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Mini Review

Viral Infection of the Heart: Pathogenesis and Diagnosis

Viral infections of the heart cause serious clinical problems, either as infectious myocarditis, which usually is a consequence of acute infection or as idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, resulting rather from a chronic infection. This minireview presents an up-to-date view on patho­mechanisms of viral infection of the heart tissues, the role of immune system in controlling infectious process at its various stages and current possibilities of recognizing viral infection of the heart with

Mateusz Kuffner, Agnieszka Pawlak, Maciej Przybylski

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 391–398

Mini Review

From Latent Tuberculosis Infection to Tuberculosis. News in Diagnosticsb (QuantiFERON-Plus)

It is estimated that one third of the world’s population have latent tuberculosis infection and that this is a significant reservoir for future tuberculosis cases. Most cases occur within two years following initial infection. The identification of individuals with latent tuberculosis infection is difficult due to the lack of an ideal diagnostic assay and incomplete understanding of latent infection. Currently, there are three tests: the oldest tuberculin skin test, T-SPOT.TB and the

Dagmara I. Borkowska, Agnieszka M. Napiórkowska, Sylwia A. Brzezińska, Monika Kozińska, Anna T. Zabost, Ewa M. Augustynowicz-Kopeć

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 5–8

Short Communication

The Usefulness of Biosynthetic Vascular Graft Omniflow II and Autologous Veins for the Treatment of Massive Infection of Dacron Vascular Graft with Enterococcus faecalis HLAR

Infections of vascular grafts are the most severe complications in vascular surgery. We present the case of a 73-year-old male with infection of a dacron prosthesis with a strain of Enterococcus faecalis. The patient was treated with replacement of a full prosthesis with a combined graft constructed from Biosynthetic Vascular graft Omniflow and autologous veins. This graft is recommended for implantation in patients with a higher risk of infection. Our case is one of the first reported usage of

Witold Woźniak, Robert Bajno, Michał Świder, Piotr Ciostek

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 471–474

Original Paper

High Seroprevalence of CMV Among Women of Childbearing Age Implicates High Burden of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection in Poland

Cytomegaloviruses are common worldwide, with variable frequency of infections. The infection in pregnancy may lead to pregnancy loss or serious sequelae for the child. To understand the risk posed by CMV in Poland we conducted cross-sectional study on women aged 15–49 basing on existing serum bank. Age dependent CMV incidence, the rates of congenital infection and sequelae were modelled from sero-prevalence, literature and demographic data. The overall anti-CMV IgG prevalence was 81.9

Joanna Siennicka, Milena Dunal-Szczepaniak, Agnieszka Trzcińska, Paulina Godzik, Magdalena Rosińska

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 425–432

Research Article

THE ROLE OF CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI INFECTION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME

of infection is poorly cooked poultry meat. Despite numerous cases of campylobacteriosis, its pathogenesis is not fully understood. However, the role of bacterial motility, adhesion, ability to invade hosts intestinal epithelial cells and secretion of toxins have been found significant. In addition to developing gastrointestinal infections, C. jejuni is firmly established as a causative agent of Guillain-Barré Syndrome, which is an autoimmune-mediated demyelinating polyneuropathy of

Maria Walencka, Agnieszka Matusiak, Magdalena Chmiela

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 260–269

Article

THE PREVALENCE OF SYMPTOMATIC DERMATOPHYTOSES IN DOGS AND CATS AND THE PATHOMECHANISM OF DERMATOPHYTE INFECTIONS

1. Introduction Dermatomycoses are skin diseases caused by an infection of its surface layers and other keratinized structures such as hair and nails by fungi referred to as dermatophytes [106]. Based on their adaptation to life, these eukaryotic microorganisms may be divided into three groups: those that attack people, referred to as anthropophilic, those associated with animals – zoophilic and those that live in the soil – geophilic ones [35, 44]. Dermatophytes belong to eurybiotic organisms

Dominik Łagowski, Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Marcelina Osińska, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 165–176

original-paper

Dengue Outbreaks in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan in 2017: An Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System (IDSRS)-Based Report

populated region of the country (Khan et al. 2017). Data collection. The study was a retrospective epidemic report regarding DF virus infection cases from fifteen districts of KPK, Pakistan. The data was collected from the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System (IDSRS) Directorate General Health Services, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan with the prior approval of data by the statistical officer of IDSRS. Clinical manifestations. The indoor patients admitted in different hospitals of the province

ABDULLAH, SHER ALI, MUHAMMAD SALMAN, MISBAHUD DIN, KACHKOL KHAN, MUNIB AHMAD, FAISAL HAYAT KHAN, MUHAMMAD ARIF

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 115–119

Short Communication

IgG Avidity: an Important Serologic Marker for the Diagnosis of Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Infection

A total of 52 serum samples from patients with symptoms suggestive of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) infection and positive IgM and/or IgG antibodies were tested for IgG avidity. Acute/recent TBEV infection was confirmed by low/borderline avidity index (AI) in 94.8% IgM positive/IgG positive samples, while in 5.2% high AI was found indicating persisting IgM antibodies. Majority of IgM negative/IgG positive samples (78.6%) showed high AI consistent with past TBEV infection. However, in

Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Goranka Petrovic, Gordana Mlinaric-Galinovic

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 119–121

Case report

Does duration and sampling of external ventricular drainage systems influence infection rate?

diagnose external drainage related bacterial meningitis at an early stage. Nurses are routinely instructed to collect cerebrospinal fluid from ventricular catheters for analysis. Does the way in which sampling occurs relate to increased infection? This literature review will discuss that prophylactic frequent cerebrospinal fluid sampling is of no benefit and increases infection risk and should be limited. It will also provide evidence that duration of the external ventricular drain (EVD) systems does

Nomathemba Moyo

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, 7–14

Research Article

VACCINES AGAINST ROTAVIRUS INFECTION

vaccines are available all over the world. After the introduction of rotavirus vaccination, the number of infections decreased significantly and the number of deaths due to rotavirus gastroenteritis in children decreased over 50% globally. However, despite confirmed safety and effectiveness of the RV1 and RV5 vaccines, fear of vaccination against rotavirus infection still exists. It can be related to the bad reputation of the previous rotavirus vaccines, which were withdrawn from the market or were

Marta Prygiel, Klaudia Brodzik, Aldon Wiatrzyk, Małgorzata Główka, Katarzyna Woźnica, Karol Wdowiak, Urszula Czajka, Aleksandra A. Zasada

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, –

Article

Agamermis (Nematoda: Mermithidae) Infection in South Carolina Agricultural Pests

methods and assigned to family Mermithidae, genus Agamermis. This study reports mermithid nematode infection in immature M. cribraria for the first time and provides the first mermithid host record for the stink bugs Chinavia hilaris, Euschistus servus, and another Euschistus species, and a grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in South Carolina. The same Agamermis species infected all hosts. The broad host range and prevalence suggests that Agamermis may be an important contributor

FRANCESCA L. STUBBINS, PAULA AGUDELO, FRANCIS P. F. REAY-JONES, JEREMY K. GREENE

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 290–296

original-paper

Performance Evaluation of Different Commercial Serological Kits for Diagnosis of Acute Hepatitis E Viral Infection

Introduction Hepatitis E is the infection of the liver caused by a virus known as the hepatitis E virus (HEV) and has posed severe public health hazards around the world. HEV has four major genotypes (1–4) that are globally distributed into different epidemiological patterns based on socioeconomic factors and ecology (Lu et al. 2006). HEV genotypes 1 and 2 infect humans solely (Ahmad et al. 2011). Generally, genotype 1 accounts for the epidemics in some parts of Asia, while genotype 2 is more

QIANG ZHANG, XIAOLONG ZONG, DONGMING LI, JING LIN, LIHUA LI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 217–222

original-paper

The Resurgence of Measles Infection and its Associated Complications in Early Childhood at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan

Introduction Measles is a highly contagious systemic viral infection caused by the Measles virus (MeV). This virus belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family, has ssRNA genome and a lipid envelope. It spreads through respiratory droplets and also through conjunctiva contact (Khan et al. 2013). Its diagnostic criteria include high-grade fever (38°C lasting for > 3 days), generalized maculopapular rashes, cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis (WHO 2018a). Measles viral infection is the leading cause of

MUHAMMAD ILYAS, SUMERA AFZAL, JAMSHAID AHMAD, SAAD ALGHAMDI, MUHAMMAD KHURRAM

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 177–184

Research Article

PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUS – CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPARISON OF SELECTED PROPERTIES OF HCOV-SARS AND HCOV-MERS

; 2000 ill, > 700 deaths) although its intensity decreased. Both viruses are zoonotic and require at least two “host jumps” for the transmission of the infection to humans: for HCoV-SARS – from bat to palm civet and then to human; for HCoV-MERS – from bats to camels and subsequently to humans. Primary mode of transmission is droplet in close contact (< 1 m), but both viruses remain active in aerosol (up to 24 h), so infection can be also spread by air (ventilation). The

Katarzyna W. Pancer

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 22–32

Article

Characterization of Lilium longiflorum cv. ‘Nellie White’ Infection with Root-lesion Nematode Pratylenchus penetrans by Bright-field and Transmission Electron Microscopy

to multiply lilies and follow the nematode infection over time. Phenotypic reactions of roots inoculated with P. penetrans were evaluated from 0 to 60 d after nematode infection. Symptom development progressed from initial randomly distributed discrete necrotic areas to advanced necrosis along entire roots of each inoculated plant. A major feature characterizing this susceptible host response to nematode infection was the formation of necrosis, browning, and tissue death

PAULO VIEIRA, JOSEPH MOWERY, JAMES KILCREASE, JONATHAN D. EISENBACK, KATHRYN KAMO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 2–11

Case report

The Life and Trials of a Pseudomeningocoele.

undergone multiple procedures in New Zealand including long term intravenous (IV) antibiotics resulting from an infection previously undiagnosed. Nursing considerations will be discussed throughout the case study including peri and postoperative care for neurosurgical patients with pseudomeningoceles, complications to be aware of, and holistic support for patients - physical, emotional and psychological.

Larissa Engel, Maira Manch

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 33–37

Short Communication

Outpatient Antibiotic Consumption Fluctuations in a View of Unreasonable Antibacterial Therapy

Unreasonable antibacterial therapy is suspected to be the main reason of emergence of multi-resistant bacteria. The connection between seasonal variability of antibiotic use and reasonable antibacterial therapy has been described. We examined the issue basing on the data obtained from the primary care system in Szczecin (Poland) in order to verify the situation in this region of Central Europe. Increase in antibiotic consumption in a viral infection season was proved to be statistically

Marcin Ciszewski, Tomasz Czekaj, Eligia M. Szewczyk

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 119–123

Short Communication

Etiologic Agents and Antifungal Susceptibility of Oral Candidosis from Romanian patients with HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus

This is the first Romanian investigation of oral candidosis in patients suffering of HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Candida albicans was the dominant species in both types of isolates: n = 14 (46.7%) in T1DM, n = 60 (69.8%) in HIV. The most frequent non-albicans Candida spp. were Candida kefyr (n = 6; 20%) in T1DM and Candida dubliniensis (n = 8; 9.3%) in HIV. Resistance to fluconazole was detected only in the HIV non-albicans Candida group (n = 8; 9.3%). All isolates were

Bogdan Minea, Valentin Nastasa, Anna Kolecka, Magdalena Mares, Narcisa Marangoci, Irina Rosca, Mariana Pinteala, Monica Hancianu, Mihai Mares

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 123–129

research-article

Ultrastructure of Hirschmanniella diversa early-stage infection in browning rhizomes of Indian lotus

H. diversa and invasion of Indian lotus rhizomes, where blackish-brown blotches appear, has not been studied. Preliminary experiments showed that H. diversa is strongly attracted to and penetrates the apex of young lotus rhizomes. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the early infection processes of H. diversa invading the apex of young lotus rhizomes and the resulting changes in host cells using light and electron microscopy. Invading nematodes move rapidly, and most move away from the surface of the

Shigeru Uematsu, Tetsuo Yabu, Mitsuyoshi Yao, Takayuki Kurihara, Hironori Koga

Journal of Nematology , 1–9

short-communication

Extensively Drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Belonging to International Clone II from A Pet Cat with Urinary Tract Infection; The First Report from Pakistan

identical clonal lineages as human strains suggesting a common source of infection (Zordan et al. 2011; Puntener-Simmen et al. 2019). Here, we have described a CRAB isolate harboring the blaOXA-23 gene from a pet cat suffering from urinary tract infection. A two-years-old pet cat was brought to our pet clinic with dysuria and hematuria. The urine sample was aseptically collected, which showed significant bacteriuria, and A. baumannii was solely obtained. The cat was having a history of persistent fever

ZEESHAN TAJ, MUHAMMAD HIDAYAT RASOOL, AHMAD ALMATROUDI, MUHAMMAD SAQALEIN, MOHSIN KHURSHID

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 231–234

original-paper

Interferon Gamma Release Assays in Patients with Respiratory Isolates of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria – a Preliminary Study

Introduction The introduction of IGRAs to clinical practice enabled to improve the diagnostic accuracy of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The assessment of LTBI by IGRAs is based on response to specific antigens: early secreted antigenic target 6 kDa (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein 10 kDa (CFP-10), localized in a specific genomic area of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, called the region of difference (RD1) (Borkowska 2011; Demkow 2011). Subsequently, IGRAs have been extensively used to

EWA AUGUSTYNOWICZ-KOPEĆ, IZABELA SIEMION-SZCZEŚNIAK, ANNA ZABOST, DOROTA WYROSTKIEWICZ, DOROTA FILIPCZAK, KARINA ONISZH, DARIUSZ GAWRYLUK, ELŻBIETA RADZIKOWSKA, DAMIAN KORZYBSKI, MONIKA SZTURMOWICZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 15–19

Original Paper

Comparison of Methods Used for the Diagnosis of Epstein-Barr Virus Infections in Children

The accurate diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections is important, as many other infectious agents or diseases can cause similar symptoms. In this study, sera of pediatric patients who were suspected to have an EBV infection, were sent to Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, and investigated by IFA, ELISA, immunoblotting and Real-time PCR. The performances of these tests were compared with IFA. The rates of agreement between ELISA and

Nilgun Kasifoglu, Semra Oz, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Tercan Us, Ozcan Bor, Gul Durmaz, Yurdanur Akgun

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 81–88

original-paper

Salmonella-Infected Aortic Aneurysm: Investigating Pathogenesis Using Salmonella Serotypes

Introduction A healthy aortic wall is highly resistant to infection. However, when its intima is diseased, such as in patients with atherosclerosis, the wall becomes susceptible to infection. Salmonella, the most common genus of the pathogen associated with infected aortic aneurysms, often infects preexisting atherosclerotic aortic aneurysms. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory, lipid-driven disease. The formation of macrophage foam cells in the arterial intima is a known hallmark of

CHISHIH CHU, MIN YI WONG, CHENG-HSUN CHIU, YUAN-HSI TSENG, CHYI-LIANG CHEN, YAO-KUANG HUANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 439–447

Short Communication

Antiviral Resistance of Splenocytes in Aged Mice

We compared the susceptibility to viral infection of splenocytes, isolated from young versus old CBA mice, and evaluated the antiviral actions of lactoferrin in splenocytes infected with Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV). Recombinant mouse lactoferrin (rmLF) and bovine lactoferrin (bLF) were used. There were no differences in the susceptibility to EMCV infection in the studied age categories. Both types of lactoferrins were protective in young and old mice. The study confirmed the undisturbed

Ewa Zaczyńska, Jolanta Artym, Maja Kocięba, Timo Burster, Marian Kruzel, Maria Paprocka, Michał Zimecki

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 131–134

Research Article

Social Structural Analysis of Street-Involved Youth in Winnipeg, Canada

In the present study, the social linkages of street-involved youth and correlates of infection with chlamydia and gonorrhea are explored. This is the first study to assess the social linkages of streetinvolved youth using RDS. Eleven street-involved youth aged 14 to 24 were selected as seeds to recruit their peers into the study using RDS (N=169). Study staff administered a questionnaire, obtained a urine specimen, and provided recruitment coupons to participants. A week later, participants

Laura H. Thompson, John Schellenberg, Margaret Ormond, John L. Wylie

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Original Paper

Antimicrobial Effects of Platelet-rich Plasma against Selected Oral and Periodontal Pathogens

Reham L. Aggour, Lina Gamil

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 31–37

Short Communication

Rapid Detection of Bloodstream Pathogens in Oncologic Patients with a FilmArray Multiplex PCR Assay: a Comparison with Culture Methods

Maria Szymankiewicz, Beata Nakonowska

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 103–107

original-paper

New Insight into Genotypic and Phenotypic Relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus Strains from Human Infections or Animal Reservoirs

Introduction A common human and animal opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus occurs mostly in the skin and/or nose vestibule mucous membrane as consistent of natural microflora in healthy individuals. Colonization can lead to an invasive mode of infection under particular conditions of a host organism, mostly immunodeficiency, surgical interventions or longitudinal hospitalization of patients (Malachowa et al. 2011; O’Gara 2017). The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

KLAUDIA LISOWSKA-ŁYSIAK, MAJA KOSECKA-STROJEK, JOANNA BIAŁECKA, ANDRZEJ KASPROWICZ, KATARZYNA GARBACZ, LIDIA PIECHOWICZ, VLADIMIR KMET, VINCENZO SAVINI, JACEK MIĘDZOBRODZKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 93–104

Case report

Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow: Best Practice for CSF Sampling of an EVD to Minimise Patient Risk

Managing raised intracranial pressure (ICP) with the use of an external ventricular drain (EVD) is a common occurrence in a neurosurgical setting. A central role of the neuroscience nurse in managing that EVD is to monitor the patient for signs and symptoms of infection otherwise known as ventriculitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampling from an EVD has historically been completed as a daily routine specimen to monitor for any signs of infection. However, in more recent times there has been

Ruby Crane, Nicole King

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, 7–11

Research paper

SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF NONLINEAR AUTOREGRESSIVE MODELS IN MONITORING DENGUE INFECTION

H. Abdul Rahim, F. Ibrahim, M. N. Taib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 783–806

Research Article

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

Discovering interactions between the etiology of the infection and diabetic patients’ immune system activity may be essential for the relevant clinical diagnosis. The dynamics of colonization of the nasal vestibule by Staphylococcus aureus and the development of the prevention strategies against infection are different for various populations. Moreover, the colonization of the nasal vestibule might involve both molecular and epidemiological ctorsfa. Researchers have reported that the

Renata Barbara Klekotka, Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska, Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 166–178

research-article

Elimination of Tobacco rattle virus from viruliferous Paratrichodorus allius in greenhouse pot experiments through cultivation of castle russet

Corky ringspot disease (CRS), also commonly referred to as “spraing” in Europe, is an important potato necrotic tuber syndrome caused by Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) infection. This viral pathogen is vectored by stubby root nematodes (SRNs) (Paratrichodorus and Trichodorus spp.) in the Trichodoridae family that reside in the soil as obligate ectoparasites (Robinson and Harrison, 1989). Symptoms of viral infection include the development of rust-colored necrotic lesions resembling concentric rings

Richard A. Quick, Launa Cimrhakl, Hassan Mojtahedi, Vidyasagar Sathuvalli, Maximilian J. Feldman, Charles R. Brown

Journal of Nematology , 1–10

original-paper

Campylobacter fetus is Internalized by Bovine Endometrial Epithelial Cells

has been studied regarding its pathogenicity mechanisms. However, considering the pathogenesis of infection by this organism, it must possess characteristics that allow it to colonize or invade tissues and evade the immune system response. Several virulence factors, such as adhesins, secretion systems, and anti-phagocytic layers, have been identified in the genome of C. fetus (Kienesberger et al. 2014). Nonetheless, it is still necessary to investigate C. fetus interactions with animal hosts. When

LIZETH GUADALUPE CAMPOS-MÚZQUIZ, ESTELA TERESITA MÉNDEZ-OLVERA, BEATRIZ ARELLANO-REYNOSO, DANIEL MARTÍNEZ-GÓMEZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 217–224

Article

NEW SPECIES OF BACTERIA IN HUMAN INFECTIONS

1. Introduction More frequent and wider application of quick methods for identifying microorganisms based on new technologies in microbiological diagnostics has led to the appearance of descriptions of bacterial infection cases in literature which have been so far disregarded due to the impossibility of their description or have been considered to be scarcely virulent or non-pathogenic. New methods include, among others, mass spectrometry or infrared spectrometry. These methods are highly

Alicja Sękowska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 29–34

Research Article

Influence of Temperature on Susceptibility of CVS. Tifguard and Georgia-06G Peanut to Meloidogyne arenaria

Tifguard was released in 2008 as a peanut cultivar with a high level of resistance to Meloidogyne arenaria. Our objective was to determine the role of temperature on infection and development of M. arenaria in Tifguard compared to that in the nematode susceptible cultivar, Georgia-06G. Temperature affected the rate of nematode infection and development in both Tifguard and Georgia-06G (P ≤ 0.05). In Georgia-06G, egg-laying females were observed 25, 20 or 25 days after inoculation at 28°C, 31°C

Weimin Yuan, C. C. Holbrook, Y. Chu, P. Ozias-Akins, D. W. Dickson

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 33–40

Case report

Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report

Aleksandra Krasowska-Kwiecień, Jolanta Goździk, Magdalena Woźniak, Wojciech Czogała

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 204–209

Original Paper

Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii from Air and Patients of Intensive Care Units

MEIJIE JIANG, YUNQING MU, NING LI, ZHIJUN ZHANG, SHULIN HAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 333–338

original-paper

Gastric Microbiota Alteration in Klebsiella pneumoniae-Caused Liver Abscesses Mice

Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae as one of the most important pathogens leads to many infections including nosocomial and community-acquired infections. K1 or K2 serotype K. pneumoniae-caused pyogenic liver abscess (KLA) is a highly invasive community-acquired infection and often develops serious complications (Siu et al. 2012). Previous studies show that liver abscess infection can be caused by many pathogens and that K. pneumoniae causes less than 10% liver infection (Lee et al. 1991

NAN CHEN, TONG-TONG JIN, WEN-NING LIU, DONG-QING ZHU, YING-YING CHEN, YUE-LIANG SHEN, ZONG-XIN LING, HONG-JIE WANG, LI-PING ZHANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 247–254

Article

POSSIBILITIES OF PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HUMAN CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTIONS INCLUDING NEW DRUGS AND COMPOUNDS WITH POTENTIAL APPLICATION

1. Introduction – epidemiology of hCMV infections and prophylaxis schemes The human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) classified as human herpesvirus 5 (Human herpesvirus 5; HHV-5) belongs to the Herpesviridae family and is common in the human population. Based on the seroepidemio-logical tests, it was found that the infection can be observed in 60–100% of people, depending on the studied population. The rate of seroconversion depends on the geographical region and is particularly high in the developing

Anna Majewska, Beata Młynarczyk-Bonikowska, Magdalena Malejczyk, Sławomir Majewski, Grażyna Młynarczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 291–299

Article

Should We Rethink Toxoplasmosis?

Historically, acute infections by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) were not considered problematic in children and adults. Congenital infections caused concern due to effects on the developing foetus. Unless severe, symptoms such as chorioretinitis often only appeared later with periodic reactivation of chronic infection. Current thinking about the role of T. gondii has changed substantially. Researchers now believe that acute infections in children and adults, and their periodic reactivation once

Michael G. Gleeson, B. App. Sc., (Phty), M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 73–78

research-article

Maternal Stress Reduces the Susceptibility of Root-Knot Nematodes to Pasteuria Penetrans

D. magna genotypes were raised under low-food conditions, their offspring showed varying levels of resistance to parasites. Pasteuria penetrans is an obligate bacterial pathogen of root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. The infection process of P. penetrans has multiple steps during which the nematode could resist infection. The first step is attachment of endospores to the cuticle of the second-stage juvenile (J2). Individuals within a root-knot nematode population have been shown to vary in

Chang Liu, Pingsheng Ji, Patricia Timper

Journal of Nematology , 1–8

Short Communication

Susceptibility of Vascular Implants to Colonization in vitro by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Witold Woźniak, Aleksandra Kozińska, Piotr Ciostek, Izabela Sitkiewicz

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 125–129

Original Paper

Microbiology and Drug Resistance of Pathogens in Patients Hospitalized at the Nephrology Department in the South of Poland

MIKOŁAJ MICHNO, ANTONI SYDOR, MARTA WAŁASZEK, WŁADYSŁAW SUŁOWICZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 517–524

research-article

First report of cultivated Cretan mountain tea (Sideritis syriaca) as a host of Meloidogyne hapla and M. javanica in Crete, with some additional records on the occurrence of Meloidogyne species in Greece

was established in an area that had not been cultivated before and had been cleaned by natural vegetation, before planting Malotira and other aromatic-medical plants. The seed for the Malotira crop came from cultivated plants but the initial material for starting the first cultivation, had been collected from native plants of Crete, a couple of years ago. In August 2017, some more plants from the same area were uprooted and checked for nematode infection. The roots had small galls, typical of RKN

Emmanuel A. Tzortzakakis, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Maria Kormpi, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo

Journal of Nematology , 1–4

Article

PARECHOVIRUSES – UNDERESTIMATED RISK

nucleotide sequence of the viral genome led to the creation of a new genus in the Picornaviridae family – Parechovirus, which initially included two types, HPeV-1 and HPeV-2 [36, 44, 68, 83]. Infections caused by parechoviruses are common in people all over the world and, like enterovirus infections, are mostly asymptomatic. If the infection occurs, it usually manifests itself through mild symptoms in the digestive and respiratory systems and is almost exclusively limited to the population of young

Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 301–315

research-article

Differences in parasitism of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) on oilseed radish and oat

counts extracted from roots/initial number of nematodes (1,000 J2) inoculated to plants at the beginning of experiment. zHost status was determined as follows; Rf < 0.1, nonhost (highly resistant); 0.1 ≤ Rf < 1, poor host (resistant); 1 ≤ Rf < 2, maintenance host (susceptible); and Rf ≥ 2, good host (Highly susceptible). A histopatological examination was also conducted to evaluate the response of Carwoodi and Eco-Till radish and Tachiibuki and Pratex oat to nematode infection. Two to three

Negin Hamidi, Abolfazl Hajihassani

Journal of Nematology , 1–10

Research Article

GAMMAHERPESVIRAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH IMMUNOLOGICAL DISORDERS

Human herpes virus type 4 (HHV-4), commonly known as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpes virus type 8 (HHV-8) are members of Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. They both develop latent infections in B lymphocytes. Infection with these viruses in immunocompetent patients is usually mild and self-limiting, but it can have more severe course in immunocompromised individuals. Failure of the immune system often leads to oncogenesis related to gammaherpetic infection. Thus, immunocompromised

Anna Żuk-Wasek, Natalia Żeber, Grażyna Młynarczyk, Maciej Przybylski, Tomasz Dzieciątkowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 145–155

Research Article

PATHOGENICITY OF LACTOBACILLUS SP. – RISK FACTORS, IDENTIFICATION, ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE

Lactobacilli are found in the mucous membrane of the mouth, in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and in the genitourinary tract. It is known that lactobacilli have a beneficial effect on our health and are used in the production of fermented milk, yoghurts, cheese, and probiotics. However, in this article I show that lactic acid bacteria also cause many diseases. Lactobacilli produce lactic acid which acidifies the environment. There are some factors increasing the risk of infection caused by

Marta Kłos

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 180–186

Original Paper

A Special Risk Group for Hepatitis E Infection: The First Record of North Cyprus

KAYA SÜER, MERYEM GÜVENIR, ASLI AYKAÇ

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 525–528

Research Article

TICK-BORNE PATHOGENS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 (HIV-1) INFECTION

Renata Welc-Falęciak, Małgorzata Bednarska, Magdalena Szatan, Agnieszka Pawełczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 251–259

Article

The Effect of Endophytic Fungi on Nematode Populations in Summer-dormant and Summer-active Tall Fescue

.). Endophyte infection had no effect on nematode population densities. The cultivar 3 endophyte interaction was significant. Population densities of stunt nematode, spiral nematode, and ring nematodes were higher for Flecha MaxQ than other cultivar 3 endophyte combinations. Novel endophyte infection enhances suitability of Flecha MaxQ as a nematode host.

JAMES K. ROGERS, NATHAN R. WALKER, CAROLYN A. YOUNG

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 87–94

Short Communication

Development and Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination Test for the Identification of Francisella tularensis Subspecies Pathogenic for Human

Francisella tularensis are highly infectious bacteria causing a zoonotic disease called tularemia. Identification of this bacterium is based on antigen detection or PCR. The paper presents a latex agglutination test (LAT) for rapid identification of clinically relevant F. tularensis subspecies. The test can be performed within three minutes with live or inactivated bacteria. The possibility to test the inactivated samples reduces the risk of laboratory acquired infection and allows performing

WALDEMAR RASTAWICKI, KAMILA FORMIŃSKA, ALEKSANDRA A. ZASADA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 241–244

Mini Review

The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Secondary Infections in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

barrier contributing to a chronic inflammation of the atopic skin lesions. The S. aureus species also releases proinflam­matory proteins, including enzymes that cause tissue damage. When initiating treatment it is particularly important to properly assess that the onset of the secondary bacterial infection is caused by S. aureus and thus justifying the inclusion of antibiotic therapy. Depending on the severity and extent of the staphylococcal infection, topical antibiotics are used, usually

Aneta Buda, Jacek Międzobrodzki

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 253–259

Original Paper

Non-invasive Diagnostic of Helicobacter pylori in Stools by Nested-qPCR

followed by qPCR of the ureC gene of H. pylori was carried out. We evaluated the presence of H. pylori, in 103 females and 40 males, mean (± SD) age of 56.5 ± 14.18. The sensitivity of RUT to detect the infection was 67.0% (95% C.I.: 57.2 – 75.8) and specificity was 92.3% (95% C.I.: 76.5 – 99.1). Histology by Giemsa stain, commonly used as a reference for H. pylori detection, showed a sensitivity of 98.6% (95% C.I.: 92.5 – 100.0) and a specificity of 89.7% (95% C.I.: 72.7 – 97.8). In contrast

María I. Taborda, Gisela Aquea, Yenny Nilo, Karla Salvatierra, Nicolás López, Sergio López, Gustavo Bresky, Juan A. Madariaga, Vittorio Zaffiri, Sergio Häberle, Giuliano Bernal

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 11–18

Original Paper

Antenatal corticosteroid treatment for the prevention of peri-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm newborns: a retrospective cohort study using transfontanelle ultrasonography

cycle per week. The diagnosis of periintraventricular haemorrhage was based on transfontanelle ultrasonography, using the Papile’s classification. The following risk factors for peri-intraventricular haemorrhage were assessed: birth weight, gestational age at delivery, type of delivery, newborn’s sex, surfactant administration, premature rupture of membranes and previous history of infection during the current pregnancy. The student’s t-test and chi-square test were used for

Bianca A. Almeida, Livia T. Rios, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano M. Nardozza, Antonio F. Moron, Marília G. Martins

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 91–95

research-article

Lung ultrasound in a Singapore COVID-19 intensive care unit patient and a review of its potential clinical utility in pandemic

and the CT (computed tomography) scanner. This is the first report describing the clinical features and lung ultrasound images of a patient with COVID-19 infection admitted to an intensive care unit in a Singapore regional general hospital. In addition, we provide a brief review of the potential clinical utility, and address the challenges associated with lung ultrasound in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Case report We present the case of a healthy 39-year-old female who complained of 4 days of

Wee Ming Peh, Steffi Kang Ting Chan, Yi Lin Lee, Pravin Shivaji Gare, Vui Kian Ho

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e154–e158

Research paper

MODEL ORDER SELECTION CRITERION FOR MONITORING HAEMOGLOBIN STATUS IN DENGUE PATIENTS USING ARMAX MODEL

This paper describes the development of linear autoregressive moving average with exogenous input (ARMAX) models to monitor the progression of dengue infection based on hemoglobin status. Three differents ARMAX model order selection criteria namely Final Prediction Error (FPE), Akaike’s Information Criteria (AIC) and Lipschitz number have been evaluated and analyzed. The results showed that Lipschitz number has better accuracy compared to FPE and AIC. Finally based on Lipschitz number

H. Abdul Rahim, F. Ibrahim, M. N. Taib, R. Abdul Rahim, Y.Mad Sam

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 403–419

Research Article

FRANCISELLA TULARENSIS – A DECEITFUL PATHOGEN

virulence of F. tularensis. This review focuses on the main virulence factors of F. tularensis which are involved in intramacrophage replication and its survival mechanisms during infection.

Kamila Formińska, Aleksandra Anna Zasada

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 187–195

Research Article

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the

KAREEM MORSY, ABEER MAHMOUD BADR, FATHY ABDEL-GHAFFAR, SOMAYA EL DEEB, SAMAR EBEAD

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 427–436

Short Communication

Comparative Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A And E Viruses in Blood Donors from Wielkopolska Region, West-Central Poland

history of travel abroad were exposed to HEV. Wielkopolska Region, Poland should be regarded as a new HEV infection-hyperendemic area in Europe.

Maciej Bura, Małgorzata Łagiedo-Żelazowska, Michał Michalak, Jan Sikora, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 113–115

Short Communication

Sero-epidemiology and Risk Factor Analysis of Measles Among Children in Pakistan

) than that of non-vaccinated individuals showing that IHA titre of vaccinated individuals was a measure of humoral immune response; whereas, in case of non-vaccinated individuals an indicative of exposure to the measles infection.

MUHAMMAD HIDAYAT RASOOL, AHSAN RAFIQ, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN NAWAZ, MUHAMMAD SHAFIQUE, MUHAMMAD SAQALEIN

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 227–231

Original Paper

Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hematoma after primary hip arthroplasty

Introduction: To date, suction drainage has been routinely used after hip joint replacement. Currently, the validity of this practice is questioned in the literature. Hematoma is a risk fac­tor of periprosthetic infection. Post-operative ultrasonography enables precise assessment of hip joint hematoma. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of hip joint ultrasonography with respect to the validity of using suction drainage after primary hip arthroplasty. Material

Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 149–153

Case report

Adrenal abscess in a 3-week-old neonate – a case report

The authors present a case of a 6-year-old boy operated on in the 4th week of life because of adrenal abscess. The diagnosis of an adrenal abscess in the neonatal period is challenging due to its rare occurrence and non-specifi c signs. Adrenal abscesses can develop via two mechanisms: as a result of a hematogenic infection and a spread of bacteria to “normal” adrenal glands or, which is much more common, a complication of an adrenal hematoma. Early and accurate diagnosis is crucial for

Małgorzata Rumińska, Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Stanisław Warchoł, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Michał Brzewski, Beata Pyrżak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 429–437

Research Article

PAPILLOMAVIRUSES: HPV AS THE ETIOLOGICAL FACTOR OF HEAD AND NECK CANCERS

during birth is also possible. There is evidence linking HPV with laryngeal cancer, leukoplakia, tonsil cancer or Bowen’s disease. HPV vaccines are available to help prevent infection by certain types of the virus, e.g. 9-valent HPV vaccine called Gardasil-9.

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 33–40

Research Article

AMOEBAE OF THE GENUS ACANTHAMOEBA – PATHOLOGICAL AGENTS IN HUMANS

Free living, cosmopolitan amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba present a serious risk to human health. As facultative human parasites, these amoebae may cause health and life-threatening diseases, such as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and cutaneous acanthamebiasis. AK is a severe, vision-threatening cornea infection with non-specific symptoms and course. GAE is a unique central nervous system disease, almost always leading to death. Cutaneous acanthamebiasis

Marcin Padzik, Edyta B. Hendiger, Lidia Chomicz, Jacek P. Szaflik

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 429–439

Review

Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

of pregnancy and in multiple pregnancies. Pyelectasis during pregnancy rarely causes clinical symptoms and often does not require treatment. Nevertheless, urine retention in the renal pelvicalyceal system is conducive to the development of asymptomatic bacteriuria and may be a risk factor for recurrent urinary tract infections, pyelonephritis and acute kidney failure; it may also cause renal colic. In consequence, this condition can lead to intrauterine infection and premature labor in the

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 152–157

Case report

Hematologic complications in a patient with Glycine soja polyagglutination following fresh frozen plasma transfusion

whose cryptantigens are exposed. We report a case of Glycine soja polyagglutination occurring in a 60-year-old African-American man with disseminated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Prior to transfusion, the patient developed severe anemia of unknown etiology. Following transfusion of 3 units of fresh frozen plasma (FFP), his RBC count could not be determined for 24 days because of RBC agglutination in his blood sample. In addition, the FFP transfusion correlated with

Ryan P. Jajosky, Lloyd O. Cook, Elizabeth Manaloor, James F. Shikle, Roni J. Bollag

Immunohematology , ISSUE 2, 51–55

Research Article

IMPLEMENTATION OF WHOLE GENOME SEQUENCING FOR BACTERIA GENOTYPING

molecular microbiology, thus providing modern tools for the identification of sources and routes of infection. Whole genome sequencing and other high-throughput typing methods are becoming increasingly popular and, thanks to their high resolution, they are ideal tools for comparative analysis of bacteria. This study reviews the methods most commonly used in the molecular typing of bacteria, including those which are in the development stage and may be the main tool in microbial typing in the future.

Daria Artyszuk, Tomasz Wołkowicz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 179–193

Research Article

NON-PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUSES – CHARACTERISTICS AND DIAGNOSTICS

In this article, the characteristics of human coronaviruses (HCoV) are presented. Currently, six human coronaviruses are known: HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, HCoV-SARS and HCoV-MERS. The first human coronaviruses were described in the sixties of the twentieth century, the last one, HCoV-MERS, in 2012 y. Coronaviruses can cause mild, asymptomatic infections as well as severe respiratory diseases, like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. The symptoms of HCoV infection are mainly: fever

Edyta Abramczuk, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut, Bogumiła Litwińska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 205–213

Original Paper

Drug Susceptibility of Non-tuberculous Strains of Mycobacterium Isolated from Birds from Poland

Abstract Mycobacterioses are a constant problem in backyard poultry, as well as pet birds. To date, no evidence of direct transmission of atypical bacilli between humans has been demonstrated, but it cannot be ruled out that sick animals can be a source of infection for people in their environment. The aim of the study was to identify mycobacteria isolated from birds with diagnosed mycobacteriosis and to determine the susceptibility of mycobacterial isolates from these animals to

ALEKSANDRA LEDWOŃ, AGNIESZKA NAPIÓRKOWSKA, EWA AUGUSTYNOWICZ- KOPEĆ, PIOTR SZELESZCZUK

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 487–492

Research Article

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

, including the most infamous pandemic of the Spanish influenza. It took place in the years 1918–1919 and is thought to have been responsible for the death toll of as many as 100 million people. The family also includes Isavirus, responsible for fish anaemia, Quaranjavirus and Thogotovirus, among which there also species causing diseases in humans. For example, a human infection with the Bourbon virus was diagnosed only once, in 2014. These viruses are much more rare then influenza viruse and also

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 138–144

research-article

Conspecific pheromone extracts enhance entomopathogenic infectivity

physically restricted (i.e., 2 ml Eppendorf tubes) (Willett et al., 2018). Specifically, to rule out the possibility that increased infection is due to dispersal leading to increased insect host counter, we reduced the distance between nematodes and the insect host. Thus, all the IJs, in the pheromone treated and control arenas had an equal opportunity to access the insect host and invade. The tubes contained 0.650 grams of oven dried sand. Approximately 1,000 IJs of S. carpocapsae or S. feltiae were

David I. Shapiro-Ilan, Fatma Kaplan, Camila Oliveira-Hofman, Paul Schliekelman, Hans T. Alborn, Edwin E. Lewis

Journal of Nematology , 1–5

Research Article

SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SPIROCHETES BORRELIA BURGDORFERI SENSU LATO TO ANTIBIOTICS IN VITRO

Empiric therapy has been applied in the treatment of Lyme disease. This therapy is selected following the sensitivity analysis of the proposed drug in all species of bacteria which can cause a similar type of infection and on the basis of the clinical efficacy of antibiotic treatment. Established schemes based on data collected from many centers in the world, including type of antibiotic, dose and duration of his administration, and the stage and form of Lyme disease have been created. Number

Tomasz Chmielewski, Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 335–339

short-communication

Evaluation of a Salmonella Strain Isolated from Honeybee Gut as a Potential Live Oral Vaccine Against Lethal Infection of Salmonella Typhimurium

). The most common manifestation of Salmonella infection is gastroenteritis followed by enteric fever and bacteremia (Majovicz et al. 2010; Medalla et al. 2017) The genus Salmonella is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative, facultative anaerobe and a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, it has two species Salmonella enterica and Salmonella bongori (Kidgell et al. 2002; Coburn et al. 2007); for a review about the taxonomy of the genus Salmonella see Brenner et al. (2000). Division of Salmonella subspecies

HASSAN ZAFAR, SAJJAD UR RAHMAN, SULTAN ALI, MUHAMMAD TARIQ JAVED

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 173–183

Original Paper

Deletion of atoR from Streptococcus pyogenes Results in Hypervirulence in a Mouse Model of Sepsis and is LuxS Independent

mouse model of infection. Increased virulence was not due to changes in luxS gene expression.We postulate that short-chain fatty acid metabolism is involved in GAS pathogenesis.

Izabela Sitkiewicz, James M. Musser

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 17–24

Mini Review

Brucella – Virulence Factors, Pathogenesis and Treatment

Brucellae are Gram-negative, small rods infecting mammals and capable of causing disease called brucellosis. The infection results in abortion and sterility in domestic animals (sheeps, pigs, rams etc). Especially dangerous for humans are: Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis, Brucella abortus, and Brucella canis that trigger unspecific symptoms (flu-like manifestation). Brucella rods are introduced via host cells, by inhalation, skin abrasions, ingestion or mucosal membranes. The most important

PATRYCJA GŁOWACKA, DOROTA ŻAKOWSKA, KATARZYNA NAYLOR, MARCIN NIEMCEWICZ, AGATA BIELAWSKA-DRÓZD

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 151–161

Original Paper

Primary and Secondary Bacteremia Caused by Proteus spp.: Epidemiology, Strains Susceptibility and Biofilm Formation

antibiotic susceptibility test was done using the diffusion method. Biofilm formation was evaluated with microplate method using TTC. Bacteremia caused by Proteus spp. was found in 97 patients, mainly secondary to urinary tract infection. Most of the strains were susceptible to piperacillin with tazobactam (95.9%) and amikacin (86.7%). Elderly patients have a higher risk of mortality after BSIs caused by Proteus spp. A detailed analysis was made for randomly chosen 26 strains isolated from 11 patients

JOANNA KWIECIŃSKA-PIRÓG, KRZYSZTOF SKOWRON, EUGENIA GOSPODAREK-KOMKOWSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 471–478

Article

LYSSAVIRUS SPP. – RABIES VIRUSES AS A STILL-PRESENT PROBLEM

are presented below. 2.1. Lagos bat virus The virus of this species constitutes the genotype 2 of the genus Lyssavirus and belongs to the phylogenetic group II. When mammals are infected, it causes a rabies-like illness in them. It occurs in central and southern Africa. In 1956, in Nigeria, LBV was first isolated from the megabats of the family Pteropodidae originating from the island of Lagos. It was also the first discovery of a virus related to RABV. To date no cases of human infection with

Przemysław Gałązka, Patryk Kaczor, Klaudyna Grzelakowska, Kamil Leis

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 153–164

Research Article

DANGER THEORY AND DAMAGE - ASSOCIATEDMOLECULAR PATTERN

factors. According to the danger theory, the immune system has the ability to verify “safe” and “dangerous” factors, thus explaining immune reactions caused by tissue damage, referred to as “sterile inflammation”, but also occurring during the infection. It is believed that the fundamental elements in danger theory are dangerous molecules i.e. – damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which are released from damaged or dead tissue and cells. They are

Agata Poniewierska-Baran, Beata Tokarz-Deptuła, Wiesław Deptuła

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 328–337

Research Article

LISTERIOSIS. MODERN PERCEPTION OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL THREAT

The presence of Listeria rods, especially Listeria monocytogenes, in the environment and food products, contributes each year to death of both humans and animals. The ability of bacteria to lead a saprophytic and parasitic existence as well as insensitivity to many physicochemical factors greatly facilitates the spread and guarantees access to a wide range of vulnerable organisms. Although the factors predisposing to infection result in a relatively low incidence of disease, infections are

Monika Lewańska, Agnieszka Godela, Magdalena Myga-Nowak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 106–116

Research Article

An Agent-Based Metapopulation Model Simulating Virus-Based Biocontrol of Heterodera Glycines

range of viral mutation rates, initial virulences, and release strategies. The simulation model suggested that virus-based biocontrol worked best when the nematodes were inundated with the viruses. Under lower infection prevalence, the viral burden thinned out rapidly due to the limited mobility and high reproductive rate of the SCN. In accordance with the generally accepted trade-off theory, SCNSim predicted the optimal initial virulence for the maximum nematode suppression. Higher initial

Safyre Anderson, Chinmay Soman, Sadia Bekal, Leslie Domier, Kris Lambert, Kaustubh Bhalerao

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 79–90

Article

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY

interpretation of the results, drafting the test report, preparing the test report in the correct form, which must be understandable to the client (a doctor, a hospital infection team etc.). It is also important that the test result is released at a time that allows for it to be used optimally. Pre-laboratory, laboratory and post-laboratory activities affect the quality of test results and should be subject to regular quality control both an internal one, as well as an external one. Leading internal quality

Ewa Młodzińska, Waleria Hryniewicz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 205–211

research-article

Amphimermis enzoni n. sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae) parasitizing damselflies and dragonflies in Argentina

grasshoppers: A. ronderosi in Metaleptea brevicornis (L.) (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Acridinae) and A. dichroplusi in Dichroplus elongatus Giglio-Tos, 1894 (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae). In the present study, a new species of the genus Amphimermis, Amphimermis enzoni n. sp. is described from Argentina. To our knowledge, this is the first example of a mermithid infection in nymphs of dragonflies and damselflies for South America. Materials and methods Insect sampling and nematode collection Nymphs of

José Matias Rusconi, Cristian Di Battista, Darío Balcazar, Matías Rosales, María Fernanda Achinelly

Journal of Nematology , 1–9

Article

Oscheius microvilli n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditidae): A Facultatively Pathogenic Nematode from Chongming Island, China

features of the bursa, and molecular data. The new species is facultatively associated with a bacterial strain of Serratia. The LC50 of this novel nematode against Galleria mellonella was 69.1 dauer juveniles per milliliter after 48 hr of infection.

GUIXIN ZHOU, HUAN YANG, FENG WANG, HAORAN BAO, GUOXIANG WANG, XIANGLONG HOU, JIAN LIN, GABRIEL YEDID, KEYUN ZHANG

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 33–41

Article

Esteya vermicola Controls the Pinewood Nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, in Pine Seedlings

sawyer beetles (Coleoptera:Cerambycidae). Esteya vermicola treatments significantly increased the survival rate of pine seedlings that were infected by pinewood nematodes.Wounded plants sprayed with 107 CFU/ml E. vermicola had a 73.0% greater survival rate than nonwounded pine seedlings treated similarly. The treatment of pine seedlings with 107 CFU/ml E. vermicola 14 d before nematode infection increased their survival rate by 90.0%. The number of pinewood nematodes isolated from dead

ZHEN WANG, YONGAN ZHANG, CHUNYAN WANG, YUNBO WANG, CHUNGKEUN SUNG

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 86–91

Article

Methyl Bromide Alternatives for Control of Root-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) in Tomato Production in Florida

terms of root-knot nematode management, were the combinations 1,3-D-chloropicrin, chloropicrin-proprietary solvent ,and 1,3-D-metam sodium. Sprayed or injected metam sodium generally provided only short-term nematode management and by harvest nematode infection was not different from the nontreated control. Drip-applied metam sodium gave good nematode management under high nematode pressure, but needs further verification to establish (i) the importance of soil moisture and temperature on treatment

JOHAN DESAEGER, DONALD W. DICKSON, S. J. LOCASCIO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 140–149

Article

A New Race (X12) of Soybean Cyst Nematode in China

number of females on Lee68 was 323.17 with the lowest FI 44.18 on PI88788 and the highest FI 97.83 on PI548316 in the HG type test. ZDD2315 and ZDD24656 are elite resistant germplasms in China. ZDD2315 is highly resistant to race 4, the strongest infection race in the 16 races with FI 1.51 while being highly sensitive to race X12 with FI 64.32. ZDD24656, a variety derived from PI437654 and ZDD2315, is highly resistant to race 1 and race 2. ZDD24656 is highly sensitive to race X12 with FI 99.12

YUN LIAN, JIANQIU GUO, HAICHAO LI, YONGKANG WU, HE WEI, JINSHE WANG, JINYING LI, WEIGUO LU

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 321–326

Research Article

Morphological Re-Description and 18 S rDNA Sequence Confirmation of the Pinworm Aspiculuris tetraptera (Nematoda, Heteroxynematidae) Infecting the Laboratory Mice Mus musculus

Aspiculuris tetraptera is a heteroxynematid nematoda infecting most of the laboratory animals, occasionally mice which represent the mostly used animal for biological, medical, and pharmacological studies. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of nematode parasites infection in the laboratory mice Mus musculus in Egypt. Morphologically, this oxyurid possessed four distinct cephalic papillae on a cephalic plate, with three small rudimental lips carrying two sessile poorly

Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Saleh Al Quraishy, Kareem Morsy, Rehab Saleh, Heinz Mehlhorn

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 117–132

Original Paper

Emodin Reduces the Activity of (1,3)-β-D-glucan Synthase from Candida albicans and Does Not Interact with Caspofungin

Abstract Candidiasis is the most common opportunistic yeast infection, with Candida albicans as a paramount causative species. (1,3)-β-D-glucan is one of the three main targets of clinically available antifungal agents used to treat Candida infections. It is one of the most abundant fungal cell wall components. Echinocandins represent the newest class of antifungals affecting cell wall biosynthesis through non-competitive inhibition of (1,3)-β-D-glucan synthase. Therefore, treatment with

MONIKA JANECZKO

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 463–470

original-paper

Molecular Diversity of Staphylococcus aureus Colonizing the Upper Respiratory Tract of Residents and Staff in A Nursing Home

diseases, immune system disorders, and frequent hospitalization make elderly people vulnerable to S. aureus infection (Ledell et al. 2003; Chuang et al. 2015; Peters et al. 2017). S. aureus is also one of the most genetically diverse bacteria and the mechanisms by which the predominant strains are selected within each biological niche depends on the geographic location as well as the studied human host (Zurita et al. 2016). MSSA strains are more prevalent than MRSA strains and have a higher genetic

MARTYNA KASELA, AGNIESZKA GRZEGORCZYK, ANNA MALM

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 371–376

Article

THE ROLE OF THE STRINGENT COMPONENTS IN THE REGULATION OF VIRULENCE

Klaudyna Krause, Klaudia Milewska, Agnieszka Szalewska-Pałasz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 247–258

original-paper

Molecular Identification of Vibrio alginolyticus Causing Vibriosis in Shrimp and Its Herbal Remedy

Introduction Shrimp culture is one of the fastest-growing aquaculture industries in Bangladesh. A dramatic expansion of shrimp culture occurred in the 1980s significantly contributed to the economy of Bangladesh (Paul and Vogl 2011; Hossain et al. 2013). However, in the recent years, shrimp production in Bangladesh has severely been affected by the outbreak of various diseases such as black spot, softshell, external fouling, broken appendages, hepatopancreatic infection, and vibriosis (Chow

MD. ABDUL HANNAN, MD. MAHBUBUR RAHMAN, MD. NURUNNABI MONDAL, DEB SUZAN CHANDRA, GAZLIMA CHOWDHURY, MD. TOFAZZAL ISLAM

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 429–438

Editorial

Intrapartum sonography – eccentricity or necessity?

section. Proper decision should be made on the basis of objective and valid evaluation of obstetric setting, which cannot be achieved solely with physical examination. Intrapartum sonography was shown to be far more accurate than digital examination. Moreover, it is not technically demanding, provides high reproducibility and neither increases the rate of ascending infection or causes discomfort to the patient. Current research suggests that if used routinely, intrapartum sonography can increase the

Marzena Dębska, Piotr Kretowicz, Romuald Dębski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 125–136

Research Article

GENETIC DIVERSITY OF BOVINE DIARRHEA AND MUCOSAL DISEASE VIRUS

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is classified as a member of the Pestivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family. BVDV is one of the most important viral pathogens of ruminants worldwide, causing severe economic losses. Infection results in a wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from mild respiratory disease to fetal death and mucosal disease. The virus particles are small and contain a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA molecule of approximately 12.3 kb with one large open reading

Paweł Mirosław, Aleksandra Antos, Mirosław Polak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 389–394

Review Article

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

) and inflammatory lesions of various etiology and location. US may be used as the diagnostic modality of choice in conditions following thoracoscopy or thoracotomy. It may also visualize the fairly common sternal wound infection, including bone inflammation. Slipping rib syndrome, relatively little known among clinicians, has also been discussed in the study. A whole gamut of benign lesions of thoracic soft tissues, such as enlarged lymph nodes, torn muscles, hematomas, abscesses, fissures, scars

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 275–280

Original Paper

Comparison of lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings in children with bronchiolitis

findings in children with bronchiolitis. Material and methods: In our study we retrospectively compared diagnostic imaging findings in children with confirmed respiratory syncytial virus infection. The study included 23 children aged 2 weeks to 24 months and 3 children older than 24 months. Results: Chest X-ray showed lesions in only 4 cases, whereas ultrasound abnormalities were found in 21 patients. Pathologies revealed by chest X-ray were the same for all 4 cases and consisted of an enlarged hilus

Sławomir Jaszczołt, Tomasz Polewczyk, Marta Dołęga-Kozierowska, Mariusz Woźniak, Zbigniew Doniec

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 193–197

Article

Gossypium arboreum Accessions Resistant to Rotylenchulus reniformis

In the southeastern United States, reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) is a serious pest of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), a species which has no naturally occurring resistance against this nematode. To identify sources of reniform nematode resistance in species closely related to upland cotton, 222 G. arboreum accessions from the U.S. germplasm collection were evaluated in repeated growth chamber experiments. In initial screenings, root infection was measured 4 wks

SALLIANA R. STETINA, JOHN E. ERPELDING

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 223–230

Original Paper

Evaluation of Modified Hodge Test as a Non-molecular Assay for Accurate Detection of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

susceptibility or resistance to carbapenems. Sensitivity of MHT with two carbapenem disks was similar. Specificity of the MHT with meropenem disk was 64% and with ertapenem disk was 53%. Detection of KPC by MHT with meropenem disk was found to be more effective than with ertapenem disk. Based on our results, the presence of KPC does not in itself influence the categorization of resistance. Therefore, the use of MHT with ertapenem disk for the rapid detection of KPC among K. pneumoniae for infection control

ATOSSA GHASEMNEJAD, MONIR DOUDI, NOUR AMIRMOZAFARI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 291–295

Research Article

FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF LYME CARDITIS

mammals, infection with B. burgdorferi induces the development of antibodies which may cross-react with myosin and neural tissue.

Tomasz Chmielewski, Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 100–105

Research Article

Secondary Metabolites Produced by Heterorhabditis Symbionts and Their Application in Agriculture: What We Know and What to Do Next

the maintenance of a monoxenic infection in the insect host and are also known to prevent contamination of the cadaver from soil microbes and/or predation by arthropods. A few of the SM this bacteria produce have been isolated and identified, and their biological activities have also been tested in laboratory assays. Over the past two decades, analyses of the genomes of several Photorhabdus spp. have revealed the presence of SM numerous gene clusters that comprise more than 6% of these bacteria

S. PATRICIA STOCK, AYAKO KUSAKABE, ROUSEL A. OROZCO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 373–383

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