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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 (November 2016) - List of articles
Eugene A. Bourquin, Ph.D./ Robert Wall Emerson, Ph.D./ Dona Sauerburger, M.A. COMS/ Janet Barlow, M.Ed., COMS
These studies examined the effects of various types of pedestrian gazing toward vehicles and drivers at traffic signal-controlled intersections and a roundabout, measuring driver delays (seconds) and yielding behaviours. No statistical or practical differences were found between any of the gaze conditions and no-gaze conditions. These findings might have practical application for orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists and students. Pedestrians who are blind or vision impaired who benefit fro(..)
Geraldine Lane/ Brian Matthews/ Caroline Ellison/ Carolyn Palmer
The value of dog guides in terms of mobility for people with severe vision impairment and blindness is well recognised. There has, however, been a paucity of research exploring the potential health benefits of working with dog guides. This article reports the initial stage of a research project, which aimed at redressing this dearth of research. The study used three focus groups to explore the experiences of 22 participants from three Australian states. The focus group meetings were the first of(..)
Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., MBA/ Lisa Keay, Ph.D., MPH/ Frances Tinsley, DipOT, DipBusiness, MSc (Rehab. Counselling)
A project team at Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia designed, tested, and statistically validated over a five-year period, a client evaluation tool to assess the progress or achievement of adult clients (18+ years) who participate in orientation and mobility (O&M) programs (including Guide Dog programs). The tool is administered at the commencement of the client’s mobility program and again at its conclusion to provide a pre/post measure. The tool comprises two parts. Part 1, completed by the O&M sp(..)
Grace Ambrose-Zaken, Ed.D.
A review of the 50 US state education websites revealed wide variation among state O&M credentials. Less than half of the states designated a qualified provider as a credentialed O&M specialist and many identified a role for the Teachers of Learners with Vision Impairment (TVI) in providing Individualised Education Program (IEP)-driven O&M-related services. A survey of US Personnel Preparation programs preparing TVIs asked respondents to select the O&M curricular items they taught to TVI student(..)
Tracy L. Hallak, M.Ed., TVI/COMS Instructor/ Luis E. Aguerrevere, Ph.D.
The Texas 2 STEPS Evaluation Tool was assessed for face validity. Thirty Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists (COMS) piloted the tool while evaluating children under the age of five years. Each participant was asked to evaluate their comfort level working with this population and report the number of years’ experience they have working as a COMS. The majority of participants found the tool useful for assessing orientation and mobility (O&M) skills in children. The Texas 2 STEPS was als(..)
Andréia Naomi Sankako/ Paulista Marília/ Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli/ Sebastião Marcos Ribeiro de Carvalho/ Lígia Maria Presumido Braccialli
This study compared the linear parameters between children who are blind and children with low vision. Six children who are blind and five children with low vision, aged between five and seven years (mean = 5.9 years old) were analysed by three-dimensional gait analysis and linear parameters of gait: velocity, cadence, stride length, and step width from 12 gait cycles. The comparison of the numerical variable was made using the Mann-Whitney Test. The only significant difference was found in stri(..)
Amy Barrett-Lennard, M.HSer. (O&M), B.Sc. (OT)
Twenty-five trials were conducted over a three-month period to investigate the potential for delivering O&M services remotely via video conferencing. Participants varied in age, geographical location, level of functional vision, and O&M goals. The video conferencing connection was made using the Vidyo software platform. Eleven participants (located remotely) were required to wear a chest harness that had been adapted to connect with an iPhone 6+, and were accompanied by a support person. An offi(..)
Karen Stitt, B.SoSci., Masters Counselling
This pilot study conducted between January 2010 and December 2014, investigated whether or not a structured peer support program would benefit people with vision impairment. The program was designed to provide support and information to clients over the telephone about mobility and vision conditions. Fourteen volunteers with vision impairment who provided the telephone support were matched with 71 clients with vision impairment. On completion of each client’s support program an evaluation was co(..)
Helen Louise Thomas, Assoc CIPD; B.Psychology, Hons student
Interference with and discrimination against service dogs is a significant difficulty for people with disabilities. This research was designed to test a new measure of attitudes to service dogs: The People’s Attitudes to Dogs in Service Scale (PADS) to determine whether or not problematic behaviour might be related to tendencies toward dogmatism. An online survey was completed by 34 male and 50 female participants. Participants answered questions about dogmatism and their attitudes to service do(..)
Lil Deverell, MEd, Ph.D., COMS.