Change and External Events in Computer-Mediated Citation Networks: English Language Weblogs and the 2004 U.S. Electoral Cycle


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Journal of Social Structure

International Network for Social Network Analysis

Subject: Social Sciences


eISSN: 1529-1227





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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 (December 2009) > List of articles

Change and External Events in Computer-Mediated Citation Networks: English Language Weblogs and the 2004 U.S. Electoral Cycle

Carter T. Butts * / B. Remy Cross

Keywords : blogs, political networks, dynamic networks, graph comparison, network visualization

Citation Information : Journal of Social Structure. Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-29, DOI:

License : (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Published Online: 10-January-2020



This study examines global patterns of stability and change within six longitudinal samples of English-language weblogs (or “blogs”) during the 2004 U.S. Presidential election campaign. Using distance-based methodsofgraphcomparison, weexploretheevolutionoftheblog-blog citation networks for each sample during the period. In addition to describing the qualitative dynamics of the blog networks, we relate major campaign events (e.g., party political conventions and debates) to the observed pace of change. As we demonstrate, such events are associated with substantial differences in overall network volatility; moreover, volatility is also shown to have strong seasonal and endogenous components. Our findings suggest that external factors (both regular and episodic) may be important drivers of network dynamics.

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