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Improved Stereo Vision Robot Locating and Mapping Method

own positioning based on the map. From the 1980s to the present, more and more sensors are used in SLAM, from early sonar, to later 2D/3D lidar, to monocular, binocular, RGBD, ToF and other cameras. Compared with lidar, cameras used in vision SLAM have become the focus of current SLAM research due to their advantages such as low price, light weight, large amount of image information, and wide application range. Stereo cameras generally consist of two pinhole cameras placed horizontally. Compared

Yu Haige, Yu Fan, Wei Yanxi

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 47–55

Research Article

Binocular technical vision for wheeled robot controlling

Proposed model of technical vision system use for supplementation and clarifying information about surround objects classes and distances, received by driver.

Anatoliy KULIK, Kostiantyn DERGACHOV, Oleksandr RADOMSKYI

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 55–62

Research Article


Human Computer Interaction moves forward in the field of sign language interpretation.Indian Sign Language (ISL) Interpretation system is a good way to help the Indian hearing impaired people to interact with normal people with the help of computer. As compared to other sign languages, ISL interpretation has got less attention by the researcher. In this paper, some historical background, need, scope and concern of ISL are given. Vision based hand gesture recognition system have been discussed

Archana S. Ghotkar, Dr. Gajanan K. Kharate

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 96–115


3D Modeling of the Relievo Based on the Computer Active Vision

At present, the 3D modeling of the small relievo which is lack of real texture or no real texture is a huge difficulty and challenge. The paper provides a good way based on the computer active vision. The slide projector as an active sensor is steered in the principle of the traditional binocular vision. The slide projector could supply the designed texture features to the small relieve, which is easy to be extracted out and matched well because they are clear and stable. The space forward

Wu Gui, Tao Jun

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 68–75

Research paper


This paper presents a novel, agent-based sensing-system reconfiguration methodology for the recognition of time-varying-geometry targets (objects or subjects). A multi-camera active-vision system is used to improve form-recognition performance by selecting near-optimal viewpoints along a prediction time horizon. The proposed method seeks to maximize the target visibility in a cluttered, dynamic environment. Simulated experiments clearly show a tangible potential performance gain.

Matthew Mackay, Robert G. Fenton, Beno Benhabib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 679–704

Research paper


ball with orange color is use during the game. The system utilizes global camera vision that serves as the eyes of the robot to know its dynamic environment for navigation. The vision system developed detects the position of the robot, golf hole, golf boundaries, and the golf ball within the playing field on real time using color object recognition algorithm. A modified golf tournament between autonomous robot golf player and man operated robot golf player was conducted. Results shows the accuracy

N. G. Jabson, K.G. B. Leong, S. W. Licarte, G. M. S. Oblepias, E. M. J. Palomado, E .P. Dadios

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 824–841


Exploring the dualism of vision – visual function and functional vision

Professionals working in the specialised field of vision impairment face high expectations from the people they support. In their role, professionals must implement strategies that mitigate for the impact of vision impairment for groups of people who have diverse requirements. This support must be individually tailored to suit the needs and aspirations of the person and their community, and to address the challenges posed by any existing eye and/or vision condition/s. Consequently

Susan Silveira

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–10



Object tracking is an important research topic in the applications of machine vision, and has made great progress in the past decades, among which the technique based on classification is a very efficient way to solve the tracking problem. The classifier classifies the objects and background into two different classes, where the tracking drift caused by noisy background can be effectively handled by one-class SVM. But the time and space complexities of traditional one-class SVM methods tend to

Yongqing Wang, Yanzhou Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 677–696


Early Intervention Orientation and Mobility: A Western Australian Perspective

Early intervention Orientation & Mobility (O&M) training is a key component of the Western Australian Department of Education’s Vision Education Service. Children who are blind or have vision impairments are introduced to O&M skills, including the long cane, as soon as they are able to walk. A description of the service is provided, with some basic concepts and ideas for O&M specialists working with very young children. A key factor in the success of this program is

Bronwen Scott, Grad. Cert. Vision Impairment (O&M)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 70–72



The objective of this research is to develop a monocular vision system that can locate the positions of the road lane in real time. First, Canny approach is used to obtain edge map from the road image acquired from monocular camera mount on vehicle; Second, a matching process is conducted to normalize the candidates of road line; Third, a searching method is used for reinforce potential road lines while degraded those impossible ones; Forth, a linking condition is used to further enhance the

Xiaodong Miao, Shunming Li, Huan Shen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 957–972



Automatic facial expression recognition from video sequence is an essential research area in the field of computer vision. In this paper, a novel method for recognition facial expressions is proposed, which includes two stages of facial expression feature extraction and facial expression recognition. Firstly, in order to exact robust facial expression features, we use Active Appearance Model (AAM) to extract the global texture feature and optical flow technique to characterize facial expression

Shaoping Zhu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1464–1483

Conference Presentation


Colour vision testing has been and remains a controversial subject in aviation. Despite this, colour testing methods have remained essentially unchanged in many years. This presentation reviews the relevance of colour testing methodologies to modern aviation and presents a review of recent literature relating to colour vision and how it is affected by various physiological states and changes occurring with various pathological conditions; and the relevance of these discoveries to current and

David Collis

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine , 6–8


Acceptability of fall prevention strategies for older people with vision impairment

Falls are a major health concern for older people (Clarke et al. 2015), with a third of those over the age of 65 years likely to experience a fall each year (Campbell et al. 1990). Older people with vision impairment are at a higher risk of falls estimated as eight times more likely to experience a fall, as well as a fall that results in a fracture (Ivers et al. 2002). This demographic are at a higher risk of falls because of difficulty detecting hazards (Legood et al. 2002), but it is also

Lisa Dillon, Patricia Duffy, Anne Tiedemann, Lisa Keay

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–9


The impact of functional vision changes on independent travel for individuals with adult-onset visual impairment

The prevalence of adults diagnosed with adventitious conditions causing blindness and vision impairment is rapidly increasing. Murphy (2008) projected that by the year 2020, 50 million Americans will be diagnosed with vision impairment. Likewise, the 2010 survey conducted by the National Health Interview documented that 9% of the American population over the age of 18 has some type of vision loss, even with corrective lenses (Schiller et al., 2012). Conditions that cause adult-onset vision loss

Kimberly Avila

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research Article


Vehicle intelligent front light system is one of the advanced driver assistance systems. Vision based intelligent front light system is currently the research focus in this field. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive survey of the vehicle front light system development and the latest vision based key technologies and proposals. By analyzing the significant disadvantages of traditional intelligent light systems, some possible improvement proposals and algorithms for lane

Feng LUO, Fengjian HU

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 701–723



certain uncertainty or ambiguity that may arise during quality assessment of tea by the tea tasters. In this paper, a new method for rapid measurement of concentration of TF and TR is described using a machine vision system taking images of tea liquor and employing artificial neural networks (ANN). The results show good correlation of estimated values of TF and TR with the actual concentrations obtained using ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer (UV-VIS).

Amitava Akuli, Abhra Pal, Gopinath Bej, Tamal Dey, Arunangshu Ghosh, Bipan Tudu, Nabarun Bhattacharyya, Rajib Bandyopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 709–731


Temporal spatial parameters analysis of the gait in children with vision impairment

This study compared the linear parameters between children who are blind and children with low vision. Six children who are blind and five children with low vision, aged between five and seven years (mean = 5.9 years old) were analysed by three-dimensional gait analysis and linear parameters of gait: velocity, cadence, stride length, and step width from 12 gait cycles. The comparison of the numerical variable was made using the Mann-Whitney Test. The only significant difference was found in

Andréia Naomi Sankako, Paulista Marília, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, Sebastião Marcos Ribeiro de Carvalho, Lígia Maria Presumido Braccialli

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 90–100

Research paper

Effects of postural and cognitive difficulty levels on the standing of healthy young males on an unstable platform

Standing on an unstable platform requires continuous effort of the neuro-musculoskeletal system. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the ability to remain standing on an unstable platform at different levels of postural and cognitive difficulty. Healthy young males stood in the sagittal plane on an unstable platform supported by a pair of springs with modifiable stiffness. The balance test also assessed different levels of vision and cognitive function. Linear and nonlinear metrics of

Shahram Oliaei, Mohammed N. Ashtiani, Kamran Azma, Sandra Saidi, Mahmood-Reza Azghani

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 60–68



The quality of a semantic annotation is typically measured with its averaged class-accuracy value, whose computation requires scarce ground-truth annotations. We observe that humans accumulate knowledge through their vision and believe that the quality of a semantic annotation is proportionally related to its compatibility with the vision-based knowledge. We propose a knowledge-compatibility benchmarker, whose backbone is a regression machine. It takes as input a semantic annotation and the

Vektor Dewanto, Aprinaldi, Zulfikar Ian, Wisnu Jatmiko

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1284–1312



Zhihong Liang, Hongwei Gao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1840–1858

Original Paper

A field analysis trial comparing the turnaround times of routine and STAT red blood cell immunohematology testing

, and workload. Our site performed a comparative analysis of the ORTHO VISION® (Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, Raritan, NJ) and the Echo® (Immucor, Norcross, GA) blood bank analyzers, using the TAT and PT of standard blood bank tests as the outcome metrics. Tests were run in various combinations to reflect the standard workflow of a busy hospital transfusion service and under routine and immediate or STAT conditions. We also compared manual versus automated processing TATs for a variety of pre

Katie Sackett, Andrea Kjell, Abigail M. Schneider Schneider, Claudia S. Cohn Cohn

Immunohematology , ISSUE 1, 1–5


An Overview of GPS Systems and Adaptations: Implications for the Older User with Vision Impairment

Accessible global positioning systems (GPS) are increasingly popular as an orientation aid for people with vision impairment. Adapted GPS such as the BrailleNote, Trekker, Trekker Breeze and Wayfinder Access are discussed. Limitations of adapted GPS devices for the older user are considered. Major benefits of the older user with vision impairment using GPS include independent mobility, increased confidence in wayfinding and decreased reliance on memory for navigation tasks.      

Karen Doobov, Grad.Cert.Educational Studies, Graduate Student M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 81–86


Feasibility and acceptability of orientation and mobility instructors delivering the LiFE falls prevention program to older people with vision impairment.

Older people with vision impairment are at an increased risk of falls. Though exercise-based intervention can reduce falls in the general population, this strategy has not been successful among people with vision impairment. We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of the LiFE program, a home-based fall prevention program, for people aged over 50 with vision impairment (n=16). The program was successfully delivered by orientation and mobility instructors to clients of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

Lisa Keay, Ph.D., MPH, Freya Saich, B.Health, Lindy Clemson, Ph.D., Lisa Middlemiss, B.PhysEd/Health Ed., M.Spec.Ed., Jacqueline Johnson, B.A., GradDip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed., Haley Tumanik, M.Spec.Ed., Jessica Taylor, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed., Joanne Munro, B.AppSc (Physio), M.Hlth Sci (Edu), Ewa Borkowski, M.Spec.Ed., Frances Tinsley, DipOT, DipBusiness, M.Sc.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 22–33

Research paper

Nonlinear dynamics analysis of the human balance control subjected to physical and sensory perturbations

vision and cognition during the standing were also interfered. Motion capturing was used to measure the lower limb joints and the CoM displacements. The CoM path length as a linear parameter was increased by elimination of vision (p<0.01) and adding a cognitive load (p<0.01). The CoM nonlinear metric FD was decreased due to the cognitive loads (p<0.001). The visual interference increased the FD of all joints when the task included the cognitive loads (p<0.01). The slightly positive LLE

Mohammed N. Ashtiani, Mahmood-reza Azghani

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 168–175


Teaching Orientation and Mobility Skills to Students with Autism and Vision Impairment in Public Schools: A Data-Based Study

Two students with autism, vision impairment, and intellectual disability participated in an orientation and mobility (O&M) intervention to travel in school settings using their folding canes. A multiple-baseline across participants design to determine the effectiveness of the intervention was used. The dependent variable was time taken to travel the specified route. The independent variable was O&M training. Results indicated that both participants took less time to travel during the

Devender R. Banda, Ph.D., BCBA-D, Phoebe A. Okungu, Ph.D., Nora Griffin-Shirley, Ph.D., Melanie K. Meeks, Ph.D., Olaya Landa-Vialard, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–43


Shuffling the Deckchairs: Multi-agency Working and the Continuing Lack of Identification of People with Vision Impairments

Many orientation and mobility (O&M) professionals working to meet the needs of children and adults with vision impairment may do so as a part of multi-agency rehabilitation teams. However, from a study of current literature in the fields of vision impairment, multiple-disability and intellectual disability, it is apparent that multiagency participation does not invariably identify with accuracy, all those requiring a service. This article discusses how those professionals working in multi

John Ravenscroft, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 83–86



Yongqing Wang, Chunxiang Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1706–1729



As stereo matching methods are widely used in computer vision and stereo reconstruction, from the perspective of improving the matching accuracy, this paper focuses on the global optimization algorithm. An improved stereo matching method based on 8- neighbor Belief Propagation method is proposed in this paper, by involving more pixels into information transmission, our method improves the accuracy of stereo matching. The experimental results verify the efficiency and reliability of our method.

Qian. Zhang, Shaomin Li, Y. Zhang, P. Wang, JF. Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 464–479

Research paper


ensure a scientific and safe therapy. Vision system sends the recognized acupoint position to the master system to track the patient’s body, and the acupoint being massaged is displayed in real time by the 3D virtual model. The robot can execute ten massage manipulations, so that the traditional Chinese massage can have a robot instead. The effectiveness for degenerative lumbago in middle-aged and aged is demonstrated by laboratory examination and clinical trial..

Huanbing Gao, Shouyin Lu, Guohui Tian, Jindong Tan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1024–1043

Research Article


Missing fastener detection is a critical task due to its similar characteristics with surrounding environments. In this paper, a machine vision based fully automatic detection and classification of missing fastener detection system is proposed using Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. This proposed system consists of preprocessing, transformation, feature extraction and classifications. Image resizing is performed as preprocessing step and Gabor transform is used as transformation

R. Manikandan, M. Balasubramanian, S. Palanivel

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 574–589


Opinions by People with Vision Impairment about Wanting or Not Wanting Guide Dogs

This article presents the results of a questionnaire about daily living, and particular opinions about guide dogs by Japanese people with vision impairment who are not guide dog users. Reasons for respondents not applying for guide dogs are provided, and suggestions are made to improve the services by Japanese Guide Dog Associations. Overall, the majority of respondents were aware of the functions of guide dogs, however information about financial assistance and support services were unknown

Naoko Koda, Ph.D., Nae Morioka, B.S.A., Masumi Kubo, B.S.W., Takafumi Wada, Akira Yoshikawa, Hirofumi Nakamura, Rinka Shinoda

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 21–31



Object recognition is a fundamental task in applications of computer vision, which aims at detecting and locating the interested objects out of the backgrounds in images or videos, and can be originally formulated as a binary classification problem that can be effectively handled by binary SVM. Although the binary technique can be naturally extended to solve the multiple object recognition, which are known as one-vs.-one and one-vs.-all techniques, but the scalability of traditional methods

Yongqing Wang, Yanzhou Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1203–1224


Feasibility of Orientation and Mobility Services for Young Children with Vision Impairment using Teleintervention

The demand for orientation and mobility (O&M) training for very young children with blindness or vision impairment (B/VI) and their families is increasing in the Early Intervention (EI) period. However, the extreme shortage of qualified O&M specialists to work with this population may be limiting their access to appropriate services. This study used a needs assessment survey to collect information about the feasibility of providing O&M services in EI using the alternative service

Hong Phangia Dewald, M.A., COMS, Catherine A. Smyth, M.S. (Ed.), TSVI, ECE Specialist

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 83–92


Japanese People with Vision Disabilities Rate their Experiences with Information Resources Pertaining to Guide Dogs

This study investigated the experiences of men and women with vision disabilities knowing about and participating in information programs provided by guide dog organisations; and investigated the way information programs affect people’s perceptions and attitudes towards guide dogs in Japan where people are hesitant to acquire a guide dog. The results suggest that the information programs had been widely publicised and were familiar to participants. Younger women were the most experienced

Mariko Yamamoto, Lynette A. Hart, Koji Matsumoto, Mitsuaki Ohta, Nobuyo Ohtani

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 70–82



When a human gives an order to a robot, the robot must often use its vision to ascertain the human’s indication. In our previous paper, to develop a system where robots precisely receive and obey human orders in daily work spaces, we proposed an experimental system for finger direction recognition (FDR) in 3D space using stereo matching by mounting two cameras on the robot. In this paper, we evaluate this system for FDR in 3D space by performing a series of evaluation experiments using a

T. Ikai, M. Ohka, S. Kamiya, H. Yussof, S. C. Abdullah

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2308–2333



Object detecting and tracking is an important technique used in diverse applications of machine vision, and has made great progress with the prevalence of artificial intelligence technology, among which the detecting and tracking moving object under dynamic scenes is more challenging for high requirements on real-time performance and reliability. Essentially analyzing, object detecting and tracking need to classify the objects and background into two different categories according to different

Chunxiang Wang, Dongfang Xu, Yongqing Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1130–1155



This paper presents the design and integration of a vision-guided robotic system for automated and rapid vehicle inspection. The main goal of this work is to scan and explore regions of interest over an automotive vehicle while a manipulator’s end effector operates in close proximity of the vehicle and safely accommodates its curves and inherent surface obstacles, such as outside mirrors or door handles, in order to perform a series of close inspection tasks. The project is motivated by

Danial Nakhaeinia, Pierre Payeur, Alberto Chávez-Aragón, Ana-Maria Cretu, Robert Laganière, Rizwan Macknojia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 419–447

Research Article

Laser Profilometry Aiding Smart Vehicle Control

information given by the proposed vision system are provided in a more efficient way with respect to the inductive sensors and the classic odometry, which fail when the robot crosses the structural rail apertures or its wheels suffer from unavoidable slippage.

Cosimo Patruno, Roberto Marani, Massimiliano Nitti, Tiziana D’Orazio, Ettore Stella

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6


A study of personnel preparation of teachers of learners with vision impairment and O&M services

A review of the 50 US state education websites revealed wide variation among state O&M credentials. Less than half of the states designated a qualified provider as a credentialed O&M specialist and many identified a role for the Teachers of Learners with Vision Impairment (TVI) in providing Individualised Education Program (IEP)-driven O&M-related services. A survey of US Personnel Preparation programs preparing TVIs asked respondents to select the O&M curricular items they

Grace Ambrose-Zaken, Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 62–83


Guide Dogs Queensland Volunteer Peer Support Program

This pilot study conducted between January 2010 and December 2014, investigated whether or not a structured peer support program would benefit people with vision impairment. The program was designed to provide support and information to clients over the telephone about mobility and vision conditions. Fourteen volunteers with vision impairment who provided the telephone support were matched with 71 clients with vision impairment. On completion of each client’s support program an evaluation

Karen Stitt, B.SoSci., Masters Counselling

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 119–126


Toxoplasmosis and Vision Impairment

Lyndel Bosman, B.Ec., Dip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 53–58


Orientation and Mobility Involvement with Scooter Travel in Australasia

Health professionals have expressed concern about vision issues in relation to scooter travel, but despite low vision or legal blindness, scooter travel remains feasible. Safe scooter travel is the result of decision-making in relation to physical limitations and available sensory information. O&M specialists are the only health professionals with a skill-set in blind and low vision mobility and are therefore equipped to conduct functional assessment of scooter users with low vision. A

Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 32–47


Virtual O&M: A far north queensland innovation

Transition to high school, though generally a positive experience, can be a tumultuous experience for many teenagers. According to Suldo and Shaunessy-Dedrick (2013, p. 195), high school incorporates “more difficult coursework, different organizational structures, new peers, more students, and different expectations from teachers”. In addition, for students with vision impairment (SVI) navigating an unfamiliar environment can present significant difficulties. For some SVI, learning about and

Katrina Blake, Helen Kinnane, Melinda Whipp

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–4

Research paper


This paper describes a hand-arm system equipped with optical three-axis tactile sensors and a binocular vision sensor. The vision compensates for the limitations of tactile information and tactile sensing, and vice versa. The tactile sensor can obtain geometrical data as real scale, while image data requires calibration to obtain length as a metric unit. Even if stereovision is used, we cannot obtain sufficient precision. In the evaluation test, the robotic hand equipped with tactile sensors

Sukarnur Che Abdullah, Takuya Ikai, Yusuke Dosho, Hanafiah Bin Yussof, Masahiro Ohka

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 508–5026


TrekAbout Adelaide: One Agency’s Experience of Introducing GPS Technology to O&M Services

Guide Dogs Association of South Australia and Northern Territory (Guide Dogs SA.NT) provides Orientation & Mobility (O&M) programs for people with vision impairment, including training in the use of Electronic Travel Aids (ETAs). Recent developments in wayfinding technology have included introduction of specialised Global Positioning System (GPS) devices for people with vision impairment. This article describes considerations that were made by Guide Dogs SA.NT in selecting wayfinding

Adrian Riessen, B.App.Sc., Grad.Cert.Health, M.Spec.Ed., Alison Ryan, B.App.Sc., M.Spec.Ed., Mark Battista, B.Sec.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 73–80


Student Portfolios in O&M: A window into the child’s learning experience

Two students with autism, vision impairment, and intellectual disability participated in an orientation and mobility (O&M) intervention to travel in school settings using their folding canes. A multiple-baseline across participants design to determine the effectiveness of the intervention was used. The dependent variable was time taken to travel the specified route. The independent variable was O&M training. Results indicated that both participants took less time to travel during the

Fabiana Perla, Ed.D. COMS, CLVT, Jamie Maffit, M.S., COMS, CLVT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 44–51


What's in a word? Distinguishing between Habilitation and Re-habilitation

advocates. Using the term ‘Habilitation’ preserves the child-centered, developmental focus of professional practice and research. It recognizes that learners with low vision or blindness, particularly children and young people are often not returning to knowledge or skills previously known, but are becoming clothed or equipped for a new future that requires cognitive, behavioral and physical development. The skills developed in children and young people are without prior learning, and so re-learning is

J. Hayton, D. Dimitriou

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–4

Research Article


S. Hernández, L. Morales, A. Urrutia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 594–612


Eye tracking and virtual reality in the rehabilitation of mobility of hemianopia patients: a user experience study

development of compensatory strategies, such as certain eye movement patterns (Howard and Rowe, 2018). While some hemianopia patients are able to spontaneously develop compensatory strategies for their visual field loss, others retain difficulties, in particular with detecting objects in the periphery in situations when they are moving, e.g. during walking (Iorizzo et al., 2011). These patients can enter vision rehabilitation to learn compensatory eye movement strategies (for an overview see Pollock et al

Birte Gestefeld, Jan Koopman, Anne Vrijling, Frans W. Cornelissen, Gera de Haan

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 7–19


An Echolocation Training Package

The phenomenon of echolocation or using sonar to navigate the environment has been widely studied, though rarely taught to individuals who are blind or vision impaired (Kish 2003). This paper describes the essential content of an echolocation training package designed to assist orientation and mobility (O&M) instructors teach clients echolocation skills. This package will be trialled using volunteer participants who are clients of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT Australia and then refined based on an

Nicole Holmes, B.A.Soc.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 84–91


Back to the Future: Expanding the Profession – O&M for People with Disabilities

In the U.S. and Australia, O&M training has evolved from service provision solely to people with vision impairment, to people with vision impairment and additional disabilities, to people with sight who have functional mobility needs. Expansion of O&M training to include people with sight who have mobility needs responds to: (i) a demand by senior management for organisational cost efficiencies; (ii) social and education policies that require people with disabilities to be mobile so

Bruce Blasch, Ph.D., Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., MBA

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 21–33


A Step to Prevent Falls in the Elderly: A Literature Review

This paper reviews the current literature to identify the way an orientation and mobility (O&M) instructor could effectively predict and/or reduce falls in the Australian-based elderly population with vision impairment. Common causes of falls associated with elderly people with vision impairment are discussed as are the shortcomings of falls prevention programs. Three assessment tools used to predict an individual’s risk of falling for the first time have been reviewed. Of the three

Jessica Taylor, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 45–52


Introducing Echolocation into O&M University Courses for Professionals

It is well known that echolocation makes it possible for a person who is blind to get to know their surroundings and that it strengthens an individual’s ability to move independently. In order to learn echolocation skills as a newly blind or vision impaired individual, the orientation and mobility (O&M) specialist needs to become well acquainted with these techniques. However, based on the authors’ own experiences as professionals and researcher in the field of vision

Inger C. Berndtsson, Ph.D., Leif Sunneson, B.A.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–39



Li Erchao, Li Zhanming, He Junxue

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2159–2174


Colour and Fashion: Evolution of the Mobility Cane

A review of the history of the long cane and its evolution into a mobility aid for the 21st Century. The long cane maintains its primary function as a tool for people with vision impairment to move around the environment safely and efficiently. However, the long cane can also be customised to suit personal needs and preferences, including the choice of colour.  

Ewa Borkowski, M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 65–72


The influence of fixation stability on balance in central vision loss

balance and falls can be caused by degraded input from any one of these systems. Aging is associated with increased reliance on the visual system to compensate for age-related deterioration of the somatosensory and vestibular systems (Woollacott, 2000; Black et al., 2008). Changes in visual function are also associated with age. They are often progressive and slow, causing older individuals to overlook the role that their vision plays in balance (Ivers et al., 1998; Coleman et al., 2004; Zhang et al

Caitlin Murphy, Michael Kapusta, Olga Overbury

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–9



Zheng LI

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 911–927


Selecting Attractor Sounds for Audio-Based Navigation by People with Vision Impairments

Brad Salisbury, M.S., Koorosh Naghshineh, Ph.D., William Wiener, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 8–26


Providing Orientation and Mobility Services to People from Chinese Backgrounds in Sydney, Australia

Australia is a multicultural country with a large number of older people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds who require orientation and mobility (O&M) services. Guide Dogs NSW/ACT receives a majority of CALD referrals for people with vision impairment from Chinese backgrounds. To enable clients from CALD backgrounds achieve mobility goals that complement their lifestyle, it is necessary that O&M providers foster culturally competent perspectives to enhance and

Ying Wah Wan, B.Phil., M.Spec.Ed., Grad. Dip.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 44–48



Gajanan K. Kharate, Archana S. Ghotkar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 124–147


Principles for Providing Orientation and Mobility to People with Vision Impairment and Multiple Disabilities

Dona Sauerburger, M.A., C.O.M.S., Eileen Siffermann, M.A., M.Ed., C.O.M.S., Sandra Rosen, Ph.D., C.O.M.S.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 52–56


A Balance Act: Physiotherapy as a Prerequisite to Orientation and Mobility Services

The School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia initiated a community practicum for fourth year physiotherapy students. The goal was to broaden student’s perspectives about how allied health areas such as Orientation & Mobility (O&M) services are movement based similar to that of physiotherapy services. The authors participated in a five-week practicum at an organisation that provides O&M services to clients with vision impairment. It

Louise Chambers, Jasan Dannaway

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 87–89

Research Article


P.J Leo Evenss, Jennings Mcenroe .S, A.Prabhu Chakkaravarthy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 163–173


Inclusive Employer: A Guide Dog School’s Trial to Employ a Blind Instructor

Guide Dogs for the Blind, Inc. (GDB) provides enhanced mobility to qualified individuals through partnership with dogs whose unique skills are developed and nurtured by dedicated volunteers and a professional staff. In 2005, GDB expanded its vision to be a more inclusive and diverse employer. A trial commenced to determine the feasibility of the current instructor position being filled by a blind person. To complete this trial a qualified individual was hired to undergo task analysis of all job

Kristin Lucas, M.A., C.O.M.S.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 62–65


Conditions that influence drivers’ yielding behaviour: Effects of pedestrian gaze and head movements

These studies examined the effects of various types of pedestrian gazing toward vehicles and drivers at traffic signal-controlled intersections and a roundabout, measuring driver delays (seconds) and yielding behaviours. No statistical or practical differences were found between any of the gaze conditions and no-gaze conditions. These findings might have practical application for orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists and students. Pedestrians who are blind or vision impaired who

Eugene A. Bourquin, Ph.D., Robert Wall Emerson, Ph.D., Dona Sauerburger, M.A. COMS, Janet Barlow, M.Ed., COMS

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 13–26


There’s more to a dog guide than meets the eye: A preliminary exploration of potential health benefits of dog guide use

The value of dog guides in terms of mobility for people with severe vision impairment and blindness is well recognised. There has, however, been a paucity of research exploring the potential health benefits of working with dog guides. This article reports the initial stage of a research project, which aimed at redressing this dearth of research. The study used three focus groups to explore the experiences of 22 participants from three Australian states. The focus group meetings were the first

Geraldine Lane, Brian Matthews, Caroline Ellison, Carolyn Palmer

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 27–36


The ROAM Project Part 1: Exploring new frontiers in video conferencing to expand the delivery of remote O&M services in regional Western Australia

Twenty-five trials were conducted over a three-month period to investigate the potential for delivering O&M services remotely via video conferencing. Participants varied in age, geographical location, level of functional vision, and O&M goals. The video conferencing connection was made using the Vidyo software platform. Eleven participants (located remotely) were required to wear a chest harness that had been adapted to connect with an iPhone 6+, and were accompanied by a support person

Amy Barrett-Lennard, M.HSer. (O&M), B.Sc. (OT)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 101–118


The Centrality of O&M in Rehabilitation Programs Designed to Enhance Quality of Life: A Structural Equation Modelling Analysis

, life essentials, and personal relationships. The number of health conditions was directly related to ability to get around and satisfaction with functional capacity. These findings support the notion that O&M, which seeks to improve ability to get around, is central to vision rehabilitation programs designed to enhance QOL in older persons.  

Polly Yeung, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., Andrew Towers, Ph.D., Fiona Alpass, Ph.D., Christine Stephens, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 10–20


Providing Travel Instruction to Individuals with Disabilities Other Than Blindness: A Practitioner’s Perspective

Some Orientation &Mobility (O&M) specialists provide instruction to individuals with disabilities other than blindness and vision impairment. In the US, this practice is referred to as travel instruction (TI). Through decades of providing TI, the authors have learned basic principles for success. This practice report addresses the definition of travel instruction, the essential components of a TI program, and two brief case studies. Advantages and opposition to O&M specialists

Bonnie Dodson-Burk, B.S., M.A. COMS., Lydia Peterson, B.S., M.S., COMS., Susan Olsson, M.A., COMS

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 68–73


Evaluating the Validity of Texas 2 STEPS

STEPS was also found to be user friendly regardless of the COMS years of experience. Together these findings indicate that the Texas 2 STEPS has the potential to be a valid and reliable tool for assessing O&M skills in children with vision impairment.  

Tracy L. Hallak, M.Ed., TVI/COMS Instructor, Luis E. Aguerrevere, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 84–89


Abstracts of the 2018 International Guide Dogs Federation (IGDF) Seminar

Vision loss in the future: the importance of integrated care in the era of ocular imaging. Keynote Presentation Angelica Ly and Michael Kalloniatis ( Centre for Eye Health, UNSW Sydney, Australia The Centre for Eye Health (CFEH) is a not-for-profit initiative of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT and UNSW Sydney, dedicated to reducing preventable vision impairment through the early detection of eye disease. The Centre was initially conceived following a strategy meeting in 2006 by

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Research Article


Free living, cosmopolitan amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba present a serious risk to human health. As facultative human parasites, these amoebae may cause health and life-threatening diseases, such as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and cutaneous acanthamebiasis. AK is a severe, vision-threatening cornea infection with non-specific symptoms and course. GAE is a unique central nervous system disease, almost always leading to death. Cutaneous acanthamebiasis

Marcin Padzik, Edyta B. Hendiger, Lidia Chomicz, Jacek P. Szaflik

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 429–439

Research Article


This article aims to identify the main requirements to strengthen the railroad industry in Santa Catarina by using technology roadmapping. The railway industry is composed of carriers, manufacturers, suppliers, operators, logistics, services and education. The survey aimed to provide guidelines for the Federation of the State of Santa Catarina Industry (FIESC) to develop its strategic plan for the next eight years. Based on the survey, the roadmap defined vision, mission, a list of key concepts

Acires DIAS, Jonny C. DA SILVA, Heitor H. KAGUEIAMA, Carolina R. HADDAD, Mauricio URIONA M., Álvaro G.R. LEZANA, Dante L. JULIATTO

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 29–36


The Missing Link: A Collaborative Approach to Early Childhood Orientation and Mobility

The current role of the Orientation & Mobility (O&M) instructor routinely involves working with young children (birth to 6 years). The inclusion of this population to the caseload of O&M instructors brings with it unique challenges. Young children’s primary means of learning comes in the form of play, yet O&M traditionally tends to focus on skill specific instruction. For young children who are blind or vision impaired the ability to move out into space independently and

Kylie Wells, Dip. Tchg., Grad. Cert. Ed. Studies, M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 57–61


Environmental Rating Scale for Orientation and Mobility

This paper presents the concept of an environmental rating scale for Orientation and Mobility for blind and vision impaired persons. Such scales currently exist for describing the level of difficulty associated with ski slopes, white water rapids, mountain climbing, and golf courses, to name but a few. These scales serve as the basis for proposing a system which could lead to the standardisation of ratings of difficulty and complexity for this purpose as well. If successfully developed, such a

Bruce B. Blasch, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., William Penrod, Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 9–16


Hierarchical Image Object Search Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning

I. INTRODUCTION When observing a picture, humans can immediately know the location and category of the object in the image, and can get the information without even thinking too much. This is a breeze for us, but the computer cannot have all kinds of complicated ideas of our human brain, and it is not easy to realize it. In computer vision, the positioning and retrieval of images will be affected by two aspects, one is the content of the image, and the other is the pros and cons of the

Wei Zhang, Hongge Yao, Yuxing Tan

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 65–72


Effective mobility framework: A tool for designing comprehensive O&M outcomes research

In orientation and mobility (O&M) outcomes research, the concept of mobility has become narrowed to what can be captured with existing measures and methods. However, travel speed and contact tallies have not provided convincing evidence of functional changes resulting from O&M programs or such vision restoration treatments as retinal prostheses. This study used grounded theory methodology to develop a new understanding of mobility from expert opinions, including O&M specialists (n

Lil Deverell, B.Ed., GradDip O&M, M.Ed., COMS, Sharon A. Bentley, B.ScOptom., M.Optom., Ph.D., MPH., FAAO., FACO, Lauren N. Ayton, Clare Delany, B.AppSc (Physio), M.Hlth., M.edLaw, M.(Physio), Ph.D., Jill E. Keeffe, OAM., B.A., Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 74–86



Camera-based human body detection and tracking is an important research subject of computer vision, which has a widely used in the field of military and civil. In this paper, we focus on the technology of human body tracking based on improved camshaft algorithm. Firstly, we introduce some common image noise reduction algorithms. By combination the frame difference and background subtraction methods, an improved moving target detection algorithm is proposed, by which the whole region of target

Jiude Li

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1104–1122



Foreground detection is a basic but challenging task in computer vision. In this paper, a novel hybrid local texture based method is presented to model the background for complex scenarios and an image segmentation based denoising processing is applied to reduce noise. We combine the uniform pattern of eXtended Center-Symmetric Local Binary Pattern (XCS-LBP) and Center- Symmetric Local Derivative Pattern (CS-LDP) to generate a discriminative feature with shorter histogram. Retaining the

Xiaojing Du, Guofeng Qin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1668–1686


Effective leadership practices leading to distributed leadership

; fostering relational trust; and creating vision and designing supportive structures.

Rachel Denee, Kate Thornton

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 2, 33–45


Image Transformation Based on Generative Adversarial Networks

generative model is slow because of the difficulty of generative model modeling. In recent years, until the invention of the most successful generation model--Generative adversarial networks model, this field has been revitalized. Since its introduction, generative adversarial networks has been receiving great attention from the academic and industrial circles. With the rapid development of GAN in theory and model, it has been applied more and more in-depth applications in computer vision, natural

Jie Chen, Li Zhao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 93–98


Improvement and Realization of CamShift Algorithm Based MotionImage Tracking

Wang Yubian, Yuri Shebzukhov

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 97–101


iPhone video link FaceTime as an orientation tool: Remote O&M for people with vision impairment

Nicole Holmes, B.A. (Soc/Psych)., M.Spec.Ed, Kelly Prentice, B.A. (SocScPsych)/Teaching(Prim), M.Spec.Ed

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 60–67

Research Article

Center of road traffic safety education for children and youths – modern educational center in road traffic safety

The paper is about the idea of establishment of road safety education center to improve road users behavior, which is in line with the National Road Safety Policy till 2020 of government of Poland. Through this center various educational activities, programs, European Union projects for road safety were launched since 2003. The authors have introduced those programs, showing their effectiveness as well have mentioned about future plan for expansion to achieve Vision Zero. The paper presents


Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 137–148


Effectiveness of the SoundFlash Device in Enhancing Non-Visual Spatial Perception

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the SoundFlash device in enhancing non-visual spatial perception. A mixed-methods, A-B-A-B-A-B research design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the SoundFlash. Three vision impaired individuals participated in the study, which included echolocation training both with and without use of the SoundFlash device. At the conclusion of the study, a focus group was conducted to gather qualitative data from participants. The

Ellen Herlache, M.A., OTR., Doug Baldwin, BSVS, M.S., OD., Stacey Card, Graduate Student, Hailey Graham, Graduate Student, Jessica Roberts, Graduate Student, Faith Santoya, Graduate Student

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 42–51



the calculations show that the study records, which should describe the conditions of its development are constructed without taking into account a constant reduction of the number of residents. A study of conditions and directions of spatial planning for Kutno and Opoczno were compared with the assumptions of the theory with the theory of crossing the barrier of urban development by Bolesław Malisz and creative vision of the city described by Charles Landry.


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 13–20


Analysis and Design of Image Segmentation Algorithm Based on Super-pixel and Graph Cut

Feng Xiao, Hao Sun

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 25–30

Research Article


a second corner next to the first corner and not apposite it, resulting in the robot properly spreading the clothes. Adequate force control is also applied to the gripper during tracing so that it doesn't grip the clothes too hard or vice versa which can affect the performance of the robot. Vision sensor is used from time to time to check whether the static gripper has reached the second corner or not. Practical experiments were conducted to evaluate the proposed method. Experimental results

Khairul Salleh Mohamed Sahari, Hiroaki Seki, Yoshitsugu Kamiya, Masatoshi Hikizu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 521–535


A Focus Group Discussion on Using Guide Dogs

. These included: mobility; adjustment to vision loss; advantages and disadvantages of using a guide dog; the matching process; training with the dog; social function, feelings of friends and family; and the outcome of the relationship. In this article, these themes are described and exemplified with extracts from the focus group discussion. The study fulfilled its purpose as an information gathering exercise to further investigate the relationship between guide dog handlers and their dogs, and has

Janice K.F. Lloyd, BSc., DCR, EMT, CVT, Ph.D., R. Claire Budge, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, M.Sc., Ph.D., FRCVS, MACVSc., Steven J. La Grow, B.S, M.A., Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 52–64

Research paper

A robotic arm to sort different types of ball bearings from the knowledge discovered by size measurements of image regions and RFID support

In this paper, the authors present a mechatronics system consisting of an intelligent robotic arm able to sort ball bearings having the same colour and shape drawing advantage from vision. After acquiring and processing an image from a camera, two almost concentric and circular regions are extracted from the image and their areas are calculated as number of pixels belonging to them. The center of these regions provides the point that the end-effector has to reach in order to grip a cylindrical

Nicola Ivan Giannoccaro, Luigi Spedicato, Aimè Lay-Ekuakille

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 674–700



Human facial expressions detection plays a central role in pervasive health care and it is an active research field in computer vision. In this paper, a novel method for facial expression detection from dynamic facial images is proposed, which includes two stages of feature extraction and facial expression detection. Firstly, Active Shape Model (ASM) is used to extract the local texture feature, and optical flow technique is determined facial velocity information, which is used to characterize

Shaoping Zhu, Yongliang Xiao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 581–601


A clock-face method of outdoor scanning and tracking using sports cones: A case study of a client with post-stroke visual field loss

The participant in this case study is a 65 year old male, who had a right posterior cerebral artery stroke. He undertook a compensatory scanning program though continued to experience collisions with objects in familiar and unfamiliar environments. He was later referred to Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia for orientation and mobility (O&M) services. The second author (instructor) assessed and identified this client’s functional field of vision using an outdoor clock-face method by

Sarah Hower, B.HlthSc (OT)., MSpec.Ed, Ross Still, Ross Still, GradDip(O&M), Regional Manager, Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 87–95


Rotation center calibration based on line laser rotating platform

Doudou Lei, Baolong Liu, Huimin Yao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 48–52


Image Inpainting Research Based on Deep Learning

Zhao Li, Zhao Ruixia

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 23–30


Learning to scan for approaching vehicles efficiently with a visual impairment

Introduction In the United States in 2017, nearly 6,000 pedestrians were killed in traffic crashes and approximately 137,000 pedestrians were treated in emergency departments for nonfatal crash-related injuries (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2017). The number of blind and visually impaired included in these statistics is unknown but researchers have found that there are vision-related challenges for crossing streets (Geruschat, Fujiwara, & Emerson, 2011). In order to cross a

Dona Sauerburger, Eugene Bourquin

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 35–40


The Guide Dog as a Mobility Aid Part 2: Perceived Changes to Travel Habits

vision impaired were examined retrospectively before and after they received a dog. The results indicate that dogs were used more frequently than other mobility aids except when it was more convenient to use a human guide or a long cane, as for example on a very short journey. People travelled independently more often and went further, with greater ease and enjoyment when travelling with a dog. The use of a dog appeared to reduce problems with access and the need to avoid certain journeys. However

Janice K.F. Lloyd, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, MSc., Ph.D., FRCVs, MACVSC., R. Claire Budge, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–45


Orientation and Mobility Client Evaluation Tool (CET) Adult

the O&M specialist, measures the degree of vision impairment; client complexity, and the environmental complexity in which the training is being conducted. Part 2 includes the mobility specialist’s rating of the client’s skill and confidence level; and the client’s rating of their own skill and confidence as well as a rationale for their ratings. The tool appears effective in measuring client outcomes for all types of O&M program in any environment; is quick and easy to

Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., MBA, Lisa Keay, Ph.D., MPH, Frances Tinsley, DipOT, DipBusiness, MSc (Rehab. Counselling)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 37–61


Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

scan, including functional ocular disorders (vision disorders, mobility disorders), autoimmune diseases, inflammatory conditions, proliferative processes, and others. The authors present Ossoinig’s standardized method which encompasses topographic, qualitative and kinetic echography, and may facilitate orbital ultrasound examinations. Moreover, the article shows management standards for ultrasound imaging of orbital pathologies with an emphasis on the relevance of equipment selection, scanning

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 349–354


Research and Design of Next Generation Internet (IPV9) Datagram

is a new vision to demonstration and testing. I. OVERALL DESIGN OBJECTIVE In order to be compatible with the existing Internet system, on the basis of studying the existing standard IPv4 [RFC -791] and IPv6 [RFC -1883] and [RFC - 2464], the overall goal of IPV9 datagram design is formulated. 1) Extended address capacity IPV9 increases the length of IP addresses from 32 (IPv4) and 128 (IPv6) bits to 2048 bits to support more address hierarchies, more addressable nodes, and simpler automatic

Zhongsheng Wang, Jianping Xie, Zhao Lin, Wei Zhong

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 10–28


Physical and Virtual Intelligent Sensors for Integrated Health Management Systems

Health Monitoring (ISHM) vision. This paper outlines progress made in the development of intelligent sensors by describing the work done to date on Physical Intelligent Sensors (PIS) and Virtual Intelligent Sensors (VIS). The PIS as discussed here consists of a thermocouple used to read temperature in an analog form which is then converted into digital values. A microprocessor collects the sensor readings and runs numerous embedded event detection routines on the digital data. If any event, i.e

Ajay Mahajan, Christopher Oesch, Haricharan Padmanaban, Lucas Utterback, Sanjeevi Chitikeshi, Fernando Figueroa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 559–575

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