthcare applications normally need to be validated automatically, followed by data transmission to the remote server without any explicit request. Hence, implied authentication procedure involved in such application scenarios shall be addressed. In this paper, a novel tri-factor user authenticat(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-572

Published Online: 05-June-2013

WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK APPLICATIONS IN COLD ALPINE AREA OF WEST CHINA: EXPERIENCES AND CHANLLENGES

Chen Hao/ Nan Zhuotong

Wireless sensor network (WSN) shows unique advantages in cold alpine area comparing with traditional in-situ monitoring approaches. This paper presents two WSN applications in cold alpine area, one in the Hulugou watershed and the other in the Babaohe watershed, both of which are situated in the upper mountainous reach of the Heihe River Basin of West China. Apart from introductions to the two WSN applications and experimental results, experiences learned and challenges met during designing, tes(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-573

Published Online: 05-June-2013

UTILITY BASED DATA GATHERING IN MOBILE SENSOR NETWORK

Liu Jieyan/ Wu Lei/ Gong Haigong

Traditional data gathering approaches cannot be applied to Mobile Sensor Network (MSN) due to sparse network density and sensor node mobility. In this paper, we propose a utility based data gathering protocol (UDG). The distance utility is used to indicate the closeness between sensor nodes and the sink node, and the activity utility is used to evaluate the ability of sensor nodes acting as relays. UDG combines the distance utility with the activity utility to make routing decisions. It also pre(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-574

Published Online: 05-June-2013

A BLIND SOURCE SEPARATION METHOD FOR CONVOLVED MIXTURES BY NON-STATIONARY VIBRATION SIGNALS

Ye Hongxian/ Li Wenchang/ Hu Xiaoping

A simple and feasible of BSS method to separate the convolution mixture of non-stationary vibration signals is present in this paper. The method is carried out by means of two iterative procedures: The first procedure is to estimate the coefficients of the filters. The independence criterion is used and the unknown filters are obtained by a back propagation procedure by means of simplifying the coefficients of filters. The next procedure is to estimate the source vibration signals. The coupled v(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-575

Published Online: 05-June-2013

BI-FILTERED FORWARDING: A QUASI-OPTIMAL ROUTING ALGORITHM FOR QUERY DELIVERY IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Junhu Zhang/ Xiujuan Zhu/ Hui Peng

A quasi-optimal query propagation algorithm Bi-Filtered Forwarding (BFF) for quickly routing a query throughout a wireless sensor network is proposed in this paper. BFF is implemented in a limited flooding manner for guaranteeing quick query propagation and low message consumption in wireless sensor networks. The experimental results show that in comparison with the flooding algorithm, BFF can greatly reduce the redundant message consumption during the procedure of real time query propagation th(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-576

Published Online: 05-June-2013

DESIGN AND REALIZATION OF A UHF RFID INTERROGATOR

Liyan Xu/ Lingling Sun/ Xiaoping Hu

RFID is a generic item which uses radio waves to automatically identify objects and people. This paper presents a flexible RFID interrogator system architecture which could support various kinds of RFID standards and realizes a UHF RFID interrogator based on the EPC global C1G2 standard in details. The proposed interrogator system consists of RF analog front end, digital baseband and MAC layer. The system circuit contains a FPGA chip and peripheral circuits. NiosII core as a controller is insert(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-577

Published Online: 05-June-2013

AN ESTIMATION ALGORITHM FOR MISSING DATA IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Nan Yan/ Ming-zheng Zhou/ Li Tong

For estimating the missing data of wireless sensor networks, an estimation algorithm called HD method, which can make use of sensoring space-time correlation of the data, was proposed based on mathematical Hermite and DESM statistical models. The algorithm not only can adaptively adjust the time and space weights, but also can accurately estimate the missing or unavailable data. The experimental results show that the algorithm has good stability and relatively high estimation accuracy.

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-578

Published Online: 05-June-2013

DUTY CYCLING IN TARGET MONITORING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK SYSTEMS

Ying Guo/ Feng Hong/ Zhongwen Guo

Duty cycling is an important method for energy constrained sensor network systems to prolong lifetime. Current research on duty cycling is mainly based on such assumption that all the sensory coverage should be maintained while some nodes are sleeping. However, for the applications of target monitoring, it is not necessary anymore to keep the whole sensory coverage of the sensor network. It only needs to make sure that such kinds of nodes are active which can perceive the activities of the monit(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-579

Published Online: 30-June-2013

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PRESSURE WAVE MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR HP FUEL PIPELINE OF CEUP AT VARIOUS OPERATING CONDITIONS

Qaisar Hayat/ Fan Li-Yun/ Xiu-Zhen Ma/ Tian Bingqi

High pressure (HP) Fuel Pipeline is one of the major components of Combination Electronic Unit Pump (CEUP) fuel injection system which has important role in building up of fuel pressure necessary for fuel injection. Three different 1D mathematical models of damped wave equation (WE) namely linear damped, viscous damped and damped model have been developed in MATLAB to investigate fuel pressure inside HP fuel pipeline of CEUP fuel injection system at various operating conditions of diesel engine.(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-580

Published Online: 05-June-2013

THE EFFECTS OF MOS LAYERS ON SENSING PROPERTIES OF MOS PHOTOSENSOR

Wagah F. Mohammed/ Mohammed M. Ali/ Munther N. Al-Tikriti/ Kalid Kaleel

In this research work, many samples of metal –oxide –silicon photosensors were laboratory prepared by thermal evaporation techniques. Some silicon samples were left in the air for a predefined time for SiO2 to grow naturally, while others were thermally coated with measured thickness of SiO. A number of the samples were coated with nickel while others with aluminum and one sample was coated with indium. Various tests and measurements were conducted; these include transmittance tests with a range(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-581

Published Online: 05-June-2013

A reliable signal conditioning circuit to acquire human biopotentials

Aditi Bhattacharya/ Dibyendu Basu/ Bhaswati Goswami/ Ratna Ghosh

It is well known that every human being is a complex system made up of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems that function together to maintain its health. The coordinated physiological processes maintain most of the steady states in an organism, not at a fixed value, but within a narrow, relatively constant range, known as homeostasis [1]. Recently, a non-invasive measurement of human biopotentials has been proposed in order to provide information about the condition of the human system as a(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-582

Published Online: 05-June-2013

PLC BASED ADAPTIVE FUZZY PID SPEED CONTROL OF DC BELT CONVEYOR SYSTEM

Mohd Heidir Mohd Shah/ Mohd Fua’ad Rahmat/ Kumeresan A. Danapalasingam/ Norhaliza Abdul Wahab

Conveyor belt system is one of the most common transfer systems used in industry to transfer goods from one point to another in a limited distance. It is used in industries such as the electro-mechanical/mechanical assembly manufacturing to transfer work piece from one station to another or one process to another in food industries. The belt conveyor system discussed in this paper is driven by a DC motor and two speed controllers. The PID speed controller is designed to provide comparison to the(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-583

Published Online: 05-June-2013

Dielectric Resonator Antenna as a RFID Tag for Human Identification System in Wrist Watch

G. D. Makwana/ Deepak Ghodgaonkar

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has been considered as a time and money-saving solution for a wide variety of applications, such as manufacturing, supply chain management, and inventory control. However, there is a growing need in the RFID community to research and find out the tag with miniature, circular polarized radiation patterns, dual band operation, high radiation efficiency and high bandwidth operations. This paper presents compact radio frequency identification (RFID) tag for huma(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-584

Published Online: 05-June-2013

A SIMPLIFIED MODEL STRUCTURE FOR AN ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEM

M.S. Gaya/ N. A. Wahab/ Y. M. Sam/ A.N Anuar/ S.I. Samsuddin/ M.C Razali

Activated sludge system is the essential technology in use for municipal wastewater treatment plant. The system design for pollutants removal, safety analysis and experimentation relied upon an effective, straightforward and reliable model. However, most of the available models are too complex to use for control purposes either practically or via simulation. Therefore, vehement need for a simplistic and efficient model could not be avoided. This paper presents a simplified model structure for an(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-585

Published Online: 05-June-2013

MODEL BASED APPLICATION LEVEL MIDDLEWARE FOR DESIGN OF WIRELESS SMART CITY

Yujie Liang/ Rendong Ying/ Peilin Liu

The Wireless Smart City (WSC), an emerging concept in Smart Grid and Internet of Things, has attracted an increasing number of customers and developers - based with its promise of low cost implementation and flexibility. At the same time, the challenges faced with in the field applications hinder the progress of WSC from researches into commercial production. A model based application level auxiliary platform is presented to help the development of WSC. This middleware together with the existing(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-586

Published Online: 05-June-2013

MULTIPLE PARAMETER MONITORING SYSTEM FOR LANDSLIDE

Wu Chuan/ Wang Wen-qiao/ WEN Guo-jun/ WU Xiao-ming

China has complex terrain where landslide happens very frequently, thus leading to serious damages sometimes. So in China much attention is paid to the monitoring of landslide. There are various methods in landslide monitoring all over the world. Bas1200ed on the analysis on previous landslide monitoring instruments, this paper designs a new kind landslide monitoring system, which can monitor three parameters of different depth at a time: internal displacement, internal geotechnical pressure and(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-587

Published Online: 05-June-2013

FALL DETECTION AND PREVENTION FOR THE ELDERLY: A REVIEW OF TRENDS AND CHALLENGES

Nashwa El-Bendary/ Qing Tan/ Frédérique C. Pivot/ Anthony Lam

It is of little surprise that falling is often accepted as a natural part of the aging process. In fact, it is the impact rather than the occurrence of falls in the elderly, which is of most concern. Aging people are typically frailer, more unsteady, and have slower reactions, thus are more likely to fall and be injured than younger individuals. Typically, research and industry presented various practical solutions for assisting the elderly and their caregivers against falls via detecting falls (..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-588

Published Online: 05-June-2013

FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY BASED EMBEDDED SYSTEM FOR NON-INVASIVE ESTIMATION OF HEMOGLOBIN IN BLOOD USING PHOTOPLETHYSMOGRAPHY

Chetan Sharma/ Sachin Kumar/ Anshul Bhargava/ Shubhajit Roy Chowdhury

In this paper, a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) based embedded system has been proposed for non-invasive detection of hemoglobin in blood using photoplethysmography. Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a non-invasive and low-cost optical technique that can be used to detect blood volume changes in the micro-vascular bed of tissue. Our investigations revealed that volume of water present in blood considerably affects the reading of the concentration of blood hemoglobin. In our current work, the p(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-589

Published Online: 05-June-2013

DEVELOPMENT OF A CARDAN MECHANISM FOR THE ASTEROID LANDER

Zhijun Zhao/ Jingdong Zhao/ Hong Liu/ Zhi Zhang

It is of great significance for improving the landing stability and adjusting the attitude of equipment base by designing a cardan mechanism in the asteroid lander. In the paper, a cardan mechanism having cushion and attitude adjusting functions is designed for the asteroid lander. The cardan mechanism contains electromagnetic damping, belt transmission and cross-shaft, and it has merits of adjustable damping and bearing large overload. The attitude control system of the cardan mechanism is buil(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijssis-2017-590

Published Online: 05-June-2013

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