Body stalk anomaly: antenatal sonographic diagnosis of this rare entity with review of literature


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Journal of Ultrasonography

Polish Ultrasound Society (Polskie Towarzystwo Ultrasonograficzne)

Subject: Medicine


ISSN: 2084-8404
eISSN: 2451-070X





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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 69 (June 2017) > List of articles

Body stalk anomaly: antenatal sonographic diagnosis of this rare entity with review of literature

Amandeep Singh * / Jasmeet Singh / Kamlesh Gupta

Keywords : body stalk anomaly, abdominal defect, ultrasound, limb-body wall complex

Citation Information : Journal of Ultrasonography. Volume 17, Issue 69, Pages 133-135, DOI:

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 03-October-2016 / Accepted: 07-November-2016 / Published Online: 30-June-2016



Body stalk anomaly is a rare and severe malformation syndrome in which the exact pathophysiology and trigger factors are still unknown. Possible causes of body stalk anomaly include early amnion rupture with direct mechanical pressure and amniotic bands, vascular disruption of the early embryo, or an abnormality in the germinal disk. We present a case of body stalk anomaly diagnosed during antenatal sonographic evaluation at the first visit with the review of literature regarding this phenomenon. Sonographic features of the fetus included a severe midline defect of the fetal abdominal wall with a large extra-abdominal mass containing bowel and liver inside. Body stalk anomaly is accepted as a fatal anomaly, so it is important to differentiate it from other anterior wall defects for evaluating the management options.

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