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Research Article

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

Discovering interactions between the etiology of the infection and diabetic patients’ immune system activity may be essential for the relevant clinical diagnosis. The dynamics of colonization of the nasal vestibule by Staphylococcus aureus and the development of the prevention strategies against infection are different for various populations. Moreover, the colonization of the nasal vestibule might involve both molecular and epidemiological ctorsfa. Researchers have reported that the

Renata Barbara Klekotka, Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska, Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 166–178

Original Paper

Prevalence, Influencing Factors, Antibiotic Resistance, Toxin and Molecular Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA Nasal Carriage among Diabetic Population in the United States, 2001–2004

Diabetic population were reported more likely to suffer carriage and infection with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than non-diabetic population. We aim to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among diabetic population in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001–2004. Univariate analyses were conducted using Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact probability test or

Jialing Lin, Yang Peng, Chan Bai, Ting Zhang, Haoqu Zheng, Xiaojie Wang, Jiaping Ye, Xiaohua Ye, Ying Li, Zhenjiang Yao

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 439–448

original-paper

Epidemiology, Drug Resistance, and Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Ocular Infections in Polish Patients

Introduction Bacteria are considered as the main contributor to ocular infections all over the world (Teweldemedhin et al. 2017). In the study by Long et al. conducted between 1990–2009, the most frequently isolated bacteria from ocular infections were Gram-positive cocci (41.9%) (Long et al. 2014). Analysis of databases proved that Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is predominant regardless of the geographical area or population examined (Teweldemedhin et al. 2017). The results of the research

MARTA KŁOS, MONIKA POMORSKA-WESOŁOWSKA, DOROTA ROMANISZYN, AGNIESZKA CHMIELARCZYK, JADWIGA WÓJKOWSKA-MACH

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 541–548

original-paper

New Insight into Genotypic and Phenotypic Relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus Strains from Human Infections or Animal Reservoirs

Introduction A common human and animal opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus occurs mostly in the skin and/or nose vestibule mucous membrane as consistent of natural microflora in healthy individuals. Colonization can lead to an invasive mode of infection under particular conditions of a host organism, mostly immunodeficiency, surgical interventions or longitudinal hospitalization of patients (Malachowa et al. 2011; O’Gara 2017). The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

KLAUDIA LISOWSKA-ŁYSIAK, MAJA KOSECKA-STROJEK, JOANNA BIAŁECKA, ANDRZEJ KASPROWICZ, KATARZYNA GARBACZ, LIDIA PIECHOWICZ, VLADIMIR KMET, VINCENZO SAVINI, JACEK MIĘDZOBRODZKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 93–104

original-paper

Molecular Diversity of Staphylococcus aureus Colonizing the Upper Respiratory Tract of Residents and Staff in A Nursing Home

Introduction Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic human pathogen known for its increasing prevalence in both hospitals and the general community. An incremental rise in drug-resistance and high disease-causing capabilities has also been observed (Zhang et al. 2015; Zurita et al. 2016). The most common anatomical location for the commensal carriage of S. aureus is the anterior nares (Kluytmans et al. 1997; Pollitt et al. 2018), although recent epidemiological studies highlight the role of

MARTYNA KASELA, AGNIESZKA GRZEGORCZYK, ANNA MALM

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 371–376

Mini Review

The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Secondary Infections in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

Staphylococcus aureus colonizes the mucous membrane of the nasal vestibule of a significant number of healthy people. These microorgan­isms are opportunistic pathogens, that in favorable conditions, may cause infections of various course, location or manifestation. Second­ary infections emerge in cases when other risk factors contribute to such a change. One of the diseases during which S. aureus changes its saprophytic character to a pathogenic one is atopic dermatitis (AD), an

Aneta Buda, Jacek Międzobrodzki

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 253–259

original-paper

Inhibition of Drug Resistance of Staphylococcus aureus by Efflux Pump Inhibitor and Autolysis Inducer to Strengthen the Antibacterial Activity of β-lactam Drugs

Introduction Staphylococcus aureus infection and drug resistance problems have caused increasing public health problems. The increase in antimicrobial resistance coupled with intracellular infection makes this bacteria the third-largest threat to human health according to the WHO (Lowy 1998; Demon et al. 2012). MRSA is of particular concern because of its ability to spread extensively and rapidly, along with its multi-drug resistance to β-lactam and aminoglycoside antibiotics (Boucher et al

WENJING LUAN, XIAOLEI LIU, XUEFEI WANG, YANAN AN, YANG WANG, CHAO WANG, KESHU SHEN, HONGYUE XU, SHULIN LI, MINGYUAN LIU, LU YU

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 477–491

Short Communication

Susceptibility of Vascular Implants to Colonization in vitro by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

We compared association of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecalis with nine vascular implants after co-culture. Vascular implants were composed of various materials such as warp knitted polyester (with or without gelatin and silver ions), expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and biological materials – surface treated porcine pericardial patch and Omniflow II. The lowest overall number of associated bacteria was detected for

Witold Woźniak, Aleksandra Kozińska, Piotr Ciostek, Izabela Sitkiewicz

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 125–129

Original Paper

Interaction of Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria with Ceramic Nanomaterials Obtained by Combustion Synthesis – Adsorption and Cytotoxicity Studies

This paper presents the interactions of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Pseudomonas putida) bacteria with ceramic materials obtained by combustion synthesis. These studies were conducted based on an analysis of the adsorption of bacteria onto aggregates of ceramic materials in an aqueous suspension. The materials used in the studies were of a nanostructured nature and consisted mainly of carbides: silicon carbide (SiC) in the form of nanofibers (NFs) and nanorods (NRs

Andrzej Borkowski, Filip Owczarek, Mateusz Szala, Marek Selwet

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 161–170

Original Paper

MRSA in Pig Population

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is widespread worldwide in different types of animal species and as a zoonosis takesa great risk for human health not only as a food toxicoinfection, but also as a highly resistant pathogen causing serious soft tissue infectious, septicaemia and even death. One of the most affected food-producing animal species is swine in the production of which new antibiotics in big amounts are used more and more continuously, increasing antimicrobial

Meldra Ivbule, EdvĪns Miklaševičs, Liene Čupāne, Laima Bērziņa, Andris Bāliņš, Anda Valdovska

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 383–392

Original Paper

Isolation of Bacteriocin-producing Staphylococcus spp. Strains from Human Skin Wounds, Soft Tissue Infections and Bovine Mastitis

A collection of 206 Staphylococcus spp. isolates was investigated for their ability to produce compounds exhibiting antistaphylococcal activity. This group included Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus xylosus strains recovered from bovine mastitis (n = 158) and human skin wounds and soft tissues infections (n = 48). Production of substances with antimicrobial activity was observed in six strains. Five of them were recovered from bovine mastitis, and one was

MAGDALENA ZALEWSKA, JOHN J. CHUREY, RANDY W. WOROBO, SŁAWOMIR MILEWSKI, PIOTR SZWEDA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, –

Original Paper

Trends of Bloodstream Infections in a University Greek Hospital during a Three-Year Period: Incidence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Seasonality in Gram-negative Predominance

highest contamination rate was observed among Gram-positive bacteria (42.3%). Among 330 CNS and 150 Staphylococcus aureus, 281 (85.2%) and 60 (40.0%) were mecA-positive, respectively. From 113 enterococci, eight were vanA, two vanB and two vanC-positives. Of the total 207 carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (73.4%), 202 carried blaKPC, four blaKPC and blaVIM and one blaVIM. A significant increase in monthly BSIs’ incidence was shown (R2: 0.449), which may be attributed to a rise of Gram

Fevronia Kolonitsiou, Matthaios Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, Anastasia Spiliopoulou, Vasiliki Stamouli, Vasileios Papakostas, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Christos Panagiotopoulos, Markos Marangos, Evangelos D. Anastassiou, Myrto Christofidou, Iris Spiliopoulou

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 171–180

Case report

Hematologic complications in a patient with Glycine soja polyagglutination following fresh frozen plasma transfusion

whose cryptantigens are exposed. We report a case of Glycine soja polyagglutination occurring in a 60-year-old African-American man with disseminated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Prior to transfusion, the patient developed severe anemia of unknown etiology. Following transfusion of 3 units of fresh frozen plasma (FFP), his RBC count could not be determined for 24 days because of RBC agglutination in his blood sample. In addition, the FFP transfusion correlated with

Ryan P. Jajosky, Lloyd O. Cook, Elizabeth Manaloor, James F. Shikle, Roni J. Bollag

Immunohematology , ISSUE 2, 51–55

Short Communication

Vital Staining of Bacteria by Sunset Yellow Pigment

In this study, we describe a method for discriminating pathogenic bacteria with a dye. First, we determined that among several colours tested, the sunset yellow pigment easily coloured Escherichia coli bacteria yellow. Next, we demonstrated that E. coli O157:H7, Shigella flexneri O301, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis could all be well marked by sunset yellow pigment. Finally, we performed bacterial viability assays and found there was no effect on bacterial growth when in co-culture

Peng Gao, Chengming Sun, Yuxia Li, Xiaohua Zou, Xun Wu, Yan Ling, Caifu Luan, Huipeng Chen

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 113–117

Original Paper

Complex Biochemical Analysis of Fruiting Bodies from Newly Isolated Polish Flammulina velutipes Strains

for antioxidant and bacteriostatic abilities. We have proved that Polish F. velutipes fruiting bodies may be a rich source of antioxidants and that they are capable of inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus growth.

Monika Osińska-Jaroszuk, Magdalena Jaszek, Justyna Sulej, Dawid Stefaniuk, Monika Urbaniak, Marek Siwulski, Grzegorz Janusz

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 295–305

Short Communication

The Effect of Local Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy on the Composition of Bacterial Flora in Chronic Venous Leg Ulcer

negative bacteria and candida. Pseudomonas aueruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were the most common pre-and post-treatment isolates. PRP therapy and increased the variety of microbial flora.

Witold Woźniak, Monika Tarnas, Tomasz Miłek, R. Krzysztof Mlosek, Piotr Ciostek

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 353–357

Original Paper

Antistaphylococcal Activity of Selected Thiourea Derivatives

biofilms of methicillin-resistant and standard strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis. Inhibitory activity of thioureas 2 and 3 against Staphylococcus aureus topoisomerase IV was studied. The examined compounds were nongenotoxic.

Joanna Stefańska, Karolina Stępień, Anna Bielenica, Małgorzata Wrzosek, Marta Struga

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 451–460

Short Communication

Inhibition of Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria by a Photoactivated Porphyrin

The authors studied the in vitro antibacterial activity of the photo-activated porphyrin meso-tri(N-methyl-pyridyl), mono(N-tetradecyl-pyridyl)porphine (C14) against four multidrug-resistant bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis (Gram-positive), Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative). Using 10 μg/ml of porphyrin and 60 sec irradiation we observed the remarkable suscep­tibility of S. aureus and E. faecalis to treatment while, under the same conditions, E

Moreno Bondi, Anna Mazzini, Simona De Niederhäusern, Ramona Iseppi, Patrizia Messi

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 533–536

Original Paper

Partial Characterization of Bacteriocin Produced by Halotolerant Pediococcus acidilactici Strain QC38 Isolated from Traditional Cotija Cheese

), Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa, Vibrio cholerae NO 01 and Salmonella enterica subsp. Enterica serovar Typhimurium. Bacteriocin-like substance,after heating at 121°C for 15 min it remained stable and its antimicrobial activity was observed at pH ranging from 1.0 to 10.0 butinactivated by α-chymotrypsin and proteinase K. Strain QC38 was able to grow in 1–9% NaCl concentration. The plate overlay assayshowed an approximate size of bacteriocin-like substance

Aurea I. Morales-Estrada, Ahidé López-Merino, Nestor Gutierrez-Mendez, Enrico A. Ruiz, Araceli Contreras-Rodríguez

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 279–285

Research Article

COAGULASE-POSITIVE SPECIES OF THE GENUS STAPHYLOCOCCUS – TAXONOMY, PATHOGENICITY

Staphylococci constitute an important component of the human microbiome. Most of them are coagulase-negative species, whose importance in the pathogenesis of human infections has been widely recognized and is being documented on a regular basis. Until recently, the only well-known coagulase-positive staphylococcus species recognized as human pathogen was Staphylococcus aureus. Previously, the ability to produce coagulase was used as its basic diagnostic feature, because other coagulase-positive

Wioletta Kmieciak, Eligia Maria Szewczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 233–244

Original Paper

Genetic Analysis Method for Staphylococcus chromogenes Associated with Goat Mastitis

study of several bacterial species. To develop a genotyping method, the genome sequence of Staphylococcus chromogenes MU970 was analysed. The analysis showed nine virulence genes described in Staphylococcus aureus. The MLVA was developed using four loci identified in the genome of S. chromogenes MU970. This genotyping method was examined in 23 strains of CNS isolated from goat mastitis. The rate of discrimination for MLVA was 0.8893, and the highest rates of discrimination per the index of Simpson

ROCÍO A. RUIZ-ROMERO, ROBERTO A. CERVANTES-OLIVARES, ANDRÉS E. DUCOING-WATTY, DANIEL MARTÍNEZ-GÓMEZ, EFRÉN DÍAZ-APARICIO, ESTELA T. MÉNDEZ-OLVERA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, –

Article

THE ROLE OF THE STRINGENT COMPONENTS IN THE REGULATION OF VIRULENCE

również zdolność tworzenia biofilmu, czy wytwarzania przetrwalników. Do patogenów zaliczamy m.in. bakterie przewodu pokarmowego człowieka: E. coli EHEC (Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli), E. faecalis, Shigella flexnerii czy V. cholerae oraz bakterie układu moczowego – E. coli UPEC (Uropathogenic Escherichia coli). Staphylococcus aureus występująca w jamie nosowo-gardłowej oraz na skórze ludzi, czy Bordetella pertussis – patogen układu oddechowego. Warunki bytowe gospodarza i jego mechanizmy obronne

Klaudyna Krause, Klaudia Milewska, Agnieszka Szalewska-Pałasz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 247–258

original-paper

New Look on Antifungal Activity of Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs)

do not exhibit toxicity for mammalian cells (Milic et al. 2015; Zhang et al. 2016a). However, some cytostatic and anti-cancer activity is reported at these concentrations (AshaRani et al. 2009). Antibacterial activity of AgNPs is rather well documented in the literature, mainly against the following species: Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli (Yoon et al. 2007; Li et al. 2010; Guzman et al. 2012, Kanawaria et al. 2018). Some information

BARBARA ŻAROWSKA, TOMASZ KOŹLECKI, MICHAŁ PIEGZA, KATARZYNA JAROS-KOŹLECKA, MAŁGORZATA ROBAK

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 515–525

Research Article

CURRENT CHALLENGES OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS CONCERNING THE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF STAPHYLOCOCCI TO ANTIBIOTICS

Staphylococci are pathogenic bacteria often isolated from clinical material obtained from animals. Unlike in human medicine, in veterinary sciences various species of coagulase-positive staphylococci have been isolated from clinical specimens. In addition to Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, other species are also often identified. Recently, the taxonomy of staphylococci has been updated, therefore, it is now important to recognize also the new species. Currently

Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Rzewuska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 270–277

Original Paper

Antimicrobial Effects of Platelet-rich Plasma against Selected Oral and Periodontal Pathogens

Antimicrobial properties of platelet rich plasma (PRP) against various microorganisms have been recently pointed out. PRP could be an alternative to conventional antibiotics in preventing oral and periodontal infections. We examined whether PRP has in vitro antimicrobial properties against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prophyromonas gingivalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. PRP and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) were obtained from whole blood of 10 healthy volunteers and 10

Reham L. Aggour, Lina Gamil

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 31–37

Original Paper

Recovery of Gram-Positive Cocci and Candida albicans from Peroxygen/Silver-Based Disinfectants

; Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), Kucoria rhizophila (ATCC 9341) and Can­dida albicans (ATCC 10231) and Staphylococcus capitis as an environmental monitoring (EM) isolate sample (identified by miniaturized biochemical identification system). Disinfectants preparation, dilutions and the test procedure were carried on in laboratory under condi­tions simulating the working environment of 20–25°C and RH% 40–60. In-house made neutralizing broth was mixed with biocidal agents to make two

Mostafa E. Eissa, Ahmed S. Nouby

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 13–21

Original Research

Optimization of Mixed Solid-state Fermentation of Soybean Meal by Lactobacillus Species and Clostridium butyricum

Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. These results together suggest that supplementation of both proteases and probiotics in SSF improves the nutritional value of fermented soybean meal and this is suitable as a protein source in animal feed.

LI-WEN SU, YEONG-HSIANG CHENG, FELIX SHIH-HSIANG HSIAO, JIN-CHENG HAN, YU-HSIANG YU

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 297–305

original-paper

Patterns of Drug-Resistant Bacteria in a General Hospital, China, 2011–2016

a more complete picture of bacterial infections and to help clinicians and decision-making departments undertake the proper decisions for patients and antibiotic use. Experimental Materials and Methods Based on the data from a general hospital in Zhengzhou, Henan province, China from 2011 to 2016, five dominant bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii) were investigated in this study. The antibiotic

TINGTING MAO, HUIJUAN ZHAI, GUANGCAI DUAN, HAIYAN YANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 225–232

original-paper

Significance of Infections in Implant Loss After Breast Reconstruction in the Course of Breast Cancer Treatment

-negative Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium spp., Propioni-bacterium acnes, and Staphylococcus aureus, but more and more frequently there are reports on the increased proportion of Gram-negative bacteria from the order Enterobacterales and anaerobic microorganisms among etiological agents of these infections (Halvorson et al. 2007; Weichman et al. 2013; Seng et al. 2015). This study aimed to retrospectively analyze the causes of removal of implants after mastectomy in the course of breast cancer treatment

MARIA SZYMANKIEWICZ, TOMASZ NOWIKIEWICZ, MARTA BIEDKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 343–351

original-paper

Cytokine Levels in the In Vitro Response of T Cells to Planktonic and Biofilm Corynebacterium amycolatum

microbial persistence and chronicization of the infectious process which significantly complicates the therapy of biofilm-associated infections (Costerton et al. 1999; Lebeaux et al. 2014). Although studies focused on the investigation and comparison of immune mechanisms stimulated in response to planktonic and biofilm types of bacterial growth have already been undertaken for medically important bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus (Leid et al. 2002; Secor et al. 2011; Brady et al. 2018

ALINA OLENDER, AGNIESZKA BOGUT, AGNIESZKA MAGRYŚ, JACEK TABARKIEWICZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 457–464

original-paper

In Vitro and In Vivo Activity of Zabofloxacin and Other Fluoroquinolones Against MRSA Isolates from A University Hospital in Egypt

Introduction Staphylococcus aureus has been considered as one of the pathogenic bacteria responsible for a wide variety of diseases. Such diseases range from slight skin infections to critical infections including septicemia (Tokajian 2014). After the introduction of methicillin in 1959, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has transpired as a significant hospital-associated pathogen (Tokajian 2014). The widespread of MRSA and its capability for escalating in hospitals and community settings

NELLY M. MOHAMED, AZZA S. ZAKARIA, EVA A. EDWARD, AMANY ABDEL-BARY

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 59–69

Article

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF BACTERIA A GROWING THREAT FOR ANIMALS AND PUBLIC HEALTH

veterinary care. Advanced surgical procedures are also carried out on them, which are accompanied by frequent administration of antibiotics. The observed consequences are identical to those found in human medicine, such as the growing problem of hospital-acquired infections, the selection of epidemic multidrug-resistant strains or the exhaustion of therapeutic options [6, 17, 51]. This is confirmed by the growing number of reports on environmental and hospital-acquired Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA

Marian Binek, Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Magdalena Rzewuska, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Agnieszka Sałamaszyńska-Guz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 259–270

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