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Review

Role of food-drug interactions in neurological and psychological diseases

Given that foods and nutrients have been shown to influence the pharmacokinetics of drugs, drugs may cause changes in the nutritional status of patients and their response to a given drug. Food-drug interactions are particularly relevant for drugs used to treat neurological and psychological diseases. This review provides an overview of food-drug interaction in the treatment of neurological and psychological diseases. A literature search was carried out by collecting data from different reviews

Makbule Gezmen-Karadağ, Elif Çelik, Fatma Zehra Kadayifçi, Özge Yeşildemir, Yasemin Ertaş Öztürk, Duygu Ağagündüz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 187–197

Research Article

PREDICTIVE MICROBIOLOGY OF FOOD

The beginnings of predictive microbiology date back to 1920 when Bigelow developed a logarithmic-linear dependence of kinetics on the death of microorganisms. Predictive microbiology is a sub-discipline of food microbiology, whose task is to predict the behavior of microorganisms in food using mathematical models. The predictive model for microbiology is usually a simplified description of the correlation between the observed reactions and the factors responsible for the occurrence of these

Elżbieta Rosiak, Katarzyna Kajak-Siemaszko, Monika Trząskowska, Danuta Kołożyn-Krajewska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 229–243

research-article

THE EFFECTS OF FOOD AND DRINK INTAKE TO DRIVING PERFORMANCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

, the driver’s cognitive aspect, especially the level of driver’s awareness of various road conditions, is also an interesting characteristic to consider. A number of other studies not only discussed the symptoms causing drowsiness but also tried to investigate related factors that cause sleepiness or fatigue while driving. On the other hand, some discussed the quantity and quality of sleep as well as food and drink intake before and while driving. Some research studies have investigated the effect

Iftikar Zahedi SUTALAKSANA, Gradiyan Budi PRATAMA, Putra Alif Ramdhani YAMIN, Herman Rahadian SOETISNA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 5–12

research-paper

Increased short-term food intake after external lateral parabrachial subnucleus lesions in rats

INTRODUCTION Short-term satiety (or satiation) is a motivational behavior that appears to largely depend on visceral-cerebral neurobiological mechanisms (Snowdon and Epstein, 1970; Deutsch, 1990; Kaplan et al., 1993; Schwartz et al., 1999; Hamr et al., 2015). In normal conditions, information relating to food originating from different levels of the gastrointestinal tract is transmitted via neural pathways to the central nervous system, where they appear to decisively contribute to cessation of

Antonio D.R. Agüera, María A. Zafra, Filomena Molina, Amadeo Puerto

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 101–111

research-article

Exploring Patterns of Social Relationships among Food Bloggers on Twitter Using a Social Network Analysis Approach

Introduction Food blogs are a common source of meal ideas in the United States, particularly among Internet users 18 to 34 years of age (Doub, Small, Levin, LeVangie, & Brick, 2016). Food blogs feature recipes, product reviews, and personal stories that further establish a blogger’s audience credibility and relatability (Doub, Small, & Birch, 2016a; Lepkowska-White & Kortright, 2018; Lynch, 2012; Schneider, McGovern, Lynch, & Brown, 2013). Popular food bloggers are known as social media

Allison D. Hepworth, Jess Kropczynski, Justin Walden, Rachel A. Smith

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 4, 1–21

Research Article

MEMS-based miniature near-infrared spectrometer for application in environmental and food monitoring

We present a hybrid MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) based spectrometer of the size of a sugar cube, fabricated at the clean room facilities of Fraunhofer IPMS, Dresden. This SGS (scanning grating spectrometer) is designed for integrated spectroscopic applications in the field of food quality analysis and food processing technology. Using another, larger, MEMS-based scanning grating spectrometer, we perform a series of test measurements of the absorption of different types of oil. Thereby

S.I. Hintschich, T. Pügner, J. Knobbe, J. Schröder, P.Reinig Reinig, H. Grüger, H. Schenk

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Case Study

THE IMPACT OF TRAILER CONDITIONS ON THE QUALITY OF REFRIGERATED FOOD TRANSPORT SERVICES – A CASE STUDY

The carriage of food products, in particular fresh products, is particularly sensitive to transport conditions. The aim of this paper is to examine the effect of trailer conditions on the quality of refrigerated food transport services. Six wireless measuring devices installed permanently in 3 trailers were used for the analysis. The built-in transmitter sensors have enabled the collection of data in the areas of temperature, humidity, pressure, shock and light intensity. Monitoring parameters

Teresa GAJEWSKA, Augustyn LORENC

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 97–108

original-paper

Establishment and Application of a Dual TaqMan Real-Time PCR Method for Proteus Mirabilis and Proteus Vulgaris

Introduction Bacterial food-borne diseases are an increasing public health concern to the World Health Organization (Johnson 2011). The consumption of food and drinking water contaminated by pathogenic bacteria is the leading cause of food-borne disease outbreaks (Park et al. 2011). More than 250 types of foodborne diseases caused by the pathogen with various virulence genes have been identified (Mangal et al. 2016). In recent years, the number of food-borne diseases caused by Proteus

RUI YANG, GUOYANG XU, XIAOYOU WANG, ZHICHU QING, LIZHI FU

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 293–300

Research Article

Organoleptic Properties Remote Sensing and LifeTime Prediction along the Perishables Goods Supply-Chain

Nowadays, two of the most compelling challenges in the field of food safety and certification are the reduction of the multitude of food losses and wastes in the supply chain and the improvement of certification and monitoring procedures during each stage of production. The aim of this paper is to propose an effective solution to both problems: a wireless sensor network (WSN) combined with a further data processing for real-time monitoring and shelf life prediction.

V.F. Annese, G.E. Biccario, S. Cipriani, D. De Venuto

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

research-article

Non-destructive, non-invasive, in-line real-time phase-based reflectance for quality monitoring of fruit

The food quality monitoring in the production process is essential. The quality of the food depends on many parameters which are categorized as internal and external parameters. External parameters include the color, shape, surface, hardness, softness, odor, taste, etc., whereas internal parameters include sugar, water, acidity, internal defects, etc. The processing and storage requirements of agro-based products are determined by assessing the initial quality of the fruit or the vegetables

M. Assaad

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–10

Research Article

IDENTIFICATION OF TWO TYPES OF ROTTEN MEAT USING AN ELECTRONIC NOSE FOR FOOD QUALITY CONTROL

Microorganisms are contained in all foods, some of them don't pose a risk for consumers, but many others became pathogenic, because of bad conservation or expired dates. Food will be degraded when the number of microorganisms became very large. The focus in this paper will be on the design of an electronic nose used in detecting rotten food. This nose is applied to detect bad odor diffused by rotten beef, and rotten chicken those meat have almost the same odor at rottenness which is not easily

Nihad Benabdellah, Khalid Hachami, Mohammed Bourhaleb, Naima Benazzi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 673–695

Research Article

LISTERIOSIS. MODERN PERCEPTION OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL THREAT

The presence of Listeria rods, especially Listeria monocytogenes, in the environment and food products, contributes each year to death of both humans and animals. The ability of bacteria to lead a saprophytic and parasitic existence as well as insensitivity to many physicochemical factors greatly facilitates the spread and guarantees access to a wide range of vulnerable organisms. Although the factors predisposing to infection result in a relatively low incidence of disease, infections are

Monika Lewańska, Agnieszka Godela, Magdalena Myga-Nowak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 106–116

Research Article

DRUG RESISTANCE IN THE GENUS ENTEROCOCCUS – CURRENT PROBLEM IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS

animal husbandry and in food production. Household pets form a reservoir of drug-resistant enterococcal strains, too. The exchange of resistance genes between enterococcal strains from different niches poses a threat to public health.

Katarzyna Talaga-Ćwiertnia, Małgorzata Bulanda

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 244–250

Original Paper

A behavioural modification intervention to reduce snack food consumption focusing on external situational cues: The case study you can't read between meals without ruining your appetite!

to counteract habitual snacking on “indulgences” is imperative. External stimuli (objects, events or people) can influence food consumption. Changing exposure to external cues may be used to reduce snacking. This case study (n=1) investigated effects of a behavioural modification intervention using classical and operant conditioning techniques to reduce snack food ingestion over one week. Specifically, modifications to situational cues including meal versus snack schema activation and a

Nicola Brewer

Eat, Sleep, Work , ISSUE 1, 65–71

research-article

Influences of nitrogen inputs on nematode populations under highbush blueberry

has also been commonly observed to suppress certain populations of free-living soil nematodes, particularly omnivores and predators in the Dorylaimida with ‘persister’ or K-selected traits, resulting in reduced indices of diversity and food web structure such as the nematode community structure index (e.g. Ferris et al., 2001; Forge et al., 2005b; Wang et al., 2006; Azpilicueta et al., 2014; Pan et al., 2015; Song et al., 2016). Such changes in soil food web structure have been theoretically

Thomas Forge, David Ehret, Aime Messiga, Martine Dorais

Journal of Nematology , 1–14

research-article

Effects of integrated application of plant-based compost and urea on soil food web, soil properties, and yield and quality of a processing carrot cultivar

of inorganic fertilizers applied to soil and the accumulation of non-nutrient constituents such as heavy metals is an appealing strategy (Sikora and Knkiri, 2001). Implementation of such an alternative could be best achieved if its effects on soil food web, which drives nutrient transformations and productivity, are better understood. As the most abundant organisms in the terrestrial ecosystems and occurring at multiple levels of the soil food web, nematodes are key drivers of the soil food web

A. Habteweld, D. Brainard, A. Kravchencko, P. S. Grewal, H. Melakeberhan

Journal of Nematology , 1–17

Research paper

Effects of individual stressors used in a battery of “chronic unpredictable stress” on long-term plasticity in the hippocampus of juvenile rats

not magnitude of LTP significantly differed from that observed in the control or socially isolated rats. The weakest effect on LTP was observed in hippocampal slices of the rats exposed to food deprivation. In these animals, only some differences were observed in the development of LTP as compared to socially isolated rats. These data allow ranging stressors used in CUS paradigms according to the severity of their potential effects on neuronal function and animal behavior.

Alexandra A. Gorbunova, Irina V. Kudryashova, Anna O. Manolova, Margarita R. Novikova, Mikhail Yu. Stepanichev, Natalia V. Gulyaeva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 244–253

Research paper

Antimuscarinic-induced convulsions in fasted mice after food intake: no evidence of spontaneous seizures, behavioral changes or neuronal damage

convulsions, mice treated i.p. with saline (control) or 2.4 mg/kg atropine and given food after 24 h of fasting were grouped according to seizure scores for behavioral and histological analysis. Following convulsions, the occurrence of spontaneous recurrent seizures was observed for 30 days. Motor activity and grooming behavior were assessed in the open field, and memory was assessed using the novel object recognition test 4 and 7 days after onset of convulsions, respectively. Animals allocated for the

Nurhan Enginar, Asiye Nurten, Aslı Zengin Türkmen, Gül İpek Gündoğan, Zeynep Güneş Özünal

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 373–381

research-article

The effects of Meloidogyne incognita and Heterodera glycines on the yield and quality of edamame (Glycine max l.) in Arkansas

harvested when the pods at the upper nodes are filled with green seeds, before the pods start to turn yellow and senesce. Because edamame is most commonly marketed in the pod, the condition and quality of both the pods and seeds is of major importance. Although edamame has been grown in the USA since the late 1800s (Conlon, 2009), its popularity has recently increased because it is a high protein, vegetable-based, healthy food. From 2003 to 2007, US gross sales of edamame increased from $18m to $30m

J. E. Wilkes, T. L. Kirkpatrick

Journal of Nematology , 1–15

Research Article

Assessing Water Activity in Dry-Cured Ham using Microwave Spectroscopy

Microwave spectroscopy have been applied in numerous applications in the non-food industry, and recently also in the food industry, for non-destructive measurements. In this study, a dry-cured ham model was designed and water activity, water content and salt content (sodium chloride) were determined for all samples using chemical analysis. The water activity was also measured using microwave spectroscopy, with a rectangular microwave cavity resonator. Attained results indicate that microwave

Stefania G. Bjarnadottir, Kathrine Lunde, Ole Alvseike, Alex Mason, Ahmed I. Al-Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article

PROBIOTICS AND MAMMALIAN GASTROINTESTINAL IMMUNE SYSTEM

Probiotics are microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed. These are also food supplements or food products containing specified probiotic microorganisms. Probiotic microorganisms colonize the gastrointestinal tract of the host environment, reducing the risk of pathogenic bacteria growth and their potential impact on the regulation of host immune responses. They also have the ability to eliminate pathogenic bacteria. The administration of probiotic microorganisms in addition to

Beata Tokarz-Deptuła, Wiesław Deptuła

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 157–162

Research Article

METABOLITES OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA – OVERVIEW AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

Lactic acid bacteria are one of the most commonly found microorganisms in food. One of the reasons behind their popularity are their probiotic properties. Lactic acid bacteria produce a wide range of metabolites which often find use as antimicrobial agents or preservatives. The efficacy and efficiency of these compounds are vastly different. The most promising group of lactic acid bacteria metabolites are bacteriocins. However, there are crucial issues with the application of bacteriocins in

Katarzyna Ratajczak, Agnieszka Piotrowska-Cyplik

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 416–421

Research Article

TAXONOMY, VIRULENCE AND LIFE CYCLES OF BACILLUS CEREUS SENSU LATO

Bacillus cereus sensu lato is a group of several species of Gram-positive sporeformers ubiquitous in nature and showing huge impact on human activities. They are often found in soil, air, plant material, animal tissues and digestive tracts as well as in food products. Their genetic similarities and frequent horizontal gene transfer causes doubts regarding their taxonomy. In addition, their toxicity and psychrotolerance constitute serious problems in the dairy industry, being responsible for

Marek Bartoszewicz, Urszula Czyżewska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 440–450

Article

BIONANOCELLULOSE – PROPERTIES, ACQUISITION AND PERSPECTIVES OF APPLICATION IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY

Remigiusz Olędzki, Ewa Walaszczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 87–102

Article

CRONOBACTER SPP. – THE SERIOUS RISK IN A BABY FOOD

, ale zagrażających życiu chorób: zapalenia opon mózgowych, bakteriemii, kilku form martwiczego zapalenia jelit [2]. W roku 2002 International Commission for Microbiological Specifications for Food nadała C. sakazakii „status zagrożenia, w przypadku wybranych populacji, zagrażającego życiu lub powodującego znaczące przewlekłe, długoterminowe konsekwencje” zaliczając do tej samej kategorii patogenów żywnościowych co Clostridium botulinum (typ A i B), Cryptosporidium parvum i Listeria monocytogenes [2

Mateusz Gemba, Elżbieta Rosiak, Danuta Kołożyn-Krajewska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 139–151

Mini Review

Are Probiotic Really Safe for Humans?

Probiotic bacteria have been used as a health-promoting factor for a very long time. Nowadays, products containing probiotic bacteria are becoming more and more popular on the market. The term probiotics refers to the products belonging to the following groups: probiotic drugs (medicinal products – live biotherapeutic products for human use), medical devices, probiotic foods (e.g. foods, food ingredients, dietary supplements or food for special medical purposes), directly fed microorganisms

ANNA ZAWISTOWSKA-ROJEK, STEFAN TYSKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 251–258

Research Article

FRUCTOPHILIC LACTIC ACID BACTERIA (FLAB) – A NEW GROUP OF HETEROFERMENTATIVE MICROORGANISMS FROM THE PLANT ENVIRONMENT

Recently, a unique kind of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) i.e. fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB), has been described. This specific group prefers D-fructose over D-glucose as a carbon source to growth. They can be found in fructose rich environments such as flowers, fruits and food products made of fermented fruits, for example tempoyak. In recent years, it has been revealed that insects which feed on food high in fructose are an abundant source of fructophilic bacteria. Bacterial

Klaudia Gustaw, Magdalena Michalak, Magdalena Polak-Berecka, Adam Waśko

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 56–66

Research Article

CHARACTERISTICS AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF CIRCULAR BACTERIOCINS

. Circular bacteriocins have broad antimicrobial activity spectrum, including many food spoilage bacteria and pathogens, such as Listeria, Staphylococcus and Clostridum spp. Circular bacteriocins permeabilize the membrane of sensitive bacteria, causing loss of ions and dissipation of the membrane potential, and finally cell death. Enterocin AS-48 was the first identified circular bacteriocin and is best characterized so far. Circular bacteriocins or bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria have great

Urszula Błaszczyk, Kamila Dąbrowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 451–464

Original Paper

Molecular Characterization of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated in Poland

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains also called verotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC) represent one of the most important groups of food-borne pathogens that can cause several human diseases such as hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and hemolytic – uremic syndrome (HUS) worldwide. The ability of STEC strains to cause disease is associated with the presence of wide range of identified and putativevirulence factors including those encoding Shiga toxin. In this study, we examined the

Aleksandra Januszkiewicz, Waldemar Rastawicki

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 261–269

minireview

The State of Research on Antimicrobial Activity of Cold Plasma

Introduction Cold plasma (CP) or nonthermal plasma (NTP) and, in particular, cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is gaining increasing scientists’ interest, given the possibility of application thereof in medicine (Boudam and Moisan 2010; Isbary et al. 2010; Vandamme et al. 2010; Metelmann et al. 2018), food industry (Afshari and Hosseini 2014; Hojnik et al. 2017, Pignata et al. 2017), agriculture, and environmental protection (Bogaerts and Neyts 2018; Pawłat et al. 2018a; 2018b; Siddique et al. 2018

IWONA NIEDŹWIEDŹ, ADAM WAŚKO, JOANNA PAWŁAT, MAGDALENA POLAK-BERECKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 153–164

research-article

Swine manure application enriches the soil food web in corn and soybean production

niches of nematodes in each plot. These indices included ratio of fungivore and bacterivores to herbivores (FBPP), Shannon–Weaver diversity index (Shannon, 1948), structure index (SI), channel index (CI), and enrichment index (EI). Briefly, the structure index measures the number of trophic links in the food web with higher values indicating a more structured food web (Ferris et al., 2001). The enrichment index measures food web enrichment based on the weighted relative abundance of colonizer

Zane J. Grabau, Yong Bao, Jeffrey A. Vetsch, Senyu Chen

Journal of Nematology , 1–14

Original Paper

MRSA in Pig Population

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is widespread worldwide in different types of animal species and as a zoonosis takesa great risk for human health not only as a food toxicoinfection, but also as a highly resistant pathogen causing serious soft tissue infectious, septicaemia and even death. One of the most affected food-producing animal species is swine in the production of which new antibiotics in big amounts are used more and more continuously, increasing antimicrobial

Meldra Ivbule, EdvĪns Miklaševičs, Liene Čupāne, Laima Bērziņa, Andris Bāliņš, Anda Valdovska

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 383–392

Original Paper

Characterization of Bacteriocin-Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Native Fruits of Ecuadorian Amazon

analysis confirmed the presence of plw structural gene encoding for plantacirin W in the selected L. plantarum strains. Moreover, we showed that the active peptides of Cys5-4 strains contrast effectively, in a bactericidal manner, the growth of food borne E. coli UTNEc1 and Salmonella UTNSm2, with about tree fold reduction of viable counts at the early stage of the target cell growth. The results indicated that the bacteriocin produced by selected native lactic acid bacteria strains has elevated

Karina Garzón, Clara Ortega, Gabriela N. Tenea

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 473–481

Article

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF BACTERIA A GROWING THREAT FOR ANIMALS AND PUBLIC HEALTH

have often been promoted to the role of family members, which resulted in the improvement of their welfare and closer relationships with their owners. On the other hand, close contact between human and companion or food-producing animals, promotes mutual exchange of microbionts through direct contact, as a result of coming into contact with excretions and secretions and as a consequence of animals sneezing, coughing or licking. Pollution of the natural environment will additionally contribute to

Marian Binek, Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Magdalena Rzewuska, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Agnieszka Sałamaszyńska-Guz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 259–270

research-article

URBAN FARM AS A SYSTEM OF PRODUCTIVE URBAN GREEN – CHALLENGES AND RISKS

and economically productive, for example, providing food from urban agriculture, pollution absorption, the cooling effect of trees or increased biodiversity from wildlife corridors”. [5]. Referring to this solution, the concept of Continuous Productive Urban Landscapes (CPULs) was published, showing the role of coherently planned and designed combination of different urban elements, compering economical, socio-cultural and environmental terms, re-establishing a relationship between life and the

Justyna KLESZCZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 23–36

research-article

Optimizing for taxonomic coverage: a comparison of methods to recover mesofauna from soil

Nematodes occupy trophic levels in a food web that includes natural enemies such as nematophagous fungi (Kaya and Koppenhöfer, 1996), ectoparasitic bacteria (Enright and Griffin, 2005; El-Borai et al., 2005), and soil microarthropods (Walter and Ikonen, 1989). Mites, springtails, and other microarthropods are major components of soil biodiversity and food web function. Numerous reports indicate that these generalist predators dominate the higher trophic levels that regulate virtually all

Alexandros Dritsoulas, Larry W. Duncan

Journal of Nematology , 1–9

Research paper

Further pharmacological characterization of eltoprazine: focus on its anxiolytic, anorexic, and adverse-effect potential

Eltoprazine, a drug that had previously been developed for aggression, has recently been investigated for L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in animal models of Parkinson´s disease (PD) and in dyskinetic PD patients. Much less is known about effects of eltoprazine in other therapeutic indications. Indeed, the pharmacological profile of eltoprazine might suggest its effects on anxiety and food intake, but also adverse effect potential, which is the focus of the present study. Given for 2 weeks either as

Andreas Gravius, Andrzej Dekundy, Anita Vanaga, Lutz Franke, Wojciech Danysz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 77–85

research-article

Biofilm Production Potential of Salmonella Serovars Isolated from Chickens in North West Province, South Africa

. The attachment of planktonic microorganisms to surfaces is critical for biofilm formation (Arunasri and Mohan 2019). Biofilms can be formed on food contact surfaces, contaminated food materials, natural environments such as water bodies, and on human tissues (Hall-Stoodley et al. 2004). The formation of biofilms is an important virulence factor that enhances the pathogenicity of most microbes that cause infections in humans and animals and therefore alleviate their public health significance

STEPHEN ABIOLA AKINOLA, MPINDA EDOAURD TSHIMPAMBA, MULUNDA MWANZA, COLLINS NJIE ATEBA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , 1–13

Short Communication

An Improve Protocol for PCR Using LM1 and LM2 Primers for Listeria monocytogenes Detection in Food Matrices

Angélica Godínez-Oviede, Gerardo M. Nava, Sofía M. Arvizu-Medrano, Montserrat Hernández-Iturriaga

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 255–257

Short Communication

Genetic Characterization of Human Enteroviruses Associated with Hand, Foot and Mouth Diseases in Poland, 2013–2016

The objective of the present study was to describe the molecular characteristics of enteroviruses associated with hand, food, and mouth disease (HFMD) in Poland. Clinical material from HFMD cases, that occurred during 2013–2016 were examined. It has been showed that coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6), CVA10 and CVA16 were circulating in the country. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Polish CVA6 strains were divided into two distinct clusters suggesting two independent introductions. This is the

Magdalena Wieczorek, Agnieszka Ciąćka, Arleta Krzysztoszek, Agnieszka Figas, Leszek Szenborn

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 405–409

original-paper

Effects of Sodium Tripolyphosphate on Oral Commensal and Pathogenic Bacteria

, even up to polyP chains of many hundreds of phosphate residues. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has listed sodium pyro-, tri-, and hexametaphosphates as the Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) food additives. PolyP is often added to dairy and meat products for water binding, ion exchange, emulsification, and antioxidation (Ellinger 1972). In addition, due to the antimicrobial effects against various Gram-positive bacteria and fungi (Knabel et al. 1991), thereby suppressing food spoilage

JI-HOI MOON, MI HEE NOH, EUN-YOUNG JANG, SEOK BIN YANG, SANG WOOK KANG, KYU HWAN KWACK, JAE-IN RYU, JIN-YONG LEE

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 263–268

Short Communication

Comparative Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A And E Viruses in Blood Donors from Wielkopolska Region, West-Central Poland

The objective of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HAV and HEV in Polish blood donors (BDs). One hundred and ten randomly selected healthy BDs, living in Wielkopolska Region were tested for anti-HAV IgG and anti-HEV IgG with commercial assays. The seroprevalence of anti-HAV was 11.8%; anti-HEV were detected in 60.9% of BDs (p < 0.0001). Consumption of risky food was more common in anti-HEV-positive BDs (59.1% vs. 33.3%; p = 0.01). Twelve out of 20 BDs (60%) with no

Maciej Bura, Małgorzata Łagiedo-Żelazowska, Michał Michalak, Jan Sikora, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 113–115

Short Communication

Identification of Pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica in Pig Tonsils Using the Real-Time PCR

The application of DNA-based methods enables to identify Yersinia enterocolitica carrying the ail-gene with a greater sensitivity compared to culture methods and biochemical tests used for detection of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in animal and food samples. In this study, 100 samples of pig tonsils were examined, among which 17 were positive for the ail gene. Additionally, biochemical tests and RT-PCR showed that nine Y. enterocolitica isolates carried the ail-gene. Two Y. enterocolitica

MILENA A. STACHELSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, –

Research Article

THE RISK OF DISEASES TRANSMITTEDBY INSECT VECTORS IN ANIMALS IN EUROPE

Currently, the emergence of exotic diseases in areas where they have not previously occurred is reported more frequently. For this reason, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and individual countries are introducing regulations aimed at preventing and combating these diseases. Globalization and intensification of the trade of animals and food products of animal origin contributes to the transmission of infectious animal diseases throughout the world. Global warming and human

Katarzyna Krasoń, Magdalena Larska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 385–397

Research Article

Effects of vermicompost water extract prepared from bamboo and kudzu against Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis

A series of experiments in laboratory, greenhouse, and field were conducted to compare the nematode suppressive effect of vermicompost tea (VCT) prepared from vermicompost with moso-bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houz.) and kudzu (Pueraria lobata (Willd) Ohwi) as feed stock (weed VCT) to that prepared from vegetable food waste (vegetable VCT) against Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis. Two laboratory trials were conducted by incubating eggs of M. incognita and R

Xiaodong You, Motoaki Tojo, Shelby Ching, Koon-Hui Wang

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 569–578

Article

Redefinition of Genus Malenchus Andrassy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae) with Additional Data on Ecology

as the closely related Ottolenchus were given based on a combination of morphology and recent molecular data, and their phylogeny were analyzed in a context of Tylenchidae. Furthermore, we test different fungi and moss as a food resource of Malenchus and their feeding behavior is also discussed.

XUE QING, WIM BERT

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 189–206

Article

AN INTELLIGENT FEATURE SELECTION AND CLASSIFICATION METHOD BASED ON HYBRID ABC–SVM

by the SVM classifier are both considered to update the food source. Finally, the most superior features and optimal model parameter are fed into SVM to identify different class. The testing results verify the effectiveness of the method in extracting feature subset and pattern classification

Jie Li, Qiuwen Zhang, Zhang Yongzhi, Li Chang, Xiao Jian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1876–

Article

CHARACTERISTICS AND USE OF MULTICOPPER OXIDASES ENZYMES

environmental protection, medicine, pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics and in the food industry. Laccases and laccase-like enzymes, which are the most common and characterized MCO group, are mainly used as biocatalysts in the synthesis reactions of new compounds, detection, biotransformation and biodegradation of toxic impurities (Table II). Table II Reactions of synthesis, detection and biodegradation catalyzed by enzymes from the MCOs group Application Enzyme, activity Organism Substrate

Aleksandra Góralczyk-Bińkowska, Anna Jasińska, Jerzy Długoński

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 7–18

Research Article

CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF HYDROPHOBINSAND THEIR USE IN MANIFOLD INDUSTRIES

-hydrophilic interfaces. These unique properties of hydrophobins make them more and more popular with regard to their potential application in industry. New ways of using hydrofobins in various branches of the business sector are being developed. Hydrofobins are already widely used in the food industry, pharmaceutical industry, as well as molecular biology.

Łukasz P. Tymiński, Zuzanna Znajewska, Grażyna B. Dąbrowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 374–384

Original Paper

Safety Evaluation of Enterocin Producer Enterococcus sp. Strains Isolated from Traditional Turkish Cheeses

Mine Avci, Banu Özden Tuncer

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 223–233

Research Article

Detection of Pathogenic Bacteria in Aqueous Media: Assessing the Potential of Real-Time Electromagnetic Wave Sensing

solutions. The distinct feature of the proposed system is that the detection is performed in real time, without the need for additional sample processing or chemicals. This bacteria detection method would be of benefit in a broad range of applications, ranging from water quality monitoring in wastewater treatment facilities to safety assurance in healthcare and food industry.  

I. Nakouti, O. Korostynska, A. Mason, A. I. Al-Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

research-article

A case study of soil food web components affected by Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae) in three natural habitats in Central Europe

and soil nematode communities after the establishment of the invasive plant F. japonica must thus include the assessment of different habitats (Renčo and Baležentiené, 2011). For this case study, we chose three habitats (forest, grassland, and wetland) and adjacent territories invaded by F. japonica in a valley in Central Europe (Slovakia) to confirm or reverse the effect of F. japonica on selected food web components. To our knowledge, this is the first study observing the impact of F. japonica

Andrea Čerevková, Lenka Bobuľská, Dana Miklisová, Marek Renčo

Journal of Nematology , 1–16

Article

PLC BASED ADAPTIVE FUZZY PID SPEED CONTROL OF DC BELT CONVEYOR SYSTEM

Conveyor belt system is one of the most common transfer systems used in industry to transfer goods from one point to another in a limited distance. It is used in industries such as the electro-mechanical/mechanical assembly manufacturing to transfer work piece from one station to another or one process to another in food industries. The belt conveyor system discussed in this paper is driven by a DC motor and two speed controllers. The PID speed controller is designed to provide comparison to

Mohd Heidir Mohd Shah, Mohd Fua’ad Rahmat, Kumeresan A. Danapalasingam, Norhaliza Abdul Wahab

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1133–1152

Research Article

Health initiatives to target obesity in surface transport industries: Review and implications for action

, including incentivising, peer mentoring, verbal counselling, development of personalised health profiles, and offer of healthier on-site food choices – some of which also resulted in sizeable return on investment over the long term.

Janine Chapman, Anjum Naweed

Evidence Base , ISSUE 2, 1–20

Article

Nematode Fauna of Tropical Rainforest in Brazil: A Descriptive and Seasonal Approach

evaluate the heterogeneity between two locations and seasons in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Structure and composition of the nematode assemblages differed between areas and across time. Rhabditidae dominated the rainy season in both forest soils. Rarefaction curves (RC) suggest that sampling to detect more nematode taxa should be more intensive in the rainy season. The forest soils have complex, stable soil food webs with high connectance and decomposition channels dominated by

MERCIA S. O. CARDOSO, ELVIRA M. R. PEDROSA, HOWARD FERRIS, MARIO M. ROLIM, LAMARTINE S. C. OLIVEIRA

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 116–125

Article

A REVIEW OF ARTIFICIAL FISH SWARM OPTIMIZATION METHODS AND APPLICATIONS

The Swarm Intelligence is a new and modern method employed in optimization problems. The Swarm Intelligence method is based on the en masse movement of living animals like birds, fishes, ants and other social animals. Migration, seeking for food and fighting with enemies are social behaviors of animals. Optimization principle is seen in these animals. The Artificial Fish Swarm Optimization (AFSA) method is one of the Swarm Intelligence approaches that works based on the population and

Mehdi Neshat, Ali Adeli, Ghodrat Sepidnam, Mehdi Sargolzaei, Adel Najaran Toosi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 108–148

Research Article

PROBIOTICS AND THEIR POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDATIVE ACTIVITY

Human population in the XXI century is struggling with the increasing incidence of such diseases as obesity, diabetes, cancers, food allergies and many others. Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species and free radicals, may underlie the occurrence of many diseases. Probiotics are known for their beneficial effects on health and are established as dietary adjuncts. Researchers are trying to find potential probiotic strains which can exhibit antioxidant

Nina Trojan, Paweł Satora

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 18–27

Research Article

MECHANISMS OF ARSENIC TOXICITY AND TRANSPORT IN MICROORGANISMS

Arsenic is an ubiquitous element present in the environment either through geological or anthropogenic activities. Millions of people all over the world are exposed to arsenic mainly via air, drinking water and food sources, which results in higher incidence of cancer. Several mechanisms by which arsenic compounds induce tumorigenesis have been proposed. Arsenic mediates its toxicity by generating oxidative stress, inducing protein misfolding, promoting genotoxicity, hampering DNA repair and

Seweryn Mucha, Mateusz Berezowski, Katarzyna Markowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 88–99

Mini Review

Biochar-Rhizosphere Interactions – a Review

of biochar applications is necessary to protect food production and the soil environment. This should be accomplished by biochar production and characterization, land use implementation, economic analysis, including life cycle assessment, and environmental impact assessment.

Sławomir Głuszek, Lidia Sas-Paszt, Beata Sumorok, Ryszard Kozera

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 151–161

Original Paper

The Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on Listeria monocytogenes PCM2191 Peptidoglycan Metabolism and Cell Permeability

Listeria monocytogenes is Gram-positive bacterial pathogen, a causative agent of food poisoning and systemic disease – listeriosis. This species is still susceptible to several conventionally used antibiotics but an increase in its resistance has been reported. For this reason the search for new, alternative therapies is an urgent task. Silver nanoparticles seem to be the promising antibacterial agent. Minimal inhibitory concentration of silver nanoparticles was determined. Sublethal

KATARZYNA MARKOWSKA, ANNA MARIA GRUDNIAK, BARBARA MILCZAREK, KRYSTYNA IZABELLA WOLSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 315–320

Original Paper

Bacterial Microbiota and Fatty Acids in the Faeces of Overweight and Obese Children

The growing number of children with overweight and obesity constitutes a major health problem of the modern world and it has been suggested that intestinal microbiota may influence energy intake from food. The objectives of this study were to determine quantity and proportions of dominant genera of Bacteroides, Prevotella (phylum Bacteroidetes); Clostridium, Lactobacillus (phylum Firmicutes) and Bifidobacterium (phylum Actinobacteria) in the intestines and to determine the content of short

RENATA BARCZYŃSKA, MIECZYSŁAW LITWIN, KATARZYNA SLIŻEWSKA, MIECZYSLAW SZALECKI, AGNIESZKA BERDOWSKA, KATARZYNA BANDURSKA, ZDZISŁAWA LIBUDZISZ, JANUSZ KAPUŚNIAK

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 339–345

Research Article

THE ROLE OF CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI INFECTION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME

peripheral nerves. Molecular mimicry between bacterial surface structures and hosts gangliosides is responsible for the development of this disease. The serious local and systemic consequences of C. jejuni infections are the reason for monitoring the microbial purity of food, especially meat and drinking water, for C. jejuni contamination. necessitating also new approaches to contamination prevention or minimization.

Maria Walencka, Agnieszka Matusiak, Magdalena Chmiela

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 260–269

Research Article

What happens at the aroma of coffee beans after roasting?

methods of roasting process will provide the coffee different aroma that will add flexibility to those one that already posses the matrix due to different origins.  This work tests and illustrates the broad spectrum of potential uses of the EN technique in food quality control.

Veronica Sberveglieri, Andrea Pulvirenti, Elisabetta Comini, Estefania Nunez Carmona

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4

original-paper

Lactobacillus fermentum JX306 Restrain D-galactose-induced Oxidative Stress of Mice through its Antioxidant Activity

DI ZHANG, CHUANG LI, RUIRUI SHI, FENGCHUN ZHAO, ZHENGYOU YANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 205–215

Article

The Mesostigmatid Mite Protogamasellus mica, an Effective Predator of Free-Living and Plant-Parasitic Nematodes

small quantities of defaunated soil. These results show that P. mica multiplies rapidly when nematodes are available as a food source and has the capacity to play a role in regulating populations of both plant-parasitic and free-living nematodes. Future research should focus on understanding the crop and soil management practices required to enable this mite and other predatory species to thrive.

GRAHAM R. STIRLING, A. MARCELLE STIRLING, DAVID E. WALTER

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 327–333

Research Article

DEVELOPMENT OF NEURAL NETWORK-BASED ELECTRONIC NOSE FOR HERBS RECOGNITION

The ability to classify distinctive odor pattern for aromatic plants species provides significant impact in food industry especially for herbs. Each herbs species has a unique physicochemical and a distinctive odors. This project emphasizes on the techniques of artificial intelligence (AI) to distinguish distinctive odor pattern for herbs. Neural Network method has been exploited for the classification and optimization of various odor patterns. Based on AI techniques, Neural Network-based

A. Che Soh, K. K.Chow, U. K. Mohammad Yusuf, A. J. Ishak, M. K. Hassan, S. Khamis

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 584–609

research-article

IMPACT OF THE UV LAMP POWER ON THE FORMATION OF SWIMMING POOL WATER TREATMENT BY-PRODUCTS

compounds identified with a probability higher than 85% are listed in Table 2. Those compounds belong to the group of pharmaceuticals, personal care product additives, food additives, phthalates and organic solvents. The obtained results correlate with data received for other swimming pools [12,13], which also confirm the presence of a significant number of compounds from the group of PPCPs. Table 2. Organic micropollutants identified in swimming pool water samples Group Name Abbreviation

Edyta KUDLEK, Anna LEMPART, Mariusz DUDZIAK, Marta BUJAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 131–138

original-paper

Characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes Strains Isolated from Milk and Humans and the Possibility of Milk-Borne Strains Transmission

Introduction Listeria monocytogenes is Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, non-spore forming bacteria. L. monocytogenes causes listeriosis and is one of the most dangerous food-borne zoonotic pathogens (Schlech and Acheson 2000). Listeriosis mainly occurs in immunocompromised people, neonates, pregnant women, the elderly, and AIDS patients (Lawley et al. 2008; Jamali et al. 2013; Doijad et al. 2015). The major source of human infection is food contaminated with the pathogen, including raw

KRZYSZTOF SKOWRON, EWA WAŁECKA-ZACHARKSA, KATARZYNA GRUDLEWSKA, NATALIA WIKTORCZYK, AGNIESZKA KACZMAREK, GRZEGORZ GRYŃ, JOANNA KWIECIŃSKA-PIRÓG, KLAUDIA JUSZCZUK, ZBIGNIEW PALUSZAK, KATARZYNA KOSEK-PASZKOWSKA, EUGENIA GOSPODAREK-KOMKOWSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 353–369

Research Article

ALICYCLOBACILLUS – BACTERIA STILL NOT UNDERSTOOD

major membrane lipids. There are 23 known species and 2 subspecies, with Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris as the most significant. Certain species cause food spoilage in the fruit-and-vegetable juices industry. The spores of Alicyclobacillus are highly tolerant to high temperatures and low pH-values of fruit juices. What is more, they are naturally present on fruit surface and can readily enter the production environment of the fruit and vegetable processing. Due to high thermophilicity of these

Justyna Dąbrowska, Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 117–124

Research Article

A Capacitance-to-Digital Converter with Sinusoidal Excitation Suitable for Series RC Sensors

as floating capacitive sensors, which needs to be excited with a sine wave for best performance. Applications of such capacitive sensors include ice detection, sterility testing of packed food products, etc. A sinusoidal Howland current source can be used to excite a grounded capacitive sensor while a simple current source with a special stabilization scheme that suppresses the effect due to static errors of opamp has been developed for floating capacitive sensor and presented in this paper. A

Prashanth Vooka, Boby George

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

research-article

Molecular approach to confirm traditional identification of Radopholus similis sampled in Tanzania

Banana (Musa spp. L.) is a key food crop in rural and urban areas of the humid tropics, with an annual global production of up to 100mn tons (FAO, 2015). In East Africa, banana is widely consumed and provides approximately 10% of the calorific intake for more than 70mn people (Kilimo Trust, 2012). In Tanzania, in particular, it is a staple food and cash crop for more than 30% of the total population (Nkuba, 2007). Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) are the principal pests of banana in Tanzania

Doreen M. Mgonja, Gladness E. Temu, Joseph C. Ndunguru, Magreth F. Mziray, Sylvester L. Lyantagaye, Nessie D. Luambano

Journal of Nematology , 1–8

original-paper

The Joint Effect of pH Gradient and Glucose Feeding on the Growth Kinetics of Lactococcus lactis CECT 539 in Glucose-Limited Fed-Batch Cultures

control the growth of pathogenic bacteria in both the animal feed and gut of the animals (Guerra et al. 2007a; Costas et al. 2018). Three alternatives for this purpose are: i) the use of cheaper fermentation and feeding media (like wastes from the food industry), ii) the selection of an appropriate strain, and iii) the design of an adequate fermentation procedure. Whey (a waste from the cheese-making process) and mussel processing wastes (MPW) contain lactose in the relatively high concentration (~ 50

MÓNICA COSTAS MALVIDO, ELISA ALONSO GONZÁLEZ, RICARDO J. BENDAÑA JÁCOME, NELSON PÉREZ GUERRA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 269–280

Original Paper

The Ability of a Novel Strain Scheffersomyces (Syn. Candida) shehatae Isolated from Rotten Wood to Produce Arabitol

Arabitol is a polyalcohol which has about 70% of the sweetness of sucrose and an energy density of 0.2 kcal/g. Similarly to xylitol, it can be used in the food and pharmaceutical industries as a natural sweetener, a texturing agent, a dental caries reducer, and a humectant. Bio­technological production of arabitol from sugars represents an interesting alternative to chemical production. The yeast Scheffersomyces shehatae strain 20BM-3 isolated from rotten wood was screened for its ability

Monika Kordowska-Wiater, Adam Kuzdraliński, Tomasz Czernecki, Zdzisław Targoński, Magdalena Frąc, Karolina Oszust

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 335–343

original-paper

An Investigation of Petrol Metabolizing Bacteria Isolated from Contaminated Soil Samples Collected from Various Fuel Stations

). This enzyme has been identified as a potential anticancer agent for the treatment of hepatocellular melanomas and carcinomas. Hence, ARG positive bacteria can be further exploited for therapeutic purposes (Sharma et al. 2017). Esculinase (ESC) test confirms the presence of esculinase, which catalyzes breakdown of esculin into esculetin and dextrose. In the present study, all the bacteria isolated were positive for esculinase and thus hold potential to be used in food industry, synthesis of o-alkyl

FATIMA MUCCEE, SAMINA EJAZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 193–201

research-article

Maternal Stress Reduces the Susceptibility of Root-Knot Nematodes to Pasteuria Penetrans

of resistance specificity, from general to highly pathogen specific (Moret and Schmid-Hempel, 2001; Little et al., 2003; Dubuffet et al., 2015; Dhinaut et al., 2018). Exposure to substandard environmental conditions can also influence an organism’s susceptibility to disease. When female water fleas, Daphnia magna, were exposed to low-food levels or high temperatures, their offspring were more resistant to the pathogen Pasteuria ramosa than were offspring of females exposed to adequate food levels

Chang Liu, Pingsheng Ji, Patricia Timper

Journal of Nematology , 1–8

review-article

Cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy – an updated review

reductions in the frequency of drop seizures compared to placebo (Devinsky et al., 2018). On the basis of above highlighted trials, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in 2018 a purified, plant-derived cannabinoid, named cannabidiol, for the treatment of seizures in patients with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (FDA, 2018). Despite positive results in these two severe epilepsy syndromes, further studies are needed to determine if the anti-seizure effects of cannabidiol extend

Marcin Kopka

Journal of Epileptology , 35–42

research-article

Nematode trophic structure in the phytotelma of Neoregelia cruenta (Bromeliaceae) in relation to microenvironmental and climate variables

Bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) are abundant in neotropical rainforests. Some estimates reach densities above 100 thousand individuals/hectare (Sugden and Robins, 1979; Goffredi et al., 2011). In many bromeliads, the arrangement of the leaves creates a tank or phytotelma (pl. phytotelmata), i.e., a reservoir of fresh water and organic debris. Bromeliad phytotelmata play a central role for many fauna species by providing shelter, breeding grounds, food and water (Benzing, 2000; Kitching, 2000). In

Alexandre M. Almeida, Ricardo M. Souza

Journal of Nematology , 1–12

Research Article

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the

KAREEM MORSY, ABEER MAHMOUD BADR, FATHY ABDEL-GHAFFAR, SOMAYA EL DEEB, SAMAR EBEAD

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 427–436

Research Article

A network approach to understanding obesogenic environments for children in Pennsylvania

prevalence. We also examined the relationship between measures of network centrality and child obesity prevalence. The overall structure of the network suggests that environmental features geographically co-occur, and features of the environment that were more highly correlated with body mass index were more central to the network. Three clusters were identified: a crime-related cluster, a food-environment and land use-related cluster, and a physical activity-related cluster. The structure of connections

Emily A. Knapp, Usama Bilal, Bridget T. Burke, Geoff B. Dougherty, Thomas A. Glass

Connections , ISSUE 1, 1–11

research-article

The Role of Maternal Social Networks on the Outcomes of a Home-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Pilot Intervention*

to target broad and multilevel mechanisms that extend beyond the parent-child context to other socioecological domains, such as extended family and community social contexts, and neighborhood environments (Campbell, 2015; Skinner & Foster, 2013). Initiating and maintaining healthy habits is difficult, especially for families that face a multitude of barriers, such as poverty, housing instability, food insecurity, and a lack of access to linguistically and culturally competent services (Flynn et

Kayla de la Haye, Brooke M. Bell, Sarah-Jeanne Salvy

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 3, 7–28

Article

Effects of Cover Crops on Pratylenchus penetrans and the Nematode Community in Carrot Production

; radish compared to other cover crops or fallow control during cover crop growth and midseason carrot production. At both sites, there were few short-term impacts of cover cropping on soil ecology based on the nematode community. At Site 1, only at carrot harvest, radish-oats mixture and ‘Dwarf Essex’ rape alone enriched the soil food web based on the enrichment index (P ≤ 0.05) while rape and radish increased structure index values. At Site 2, bacterivore abundance 

ZANE J. GRABAU, ZIN THU ZAR MAUNG, D. COREY NOYES, DEAN G. BAAS, BENJAMIN P. WERLING, DANIEL C. BRAINARD, HADDISH MELAKEBERHAN

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 114–123

Research Article

Broad-based root-knot nematode resistance identified in cowpea gene-pool two

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is an affordable source of protein and strategic legume crop for food security in Africa and other developing regions; however, damage from infection by root-knot nematodes (RKN) suppresses cowpea yield. The deployment through breeding of resistance gene Rk in cowpea cultivars has provided protection to cowpea growers worldwide for many years. However, occurrence of more aggressive nematode isolates threatens the effectiveness of this monogenic resistance. A

Arsenio D. Ndeve, William C. Matthews, Jansen R. P. Santos, Bao Lam Huynh, Philip A. Roberts

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 545–558

research-article

De novo transcriptome sequencing and analysis of Anisakis pegreffii (Nematoda: Anisakidae) third-stage and fourth stage larvae

transport and heme binding were up-regulated in L3, and the genes associated with body morphogenesis and various metabolic process were up-regulated in L4 (Laing et al., 2013). Parasitic nematodes should adapt themselves to different environments with differing food sources and energy requirements, and this is reflected in differential gene expression in different life cycle stages. Tyagi et al. (2015) recently reconstructed and compared metabolic pathways of 23 organisms including 13 nematode species

U-Hwa Nam, Jong-Oh Kim, Jeong-Ho Kim

Journal of Nematology , 1–16

Original Paper

Microbial Biomass and Enzymatic Activity of the Surface Microlayer and Subsurface Water in Two Dystrophic Lakes

­ties are not supplemented by immigration from bulk communities. The SML of humic lakes may act as important sinks for allochthonous nutrient resources and may then generate considerable energy pools for microbial food webs.

Iwona Kostrzewska-Szlakowska, Bartosz Kiersztyn

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 75–84

Article

First Report of the Fig Cyst Nematode, Heterodera fici Kirjanova, on Fig Tree, Ficus carica, in Ontario, Canada

Nematology Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency. The sample was collected from a nursery in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada, during an inspection to support export certification. The fig trees in the nursery had been grown in the outside fields during the growing seasons and potted and moved to indoor during the winters for last 3 years. The sample was subjected to a nematode extraction process, including decanting and sieving and misting, and lemon-shaped cysts and second

FENGCHENG SUN, NEIL HENRY, QING YU

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 131–132

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