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Statistics in Transition New Series

An International Journal of the Polish Statistical Association

Polish Statistical Association

Central Statistical Office of Poland

EDITOR IN CHIEF : Prof. Włodzimierz Okrasa

Number of Issues : 4

Subject: Economics, Statistics & Probability

ISSN: 1234-7655
eISSN: 2450-0291


CiteScore: 0.5 (2019)


License type: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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Statistics in Transition (SiT) is an international journal published jointly by the Polish Statistical Association (PTS) and the Statistics Poland (SP), which sponsors this publication. Launched in 1993, it was issued twice a year until 2006; since then it appears - under a slightly changed title, Statistics in Transition new series - three times a year; and after 2013 as a regular quarterly journal.

The journal provides a forum for exchange of ideas and experience amongst members of international community of statisticians, data producers and users, including researchers, teachers, policy makers and the general public. Its initially dominating focus on statistical issues pertinent to transition from centrally planned to a market-oriented economy has gradually been extended to embracing statistical problems related to development and modernization of the system of public (official) statistics, in general.

All the submitted papers are double blind peer-reviewed by high-level academicians and other experts (including policymakers and practitioners).

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license users are free to share the work (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), if the contribution is properly attributed and used for non-commercial purposes. The material published in the journal may not be altered or build upon.


The Polish Statistical Association (PTS) is an organisation of representatives of the official statistics authorities, academic societies, territorial self – government, units of government administration, etc., who are interested in theory and practice of statistical surveys. It has over 100–year history and rich tradition.

Currently the Polish Statistical Association has about 750 members organised in 17 regional branches (Białystok, Bydgoszcz, Gdańsk, Gorzów Wielkopolski, Katowice, Kielce, Kraków, Lublin, Łódź, Olsztyn, Poznań, Rzeszów, Szczecin, Toruń, Warszawa, Wrocław, Zielona Góra). The PTS publishes jointly with the Central Statistical Office the the scientific journal of an international character Statistics in Transition – New series.

The Statistics Poland (Główny Urząd StatystycznyGUS) is Poland's chief government executive agency charged with collecting and publishing statistics related to the country's economy, population, and society, at the national and local levels.



Prof. Włodzimierz Okrasa - University of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, Warsaw, and CSO of Poland

Editorial Board

Prof. Czesław Domański - University of Łódź, Poland
Prof. Malay Ghosh - University of Florida, USA
Prof. Graham Kalton - WESTAT, and University of Maryland, USA
Prof. Mirosław Krzyśko - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Dr Dominik Rozkrut - Central Statistical Office, Poland
Prof. Carl-Erik Sarndal - Statistics Sweden, Sweden
Prof. Janusz L. Wywiał - University of Economics in Katowice, Poland

Associated Editors

M. Belkindas - Open Data Watch, Washington D.C., USA
Z. Bochniarz - University of Minnesota, USA
S. J. M. de Ree - Central Bureau of Statistics, Voorburg, Netherlands
A. Ferligoj - University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
E. Gatnar - National Bank of Poland, Poland
Y. Ivanov - Statistical Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Moscow, Russia
K. Jajuga - Wrocław University of Economics, Wrocław, Poland
M. Kotzeva - Statistical Institute of Bulgaria
M. Kozak - University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów, Poland
D. Krapavickaite - Institute of Mathematics and Informatics,Vilnius, Lithuania
J. Lapins - Statistics Department, Bank of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
R. Lehtonen - University of Helsinki, Finland
A. Lemmi - Siena University, Siena, Italy
A. Młodak - Statistical Office Poznań, Poland
C. A. O'Muircheartaigh - University of Chicago, Chicago, USA
O. Osaulenko - National Academy of Statistics, Accounting and Audit, Kiev, Ukraine
W. Ostasiewicz - Wrocław University of Economics, Poland
V. Pacakova - University of Economics, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
T. Panek - Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
P. Pukli - Central Statistical Office, Budapest, Hungary
M. Szreder - University of Gdańsk, Poland
I. Traat - University of Tartu, Estonia
V. Verma - Siena University, Siena, Italy
V. Voineagu - National Commission for Statistics, Bucharest, Romania
J. Wesołowski - Central Statistical Office of Poland, and Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
G. Wunsch - Université Catholiąue de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

Technical Secretary

Rajmund Litkowiec


Patryk Barszcz

Scientific Secretary

Marek Cierpiał-Wolan


Statistics in Transition – new series (SiT) is an international independent double-blind peer-reviewed journal (ISSN 1234-7655), published jointly by the Polish Statistical Association (PTS) and the Central Statistical Office of Poland, four times a year. Also, it has extended its scope of interest beyond its originally primary focus on statistical issues pertinent to transition from centrally planned to a market-oriented economy through embracing questions related to systemic transformations of and within the national statistical systems, world-wide.

To publish in Statistics in Transition. New Series, authors are not required to pay an article processing charge (APC) nor submission fee.

Papers are double – blind peer-reviewed by high-level academicians and other experts (including policymakers and practitioners).

The SiT-ns seeks contributors that address the full range of problems involved in data production, data dissemination and utilization, providing international community of statisticians and users – including researchers, teachers, policy makers and the general public – with a platform for exchange of ideas and for sharing best practices in all areas of the development of statistics.

Accordingly, articles dealing with any topics of statistics and its advancement – as either a scientific domain (new research and data analysis methods) or as a domain of informational infrastructure of the economy, society and the state – are appropriate for Statistics in Transition new series.

Authors preparing their papers in WORD are advised to use our template.

Authors preparing their papers in LaTeX are advised to use our template.

Upon acceptance of a manuscript, Authors will be requested to sign Open Access Agreement prior to publication.

Demonstration of the role played by statistical research and data in economic growth and social progress (both locally and globally), including better-informed decisions and greater participation of citizens, are of particular interest.

Each paper submitted by prospective authors are peer reviewed by internationally recognized experts, who are guided in their decisions about the publication by criteria of originality and overall quality, including its content and form, and of potential interest to readers (esp. professionals).

Manuscript should be submitted electronically to the Editor:, followed by a hard copy addressed to:
Prof. Wlodzimierz Okrasa,
GUS / Central Statistical Office
Al. Niepodległości 208, R. 287, 00-925 Warsaw, Poland

It is assumed, that the submitted manuscript has not been published previously and that it is not under review elsewhere. It should include an abstract (of not more than 1600 characters, including spaces). Inquiries concerning the submitted manuscript, its current status etc., should be directed to the Editor by email, address above, or

Ethics and Quality Assurance Policy

The Statistics in Transition new series`s ethic statements concerning Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice are based on the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). We expect all parties commit to these publication ethics, including ourselves and our devotion to maintain the integrity of the academic record, and always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed. We do not tolerate plagiarism nor fraudulent data, or other unethical behavior and will remove any manuscript that does not meet these standards.

The relevant duties and expectations of authors, reviewers, and editors are set out below:
Author Responsibilities

  • Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere, in any form.
  • Authors must certify that their manuscripts are their original work.
  • Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.
  • Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.
  • Authors must report any errors they discover in their manuscript.
  • Authors must notify us of any conflicts of interest.

Reviewer Responsibilities

  • Reviewers must notify us of any conflicts of interest.
  • Reviewers must keep information pertaining to the manuscript confidential.
  • Reviewers must bring to the attention of the Editor-in-Chief any information that may be reason to reject publication of a manuscript.
  • Reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify us and excuse himself from the review process.
  • Reviewers must at any time evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content – in spite of using double-blind policy, we emphasize the requirement of full objectivity and no reference to be made to (even supposed) race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Editorial Board Responsibilities

  • The Editorial Board must keep information pertaining to submitted manuscripts confidential.
  • The Editorial Board must disclose any conflicts of interest.
  • The Editorial Board must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.