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Vision Rehabilitation International

Former title: International Journal of Orientation & Mobility

Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

Subject: Health Care Sciences & Services , Medicine , Rehabilitation


eISSN: 2652-3647



The ROAM Project Part 1: Exploring new frontiers in video conferencing to expand the delivery of remote O&M services in regional Western Australia

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 (April 2009) - List of articles


Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D./ Mike Steer, Ph.D.

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-001

Selecting Attractor Sounds for Audio-Based Navigation by People with Vision Impairments

Brad Salisbury, M.S./ Koorosh Naghshineh, Ph.D./ William Wiener, Ph.D.

Research into human hearing has been ‘laboratory’ oriented in the sense that the test environments do not replicate most ‘real world’ situations (Middlebrooks & Green, 1991). It is difficult to see how such tests accurately represent ‘real world’ situations regarding sound source localisation, recognition, and navigation (walking/way-finding) performance. The research reported here was conducted during the development of an audio-based indoor navigation system. The question that arose was what c(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-002

A Comparison of Selected Secondary Electronic Travel Aids with a Primary Mobility System

William M. Penrod, Ed.D./ Thomas J. Simmons, Ph.D., CRC./ Debra K. Bauder, Ed.D./ Donna Brostek Lee

This study examines the performance of participants who are blind and have light perception or less when using a secondary electronic travel aid (ETA) and their primary mobility system (e.g., cane, vs. their performance with a cane, alone). The secondary devices studied were the Miniguide US™ and the K Sonar Device™*. The participants’ performance was measured by their ability to detect obstacles on the vertical and horizontal planes; detect drop-offs and curbs; detect and avoid overhead obstruc(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-003

Effectiveness of the SoundFlash Device in Enhancing Non-Visual Spatial Perception

Ellen Herlache, M.A., OTR./ Doug Baldwin, BSVS, M.S., OD./ Stacey Card, Graduate Student/ Hailey Graham, Graduate Student/ Jessica Roberts, Graduate Student/ Faith Santoya, Graduate Student

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the SoundFlash device in enhancing non-visual spatial perception. A mixed-methods, A-B-A-B-A-B research design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the SoundFlash. Three vision impaired individuals participated in the study, which included echolocation training both with and without use of the SoundFlash device. At the conclusion of the study, a focus group was conducted to gather qualitative data from participants. The results(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-004

A Focus Group Discussion on Using Guide Dogs

Janice K.F. Lloyd, BSc., DCR, EMT, CVT, Ph.D./ R. Claire Budge, B.A., M.A., Ph.D./ Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, M.Sc., Ph.D., FRCVS, MACVSc./ Steven J. La Grow, B.S, M.A., Ed.D.

The success of the partnership between a guide dog handler (or owner) and a guide dog depends upon both the suitability of the dog and the skill of the handler in maintaining the relationship. This qualitative study explored the use of guide dogs from the perspective of those who use them as a prelude to a larger scale, quantitative project assessing the matching process and the outcome of the partnership. The data were collected from a focus group discussion from which eight themes emerged. The(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-005

Colour and Fashion: Evolution of the Mobility Cane

Ewa Borkowski, M.Spec.Ed.

A review of the history of the long cane and its evolution into a mobility aid for the 21st Century. The long cane maintains its primary function as a tool for people with vision impairment to move around the environment safely and efficiently. However, the long cane can also be customised to suit personal needs and preferences, including the choice of colour.  

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-006

TrekAbout Adelaide: One Agency’s Experience of Introducing GPS Technology to O&M Services

Adrian Riessen, B.App.Sc., Grad.Cert.Health, M.Spec.Ed./ Alison Ryan, B.App.Sc., M.Spec.Ed./ Mark Battista, B.Sec.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

Guide Dogs Association of South Australia and Northern Territory (Guide Dogs SA.NT) provides Orientation & Mobility (O&M) programs for people with vision impairment, including training in the use of Electronic Travel Aids (ETAs). Recent developments in wayfinding technology have included introduction of specialised Global Positioning System (GPS) devices for people with vision impairment. This article describes considerations that were made by Guide Dogs SA.NT in selecting wayfinding devices des(..)

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-007

An Overview of GPS Systems and Adaptations: Implications for the Older User with Vision Impairment

Karen Doobov, Grad.Cert.Educational Studies, Graduate Student M.Spec.Ed.

Accessible global positioning systems (GPS) are increasingly popular as an orientation aid for people with vision impairment. Adapted GPS such as the BrailleNote, Trekker, Trekker Breeze and Wayfinder Access are discussed. Limitations of adapted GPS devices for the older user are considered. Major benefits of the older user with vision impairment using GPS include independent mobility, increased confidence in wayfinding and decreased reliance on memory for navigation tasks.          

DOI: 10.21307/ijom-2009-008

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