SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT
Citation Information : Polish Journal of Microbiology. Volume 65, Issue 2, Pages 231-235, DOI: https://doi.org/10.5604/17331331.1204485
License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Received Date : 30-July-2015 / Accepted: 13-October-2015 / Published Online: 07-June-2016
A 4-year study (2011–2014) of patients with meningitis was performed. Out of the 686 cerebrospinal fluid samples, 465 (67.8%) were positive for eneteroviruses using RT-PCR and out of 334 clinical samples, 216 (64.7%) were positive for enteroviruses using cell culture methods. The highest detection rate was observed in the summer and autumn. In total, 185 enteroviruses were identified by using neutralization test. Echovirus 6 and 30 were the most common (41.7% and 37.5% respectively). The highest frequency of neurological infections (32.7%) occurred in children aged 5–9 years, mostly males (63.9%).
Antona D., N. Lévêque, J.J. Chomel, S. Dubrou, D. Lévy-Bruhl and B. Lina. 2007. Surveillance of enteroviruses in France, 2000–2004.Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 26: 403–412.
Blomqvist S., A. Paananen, C. Savolainen-Kopra, T. Hovi andM. Roivainen. 2008. Eight years of experience with molecular identification of human enteroviruses. J. Clin. Microbiol. 46: 2410–2413.
dos Santos G.P., E.V. da Costa, F.N. Tavates, L.J. da Costa andE.E. da Silva. 2011. Genetic diversity of Echovirus 30 involved in aseptic meningitis cases in Brazil (1998–2008). J. Med. Virol. 83: 2164–2171.
Gharbi J., H. Jaïdane, M. Ben M’hadheb, R. El Hiar, C. Chouchene, M.N. Gueddiche and M. Aouni. 2006. Epidemiological study of non-polio enterovirus neurological infections in children in the region of Monastir, Tunisia. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 54: 31–36.
Harvala H., J. Calvert, D. Van Nguyen, L. Clasper, N. Gadsby, P. Molyneaux, K. Templeton, C. McWilliams Leitch and P. Simmonds. 2014. Comparison of diagnostic clinical samples and envi-ronmental sampling for enterovirus and parechovirus surveillance in Scotland, 2010 to 2012. Euro Surveill. 19(15): pii=20772.
Hayashi T., T. Shirayoshi and M. Ebitani. 2012. Aseptic meningitis caused by enteroviruses, pp. 113–124. In: Wireko-Brobby G. (ed). Meningitis. InTech.
Hyeon J.Y., S. Hwang, H. Kim, J. Song, J. Ahn, B. Kang, K. Kim, W. Choi, J.K. Chung, C.H. Kim and others. 2013. Accuracy of diagnostic methods and surveillance sensitivity for human enterovirus, South Korea, 1999–2011. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 19: 1268–1275.
Kapusinszky B, K.N. Szomor, A. Farkas, M. Takács andG. Berencsi. 2010. Detection of non-polio enteroviruses in Hungary 2000–2008 and molecular epidemiology of enterovirus 71, coxsackievirus A16, and echovirus 30. Virus Genes 40: 163–173.
Khetsuriani N., A. Lamonte-Fowlkes, S. Oberst and M.A. Pallansch. 2006. Enterovirus surveillance – United States, 1970–2005. MMWR Surveill Summ, 55: 1–20.
Kopecka H., S. Dubrou, J. Prevot, J. Marechal and J.M. Lopez-Pila. 1993. Detection of naturally occurring enteroviruses in waters by reverse transcription, polymerase chain reaction, and hybridization. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59: 1213–1219.
Kumar A., D. Shukla, R. Kumar, M.Z. Idris, P. Jauhari, S. Srivastava and T.N. Dhole. 2013. Molecular identification of enteroviruses associated with aseptic meningitis in children from India. Arch. Virol. 158: 211–215.
Martinez A.A., J. Castillo, M.C. Sanchez, Y. Zaldivar, Y. Mendoza, M. Tribaldos, P. Acosta, R.E. Smith and J.M. Pascale. 2012. Molecular diagnosis of echovirus 30 as the etiological agent in an outbreak of aseptic meningitis in Panama: May-June 2008. J. Infect. Dev. Ctries. 6: 836–841.
Milia M.G., F. Cerutti, G. Gregori, E. Burdino, T. Allice, T. Ruggiero, M. Proia, G. De Rosa, E. Enrico and others. 2013. Recent outbreak of aseptic meningitis in Italy due to echovirus 30 and phylogenetic relationship with European circulating strains. J. Clin. Virol. 58: 579–583.
Mirand A., C. Henquell, C. Archimbaud, M. Chambon, F. Charbonne, H. Peigue-Lafeuille and J.L. Bailly. 2008. Prospective identification of enteroviruses involved in meningitis in 2006 through direct genotyping in cerebrospinal fluid. J. Clin. Microbiol. 46: 87–96.
Nougairede A., M. Bessaud, S.D. Thiberville, G. Piorkoeski,L. Ninove, C. Zandotti, R.N. Charrel, N. Guilhem and X. de Lamballerie. 2014. Widespread circulation of new echovirus 30 variant causing aseptic meningitis and non-specific viral illness, South-East France, 2013. J. Clin. Virol. 61: 118–124.
Papadakis G., D. Chibo, J. Druce, M. Catton and C. Birch.2013. Detection and genotyping of enteroviruses in cerebrospinal fluid in patients in Victoria, Australia, 2007–2013. J. Clin. Virol. 58: 579–583.
Richter J., D. Koptides, C. Tryfonos and C. Christodoulou. 2006. Molecular typing of enteroviruses associated with viral meningitis in Cyprus, 2000–2002. J. Med. Microbiol. 55: 1035–1041.
Roth B., M. Enders, A. Arents, A. Pfitzner and E. Terletskaia-Ladwig. 2007. Epidemiologic aspects and laboratory features of enterovirus infections in Western Germany, 2000–2005. J. Med. Virol. 79:956–962.
Savolainen-Kopra C., A. Paananen, S. Blomqvist, P. Klemola, M.L. Simonen, M. Lappalainen, T. Vuorinen, M. Kuusi, P. Lemey P and M. Roivainen. 2011. A large Finnish echovirus 30 outbreak was preceded by silent circulation of the same genotype. Virus Genes 42: 28–36.
Takamatsu Y., L. Uchida, P.T. Nga, K. Okamoto, T. Nabeshima, D.T. Thao, T. Hai Do, N.T. Tuyet, H.M. Duc, X. Luat Le andothers. 2013. An approach for differentiating echovirus 30 and Japanese encephalitis virus infections in acute meningitis/encephalitis:a retrospective study of 103 cases in Vietnam. Virol. J. 10: 280.
Tao Z., H. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. Li, P. Jiang, G. Liu, X. Lin, M. Li,S. Wang, F. Ji and others. 2014. Non-polio enteroviruses from acute flaccid paralysis surveillance in Shandong province, China, 1988–2013. J. Med. Virol. 86: 1609–1613.
WHO. 2004. Polio laboratory manual. WHO/IVB/04.10. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Xiao H., K. Huang, L. Li, X. Wu, L. Zheng, C. Wan, W. Zhao,C. Ke and B. Zhang. 2014. Complete genome sequence analysis of human echovirus 30 isolated during a large outbreak in Guangdong Province of China, in 2012. Arch. Virol. 159: 379–383.