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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 1 (April 2011) - List of articles
Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D./ Mike Steer, Ph.D.
Polly Yeung, Ph.D./ Steven La Grow, Ed.D./ Andrew Towers, Ph.D./ Fiona Alpass, Ph.D./ Christine Stephens, Ph.D.
This study employs structural equation modelling to explain the manner and extent to which ability to get around; satisfaction with functional capacity, satisfaction with life essentials, satisfaction with personal relationships, and a number of concomitant health conditions affect QOL among older persons who have difficulty seeing (N = 356). Findings revealed that ability to get around was indirectly associated with QOL through a pathway that included satisfaction with functional capacity, life(..)
Naoko Koda, Ph.D./ Nae Morioka, B.S.A./ Masumi Kubo, B.S.W./ Takafumi Wada/ Akira Yoshikawa/ Hirofumi Nakamura/ Rinka Shinoda
This article presents the results of a questionnaire about daily living, and particular opinions about guide dogs by Japanese people with vision impairment who are not guide dog users. Reasons for respondents not applying for guide dogs are provided, and suggestions are made to improve the services by Japanese Guide Dog Associations. Overall, the majority of respondents were aware of the functions of guide dogs, however information about financial assistance and support services were unknown. In(..)
Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.
Health professionals have expressed concern about vision issues in relation to scooter travel, but despite low vision or legal blindness, scooter travel remains feasible. Safe scooter travel is the result of decision-making in relation to physical limitations and available sensory information. O&M specialists are the only health professionals with a skill-set in blind and low vision mobility and are therefore equipped to conduct functional assessment of scooter users with low vision. A survey of(..)
Michael J. Kendrick, Ph.D.
Sue Silveira, M.HSc.Ed., Dip.App.Sc. (Orth)/ Mike Steer, Ph.D., AM.
This brief paper will explain some of the ways that disability policy implementation works. It will reveal and examine several of the strategies that have been traditionally employed by those with vested interests (key stakeholders) to subvert policy implementation processes to their own ends whenever new ideas or new public monies arrive in the disability field.
Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.
There is a need for standardised measures that can be used in Orientation and Mobility (O&M) research and practice worldwide. This paper proposes a six step O&M Environmental Complexity Scale. The Scale is founded on an understanding that there is symbiotic interplay between the environment and the people who live in it. Complexity escalates with increases in physical components, pace of movement and social codes, and with a shift from predictability to unpredictability, requiring a higher level(..)
Matt Wood, Dip. Teach., B.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.
The Trekker Breeze (TB) is a Global Positioning System (GPS) device developed by Humanware (Humanware, 2011; Riessen, Ryan, & Battista, 2009). The system uses GPS and digital maps to inform its user of particular locations via audible output. Specifically, the Trekker Breeze informs the user of a current location (street names, intersections, business names), provides points of interest, record travel routes, and can be operated using one hand. Trekker Breeze version 2.0 was released in October (..)
Nicole Holmes, B.A.Soc.
The phenomenon of echolocation or using sonar to navigate the environment has been widely studied, though rarely taught to individuals who are blind or vision impaired (Kish 2003). This paper describes the essential content of an echolocation training package designed to assist orientation and mobility (O&M) instructors teach clients echolocation skills. This package will be trialled using volunteer participants who are clients of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT Australia and then refined based on an analysi(..)
Commercial assistive devices tend to be expensive and difficult for the user to customise to their specific needs. We have developed a hand mounted sonar navigation device designed specifically to be vastly more affordable, while being easy for individuals to both make and customise. This paper covers the process of developing the device, publishing complete details of the device, and the results of having interested individuals make their own version.
James Berline, M.Ed., M.Sc., (OT)