Differences in ABO antibody levels among blood donors: a comparison between past and present Japanese,Laotian,and Thai populations

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Immunohematology

American National Red Cross

Subject: Medical Laboratory Technology

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ISSN: 0894-203X
eISSN: 1930-3955

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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 1 (March 2007) > List of articles

Differences in ABO antibody levels among blood donors: a comparison between past and present Japanese,Laotian,and Thai populations

Toshio Mazda / Kenji Tadokoro / Ryuichi Yabe / Oytip NaThalang / Te Thammavong

Keywords : ABO blood groups, anti-A, anti-B

Citation Information : Immunohematology. Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 38-41, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/immunohematology-2019-316

License : (Transfer of Copyright)

Published Online: 01-April-2020

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

Passively transfused blood group antibodies cause clinical problems. High titers of anti-A and anti-B seem to be one reason for hemolytic transfusion reactions and for ABO HDN. In Japan,anti-A and anti-B titers notably decreased in the 15 years between 1986 and 2001. At present,titers of more than 100,as measured using the saline method,are rare. Differences in the level of anti-A and anti-B among ethnic populations have been reported; these differences were found to be the result of environmental factors rather than hereditary factors. In the present study, the anti-A and anti-B titers of random donors in three Asian populations are compared. In Thailand,the IgM anti-A and anti-B titers are low and are similar to the Japanese titers reported in 2001, but the IgG anti-A and anti-B titers are high and are similar to the Japanese titers reported in 1986. In the Lao People’s Democratic Republic,both the IgM and the IgG anti-A and anti-B titers are high and are similar to those reported in Japan in 1986. In addition, anti-A and anti-B titers of different sex donors and of various age groups were also compared. High titers were found in 8.8 percent of the female donors in the younger than 30 age group and in 36.7 percent of the female donors in the older than 50 age group.

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