From Latent Tuberculosis Infection to Tuberculosis. News in Diagnosticsb (QuantiFERON-Plus)

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Polish Journal of Microbiology

Polish Society of Microbiologists

Subject: Microbiology

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ISSN: 1733-1331
eISSN: 2544-4646

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VOLUME 66 , ISSUE 1 (March 2017) > List of articles

From Latent Tuberculosis Infection to Tuberculosis. News in Diagnosticsb (QuantiFERON-Plus)

Dagmara I. Borkowska * / Agnieszka M. Napiórkowska / Sylwia A. Brzezińska / Monika Kozińska / Anna T. Zabost / Ewa M. Augustynowicz-Kopeć

Keywords : Mycobacterium tuberculosis, interferon-gamma release assays, latent tuberculosis infection, tuberculin skin test, tuberculosis

Citation Information : Polish Journal of Microbiology. VOLUME 66 , ISSUE 1 , ISSN (Online) 2544-4646, DOI: 10.5604/17331331.1234987, March 2017

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Received Date : 19-August-2016 / Accepted: 27-January-2017 / Published Online: 30-March-2017

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ABSTRACT

It is estimated that one third of the world’s population have latent tuberculosis infection and that this is a significant reservoir for future tuberculosis cases. Most cases occur within two years following initial infection. The identification of individuals with latent tuberculosis infection is difficult due to the lack of an ideal diagnostic assay and incomplete understanding of latent infection. Currently, there are three tests: the oldest tuberculin skin test, T-SPOT.TB and the latest QuantiFERON-Plus for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infec­tion. The interpretation of the test results must be used in the conjunction with a patient’s epidemiological history, risk assessment, current clinical status, radiography and microbiological methods to ensure accurate diagnosis.

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