Isolation and Characterization of α-Endosulfan Degrading Bacteria from the Microflora of Cockroaches

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Polish Journal of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology

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ISSN: 1733-1331
eISSN: 2544-4646

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VOLUME 65 , ISSUE 1 (March 2016) > List of articles

Isolation and Characterization of α-Endosulfan Degrading Bacteria from the Microflora of Cockroaches

Murat Ozdal / Ozlem Gur Ozdal * / Omer Faruk Algur

Keywords : α-endosulfan, biodegradation, cockroaches, isolation

Citation Information : Polish Journal of Microbiology. Volume 65, Issue 1, Pages 63-68, DOI: https://doi.org/10.5604/17331331.1197325

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 09-September-2014 / Accepted: 08-October-2015 / Published Online: 15-March-2016

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ABSTRACT

Extensive applications of organochlorine pesticides like endosulfan have led to the contamination of soil and environments. Five different bacteria were isolated from cockroaches living in pesticide contaminated environments. According to morphological, physiological, bio­chemical properties, and total cellular fatty acid profile by Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAMEs), the isolates were identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa G1, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia G2, Bacillus atrophaeus G3, Citrobacter amolonaticus G4 and Acinetobacter lwoffii G5. This is the first study on the bacterial flora of Blatta orientalis evaluated for the biodegradation of α-endosulfan. After 10 days of incubation, the biodegradation yields obtained from P. aeruginosa G1, S. maltophilia G2, B. atrophaeus G3, C. amolonaticus G4 and A. lwoffii G5 were 88.5% , 85.5%, 64.4%, 56.7% and 80.2%, respectively. As a result, these bacterial strains may be utilized for biodegradation of endosulfan polluted soil and environments.

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