Marine based Wireless Sensor Networks: Challenges and Requirements


Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems

Professor Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Exeley Inc. (New York)

Subject: Computational Science & Engineering , Engineering, Electrical & Electronic


eISSN: 1178-5608



VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 5 (December 2014) > List of articles

Special issue ICST 2014

Marine based Wireless Sensor Networks: Challenges and Requirements

Walid Elgenaidi / Thomas Newe

Keywords : Marine WSNs; Key management; Security; Wireless Communication Standards

Citation Information : International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems. Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 1-5, DOI:

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Published Online: 15-February-2020



Marine environmental monitoring based on wireless sensor networks (WSN) is a challenging area of research due to the instability of the water field. Due to the characteristics of the water environment, there are certain considerations which must be taken into account before the establishment of marine based wireless sensor networks. These include the deployment of wireless nodes (WNs), energy consumption, network connectivity and security. This paper compares and contrasts the basic parameters relating to WSNs, while highlighting the main components necessary to form an ideal marine based WSN system, and some difficulties of implementing security in Marine WSNs such as the management of the cryptographic keys.

Content not available PDF Share



[1]    Fauzi, M, and  Shazali. K, ―Wireless Sensor Network Applications : A Study in Environment Monitoring System,‖ Elsevier Ltd. doi. vol. 41,pp. 1204–1210, 2012.

[2]    Albaladejo. C, Sánchez. P, Iborra. A, Soto. F, López. J, and  Torres. R. ―Wireless Sensor Networks for oceanographic monitoring: a systematic review‖, Sensors. Basel, Switzerland, vol. 10, pp. 6948–68, 2010.

[3]    Tjensvold. J, ―Comparison of the IEEE 802.11, 802.15.1, 802.15.4 and 802.15.6 wireless standards,‖ pp. 1-7, September 2007.

[4]    Wu. L, Province. A, Kong. L, Zhang. Z, Technology. M, and Province, J. (n.d.).‖ Water Environment Monitoring System Based On ZigBee Wireless Sensor Network,‖, IEEE. China  ,pp. 898–901, June 2013.

[5]    J. Zheng, and M. Lee, ―A Comprehensive Performance Study of IEEE 802.15.4,‖New York USA, pp 1–14. [6]    D. Dharmistha, and  Vishwakarma, ‖  IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee:  A Conceptual Study,‖ IJARCCE, vol. 1, pp. 477–480 ,September 2012.

[7]    S. Zhang, and  L. Zhang, ―Water pollution monitoring system based on Zigbee wireless sensor network,‖ ICECC, pp. 1775–1779, 2011.

[8]    M. Nasirudin, A. Za’bah, U. Nurulhaiza, and O. Sidek, ―Fresh water real-time monitoring system based on Wireless Sensor Network and GSM, ―IEEE Conference on Open Systems, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 354–357, November 2011.

[9]    R. Johnstone, D. Caputo , U. Cella,  A. Gandelli, C.Alippi, F. Grimaccia, R. ZichE. ―Smart Environmental Measurement & Analysis Technologies (SEMAT): Wireless sensor networks in the marine environment,‖ Australia, 2008 ―unpublished‖.

[10]  U. Cella, P. Shuley, and P. Johnstone, ‖ Wireless Sensor Networks in Coastal  Marine  Environments :  a  Study  Case  Outcome,‖  WUWNet Berkeley, CA, USA , November 2009.

[11]  K.Yifan, and   J. Peng, ―Development of Data Video Base Station in Water Environment Monitoring Oriented Wireless Sensor Networks,‖ (ICESS2008), Symposia, pp. 281–286, February 2008.

[12]  B. Arazi, I. Elhanamy, O. Arazi, and H. Qi.‖ Revisiting public –key cryptography for wireless sensor neworks, Computer,‖ ISSN 0018-9162 pp. 103-105, 2005.