Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto,5 King’s College Road, Toronto, ON, M5S 3G8, Canada


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International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic


eISSN: 1178-5608



VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 3 (September 2008) > List of articles

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto,5 King’s College Road, Toronto, ON, M5S 3G8, Canada

Sang-Ho Kim * / Kosuke Sekiyama * / Toshio Fukuda *

Keywords : Pattern adaptive, re-formable keypad, vehicle user-interface design, tactile input device.

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 1, Issue 3, Pages 572-591, DOI:

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 13-December-2017



In this paper we propose a pattern adaptive keypad interface for in-vehicle information system. The keypad interface recommends the estimated input sequence to fit the user’s preference based on individual model of operation pattern. Pattern (shape) of button switches corresponding to the estimated input sequence is actively reformed. Button switches are displayed tactilely and visually. Finger image is shown on the monitor in real-time in order to guide input operation on the tactile input device. To confirm the effect of the keypad interface, experiments are performed comparing with a touch screen on which pattern (shape) of buttons switch is unchanged.

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