The Structure of Collaboration Networks: An Illustration of Indian Economics

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Journal of Social Structure

International Network for Social Network Analysis

Subject: Social Sciences

GET ALERTS

eISSN: 1529-1227

DESCRIPTION

34
Reader(s)
133
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue / page

Archive
Volume 20 (2019)
Volume 19 (2018)
Volume 18 (2017)
Volume 17 (2016)
Volume 16 (2015)
Volume 15 (2014)
Volume 14 (2013)
Volume 13 (2012)
Volume 12 (2011)
Volume 11 (2010)
Volume 10 (2009)
Related articles

VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 1 (December 2017) > List of articles

The Structure of Collaboration Networks: An Illustration of Indian Economics

M. Krishna / G.D. Bino Paul

Keywords : Collaboration, Structure, Networks, Degree, Indian economics

Citation Information : Journal of Social Structure. Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 0-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/joss-2018-001

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Published Online: 11-March-2018

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

The main aim of this study is twofold: first, to examine the underlying structure of coauthorship in Indian economics; and second, to explore the link between the participation in scientific collaborations and academic visibility. We decipher the structure of co-authorship by presenting collaboration networks of scholars who published articles in six Indian economics journals during 1966-2005, which is split into four windows: 1966-75, 1976-85, 1986-95, and 1996-2005. In this study, the following social network measures are applied: the size of the network, the size of the main component, average degree, path length, and clustering coefficient. The study presents the following three features of Indian economics: first, a substantial proportion of Indian authors are isolated, albeit declining very slowly over a period of time; second, it appears that the structure of scholarly collaboration in Indian economics is highly fragmented, and the observed size of main components accounts for a small proportion of the total authors; third, and more importantly, the size and composition of co-authorship networks presented in the paper seldom impact the scientific visibility of authors.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

Ahuja, G. (2000), Collaboration networks, structural holes, and innovation: A longitudinal study, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 425-455

 

Albert, R. And Barabási A-L (2002), Statistical Mechanisms of complex Networks, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 74, January, pp. 47-97

 

Barabási A-L, Jeong, H., Néda, Z., Ravasz, E., Schubert, A., Vicsek, T. (2002) ‘Evolution of the Social Network of Scientific Collaborations’, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 311 (3-4): 590–614.

 

Barabási, A. L., and Bonabeau, E. (2003). Scale-free networks. Scientific American, 288(5), 50-59. Bollobas, B (1985), Random Graphs, Academic Press, New York

 

Bino Paul, G.D., Subash, S., and Ramanathan, A. (2005). Concentration in knowledge output: A case of economics journals, The European Journal of Comparative Economics, 2, 261-278

 

Borgatti, S.P, Everett, M.G., and L.C. (2002), ‘Ucinet for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis, Harvard, M A, Analytic Technologies

 

Burt, R. S. (1992). Structural holes: The social structure of competition, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

 

Burt, R. S (2004), Structural holes and good ideas, American Journal of Sociology, 110, 349-399 Carley, K. M. (1986a). An approach for relating social structure to cognitive structure, Journal of Mathematical Sociology 12, 137- 189

 

Carley, K. M. (1986b). Knowledge acquisition as a social phenomenon, Instructional Science, 14, 381-438

 

Contractor Noshir, Carley K, Levitt R, Monge P, Wasserman S, Bar F, Fulk J, Hollingshead A and Kunz J (2000), Co-evolution of knowledge networks and 21st-century organizational forms: computational modeling and empirical testing, Working Paper TEC2000-01, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

 

Cowan, Robin and Dominique Foray (1997). ‘The Economics of Codification and the Diffusion of Knowledge’. Industrial and Corporate Change, vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 595-622.

 

Cowan, Robin., Paul A. David and Dominique Foray (2000). ‘The Explicit Economics of Knowledge Codification and Tacitness’, Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol.9: 2. pp. 211-253.

 

Cowan, Robin. and Nicolas, Jonard. (2004) “Network Structure and the Diffusion of Knowledge,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 28 (8): 1557-1575.

 

Earl, Peter E. (1983) A Behavioural Theory of Economists Behaviour, in Alfred S. Eichner (ed.), Why Economics is Not Yet a Science, New York: M. E. Sharpe

 

Flashman, J and Gambetta, D. (2014), Thick as thieves: Homophily and trust among deviants, Rationality and Society, 26 (1), 3–45.

 

Gingras, Yves and Sébastien Mosbah-Natanson (2010): “Where Are Social Sciences Produced?” in UNESCO and ISSC (ed.), World Social Science Report 2010 (Paris: UNESCO)

 

Goyal, S., Van Der Leij, M. J., & Moraga‐González, J. L. (2006). Economics: An emerging small world. Journal of political economy, 114(2), 403-412.

 

Granovetter, Mark (1973), The strength of weak ties, the American Journal of Sociology, 78 (6), 1360-1380.

 

Granovetter, Mark. (1985), Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness", The American Journal of Sociology, 91 (3): 481-510.

 

Granovetter, M. (2005) ‘The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19(1):33-50.

 

Guimera, R., Uzzi, B., Spiro, J., Luís A., Amaral, N( 2005), Team Assembly Mechanisms Determine Collaboration Network Structure and Team Performance, Science 308, 697

 

Hodgson, G.M., & Rothman, H. (1999) ‘The editors and authors of economics journals: A case of institutional oligopoly, Economic Journal, 109, F165-F186.

 

Hudson, John (1996), ‘Trends in Multi-authored Papers in Economics." Journal of Economic Perspectives 10:153-58.

 

Klamer, Arjo. & Hendrik, P. van, Dalen. (2002). “Attention and the Art of Scientific Publishing”, Journal of Economic Methodology, 9(3): 289-315.

 

Krishna, Venni, V and Krishna, Usha (2010): ‘Social Sciences in South Asia’ in UNESCO and ISSC (ed.), World Social Science Report 2010 (Paris: UNESCO)

 

Langlois, R, N. (2001). ‘Knowledge, Consumption and Endogenous Growth’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 11:77-93

 

Latora, V and Marchiori, M (2003), Economic small-world behavior in weighted networks, The European Physical Journal B, 32, 249–263

 

McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., and Cook, J. M. (2001), Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks, Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415–444

 

McKnight, L.W and Cukor, P (2001), Knowledge networks, the internet, and development,

 

Sloan Working Paper 4193-01 accessed from http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract_id=290133

 

Milgram, Stanley. (1967). “The Small World Problem”, Psychology Today, 2:60-87

 

Moody, James, (2004) ‘The Structure of a Social Science Collaboration Network: Disciplinary Cohesion from 1963-1999”, American Sociological Review, 69:pp213-238

 

Mukhopadhyay, T. and Sarkar, S. (2010) “Rankings of economics journals and departments in India. Working Paper WP-2010-021. Mumbai, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

 

Newman, M. E. J. (2000), Models of the Small World, Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 101, Nos. 3/4.

 

Newman, M.E.J. (2001) ‘The Structure of Scientific Collaboration Networks’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98(2): 404-409.

 

Newman, M E J. (2003) ‘The Structure and Function of Complex Networks’, SIAM Review, 45(2):167-256.

 

Prell, Christina and Yi-Jung Lo (2016), Network formation and knowledge gains, The Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 40:1, 21-52.

 

Reagans, Ray and McEvily, Bill (2003) Network Structure and Knowledge Transfer: The Effects of Cohesion and Range, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 48, No. 2. pp. 240- 267.

 

Reagans, R and Zuckerman, E. W. (2001), Networks, diversity, and productivity: The social capital of corporate R&D teams, Organization Science, 12(4), 502–517.

 

Romer, Paul M.(1990). Endogenous technological change, Journal of Political Economy, 98 (5), part 2.

 

Scott, J. (2000), Social Network Analysis, a Handbook, Second edition, Sage Publications, London

 

Skvoretz, J. (2013), Diversity, integration, and social ties: Attraction versus repulsion as drivers of intra- and intergroup relations, American Journal of Sociology, 119(2), 486–517

 

Travers, Jeffrey. and S. Milgram (1969) ‘An Experimental Study of the Small World Problem’, Sociometry, Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 425-443

 

Uzzi, Brian, Luis Amaral, and Felix Reed-Tsochas (2007) ‘Small-World Networks and Management Science Research: a Review’, European Management Review, 4: 77–91

 

Uzzi, B., and Lancaster, R. (2003), Relational embeddedness and learning: The case of bank loan managers and their clients, Management Science, 49(4), 383–399.

 

Wasserman, S. and Faust, K. (1994), Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

 

Watts and Strogatz, (1998), ‘Collective Dynamics of Small World Networks’, Nature, 393 (6684): 440-442.

 

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS