Work-life balance and family friendly policies

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VOLUME 2013 , ISSUE 4 (December 2013) > List of articles

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Work-life balance and family friendly policies

Natalie Skinner * / Janine Chapman

Citation Information : Evidence Base. VOLUME 2013 , ISSUE 4 , ISSN (Online) 1838-9422, DOI: 10.21307/eb-2013-002, December 2013 © 2013.© The Australia and New Zealand School of Government

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 27-February-2017

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

This paper presents Australian and international research on work-life interaction. We review the work-life policies and practices that are likely to have the greatest impact on work-life outcomes, specifically reducing the negative impact of work on other life domains (work-life interference), and enhancing the positive effect (work-life facilitation). The review addresses four policy areas common in work-life studies of the general workforce: employee-centered flexible work practices; working hours (e.g. access to part-time work); paid and unpaid leave (e.g. parental leave); and access to childcare. It then considers the work-life literature related to two specific industries – the Australian public sector, and health and social services – to identify work-life issues and practices specific to each industry. We then conclude with a general discussion of challenges associated with the policy-practice gap, focusing particularly on work intensification and the role of organisational culture as the catalyst for policy uptake and effectiveness.

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