AN IN VITRO COST-EFFECTIVE TEST BENCH FOR ACTIVE CARDIAC IMPLANTS, REPRODUCING HUMAN EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC FIELDS 50 HZ

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic

GET ALERTS

eISSN: 1178-5608

DESCRIPTION

12
Reader(s)
64
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 (March 2017) > List of articles

AN IN VITRO COST-EFFECTIVE TEST BENCH FOR ACTIVE CARDIAC IMPLANTS, REPRODUCING HUMAN
EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC FIELDS 50 HZ

Cihan Gercek * / Djilali Kourtiche / Mustapha Nadi / Isabelle Magne / Pierre Schmitt / Martine Souques / Patrice Roth

Keywords : Electric Field, Low Frequency, Implanted Cardiac Defibrillators, Pacemaker, In-vitro EMC setup

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-17, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/ijssis-2017-200

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 02-November-2016 / Accepted: 15-January-2017 / Published Online: 01-March-2017

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

The European Directive 2013/35/UE sets the minimum requirements for the protection of workers exposed to electromagnetic fields and defines workers bearing implants as workers at particular risk. The European standards 50527-1 and 50527-2-1 propose risk assessments methods for
these workers, including numerical and/or experimental in-vitro approaches. This study aims to conceive by using both methods, a cost-effective test bench for active cardiac implants in order to reproduce induced phenomena on a cardiac implant inside a human exposed to 50 Hz electric field,representing exposure up to 100 kV/m, which covers occupational exposure.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

  1. World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Non communicable Diseases 2014;Geneva, Switzerland, 2014.
  2. Greenspon A. J., Patel J. D., Lau E., Ochoa J., FrischD. R., Ho R. T., Pavri B. B. andKurtz M.S. Trends in Permanent Pacemaker Implantation in the United States From 1993 to 2009. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2012, 60: 1540–1545.
    [CROSSREF]
  3. Kurtz S.M., Ochoa J.A., Lau E., Shkolnikov Y., Pavri B.B., Frisch D. and Greenspon A.J.Implantation Trends and Patient Profiles for Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in the United States: 1993-2006: Implantation Trends and Patient Profiles For Pacemakers And ICDs’. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 2010, 33(6): 705–711, 2010.
    [CROSSREF]
  4. Directive 2013/35/EU of the European Parliament and the Council. On the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (electromagnetic fields). Official Journal of the European Union, 2013, L179: 1-21.
  5. CENELEC - EN 50527-1:2016; Procedure for the assessment of the exposure to EM fields of workers bearing active implantable medical devices – Part 1: General. 2016
    [CROSSREF]
  6. CENELEC - EN 50527-2-1:2016 ; Procedure for the assessment of the exposure to electromagnetic fields of workers bearing active implantable medical devices - Part 2-1: Specific assessment for workers with cardiac pacemakers. 2016 (revised version to be published in spring2017).
    [CROSSREF]
  7. Stuchly M. A., Kavet R. Numerical modeling of pacemaker interference in the electric-utility environment. IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability, 2005, 5: 481–487.
    [CROSSREF]
  8. Katrib J., Nadi M., Kourtiche D., Schmitt P., Magne I. and Roth P. Evaluation of low frequency magnetic field exposure system for ICDs for in vitro studies. Third European IRPA Congress ; Radiation protection – science, safety and securityJune 2010, Helsinki, Finland.
    [CROSSREF]
  9. IEC 62226-3-1. Exposure to electric or magnetic fields in the low and intermediate frequency range - Methods for calculating the current density and internal electric field induced in the human body - Part 3-1: Exposure to electric fields - Analytical and 2D numerical models. Ed.2016.
    [CROSSREF]
  10. Weiland T. A numerical method for the solution of the eigenwave problem of longitudinally homogeneous waveguides. Electronics and Communication, 1977, 31(7): 308-314.
  11. Katrib J., Nadi M., Kourtiche D., Magne I., Schmitt P., Souques M.and Roth P. In vitro assessment of the immunity of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators to magnetic fields of 50/60 Hz. Physiological Measurement, 2013, 34: 1281–92.
    [CROSSREF]
  12. Nelson J. J., Clement W., Martel B., Kautz R. and Nelson K. H. Assessment of active implantable medical device interaction in hybrid electric vehicles. in 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2008, pp. 1–6.
    [CROSSREF]
  13. Gercek C., Kourtiche D., Schmitt P., Magne I., Souques M., Roth P. and Nadi M.Computation of Pacemakers Immunity to 50 Hz Electric Field: Induced Voltages 10 times greater in unipolar than in bipolar detection mode, MDPI – Bioengineering, submitted 23 December 2016, Manuscript ID : bioengineering-171952, Manuscript Status : Under review
    [CROSSREF]
  14. Findlay R. P. Induced electric fields in the MAXWEL surface-based human model from exposure to external low frequency electric fields. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 2014,162(3):244–253.
    [CROSSREF]
  15. Kavet R., Stuchly M. A., Bailey W. H. and Bracken T. D.. Evaluation of biological effects, dosimetric models, and exposure assessment related to ELF electric- and magnetic-field guidelines. Appl Occup Environ Hyg, 2001, 16(12): 1118–1138.
    [CROSSREF]
  16. ICRP 2002. Basic anatomical and physiological data for use in radiological protection:reference values. ICRP Publication 89 Ann. 2002, 32, 5–265.
    [CROSSREF]
  17. Medtronic® Official website, Pacemaker Leads – Overview. http://www.medtronic.com/usen/healthcare-professionals/products/cardiac-rhythm/pacemakers/pacing-leads.html (accessedOct 27, 2016).
  18. International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protections, Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric and magnetic fields (1 Hz to 100 kHz), Health Physics, vol. 99,no. 6, pp. 818–836, 2010.
    [CROSSREF]
  19. I. Magne, F. Audran, E. Mayaudon, D. Clement, and F. Deschamps, 50 Hz Electric and Magnetic Field Measurements in High Voltage Substations: Technical Report, REE. Revue de l’électricité et de l’électronique, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 32–36, 2010.
    [CROSSREF]
  20. Dyrda K., Nguyen D.H., Plante M., Turgeon A., Khairy P., Thibault B., Andrade J., Dubuc M., Guerra P.G., Macle L., Mondesert B., Rivard L., Roy D., Talajic M. and Ostiguy G.Interference Resistance of Pacemakers and Defibrillators to 60 Hz Electric Fields, Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 2015, 31(10): S233–S234.
    [CROSSREF]
  21. Korpinen L., Kuisti H., Elovaara J. and Virtanen V. Cardiac Pacemakers in Electric and Magnetic Fields of 400-kV Power Lines. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 2012, 35(4):422–430.
    [CROSSREF]
  22. Korpinen L., Kuisti H., Elovaara J. and Virtanen V. Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Electric and Magnetic Fields of 400 kV Power Lines: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators in fields, Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 2014, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 297–303.
    [CROSSREF]
  23. Seckler T., Stunder D., Schikowsky C., Joosten S., Zink M. D., Kraus T., Marx N., Napp A. Effect of lead position and orientation on electromagnetic interference in patients with bipolar cardiovascular implantable electronic device, Europace, 2016.
    [CROSSREF]
  24. Napp A. et al., Electromagnetic Interference With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators at Power Frequency An In Vivo Study, Circulation, 2014, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 441–450.
    [CROSSREF]

    [CROSSREF]
  25. Napp A. et al., Electromagnetic Interference With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators at Power Frequency An In Vivo Study, Circulation, 2014, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 441–450.
    [CROSSREF]

    [CROSSREF]
  26. Joosten S., Pammler K., and Silny J. The influence of anatomical and physiological parameters on the interference voltage at the input of unipolar cardiac pacemakers in low frequency electric fields, Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2009, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 591–609.
    [CROSSREF]

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS