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Citation Information : Immunohematology. Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 109-111, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/immunohematology-2019-588
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Published Online: 18-October-2020
Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) due to anti-Hr0 antibody is typically severe and often fatal. We report a case of moderate HDN due to anti-Hr0 in a woman with the D––/D–– phenotype. A 33-yearold woman delivered her second child who was mildly jaundiced. The highest level of bilirubin was 26.1 mg/dL on the third day postpartum and the hemoglobin concentration was 14.0 g/dL. The newborn recovered after phototherapy and no mental retardation was noticed after 1 year of follow up. An exchange transfusion was excluded due to the lack of a compatible donor and the physical condition of the mother precluded blood donation. The maternal RBCs were D+C–c–E–e–; only G and Rh29 of the Rh system were expressed. Thus, her probable phenotype was D––/D––. Her alloantibody was identified as anti-Hr0 (anti-Rh17) as it reacted with all red blood cells (RBCs) but not her own, other D--– RBCs, and Rhnull RBCs. The results of the antibody titer (64) and activity in a chemiluminescense test (CLT; 34%) were consistent with a moderate HDN. Family studies were negative for the D––/D–– phenotype and consanguinity was not proved. This is the first described case of moderate HDN due to anti-Hr0. The result of antibody activity in the CLT might be helpful in predicting the severity of HDN in other rare HDN cases.