A New Species of the Rare Genus Anguillonema Fuchs, 1938 (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) with Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

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Journal of Nematology

Society of Nematologists

Subject: Life Sciences

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ISSN: 0022-300X
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VOLUME 49 , ISSUE 3 (September 2017) > List of articles

A New Species of the Rare Genus Anguillonema Fuchs, 1938 (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) with Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

MAHYAR MOBASSERI / MAJID PEDRAM * / EBRAHIM POURJAM

Keywords : Anguillonema poligraphi, A. crenati, bayesian inference, maximum likelihood, Mazandaran province, new species, taxonomy

Citation Information : Journal of Nematology. Volume 49, Issue 3, Pages 286-294, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2017-074

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 08-June-2017 / Published Online: 04-December-2017

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ABSTRACT

Abstract: Anguillonema amolensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on its morphological, morphometric, and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its 575 to 820 mm long and wide body (body width at vulva = 30 to 59 mm), irregularly ventrally curved after fixation, five to six lines in lateral fields, 6.0 to 7.5 mm long stylet with small rounded knobs, pharynx lacking median bulb, pharyngo-intestinal junction anterior to nerve ring and excretory pore, females with monodelphic-prodelphic reproductive system, 15 to 19 mm long conical tail with broad rounded tip, and males absent. The new species is compared with two known species of the genus, Anguillonema poligraphi and A. crenati. Molecular phylogenetic studies of the new species using partial sequences of small subunit (SSU) rDNA revealed that it forms a clade with an unidentified nematode species and two species of the genus Howardula. In phylogenetic analyses using partial sequences of the 28S rDNA (D2-D3 segment), the new species formed a monophyletic group with species belonging to two genera Howardula and Parasitylenchus.

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