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Polish Journal of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology

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ISSN: 1733-1331
eISSN: 2544-4646

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FEATURED ARTICLES

VOLUME 67 , ISSUE 2 (June 2018) - List of articles

Non-antibiotics, Efflux Pumps and Drug Resistance of Gram-negative Rods

Non-antibiotic medicinal products consist of drugs with diverse activity against bacteria. Many non-antibiotics demonstrate direct anti-bacterial activity against Gram-positive cocci. The activity observed against Gram-negative rods is much lower and non-antibiotics primarily from the following groups: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cardiovascular and antidepressant medicinal products demonstrate this activity. It has been shown that the low activity of some non-antibiotics or the absenc(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-017

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Bacteriological, Clinical and Virulence Aspects of Aeromonas-associated Diseases in Humans

Aeromonads have been isolated from varied environmental sources such as polluted and drinking water, as well as from tissues and body fluids of cold and warm-blooded animals. A phenotypically and genotypically heterogenous bacteria, aeromonads can be successfully identified by ribotyping and/or by analysing gyrB gene sequence, apart from classical biochemical characterization. Aeromonads are known to cause scepticemia in aquatic organisms, gastroenteritis and extraintestinal diseases such as sce(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-020

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Brucella – Virulence Factors, Pathogenesis and Treatment

Brucellae are Gram-negative, small rods infecting mammals and capable of causing disease called brucellosis. The infection results in abortion and sterility in domestic animals (sheeps, pigs, rams etc). Especially dangerous for humans are: Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis, Brucella abortus, and Brucella canis that trigger unspecific symptoms (flu-like manifestation). Brucella rods are introduced via host cells, by inhalation, skin abrasions, ingestion or mucosal membranes. The most important f(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-029

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Isolation of Bacteriocin-producing Staphylococcus spp. Strains from Human Skin Wounds, Soft Tissue Infections and Bovine Mastitis

A collection of 206 Staphylococcus spp. isolates was investigated for their ability to produce compounds exhibiting antistaphylococcal activity. This group included Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus xylosus strains recovered from bovine mastitis (n = 158) and human skin wounds and soft tissues infections (n = 48). Production of substances with antimicrobial activity was observed in six strains. Five of them were recovered from bovine mastitis, and one was isolated(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-018

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Genetic Analysis Method for Staphylococcus chromogenes Associated with Goat Mastitis

Mastitis in goats is mainly caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CNS). The identification methods for this group are based on evaluating the expression of phenotypic characteristics such as the ability to metabolize various substrates; however, this is disadvantageous as these methods are dependent on gene expression. In recent years, genotyping methods such as the Multiple Locus Variable-Number Tandem Repeat Analysis (MLVA) and gene identification have been useful for epidemiological st(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-019

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Screening and Identification of Trichoderma Strains Isolated from Natural Habitats with Potential to Cellulose and Xylan Degrading Enzymes Production

A total of 123 Trichoderma strains were isolated from different habitats and tested for their ability to degrade cellulose and xylan by simple plate screening method. Among strains, more than 34 and 45% respectively, exhibited higher cellulolytic and xylanolytic activity, compared to the reference strain T. reesei QM 9414. For strains efficiently degrading cellulose, a highest enzyme activity was confirmed using filter paper test, and it resulted in a range from 1.01 to 7.15 FPU/ml. Based on mor(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-021

Published Online: 30-June-2018

The Heavy-Metal Resistance Determinant of Newly Isolated Bacterium from a Nickel-Contaminated Soil in Southwest Slovakia

A bacterial isolate MR-CH-I2 [KC809939] isolated from soil contaminated mainly by high nickel concentrations in southwest Slovakia was previously found carrying nccA-like heavy-metal resistance determinant, marked as MR-CH-I2-HMR [KF218096]. According to phylogenetic analysis of short (696 bp) 16S rDNA (16S rRNA) sequences this bacterium was tentatively assigned to Uncultured beta proteobacterium clone GC0AA7ZA05PP1 [JQ913301]. nccA-like gene product was on the same base of its partial (581 bp) (..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-022

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Distribution of Cell Envelope Proteinases Genes among Polish Strains of Lactobacillus helveticus

Most of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are able to grow in milk mainly due to the activity of a complex and well-developed proteolytic system. Cell envelope-associated proteinases (CEPs) begin casein hydrolysis and allow for releasing the peptides, enclosed in the structure of native milk proteins that are essential for growth of Lactobacillus helveticus. The biodiversity of genes encoding CEPs among L. helveticus strains can have an effect on some technological parameters such as acid productio(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-026

Published Online: 30-June-2018

The Usefulness of Chromogenic Media for Qualitative and Semi-Quantitative Diagnostic of Urinary Tract Infections

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of chromogenic media for isolation of bacteria from urine and direct identification of UTI pathogens. A total of 100 urine specimens were inoculated on blood agar and MacConkey agar as a reference method and on the following media to be tested: chromID® CPS® Elite (CPSE, bioMérieux), CHROMagarTM Orientation (BioMaxima), BD CHROMagar Orientation Medium (ORI, Becton Dickinson), CHROMagarTM Orientation (ORIE, Graso) and Brillance UTI Clarity Agar(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-031

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Identification of Pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica in Pig Tonsils Using the Real-Time PCR

The application of DNA-based methods enables to identify Yersinia enterocolitica carrying the ail-gene with a greater sensitivity compared to culture methods and biochemical tests used for detection of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in animal and food samples. In this study, 100 samples of pig tonsils were examined, among which 17 were positive for the ail gene. Additionally, biochemical tests and RT-PCR showed that nine Y. enterocolitica isolates carried the ail-gene. Two Y. enterocolitica isolat(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-023

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Global Transcriptome Changes of Biofilm-Forming Staphylococcus epidermidis Responding to Total Alkaloids of Sophorea alopecuroides

Transcriptome changes of biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis response to total alkaloids of Sophorea alopecuroides was observed. Bioinformatic analyses were further used to compare the differential gene expression between control and the treated samples. It was found that 282 genes were differentially expressed, with 92 up-regulated and 190 down-regulated. These involved down-regulation of the sulfur metabolism pathway. It was suggested that inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus epidermidi(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-024

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Sero-epidemiology and Risk Factor Analysis of Measles Among Children in Pakistan

Comparative cross sectional study was conducted on blood samples (n = 231) collected from children of 1 to 10 years of age in Punjab Pakistan through convenient sampling method. Indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA) was standardized and used for serodiagnosis and evaluation of humoral immunity against measles. Associated risk factors including age, gender, locale, and vaccination status were analyzed. Geometric mean titre (GMT) of vaccinated individuals was significantly higher (p < 0.001) than(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-025

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Seroprevalence of Selected Zoonotic Agents among Hunters from Eastern Poland

The aim of our study was the collection of seroprevalence data for Toxoplasma gondii, Coxiella burnetii, Trichinella spp., and Francisella tularensis from hunters in Lublin Province. The antibodies against T. gondii and C. burnetii were recorded in 38.5% and 16.2% of the sera, respectively. 4.05% of the sera were seropositive for both T. gondii and C. burnetii. None of the sera tested reacted positively with F. tulariensis or Trichinella spp. Seroprevalence of T. gondii and C. burnetii is common(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-027

Published Online: 30-June-2018

New Gene Responsible for Resistance of Clinical Corynebacteria to Macrolide, Lincosamide and Streptogramin B

The subject of the study was phenotypic marking of the antibiotic susceptibility and MLSB resistance mechanism in Corynebacterium spp. isolated from human skin (18 isolates) and from clinical materials (19 isolates). The strains were tested for the presence of the erm(A), erm(B), erm(C), erm(X), lnu(A), msr(A), msr(B) and mph(C) genes. Clinical isolates showed wide resistance to antibiotics. In 89% clinical isolates and 72% skin microbiota a constitutive type of MLSB resistance was found. In 12 (..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-028

Published Online: 30-June-2018

Development and Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination Test for the Identification of Francisella tularensis Subspecies Pathogenic for Human

Francisella tularensis are highly infectious bacteria causing a zoonotic disease called tularemia. Identification of this bacterium is based on antigen detection or PCR. The paper presents a latex agglutination test (LAT) for rapid identification of clinically relevant F. tularensis subspecies. The test can be performed within three minutes with live or inactivated bacteria. The possibility to test the inactivated samples reduces the risk of laboratory acquired infection and allows performing th(..)

DOI: 10.21307/pjm-2018-030

Published Online: 30-June-2018

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