Change and External Events in Computer-Mediated Citation Networks: English Language Weblogs and the 2004 U.S. Electoral Cycle

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Journal of Social Structure

International Network for Social Network Analysis

Subject: Social Sciences

GET ALERTS

eISSN: 1529-1227

DESCRIPTION

4
Reader(s)
9
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue / page

Archive
Volume 21 (2020)
Volume 20 (2019)
Volume 19 (2018)
Volume 18 (2017)
Volume 17 (2016)
Volume 16 (2015)
Volume 15 (2014)
Volume 14 (2013)
Volume 13 (2012)
Volume 12 (2011)
Volume 11 (2010)
Volume 10 (2009)
Related articles

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 (December 2009) > List of articles

Change and External Events in Computer-Mediated Citation Networks: English Language Weblogs and the 2004 U.S. Electoral Cycle

Carter T. Butts * / B. Remy Cross

Keywords : blogs, political networks, dynamic networks, graph comparison, network visualization

Citation Information : Journal of Social Structure. Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-29, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/joss-2019-052

License : (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Published Online: 10-January-2020

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

This study examines global patterns of stability and change within six longitudinal samples of English-language weblogs (or “blogs”) during the 2004 U.S. Presidential election campaign. Using distance-based methodsofgraphcomparison, weexploretheevolutionoftheblog-blog citation networks for each sample during the period. In addition to describing the qualitative dynamics of the blog networks, we relate major campaign events (e.g., party political conventions and debates) to the observed pace of change. As we demonstrate, such events are associated with substantial differences in overall network volatility; moreover, volatility is also shown to have strong seasonal and endogenous components. Our findings suggest that external factors (both regular and episodic) may be important drivers of network dynamics.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

Adamic, L. A. and Glance, N. (2005). The political blogosphere and the 2004 U.S. election: Divided they blog. In LinkKDD 2005: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Link Discovery, pages 36–43.

Backstrom, L., Huttenlocher, D., Kleinberg, J., and Lan, X. (2006). Group formation in large social networks: Membership, growth, and evolution. In Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Knowledge Discovery in Data Mining, pages 44–54. ACM Press, New York.

Bernard, H. R., Killworth, P., Kronenfeld, D., and Sailer, L. (1984). The problem of informant accuracy: The validity of retrospective data. Annual Review of Anthropology, 13:495–517.

Bordia, P. and DiFonzo, N. (2004). Problem solving in social interactions on the internet: Rumor as social cognition. Social Psychology Quarterly, 67(1):33–49.

Brin, S. and Page, L. (1998). The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual web search engine. Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, 30(1-7):107–117. Butts, C. T. (2003). Network inference, error, and informant (in)accuracy: a bayesian approach. Social Networks, 25(2):103–140.

Butts, C. T. and Carley, K. M. (2001). Multivariate methods for interstructural analysis. Technical report, Center for the Computational Analysis of Social and Organization Systems, Carnegie Mellon University.

Butts, C. T. and Carley, K. M. (2005). Some simple algorithms for structural comparison. Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, 11(4):291–305.

Carley, K. M. and Wendt, K. (1991). Electronic mail and scientific communication: A study of the soar extended research group. Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 12(4):406–40.

Costenbader, E. and Valente, T. W. (2003). The stability of centrality measures when networks are sampled. Social Networks, 25:283–307.

Ebel, H., Mielsch, L. I., and Bornholdt, S. (2002). Scale-free topology of e-mail networks. Physical Review E, 66(035103).

Gelman, A. and Rubin, D. B. (1992). Inference from iterative simulation using multiple sequences (with discussion). Statistical Science, 7:457–511.

Gjoka, M., Kurant, M., Butts, C. T., and Markopoulou, A. (2009). A walk in Facebook: Uniform sampling of users in online social networks. arXiv.org:0906.0060.

Holme, P., Edling, C. R., and Liljeros, F. (2004). Structure and time evolution of an internet dating community. Social Networks, 26(2):155–174.

Howard, P. N. (2005). Deep democracy, thin citizenship: The impact of digital media in political campaign strategy. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 597.

Howard, P. N. and Jones, S., editors (2004). Society Online: The Internet In Context. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Hsu, W.H., Weninger, T., Pydimarri, T., andParadesi, M.S.R.(2006). Collaborative and structural recommendation of friends using weblog-based social network analysis. In Computational Approaches to Analyzing Weblogs: Papers from the 2006 AAAI Spring Symposium, pages 55–60. AAAI Press.

Hurvich, C. M. and Tsai, C.-L. (1989). Regression and time series model selection in small samples. Biometrika, 76:297–307.

Koschützki, D., Lehmann, K. A., Peeters, L., Richter, S., Tenfelde-Podehl, D., and Zlotowski, O. (2005). Centrality indices. In Brandes, U. and Erlebach, T., editors, Network Analysis: Methodological Foundations, chapter 3, pages 16–61. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Lütkepohl, H. (1993). Introduction to Multivariate Time Series Analysis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Mislove, A., Marcon, M., Gummadi, K., Druschel, P., and Bhattacharjee, B. (2007). Measurement and analysis of online social networks. In Proceedings of the 7th ACM SIGCOMM Conference on Internet Measurement, pages 29–42. ACM Press, San Diego, CA.

Monge, P. R. and Contractor, N. (2003). Theories of Communication Networks. Oxford University Press, New York.

Page, L., Brin, S., Motwani, R., and Winograd, T. (1999). The PageRank citation ranking: Bringing order to the web. Unpublished manuscript.

Rainie, L., Cornfield, M., and Horrigan, J. (2005). The Internet and Campaign 2004. Technical report, The Pew Research Center for the People and the Press: Internet and American Life Project, Washington, D.C.

Thompson, S. K. (1997). Adaptive sampling in behavioral surveys. In Harrison, L. and Hughes, A., editors, The Validity of Self-Reported Drug Use: Improving the Accuracy of Survey Estimates, pages 296–319. National Institute of Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD.

Thompson, S. K. and Frank, O. (2000). Model-based estimation with linktracing sampling designs. Survey Methodology, 26(1):87–98.

Wellman, B. (2001). Computer networks as social networks. Science, 293(5537):2031–2034.

Wellman, B. and Haythornthwaite, C. A. (2002). The Internet in Everyday Life. Blackwell, Oxford.

Welsch, P.(2005). Drawingwater: Anecologyofthepoliticalblog. Technical report, Association of Internet Researchers, Chicago, IL.

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS