High Seroprevalence of CMV Among Women of Childbearing Age Implicates High Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in Poland

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Polish Journal of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology

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ISSN: 1733-1331
eISSN: 2544-4646

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VOLUME 65 , ISSUE 4 (December 2016) > List of articles

High Seroprevalence of CMV Among Women of Childbearing Age Implicates High Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in Poland

Joanna Siennicka * / Milena Dunal-Szczepaniak / Agnieszka Trzcińska / Paulina Godzik / Magdalena Rosińska

Keywords : CMV IgG prevalence, CMV in Poland, congenital CMV infection, congenital CMV sequelae, women of childbearing age

Citation Information : Polish Journal of Microbiology. Volume 65, Issue 4, Pages 425-432, DOI: https://doi.org/10.5604/17331331.1227668

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 23-September-2015 / Accepted: 08-March-2016 / Published Online: 28-December-2016

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ABSTRACT

Cytomegaloviruses are common worldwide, with variable frequency of infections. The infection in pregnancy may lead to pregnancy loss or serious sequelae for the child. To understand the risk posed by CMV in Poland we conducted cross-sectional study on women aged 15–49 basing on existing serum bank. Age dependent CMV incidence, the rates of congenital infection and sequelae were modelled from sero-prevalence, literature and demographic data. The overall anti-CMV IgG prevalence was 81.9% increasing from 74.3% in < 30 years old to 94.3% in subjects 45+ years old. The lowest incidence was estimated at the age of 15 and the highest at the age 34 (3.8 and 8.95 respec­tively/100 women/year). The estimated rate of cCMV varies from 22.4 to 37.2 per 1000 live birth depending on the assumptions made. The proportion of cases due to secondary infection ranged from 34.8% to 49.9% accordingly.

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