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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 (April 2013-2014) - List of articles
Desirée Gallimore, Dr./ Mike Steer, Dr.
Janice Lloyd/ Elizabeth (Lib) Roe
Excessive stress impairs learning. The Tellington TTouch method (TTouch) is used to reduce stress and relax animals so they can learn more effectively. It aims at increasing an animal’s body awareness and balance by using a combination of techniques that include specific touches, body wraps, and leading (movement) exercises. This article introduces the TTouch method, its role in sensory enhanced learning, and provides a review of TTouch in the scientific literature and the way this applies to st(..)
Bruce Blasch, Ph.D./ Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., MBA
In the U.S. and Australia, O&M training has evolved from service provision solely to people with vision impairment, to people with vision impairment and additional disabilities, to people with sight who have functional mobility needs. Expansion of O&M training to include people with sight who have mobility needs responds to: (i) a demand by senior management for organisational cost efficiencies; (ii) social and education policies that require people with disabilities to be mobile so they can acc(..)
Lil Deverell, M.Ed., Grad Dip O&M, B.Ed., COMS./ Bronwen Scott, M.Ed., Grad Dip O&M, B. Psych. COMS/ Mark Battista, M.Ed., (Special Ed/O&M), B.Ed./ Jeremy Hill, Grad Dip O&M, B.Sc., BA(Hons)Psych.
In 2013, members of the Orientation and Mobility Association of Australasia ratified a Quality Framework for the O&M profession, including an OMAA Code of Ethics and OMAA Standards of Practice. The OMAA Quality Framework took a six member committee four years to develop and involved extensive collaboration across Australia and New Zealand. During the process, the Committee discussed such themes as best practice, exemplary performance, minimum standards, independence, and self-determination. A co(..)
Jessica Taylor, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed.
This paper reviews the current literature to identify the way an orientation and mobility (O&M) instructor could effectively predict and/or reduce falls in the Australian-based elderly population with vision impairment. Common causes of falls associated with elderly people with vision impairment are discussed as are the shortcomings of falls prevention programs. Three assessment tools used to predict an individual’s risk of falling for the first time have been reviewed. Of the three, the QuickSc(..)
Lyndel Bosman, B.Ec., Dip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.
This paper examines the current literature about toxoplasmosis, a parasitic disease affecting approximately one third of the world’s human population. The disease causes a range of disorders, among them ophthalmic disorders. Case studies are used to describe the effect of the disease on functional mobility, and the type of orientation and mobility training provided.
Steven J. La Grow, Ed.D./ Bashir Ebrahim, OAM, Grad. Dip. Rehab. Studies/ Andy Towers, Ph.D.
A 23-item difficulty with mobility questionnaire (DMQ) was piloted with 32 persons who had participated in a one-week orientation and mobility (O&M) course offered by Guide Dogs Queensland in early 2014 to determine its potential utility as an outcome measure for O&M instruction. The DMQ was assessed for reliability, validity, and sensitivity. Reliability was established using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Validity was assessed by determining the extent to which the total difficulty score correl(..)
Mariko Yamamoto/ Lynette A. Hart/ Koji Matsumoto/ Mitsuaki Ohta/ Nobuyo Ohtani
This study investigated the experiences of men and women with vision disabilities knowing about and participating in information programs provided by guide dog organisations; and investigated the way information programs affect people’s perceptions and attitudes towards guide dogs in Japan where people are hesitant to acquire a guide dog. The results suggest that the information programs had been widely publicised and were familiar to participants. Younger women were the most experienced with an(..)
Hong Phangia Dewald, M.A., COMS/ Catherine A. Smyth, M.S. (Ed.), TSVI, ECE Specialist
The demand for orientation and mobility (O&M) training for very young children with blindness or vision impairment (B/VI) and their families is increasing in the Early Intervention (EI) period. However, the extreme shortage of qualified O&M specialists to work with this population may be limiting their access to appropriate services. This study used a needs assessment survey to collect information about the feasibility of providing O&M services in EI using the alternative service delivery model (..)
Michael Gleeson, Ph.D.