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Citation Information : Immunohematology. Volume 22, Issue 1, Pages 23-29, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/immunohematology-2019-342
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Published Online: 01-April-2020
cDNAs for α 1,4 galactosyltransferase (A4GALT) have been isolated. To explore the molecular basis of the p phenotype in Japanese donors, we analyzed the A4GALT gene sequences of normal and p phenotype samples. The coding region in the A4GALT gene for DNA sequencing was amplified by PCR amplification. A4GALT expression vectors for individual mutants were constructed by PCR amplification of the coding region using primers and subsequent subcloning into an expression vector. The expression of Gb3/CD77 antigen on the cell surface was evaluated by flow cytometry and by immunochemical techniques. All individuals with the p phenotype were found to have a single base insertion (A4GALT/insC) at the same nucleotide position. Neither the transfectant cells with a mutant gene (A4GALT/insC) of donor origin or those with a synthesized mutant gene (A4GALT/insC-Mu) expressed Gb3 antigen indicating that the presence of A4GALT/insC diminished the A4GALT enzyme activity. In addition, an allele-specific PCR (ASP) system was developed in which donors of the p phenotype with A4GALT/insC can be unambiguously discriminated from normal donors. Based on the finding that a single base insertion (A4GALT/insC) diminishes A4GALT activity,an ASP assay was developed to detect individuals with this particular p phenotype.