Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering , Engineering, Electrical & Electronic


eISSN: 1178-5608



VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 4 (December 2014) > List of articles


H. Ghayvat / A. Nag / N. K. Suryadevara / S.C. Mukhopadhyay * / X. Gui / J. Liu

Keywords : Smart sensors, wireless sensor network, wireless sensors, measurement, instrumentation, XBee and IEEE 802.

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1,997-2,013, DOI:

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 16-October-2014 / Accepted: 14-November-2014 / Published Online: 01-December-2014



We are pursuing our research on ZigBee based WSNs for more than 8 years; a lot of realization stories are conveyed in literature on the development of wireless measurement of sensors data using ZigBee (XBee RF module). Many projects are fruitfully completed for applications such as smart home for elder care, environmental monitoring, big building monitoring and so on. Still a lot of design issues are there while the systems are designed using ZigBees. In this research paper the working experiences which may support other researchers to achieve success without wasting resources are reported. Moreover, presented research analyses of some unusual observations made in a proto-typed smart home monitoring system have been discussed. Packet delivery ratio (PDR) and latency are among a few reliability issues that have been analysed and addressed in this article to make the system more robust.

Content not available PDF Share



[1] D. M. Han, J. H. Lim, “Smart home energy management system using IEEE 802.15.4 and zigbee” IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 2010, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 1403 – 1410.
[2] C. A. Hoer, “The Six-Port Coupler: A New Approach to Measuring Voltage, Current, Power, Impedance, and Phase,” IEEE Transaction on Instrumentation and Measurement, Nov. 1972, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 466-470.
[3] C. Gomez and J. Paradells, Wireless Home Automation Networks: A Survey of Architectures and Technologies”, IEEE Communications Magazine, June 2010, pp. 92-101.
[4] J.M. Rodriguez Ascariz and L. Boquete, “System for Measuring Power Supply Parameters with ZigBee Connectivity”, Proceedings of IEEE IMTC 2007, Warsaw, Poland, May 1-3, 2007, pp. 1-5.
[5] S. P. Lim and G. H. Yeap, “Centralised Smart Home Control System via XBee Transceivers”, Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Colloquium on Humanaties, Science and Engineering Research (CHUSER 2011), Dec. 5-6, 2011, pp. 327-330.
[6] X. Liu, H. Chen, M. Wang and S. Chen, “AN XBee-Pro Based Energy Monitoring System”, Proceedings of the 2012 Australian Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ATNAC), DOI: 10.1109/ATNAC.2012.6398052.
[7] J. Arnil, Y. Punsawad, Y. Wongsawat, “Wireless Sensor Network Based Smart Room System for Healthcare Monitoring”, Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics, December 7-11, 2011, Phuket, Thailand, pp. 20732076.
[8] N.S.A. Zulkifli, F.K. Che Harun and N.S. Azahar”, XBee Wireless Sensor Networks for Heart Rate Monitoring in Sport Training”, Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, pp. 441-444, DOI: 10.1109/ICoBE.2012.6179054.
[9] Byun, J., Jeon, B., Noh, J., Kim, Y., and Park, S.: ‘An intelligent self-adjusting sensor for smart home services based on ZigBee communications’, Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, 2012,ISSN No.0098-3063, 58, (3), pp. 794-802.
[10] Sean Dieter Tebje Kelly, Nagender Kumar Suryadevara, and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, "Towards the Implementation of IoT for Environmental Condition Monitoring in Homes" IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 13, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2013, pp. 3846-3853.
[11] N.K.Suryadevara, A. Gaddam, R.K.Rayudu and S.C. Mukhopadhyay, “Wireless Sensors Network based safe Home to care Elderly People: Behaviour Detection”, Sens. Actuators A: Phys. (2012), doi:10.1016/j.sna.2012.03.020, Volume 186, 2012, pp. 277 – 283.
[12] C. Ranhotigamage and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, “Field Trials and Performance Monitoring of Distributed Solar Panels Using a Low Cost Wireless Sensors Network for Domestic Applications”, IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 11, No. 10, October 2011, pp. 2583-2590.
[13] K. Kaur, S. C. Mukhopadhyay, J. Schnepper, M. Haefke and H. Ewald, “A Zigbee Based Wearable Physiological Parameters Monitoring System”, IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 12, No. 3, March 2012, pp.423-430.
[14] A. Gaddam, S. C. Mukhopadhyay and G. Sen Gupta, “Elderly Care Based on Cognitive Sensor Network”, IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, March 2011, pp. 574-581.
[15] S.C. Mukhopadhyay, N.K. Suryadevara and R.K. Rayudu, Are Technologically Assisted Homes Safer for the Elderly, Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, Vol. 2, Pervasive and Mobile Sensing and Computing for Healthcare: Technological and Social Issues, ISBN 978-3-642-32537-3, Springer-Verlag, by S. C. Mukhopadhyay, and O. Postolache, 2012, pp. 51-68.
[16] N.K. Suryadevara, S.C. Mukhopadhyay, “Wireless Sensor Network based Home Monitoring System for Wellness Determination of Elderly”, IEEE Sensors Journal-2012, vol. 12, no. 6, pp.1965 – 1972.
[17] E. Y. Song and K. B. Lee, “IEEE 1451.5 Standard-Based Wireless Sensors Network”, Advanced in Wireless Sensors Networks, LNEE 64, Springer-Verlan 2010, pp. 243-271, edited by S.C.Mukhopadhyay and H. Lenng.
[18] “ZigBee: Low Cost, Low Power, Wireless Networking for Device Monitoring and Control,” [Online]. Available: [Accessed 4 8 2013].
[19] Lu, H., Li, J., and Guizani, M.: ‘Secure and efficient data transmission for cluster-based wireless sensor networks’, Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on, 2014,ISSN No.1045-9219 25, (3), pp. 750-761.
[20] Han, G., Jiang, J., Shu, L., Niu, J., and Chao, H.-C.: ‘Management and applications of trust in Wireless Sensor Networks: A survey’, Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 2014, ISSN No. 1045-9219, Vol.80, No. 3, pp. 602-617.
[21] N. Baker, "ZigBee and Bluetooth: Strengths and weaknesses for industrial applications," Computing and Control Engineering, vol. 16, No.2, 2005, pp. 20-25.
[22] P. Yi, A. Iwayemi, and C. Zhou, "Developing ZigBee deployment guideline under WiFi interference for smart grid applications,", IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 2, No.1, 2011, pp. 110-120.
[29] G. Sen Gupta and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, Embedded Microcontroller Interfacing: Designing Integrated Projects, Springer-Verlag, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Vol. 65, ISSN 1876-1100, ISBN 978-3-642-13635-1, June 2010.
[30] Habib F. Rashvand, Ali Abedi, Jose M. Alcaraz-Calero, Paul D. Mitchell, and Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay, Wireless Sensor Systems for Space and Extreme Environments: A Review, IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, Vol. 14, No. 11, November 2014, pp. 3955-3970.
[31] J.A. Nazabal, F. Falcone, C. Fernandez-Valdivielso, S.C.Mukhopadhyay and I.R. Matias, “Accessing KNX Devices using USB/KNX Interfaces for Remote Monitoring and Storing Sensor Data”, International Journal of Smart Homes, Vol. 7, No. 2, March 2013, pp. 101-110.
[32] S. C. Mukhopadhyay, Anuroop Gaddam and Gourab S. Gupta, Wireless Sensors for Home Monitoring - A Review, Recent Patents on Electrical Engineering 1, 32-39, 2008.
[33] S.C. Mukhopadhyay, “Recent Advancements in Smart Sensors and Sensing Technology”, Chapter -14, of the book Advanced RFID Systems, Security, and Applications, edited by Nemai Chandra Karmakar, IGI Global, ISBN 978-1-4666-2081-0, page 334-353, 2013.
[34] A. Gaddam, S.C.Mukhopadhyay and G. Sen Gupta, “Smart Home using Optimised Number of Sensors for Elderly Care”, Proceedings of IEEE Applied EletroMagnetic Conference (AEMC) 2009, December 14-16, 2009, Kolkata, India, IEEE Catalog Number: CFP0971D-CDR, ISBN: 978-1-4244-4819-7, Library of Congress: 2009905498 (4 pages).
[35] A. Gaddam, K. Kaur, S.C.Mukhopadhyay, G. Sen Gupta,”Selection and Optimization of Wireless Sensors in a Smart Digital Home for the Elderly”, Proceedings of 2009 IEEE SENSORS Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, October 25-28, 2009, pp. 1382-1386.
[36] A. Gaddam, S.C.Mukhopadhyay, G. Sen Gupta, “Wireless Sensors networks Based Monitoring: Review, Challenges and Implementation Issues”, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sensing Technology, November 30 to December 3, 2008, by S.C.Mukhopadhyay, G. Sen Gupta and Ray Y.M.Huang, ISBN 978-1-4244-2177-0, IEEE Catalog Number CFP0818E-CDR, Library of Congress 200891166, pp. 533-538.
[37] S.C. Mukhopadhyay and G. Sen Gupta, A Physiological Parameter Monitoring Device to care of the Elderly, Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE Sensors conference, Lecce, Italy, October 26-28, 2008, page 1324-1327.