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Citation Information : Immunohematology. Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 112-114, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/immunohematology-2019-760
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Published Online: 16-November-2020
A blood sample contained an antibody to a high-incidence antigen that reacted with all red blood cells (RBCs) tested by the indirect antiglobulin test (IAT). The antibody reacted with papain-, ficin-, and trypsin-treated RBCs, but not with α-chymotrypsin-treated RBCs. This pattern of reactivity suggested the possibility that the antibody was recognizing an antigen in the Cromer blood group system. Tests against RBCs deficient in decay-accelerating factor (which carries the Cromer antigens) were weakly positive. Tests with antibodies to high-incidence Cromer antigens and with RBCs lacking high-incidence Cromer antigens led to identification of the second example of anti-Esa in an Es(a–) person. The antibody was IgG1 and reacted by the IAT to a titer of 64. The monocyte monolayer assay indicated potential clinical significance of this antibody in relation to transfusion.