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Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology

Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand

Subject: Medicine

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eISSN: 2245-8875

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FEATURED ARTICLES

Psychiatric problems and quality of life in a clinical sample of adolescents: The role of peer relations
Finnish schoolchildren’s perceived health-related quality of life deteriorates remarkably with age
The Growing Trend of Prescribing Antipsychotics for Young People in Finland, 2000 to 2010
Are Autistic Traits in Youth Meaningful? A Replication study in Non-referred Siblings of Youth with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

VOLUME 7 (2019) - List of articles

The complete guide to ADHD: nature, diagnosis, and treatment

Sven Bölte

Abstract I kindly received a copy of this new textbook from the authors some months ago, and now finally found the time to study it in more detail. Authors Katerina Maniadaki and Efthymios Kakouros are Professors of Developmental Psychopathology at the University of West Attica, and summarize here 25 years of clinical experience of working for children and adolescents with ADHD and relatives. Still the guide is also richly and excellently taking into account the perspective on ADHD in adulthood.(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-005

Further evidence of the Diagnostic Utility of the Child Behavior Checklist for identifying pediatric Bipolar I Disorder

Amy Yule/ Maura Fitzgerald/ Timothy Wilens/ Janet Wozniak/ K. Yvonne Woodworth/ Alexa Pulli/ Mai Uchida/ Stephen V. Faraone/ Joseph Biederman

Background: Background: Pediatric bipolar (BP) disorder is a prevalent and highly morbid disorder. While structured diagnostic interviews have been developed to aid in the diagnosis of pediatric BP disorder, these tools are lengthy, costly and not widely available. One possible diagnostic aid is the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Objective: Objective: To assess the diagnostic utility of the CBCL-BP profile to identify children with a diagnosis of BP-I disorder. Method: Method: Subjects were de(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-006

Pragmatic language impairment general and specific associations to mental health symptom dimensions in a child psychiatric sample

Edel Brenne/ Tormod Rimehaug

Background: Background: The results of several international studies indicate a high prevalence of language and communication impairments among children who are referred to child psychiatric services. However, these impairments are likely to remain undetected unless language and communication impairments are evaluated during the psychiatric assessment. Aims: Aims: The aim of the present study is to investigate the specific association between general and specific mental health problems, as expre(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-001

Mentalization mediates the relationship between borderline personality features and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in adolescents

Ditte Aagaard Norup/ Sune Bo

Background: Background: Findings show that deficiencies in the ability to understand mental states are related to many forms of psychopathology. Mentalizing dysfunctions are suggested to be the core pathology underlying borderline personality disorder (BPD). Moreover, research suggests that BPD predicts psychopathology in general and findings display that diminished mentalization is related to a range of psychiatric disorders. As yet, no study has investigated the potential link between borderli(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-002

Therapeutic reactance in adolescents: the psychometrics of the Therapeutic Reactance Scale in adolescents

Richard A. Inman/ Ana Margarida Sousa/ Diana Cunha/ Paulo Moreira

Background: Background: The Therapeutic Reactance Scale (TRS) is a classic measure of psychological reactance, yet only two studies have evaluated its factorial structure. Both proposed different multidimensional structures based on exploratory analyses. Not only is the factorial structure of the TRS unclear, but the scale has yet to be validated in adolescents. Objective: Objective: This study aimed to test the factorial structure of the TRS in adolescents. Methods: Methods: The authors conduct(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-003

Validation of the Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment in a Danish, trauma-exposed sample of young children

Sille Schandorph Løkkegaard/ Mette Elmose/ Ask Elklit

Background: Background: There exist only few developmentally sensitive assessment instruments for identifying posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other potentially comorbid affective and behavioral symptomatology in preschool children. Consequently, young children who exhibit post-trauma symptomatology risk not being identified and not receiving the appropriate treatment. One of the few instruments that exist is the Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment (DIPA). Objective: Objective: To(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-007

Changes in delinquency according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015

Noora Knaappila/ Mauri Marttunen/ Sari Fröjd/ Nina Lindberg/ Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino

Abstract Background: Scientific literature suggests that the prevalence of delinquency amongst adolescents has decreased internationally in past decades. However, whether this change is consistent across all socioeconomic groups has not yet been studied. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine changes in delinquency amongst Finnish adolescents according to socioeconomic status between 2000 and 2015. Method: A population-based school survey was conducted biennially amongst 14-16-year-old (..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-008

Towards a definition of multiple and complex needs in children and youth: Delphi study in Flanders and international survey

Helena Van den Steene/ Dirk van West/ Inge Glazemakers

Background: Background: Multiple and complex needs (MCN) in children and youth jeopardize their development and pose significant challenges to the different professionals they meet. However, there is no agreed-upon definition of this vulnerable population. Objectives: Objectives: To develop a definition of ‘MCN in children and youth’ that is meaningful for all professionals involved in care delivery for this population. Method: Method: A cross-sector, multidisciplinary, and geographically spread(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-009

The efficacy of manualized Cognitive Behavior Therapy conducted by student-therapists treating Danish youths with anxiety using a benchmark comparison

Daniel Bach Johnsen/ Kristian Arendt/ Mikael Thastum

Background: Background: Several systematic reviews have demonstrated the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) treating anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (hereafter referred to as youths). Treatment of anxiety disorders conducted by student therapists (ST) has been found to be an effective alternative, to treatment conducted by psychologists. Objective: Objective: The primary aim of the study is to investigate the effects of ST treating youths, using a group-based CBT progra(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-010

The shortened version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S; Sweden): a validation study in United Kingdom adolescents

Michael McKay/ James Andretta/ John Perry

Background: Background: Stress is an important variable of consequence, particularly in adolescence, a period of intense physical and psychological change. The measurement of stress in adolescence has been widely discussed, and a number of versions of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) have been developed and validated. The present study sought to examine the psychometric properties (model fit, invariance, internal consistency, and construct validity) of the ASQ-S, which was recently deve(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-011

Burden sharing in families to children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD: Analysis of ADHD Helpline in Swedish Clinical Services

Elina Renhorn/ Carl Nytell/ Anna Backman/ Camilla Ekstrand/ Tatja Hirvikoski

Background: Background: ADHD causes impairment in several life contexts and may increase stress and burden of care amongst family members. There is a lack of studies regarding gender inequalities in burden sharing in families of individuals with ADHD. Objective: Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate gendered burden sharing in families who were in contact with an ADHD telephone helpline in Sweden. A further aim was to identify perceived difficulties that prompted contact with the he(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-012

Trust and general risk-taking in externalizing adolescent inpatients versus non-externalizing psychiatric controls

William Mellick/ Carla Sharp/ Eric Sumlin

Background: Background: Interpersonal trust is an important target for the conceptualization, identification, and treatment of psychiatric disorders marked by interpersonal difficulties. A core feature of adolescent externalising disorders is interpersonal impairment. However, research investigating trust is scarce. A relatively novel approach for studying trust in psychopathology is through examination of social decision making using behavioural economic games. Objective: Objective: To employ a(..)

DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2019-013

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