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European Integration Studies: Research and Topicalities

Kaunas University of Technology

Subject: Economics , Law , Multidisciplinary - Social Sciences , Public Administration


ISSN: 1822-8402
eISSN: 2335-8831



Sustainable Local Development From Perspective of Citizens: Salaspils Municipality (Latvia) Case1
Efficient Consumer Response (ECR) Principles and Their Application in Retail Trade Enterprises in Latvia

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 9 (July 2015) - List of articles

Negotiations on the Transatlantic Free Trade Area. Effects of the Proposed Agreement on the Economies of the European Union and the United States of America


The paper is devoted to the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), which is also called the Transatlantic Free Trade Area (TAFTA). The problem is whether TTIP should be created, and if yes, what shape it should take, and how it will affect the economies of the European Union (EU) and the United States (US). The aim of the paper is to answer the questions: what is the essence of the TTIP agreement, what reasons for this project are and what consequences will it have? At first, the(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12801


Towards Stronger Normative Power: the Nature of Shift in EU Foreign Policy in the Context of the Crisis in Ukraine

Gediminas Vitkus

  The crisis in Ukraine of 2014 produced considerable change in the EU international environment, which not only tested its capabilities to react very quickly and adequately but also actually destroyed previous subtle balance of its Member States in relations with Russia. The EU Member States were not able to continue to maintain in these relations the “disunity” pattern, which was successfully described in the European Coun­cil on Foreign Relations study “A Power Audit of EU – Russia Relat(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12792


Alternative Military Keynesianism as a Tool of Civil-Military Cooperation in the Framework of the EU Defence Policy


During the last year the security threats to the European Union have increased dramatically under the influence of military crisis in eastern Ukraine and Islamic terrorist activities in Europe. Consequently the demand for defence in the member states of the European Union has become greater than in previous years.This situation leads to the dilemma when the high level of defence expenditure can hamper the financial support of other sectors of national economy.Therefore it is necessary to increas(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12793


Intergovernmental and Domestic Factors in the Negotiation Process on Renewable Energy Support Schemes

Aistė Pikšrytė/ Liudas Mažylis

The adoption of the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources was an important step for the successive contribution to the global Climate Change Regime as well as the diversification of energy supply, thus ensuring energy security and reducing dependence on external suppliers. However, although the Directive sets out legally binding targets for each Member State by 2020 as well as interim targets, it does not provide any legally binding(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12794


The Complex Relational Dynamics in Public Sector Reforms


Even though public sector reforms have become nearly every day-business in many countries, the imple­mentation of the reforms is often a challenge for change management. This is the case also in Finland. Na­tionwide local government reform aiming to create a thriving municipal structure was launched in 2011 and gained a lot attention and criticism. We aim to analyze what kind of diverse views occurred in the implemen­tation phase of this particular reform and how those affected the reform proces(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12795


Local Government Networks for Sustainable Growth of Local and Regional Economy


The objective of the paper is to evaluate opportunities of the Latvian variant of local governments’ bench learning system to facilitate sustainable growth of local and regional economy. The research is performed by applying several policy analysis methods. There are several obstacles for local governments to facilitate local economy: influence of neo-liberal approach on EU and national legislation, which minimize opportunities of flexible decisions, based on local circumstances; influence of no(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12796


Towards the Internationalisation Process of Lithuanian Universities


Under the pressure of globalisation and information technologies’ revolution nowadays world is char­acterized as fast changing and unpredictable. In such environment organisations cannot act separately in local markets. Consequently the internationalisation becomes as one of the vital preconditions for surviving in nowadays world.This paper focuses primarily on the internationalisation process which is complex and multifaceted. For this reason the authors present the deep analysis on internation(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12797


Criteria for Sustainability of Old- Age Pension System Based on the NDC Principles


The topicality of the research subject. The foundations of the old-age pension scheme based on notional accounts, also referred to as the “notional defined contribution” or “non-financial defined contribution” (NDC) old-age pension scheme, were laid in Sweden in 1994, when the prevailing view was that a sus­tainable defined-contribution PAYG old-age pension scheme is impossible.Since then, the NDC system modifications have been implemented in several countries; since 2000, this scheme is also pa(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12798


Sustainable Local Development From Perspective of Citizens: Salaspils Municipality (Latvia) Case1

Inga Jekabsone/ Biruta Sloka

Abstract Conditions are very different in the different parts of any country, and the quality of life as well as the impacts produced on the environment depend on a variety of local factors of environmental, economic and cultural nature, and every action must cope with such local conditions, traditions, and attitudes. Thereby one of the approaches on assessment of sustainable development could be based on subjective evaluation of citizens of certain municipality. During 2010-2012 in Salaspils m(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12799

Published Online: 2015

New Approach to Regional Competitiveness as Instrument of Regional Development


The paper addresses a scientific and practical problem of how the regional characteristics referred to as competitiveness can be employed in enhancing the efficiency of planning its economic and social develop­ment. The aim of the paper is to substantiate the relevance of regional competitiveness concept as the ob­jective of strategic development of the region. The first part of the paper presents statistical data of regional development in Lithuania. They illustrate that the current principles (..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12800


The Safety and Security of International Trade as a Determinant of the Business Strategy of the Polish Customs Service


The aim of the paper is to analyze the influence of safety standards in the international trade of goods on the activity of the customs administrations on the example of the Polish Customs Service.The safety of trade of goods in the international market is one of the main aspects affecting the actions taken by the customs administrations worldwide. The safety is most often defined as a condition in which the vast majority of risks associated with the conducted activity, have been identified, the(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12802


Types of Barriers to the Integration of the EU Gas Market


The article discusses the problem of barriers to the integration of the EU internal energy market. The study is concentrated on gas market. The EU needs to combine particular gas markets and integrate gas networks in order to create energy highways.This article applies a combination of factor and systematic analysis and comparative research meth­ods. The study includes the analysis of official EU documents such as documents and directives, as well as the Network Code on Capacity Allocations.The (..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12803


Free Movement of Workers as an Instrument of Creation of the European Common Market


The creation of common market was based on four fundamental freedoms. These freedoms have   re-mained the central issue of the EU, although their perception has significantly changed since the Treaty of Paris. The principle of free movement of workers, as a part of free movement of persons, facilitates the mobility of workers within the EU, as any citizen of EU member states is allowed to go to another member state for work, having the same workplace rights as the nationals. The princi(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12804


Supply, Demand, Forecast of Latvian Labour Market and Tools for Its Development

Olga Starineca/ Inesa Voronchuk

Abstract Many factors influence situation on Latvian labour market. Employment is one of the core subject to explorer observing changes of labour market supply, demand and forecasts. Focusing on organisational problems concerning labour issues the microenvironment of the organisations ought to be study. The authors would like to compare Latvian labour market forecasts and the real situation for the period starting from the economic crises year 2009 in Latvia to 2015. Reaching the objective of t(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12805

Published Online: 2015

Islamic Banking in the European Union Countries

Iwona Sobol

In the 1970s Islamic financial system based on religious belief emerged in some of Muslim countries. The purpose of the Islamic financial system is just like in the case of the conventional one, to facilitate the smooth flow of funds between savers and investors. However, what is distinguishable about the Islamicfinancial system is that it is based on principles of sharia, which is a religious law of Muslims. With the share of around 80% in total assets of Islamic financial instit(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12806


Cointegration of Monetary Policy in GCC Countries as Measure of Economic Integration


Economic integration in the world is not always an explicit and intentional process. For some regions we are able to observe unintentional coordination of economic policies that results from following similar institutional and legal solutions. One of such cases can be recognized in the nominal sector of the nationaleconomy. As a consequence, a group of countries may be forming a de-facto currency union. It could alternatively compose an OCA without any need for forced nominal convergence. This p(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12807


Complex Patterns in Construction of Entrepreneurial Identity Among Youth in Estonia

Aksel Kirch/ Tarmo Tuisk

  The goal of the study was to assess entrepreneurial identity focusing on the beliefs and values such as individualism, risk-taking, innovativeness, opportunity recognition and tolerance.Methods: An Identity Structure Analysis (ISA) (Weinreich, 2003/2012) was applied as a meta-theoret­ical framework to conceptualize entrepreneurial identity and identification patterns among students with the image of an entrepreneur. A Bayesian dependency-modelling (Myllymäki et al, 2002) was applied to va(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12808


Expectations by Employers on Skills, Knowledge and Attitudes of Employees

Inara Kantane/ Biruta Sloka/ Ilze Buligina/ Ginta Tora/ Regina Busevica/ Alise Buligina/ Juris Dzelme/ Peteris Tora

  Changes of the work conditions and technologies ask to change approach to the main principles of ed­ucation system. The education system can’t prepare employees for the whole working life. Relative role of different parts of the qualification are changing. Skills, practical experience, which were main object of investigation and assessment, becomes less valid for whole working life, significance of motivation, emotional intelligence and attitudes increase. Skills and knowledge must be periodic(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12809


Creativity as the Main Factor for Organizations‘ Success: Theoretical Approach

Jurgita Baryniene/ Berta Dauknyte

  In recent decades drastic changes of economic activity conditions are observed. Global transforma­tions and rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) have resulted in emergence of knowledge economy where the added value is created on the basis of knowledge. Due to this reason, business organisations operating under such conditions must increasingly focus on innovations and innovative processes which would guarantee them a competitive advantage. Compa­nies which do n(..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12810


Leadership Values in Transformation of Organizational Culture to Implement Competitive Intelligence Management: the Trust Building Through Organizational Culture.


The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of leadership values in changing of organization­al culture to implement competitive intelligence. General criteria and values should be defined for observance in the processes of competitive intelligence management. Organizational culture can be supportive of changes when it corresponds with the prevailing values. The aim of this study was to do an investigation within companies in Latvia, research the scientific resources on this matter as well (..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12811


Efficient Consumer Response (ECR) Principles and Their Application in Retail Trade Enterprises in Latvia

Rosita Zvirgzdiņa/ Iveta Liniņa/ Velga Vēvere

Abstract The sector of the retail trade has always played a significant role in the Latvian economics. The basis for the retail trade is the satisfaction of consumers’ needs and the formation of the long-term relationship. To retain the existing consumers and to attract the new buyers, one of the fundamental tasks is to create the according assortment. The Efficient Consumer Response presupposes not only the new approach in creating the assortment, but also influences all business processes in (..)

DOI: 10.5755/j01.eis.0.9.12812

Published Online: 2015

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