Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic


eISSN: 1178-5608



VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 (March 2012) > List of articles


S. Ikezawa * / M. Wakamatsu / T. Ueda

Keywords : LIBS, laser, nanomaterials, in-situ measurement.

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 215-232, DOI:

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 03-February-2012 / Accepted: 23-February-2012 / Published Online: 01-March-2012



This paper describes the semi-quantitative analysis of metal nanoparticle ink using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). LIBS can be used to obtain information about the density and chemical composition of silver particles or copper particles, even ultrafine particles. Metal particles have been attracting much attention because of their increased use in new micro-nano technologies. In this work, LIBS was used as a fine metal particle measurement system for nanometallic materials used in printing. Good spectral peak resolutions were obtained when the Ag spectra were recorded at wavelengths of 328.068 nm and 338.289 nm and Cu spectra at 324.754 nm and 327.396 nm.

Content not available PDF Share



[1] F. Brech and L. Cross, “Optical microemission stimulated by a ruby laser,” Appl. Spectrosc.,
vol. 16(2), p. 59, 1962.
[2] M.A. Gondal, T. Hussain, Z.H. Yamani, M.A. Baig, “On-line monitoring of remediation
process of chromium-polluted soil using LIBS,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 163, pp. 1265-1271, 2009.
[3] T. Hussain, M.A. Gondal, “Monitoring and assessment of toxic metals in Gulf war oil spill
contaminated soil using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Environ. Monit. Assess., vol.
136, pp. 391-399, 2008.
[4] T. Kim, Z.G. Specht, P.S. Vary, C.T. Lin, “Spectral fingerprints of bacterial strains by laserinduced
breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B, vol. 108, pp. 5477-5482, 2004.
[5] H. Hotokezaka, N. Aoyagi, Y. Kawahara, N.U. Yamaguchi, S. Nagasaki, K. Sasaki, and S.
Tanaka, “Selective and in-situ determination of carbonate and oxide particles in aqueous solution
using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for wearable information equipment,”
Microsystem Technologies, Springer, vol. 11(8-10), pp. 974-979, 2005.
[6] T. Ajiro, H. Fujimori, T. Matsui, S. Izumi, “Particle size dependence of correlation between
plasma emission delay time and plasma emission intensity of laser breakdown induced by
particles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 31(1, 9A), pp. 2760-2761, 1992.
[7] H. Fujimori, T. Matsui, T. Ajiro, K. Yokose, Y.M. Hsueh, S. Izumi, “Detection of fine
particles in liquids by laser breakdown method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 31(1, 5A), pp. 1514-
1518, 1992.
[8] H. Hotokezaka, S. Tanaka, A. Suzuki, S. Nagasaki, “Speciation analysis on europium(III)
using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Radiochim. Acta, vol. 88, pp. 645-648, 2000.
[9] S. Nakamura, Y. Ito, K. Sone, H. Hiraga, K. Kaneko, “Determination of an iron suspension in
water by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with two sequential laser pulses,” Anal. Chem.,
vol. 68, pp. 2981-2986, 1996.
[10] E.M. Rodriguez-Celis, I.B. Gornushkin, U.M. Heitmann, J.R. Almirall, B.W. Smith, J.D.
Winefordner, N. Omenetto, “Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy as a tool for discrimination
of glass for forensic applications,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem., vol. 391, pp. 1961-1968, 2008.
[11] M. Baudelet, L. Guyon, J. Yu, J.P. Wolf, T. Amodeo, E. Frejafon, P. Laloi, “Femtosecond
time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection and identification of bacteria:
A comparison to the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 99, p. 084701, 2006.
[12] V. Sturm, J. Vrenegor, R. Noll, and M. Hemmerlin, “Bulk analysis of steel samples with
surface scale layers by enhanced laser ablation and LIBS analysis of C, P, S, Al, Cr, Cu, Mn and
Mo,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom., vol. 19, pp. 451-456, 2004.
[13] R. Noll, I. Mönch, O. Klein, and A. Lamott, “Concept and operating performance of
inspection machines for industrial use based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,”
Spectrochim. Acta B, vol. 60(7-8), pp. 1070-1075, 31 August 2005.
[14] I. Osticioli, M. Wolf, D. Anglos, “An optimization of parameters for application of a laserinduced
breakdown spectroscopy microprobe for the analysis of works of art,” Appl. Spectrosc.,
vol. 62, pp. 1242-1249, 2008.
[15] Ł. Ciupiński, E. Fortuna-Zaleśna, H. Garbacz, A. Koss, K.J. Kurzydłowski, J. Marczak, J.
Mróz, T. Onyszczuk, A. Rycyk, A. Sarzyński, W. Skrzeczanowski, M. Strzelec, A. Zatorska, and
G.Z. Żukowska, “Comparative laser spectroscopy diagnostics for ancient metallic artefacts
exposed to environmental pollution,” Sensors, vol. 10(5), pp. 4926-4949, 2010.
[16] L. Radziemski, D. Cremers, K. Benelli, C. Khoo, and R.D. Harris, “Use of the vacuum
ultraviolet spectral region for LIBS-based Martian geology and exploration,” Spectrochim. Acta
B, vol. 60, pp. 237-248, 2005.
[17] B. Sallé, D.A. Cremers, S. Maurice, and R.C. Wiens, “Laser-induced breakdown
spectroscopy for space exploration apprications: Influence of ambient pressure on the calibration
curves prepared from soil and clay samples,” Spectrochim. Acta B, vol. 60, pp. 479-490, 2005.
[18] B. Sallé, D.A Cremers, S. Maurice, and R.C. Wiens, “Evaluation of a compact spectrograph
for in-situ and stand-off laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analyses of geological samples in
Martian missions,” Spectrochim. Acta B, vol. 60, pp. 805-815, 2005.
[19] B. Sallé, J.-L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D.A. Cremers, and R.C. Wiens,
“Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for Mars surface analysis: Capabilities at stand-off
distance and detection of chlorine and sulfur elements,” Spectrochim. Acta B, vol. 59, pp. 1413-
1422, 2004.
[20] Z.A. Arp, D.A. Cremers, R.D. Harris, D.M. Oschwald, G.R. Parker, and D.M. Wayne,
“Feasibility of generating a useful laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy plasma on rocks at high pressure: preliminary study for a Venus mission,” Spectrochim. Acta B, vol. 59, pp. 987-999,
[21] Z.A. Arp, D.A. Cremers, R.C. Wiens, D.M. Wayne, B. Sallé, and S. Maurice, “Analysis of
water ice and water ice/soil mixtures using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: Application to
Mars polar exploration,” Appl. Spectrosc., vol. 58, pp. 897-909, 2004.
[22] R. Brennetot, J.L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, and S. Maurice, “Mars
analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (MALIS): Influence of mars atmosphere on
plasma emission and study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert
designs,” Appl. Spectrosc., vol. 57, pp. 744-752, 2003.
[23] A.K. Knight, N.L. Scherbarth, D.A. Cremers, and M.J. Ferris, “Characterization of laserinduced
breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for apprication to space exploration,” Appl. Spectrosc.,
vol. 54, pp. 331-340, 2000.
[24] S.K. Sharma, A.K. Misra, P.G. Lucey, and S.M. Clegg, “Combied remote LIBS and Raman
spectroscopy of sulfur-containing minerals, and minerals coated with hematite and covered with
basaltic dust at 8.6 m,” Spectrochim. Acta A, vol. 68, pp. 1036-1045, 2007.
[25] R.C. Wiens, S.K. Sharma, J. Thompson, A. Misra, and P.G. Lucey, “Joint analyses by laserinduced
breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman spectroscopy at stand-off distances,”
Spectrochim. Acta A, vol. 61, pp. 2324-2334, 2005.
[26] C. Fabre, M.-C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau. and D.A. Banks, “Palaeofluid
chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman
Spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol., vol. 182, pp. 249-264, 2002.
[27] B.J. Marquardt, D.N. Stratis, D.A. Cremers, and S.M. Angel, “Novel probe for laser-induced
breakdown spectroscopy and Raman measurements using an imaging optical fiber,” Appl.
Spectrosc., vol. 52, pp. 1148-1153, 1998,
[28] M. Castillejo, M. Martín, D. Silva, T. Stratoudaki, D. Anglos, L. Burgio, and R.J.H. Clark,
“Analysis of pigments in polychromes by use of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy and
Raman microscopy,” J. Mol. Struct., vols. 550-551, pp. 191-198, 2000.
[29] A.J. Effenberger Jr. and J.R. Scott, “Effect of Atmospheric Conditions on LIBS Spectra,”
Sensors, vol. 10, pp. 4907-4925, 2010.
[30] R. Shu, H.X. Qi, G. Lu, D.M. Ma, Z.P. He, Y.Q. Xue, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy based detection of lunar soil simulants for moon exploration,” Chin. Opt. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 58-59, 2007.
[31] R.C. Wiens, S. Maurice, “Chemcam’s cost a drop in the Mars bucket,” Science, vol. 322, pp. 1464-1464, 2008.
[32] H.A. Archontaki and S.R. Crouch, “Evaluation of an isolated droplet sample introduction system for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc., vol. 42(5), pp.741-746, 1988.
[33] C. Janzen et al., “Analysis of small droplets with a new detector for liquid chromatography based on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta B, vol. 60, pp.993-1001, 2005.
[34] A. Kumar, F.Y. Yueh, T. Miller, and J.P. Singh, “Detection of trace elements in liquids by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a Meinhard nebulizer,” Appl. Optics, vol. 42(30), pp. 6040-6046, 2003.
[35] A. Andreev and T. Ueda, “Simulation of laser plasma emission characteristics of small solid particles in different gas atmospheres at various pressures,” Trans. IEE of Japan, vol. 121-E(11), pp. 593-598, 2001.
[36] H. Hayashi and T. Ueda, “Measurement of particle size with laser induced breakdown,” Proc. of SICE’99, pp. 645-646, July 1999.
[37] T. Ueda and Y. Okamoto, “In-situ status measurement technology,” The 2nd Symposium on Advanced Photon Processing and Measurement Technologies, pp. 38-44, 1998.
[38] M. Wakamatsu, S. Ikezawa, and T. Ueda, “Particle element and size simultaneous measurement using LIBS,” IEEJ Transactions on Sensors and Micromachines, vol. 127(9), pp. 397-402, 2007.
[39] S. Ikezawa, M. Wakamatsu, J. Pawlat, and T. Ueda, “Sensing system for multiple measurements of trace elements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” IEEJ Transactions on Sensors and Micromachines, vol. 129(4), pp. 115-119, 2009.