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Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology

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ISSN: 0079-4252
eISSN: 2545-3149

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FEATURED ARTICLES

VOLUME 57 , ISSUE 2 (September 2018) - List of articles

CONTRIBUTION OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY TO THE ‘ONE HEALTH’ IDEA

Marian Binek/ Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda/ Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel

In recent years, there have been notable increas in the occurrence of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Most have resulted from the crossing of species barriers from animals to humans, especially from wildlife reservoirs. These threats draw attention to the changing patterns of diseases on a global scale and raise the need for a new worldwide strategy for expanding interdisciplinary collaborations and communications in all aspects of health care for humans, animals and the environment(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.095

LISTERIOSIS. MODERN PERCEPTION OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL THREAT

Monika Lewańska/ Agnieszka Godela/ Magdalena Myga-Nowak

The presence of Listeria rods, especially Listeria monocytogenes, in the environment and food products, contributes each year to death of both humans and animals. The ability of bacteria to lead a saprophytic and parasitic existence as well as insensitivity to many physicochemical factors greatly facilitates the spread and guarantees access to a wide range of vulnerable organisms. Although the factors predisposing to infection result in a relatively low incidence of disease, infections are chara(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.106

ALICYCLOBACILLUS – BACTERIA STILL NOT UNDERSTOOD

Justyna Dąbrowska/ Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska

The genus Alicyclobacillus includes Gram-positive, Gram-negative or Gram-variable, acidothermophilic, endospore-forming bacteria, which have been isolated from various environments, mostly acidic and geothermal soils, hot springs, fruit surface and spoiled fruit juices. The members of the Alicyclobacillus genus are characterized by the presence of ω-alicyclic fatty acids (ω-cyclohexane or ω-cycloheptane), the iso and anteiso branched-chain fatty acids, and the hopanoids as the major membrane lip(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.117

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

Michał Wiciński/ Kamil Leis/ Bartosz Malinowski/ Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz/ Elżbieta Grześk/ Grzegorz Grześk

The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics, i(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.138

GAMMAHERPESVIRAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH IMMUNOLOGICAL DISORDERS

Anna Żuk-Wasek/ Natalia Żeber/ Grażyna Młynarczyk/ Maciej Przybylski/ Tomasz Dzieciątkowski

Human herpes virus type 4 (HHV-4), commonly known as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpes virus type 8 (HHV-8) are members of Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. They both develop latent infections in B lymphocytes. Infection with these viruses in immunocompetent patients is usually mild and self-limiting, but it can have more severe course in immunocompromised individuals. Failure of the immune system often leads to oncogenesis related to gammaherpetic infection. Thus, immunocompromised patient(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.145

FARMED AND COMPANION ANIMALS AS RESERVOIRS OF ZOONOTIC ROTAVIRUS STRAINS

Iwona Kozyra/ Artur Rzeżutka

Rotavirus (RV) infections are a major epidemiological problem in humans and farm animals. So far, a number of human and animal RV strains have been identified. Based on the antigenic properties of the VP6 capsid protein, they have been classified into eight serogroups (A-H). The most important of them are viruses from group A (RVA), which are responsible for more than 90% of cases of rotaviral diarrhoea. The segmented structure of the virus genome and the presence of animals in human neighbourho(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.156

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

Renata Barbara Klekotka/ Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska/ Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Discovering interactions between the etiology of the infection and diabetic patients’ immune system activity may be essential for the relevant clinical diagnosis. The dynamics of colonization of the nasal vestibule by Staphylococcus aureus and the development of the prevention strategies against infection are different for various populations. Moreover, the colonization of the nasal vestibule might involve both molecular and epidemiological ctorsfa. Researchers have reported that the identificat(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.166

IMPLEMENTATION OF WHOLE GENOME SEQUENCING FOR BACTERIA GENOTYPING

Daria Artyszuk/ Tomasz Wołkowicz

The molecular typing methods are used to identify specific genetic targets and relationships between microbial isolates. In order to understand clonal relatedness between the microbial strains, classic phenotypic methods are used in line with modern molecular biology techniques. The development of genetics, especially new techniques like molecular typing, have revolutionized microbial research. After 1970, the development techniques, especially those referring to DNA sequencing, established mole(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.179

BIOCHEMICAL METHODS FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE FUNCTIONAL AND STRUCTURAL DIVERSITY OF MICROORGANISMS IN THE SOIL ENVIRONMENT

Karolina Furtak/ Anna M. Gajda

Soil microbiome is composed of groups of microorganisms which are structurally and functionally very different. For many years soil microbiome has been the subject of numerous studies, but still is not fully recognized. It is well known that soil microorganisms play a key role in biogeochemical processes. Knowledge of their structural and functional diversity makes it possible to assess the condition of the soil environment, which is extremely important for agronomy and ecology. The agricultural(..)

DOI: 10.21307/PM-2018.57.2.194

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