Paurodontella parapitica n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) from Kermanshah Province, Western Iran

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Journal of Nematology

Society of Nematologists

Subject: Life Sciences

GET ALERTS DONATE

ISSN: 0022-300X
eISSN: 2640-396X

DESCRIPTION

3
Reader(s)
8
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue / page

Related articles

VOLUME 48 , ISSUE 2 (June 2016) > List of articles

Paurodontella parapitica n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) from Kermanshah Province, Western Iran

MEHRAB ESMAEILI / RAMIN HEYDARI * / WEIMIN YE

Keywords : 28S D2/D3, new species, molecular phylogeny, morphology, taxonomy.

Citation Information : Journal of Nematology. Volume 48, Issue 2, Pages 109-115, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2017-016

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 03-March-2016 / Published Online: 21-July-2017

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

Paurodontella parapitica n. sp., collected from the rhizosphere of an apple tree in Kermanshah province, western Iran, is
described. The new species is characterized by a body length of 505 to 723 mm (females) and 480 to 600 mm (males), lip region continuous by depression; 7 to 8 mm broad, 3 to 4 mm high, stylet length 7 to 9 mm or 1 to 1.3 times the lip region diameter, short postuterine sac of 4 to 6 mm long, lateral fields with five to six incisures; outer incisures crenated and inner incisures weakly crenated, excretory pore situated 90 to 100 mmfrom anterior end; functional males common in the population, with spicules 24 to 26 mmlong. Tail of both sexes similar, almost straight and elongate-conoid. The new species resembles in morphology and morphometrics to four known species of the genus, namely P. apitica, P. minuta, P. myceliophaga, and P. sohailai. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of D2/D3 expansion region of 28S rRNA gene revealed this genus is polyphyletic in four different clades in Tylenchid.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

  1. Anderson, R. V. 1985. Emendation of the Genus Paurodontella Husain & Khan, 1968 and Description of P. auriculata n. sp. fromWestern Canada (Nematoda: Paurodontidae). Journal of Nematology 17:201–205.
  2. Andrassy, I. 2007. Free-living nematodes of Hungary, II (Nematoda errantia). Budapest, Hungary, Hungarian Natural History Museum and Systematic Zoology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 496 pp.
  3. Arnold, T. W. 2010. Uninformative parameters and model selection using Akaike’s information criterion. The Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1175–1178.
  4. Chizhov, V. N. 2004. Entomopathogeneous nematodes from the suborder Hexatylina (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Pp. 277–293 in M. D. Sonin, ed. Parasitic nematodes of plants and insects. Moscow, Russia: Nauka.
  5. Chizhov, V. N., Butorina, N., and Subbotin, S. A. 2012. Entomoparasitic nematodes of the genus Skarbilovinema: S. laumondi and S. lyoni (Nematoda: Tylenchida), parasites of the flies of the family Syrphidae (Diptera), with phylogeny of the suborder Hexatylina. Russian Journal of Nematology 20:141–155.
  6. Cobb, N. A. 1922. Two tree-infesting nemas of the genus Tylenchus. Annales de Zoologia aplicada 9:27–35.
  7. Das, V. M. 1964. Hexatylus mulveyi n. sp. and Deladenus durus (Cobb, 1922) Thorne, 1941 (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) from the Canadian Arctic. Canadian Journal of Zoology 42:649–653.
  8. Davies, K. A., Ye,W.,Giblin-Davis, R.M., Taylor, G., and Thomas,W. K. 2010. The nematode genus Fergusobia (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae): Molecular phylogeny, descriptions of clades and associated galls, host plants and Fergusonina fly larvae. Zootaxa 2633:1–66.
  9. De Grisse, A. T. 1969. Redescription ou modifications de quelques techniques utilisees dans l’etude des nematodes phytoparasitaires. Mededelingen Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent 34:351–369.
  10. Fortuner, R., and Raski, D. J. 1987. A review of Neotylenchoidea Thorne, 1941 (Nemata: Tylenchida). Revue deNematologie 10:257–267.
  11. Gharakhani, A., Pourjam, E., and Karegar, A. 2009. Some tylenchid nematodes from Kerman province, Iran. Journal of Plant Pests and Diseases 77:95–117.
  12. Golhasan, B., Heydari, R., and Miraeiz, E. 2016. Description of Paurodontella iranica (Nematoda: Sphaerulariidae) from Iran. Annales Zoologici 66:125–130.
  13. Handoo, A. Z., Iqbal, Y. E., Kazi, N., and Fayyaz, S. 2010. Two new species of Paurodontella Husain & Khan, 1968 (Nematoda: Sphaerulariidae) associated with wheat and a diagnostic compendium to the genus. Nematology 12:181–192.
  14. Huelsenbeck, J. P., and Ronquist, F. 2001. MrBayes: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 17:1754–1755.
  15. Husain, S. I., and Khan, A.M. 1968. Paurodontella n. gen. and three new species of nematodes from North India (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae). Nematologica 13:493–500.
  16. Jahanshahi Afshar, F., Pourjam, E., and Kheiri, A. 2014. New record of two species belonging to superfamily Sphaerularioidea (Nematoda: Rhabditida) from Iran. Journal of Crop Protection 3:59–67.
  17. Jairajpuri, M. S., and Siddiqi, M. R. 1969. Paurodontoides n. gen. (Paurodontidae) with an outline classification of Neotylenchoidea n. rank. Nematologica 15:287–288.
  18. Jenkins, W. R. 1964. A rapid centrifugal-flotation method for separating nematodes from soil. Plant Disease Reporter 48:692.
  19. Kheiri, A. 1972. Plant parasitic nematodes (Tylenchida) from Iran. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea 40:224–239.
  20. Koshel, E. I., Aleshin, V. V., Eroshenko, G. A., and Kutyrev, V. V. 2014. Phylogenetic analysis of entomoparasitic nematodes, potential control agents of flea populations in natural foci of plague. BioMed
    Research International, 26 pp.
  21. Larget, B., and Simon, D. L. 1999. Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithms for the Bayesian analysis of phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16:750–759.
  22. Maqbool, M. A. 1982. Three new species of the super family Neotylenchoidea (Nematoda: Tylenchida) from Pakistan. Journal of Nematology 14:317–323.
  23. Massey, C. L. 1967. Nematodes associated with tree-infesting insects: Paurodontidae new family and Misticiinae new subfamily with a description of one new genus and four new species. Canadian Journal of
    Zoology 45:779–786.
  24. Miraeiz, E., Heydari, R., Alvarez-Ortega, S., Pedram, M., and Atighi, M. R. 2015. Molecular and morphological characterization of Veleshkinema iranicum n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea)from Iran. Zootaxa 4000(5):531–546.
  25. Nandakumar, C., and Khera, S. 1969. Paurodontus aberrans n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchida) with a note on special branch of the oviduct. Indian Journal of Helminthology 21:1–5.
  26. Nunn, G. B. 1992. Nematode molecular evolution. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
  27. Posada, D., and Criandall, K. A. 1998. Modeltest: Testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14:817–818.
  28. Siddiqi, M. R. 1986. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects. Slough, UK: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal.
  29. Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida parasites of plants and insects, 2nd ed. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, 833 pp.
  30. Subbotin, S. A., Sturhan, D., Chizhov, V. N., Vovlas, N., and Baldwin, J. G. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of Tylenchida Thorne, 1949 as inferred from D2 and D3 expansion fragments of the 28S rRNA gene sequences. Nematology 8(3):455–474.
  31. Sumenkova, N. I. 1975. Nematodes of plants and soil. Neotylenchoidea. Moscow, USSR: Izdatel’stvo Nauka, 200 pp.
  32. Thorne, G. 1941. Some nematodes of the family Tylenchidae which do not possess a valvular median esophageal bulb. The Great Basin Naturalist 11:37–82.
  33. Thorne, G., and Malek, R. B. 1968. Nematodes of the Northern Great Plains. Part I. Tylenchida (Nemata: Secernentea). Technical Bulletin of South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station 31:1–111.
  34. Tikyani, M. G., and Khera, S. 1968. Neopaurodontus asymmetricus n. g., n. sp. (Nematoda: Paurodontinae) from rhizosphere of great millet. Indian Journal of Helminthology 20:34–39.
  35. Vovlas, N., Troccoli, A., Palomares-Rius, J. E., De Luca, F., Liebanas, G., Landa, B. B., and Castillo, P. 2011. Ditylenchus gigas n. sp. parasitizing broad bean: A new stem nematode singled out from the Ditylenchus dipsaci species complex using a polyphasic approach with molecular phylogeny. Plant Pathology 60(4):762–75.
  36. Whitehead, A. G., and Hemming, J. R. 1965. A comparison of some quantitative methods for extracting small vermiform nematodes from soil. Annals of applied Biology 55:25–38.
  37. Williams, B. D., Schrank, B., Huynh, C., Shownkeen, R., and Waterson, R. H. 1992. A genetic mapping system in Caenorhabditis elegans based on polymorphic sequence-tagged sites. Genetics 131:609–624.
  38. Yaghoubi, A., Pourjam, E., Pedram, M., Siddiqi, M. R., and Atighi, M. R. 2014. Description of Abursanema iranicum n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) from Iran and its phylogenetic relationships. Zootaxa 3826(2):301–314.
  39. Ye, W., Giblin-Davis, R. M., Davies, K. A., Purcell, M. F., Scheffer, S. J., Taylor, G. S., Center, T. D., Morris, K., and Thomas, W. K. 2007. Molecular phylogenetics and the evolution of host plant associations in the nematode genus Fergusobia (Tylenchida: Fergusobiinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45(1):123–141.

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS