The stability of occlusal plane rotation during orthognathic surgery

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Australasian Orthodontic Journal

Australian Society of Orthodontists

Subject: Dentistry, Orthodontics & Medicine

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ISSN: 2207-7472
eISSN: 2207-7480

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VOLUME 33 , ISSUE 1 (May 2017) > List of articles

The stability of occlusal plane rotation during orthognathic surgery

Samuel C. Bennett *

Citation Information : Australasian Orthodontic Journal. Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 82-96, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/aoj-2020-088

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Published Online: 30-July-2021

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

Background: Considered rotation of the occlusal plane and the maxillomandibular complex during orthognathic surgery is an approach that enables optimisation of the functional and aesthetic outcomes of surgical-orthodontic treatment for the correction of a variety of dentofacial deformities.

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to: (1) retrospectively evaluate the stability of clockwise and anti-clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane during orthognathic surgery, and (2) compare the findings with the stability of orthognathic surgery in which no significant occlusal plane rotation occurs.

Aims and methods: Data were collected from a sample of 31 adult patients (22 females and nine males) treated by one orthodontist in private practice and at the University of Western Australia from 1992–2008. Patients received a Le Fort I osteotomy and BSSO to reposition the maxilla and mandible, respectively. The patients were separated into three groups defined by no occlusal plane rotation; clockwise occlusal plane rotation; or anti-clockwise occlusal plane rotation. Lateral cephalograms were taken at four time periods during treatment: T1 (pre-surgery), T2 (immediately post-surgery), T3 (six weeks post-surgery), and T4 (longest follow-up). The cephalograms were digitised and analysed using a customised cephalometric analysis (QuickCeph Studio, CA, USA) and landmarks were transferred via cranial base and maxillary superimpositions for each patient from T1 sequentially to T4.

Results: Clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane was highly stable one year following surgery and showed comparable results with cases treated without occlusal plane rotation. Anti-clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane was less stable and showed significant relapse of the occlusal plane angle towards the pre-surgical value during the post-surgical observation period.

Conclusion: Clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane during orthognathic surgery appears highly stable. Anti-clockwise occlusal plane rotation during orthognathic surgery appears less stable. Further studies are needed to evaluate the longer-term stability of clockwise and anti-clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane during surgical-orthodontic treatment.

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