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Review | 30-November-2018

Stress echocardiography. Part I: Stress echocardiography in coronary heart disease

Introduction Stress echocardiography (stress echo, SE) is a method in which various stimuli are used to elicit myocardial contractility or provoke cardiac ischemia with simultaneous echocardiographic recording of left ventricular function and valvular flow, if needed(1–7). SE is used for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease and valvular heart defects. The stressors used include physical exercise, pharmacological agents (dobutamine, vasodilators) and pacing stress, most often with the use of

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Andrzej Gackowski, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Andrzej Szyszka, Wojciech Braksator, Zbigniew Gąsior, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Piotr Pysz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 45–48

Review | 30-November-2018

Stress echocardiography. Part II: Stress echocardiography in conditions other than coronary heart disease

Introduction Stress echocardiography (stress echo, SE), with use of both old and new ultrasonographic cardiac function imaging techniques, has nowadays become a widely available, safe and inexpensive diagnostic method. Cardiac stress, such as exercise or an inotropic agent, allows for dynamic assessment of a wide array of ventricles, heart valves and pulmonary circulation functional parameters. The registration of dynamic cardiac response provides completely new insight important from both

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Zbigniew Gąsior, Andrzej Szyszka, Andrzej Gackowski, Wojciech Braksator, Piotr Gościniak, Piotr Pysz, Szymon Olędzki, Wojciech Kosmala

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 49–53

research-article | 30-November-2018

Alteration of oxidative stress markers and behavior of rats in a novel model of depression

INTRODUCTION Currently, the pathological role of stress in the genesis of neuropsychiatric disorders including depression is being actively studied. An important role has been assigned to emotional stress caused by the cognitive processing of negative stimuli (Yang et al., (2015). Experimental models of depression can be divided into several groups depending on methodology and type of influencing factor. The first group includes methods based on the effects of physical stress, which include the

Anna Gorlova, Dmitrii Pavlov, Eugene Zubkov, Yana Zorkina, Anatoly Inozemtsev, Anna Morozova, Vladimir Chekhonin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 232–238

Article | 05-September-2013

AN INVESTIGATION OF DECISION ANALYTIC METHODOLOGIES FOR STRESS IDENTIFICATION

In modern society, more and more people are suffering from some type of stress. Monitoring and timely detecting of stress level will be very valuable for the person to take counter measures. In this paper, we investigate the use of decision analytics methodologies to detect stress. We present a new feature selection method based on the principal component analysis (PCA), compare three feature selection methods, and evaluate five information fusion methods for stress detection. A driving stress

Yong Deng, Chao-Hsien Chu, Huayou Si, Qixun Zhang, Zhonghai Wu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1675–1699

research-article | 14-February-2020

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

in bed’’. This is, however, only one aspect of sleep, not taking other important aspects into account, such as total sleep duration, difficulties falling asleep, daytime sleepiness, or the impact of sleep on general functioning (14). The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of poor sleep in a sample of Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. The second aim was to investigate the correlations between sleep and psychiatric symptoms, and sleep and perceived stress, in both

Frida Thorsén, Carl Antonson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 10–17

Research paper | 31-July-2017

Anhedonia but not passive floating is an indicator of depressive‑like behavior in two chronic stress paradigms

Depression is the most common form of mental disability in the world. Depressive episodes may be precipitated by severe acute stressful events or by mild chronic stressors. Studies on the mechanisms of depression require both appropriate experimental models (most of them based on the exposure of animals to chronic stressors), and appropriate tests for assessment of depressive states. In this study male Wistar rats were exposed to two different chronic stress paradigms: an eight‑week chronic

Mikhail Yu. Stepanichev, Anna O. Tishkina, Margarita R. Novikova, Irina P. Levshina, Sofiya V. Freiman, Mikhail V. Onufriev, Olga A. Levchenko, Natalia A. Lazareva, Natalia V. Gulyaeva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 324–333

research-article | 30-November-2018

The shortened version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S; Sweden): a validation study in United Kingdom adolescents

Introduction The deleterious effect of stress in adolescence has been well documented (1-3), and for that reason continued scrutiny of the measurement of stress in this developmental period is essential to public health. One measurement tool with considerable promise is the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ; [4]). Results of variable-centred studies on the structural validity of ASQ scores have been unequivocal: the ASQ yields multivariate scores structured by the domain-specificity of

Michael McKay, James Andretta, John Perry

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 81–87

Research Article | 10-July-2018

Development of a Shortened Version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S): construct validity and sex invariance in a large sample of Swedish adolescents

Background:Stressor experience is an important topic of research concerning adolescent health and ill-health. For this, valid and reliable measures of adolescent stress are needed. The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire 2 was developed to tap into stressor domains specific for adolescence. Psychometric evaluations in Australian and European samples have indicated adequate psychometric properties. However, the ASQ-2 is quite extensive, which may render its use in large cohort studies, where several

Malin K. Anniko, Katja Boersma, Nikil Ph. L. van Wijk, Don Byrne, Maria Tillfors

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 4–15

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Prenatal ethanol intoxication and maternal intubation stress alter cell survival and apoptosis in the postnatal development of rat hippocampus

, hippocampus and cerebellum are especially sensitive to ethanol exposure (Tran and Kelly, 2003). The ethanol-associated neuronal damage which is initiated by activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway (Cartwright et al., 1998; Ikonomidou et al., 2000; Light et al., 2002; Ramachandran et al., 2003; Dikranian et al., 2005) may be related to several molecular mechanisms including induction of oxidative stress, activation of caspase-3, functional loss of neurotrophic factors and inhibition of survival

Birsen Elibol, Merve Beker, Cigdem Dilek Sahbaz, Ulkan Kilic, Ewa Jakubowska-Doğru

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 133–147

Research Article | 01-September-2011

MEASUREMENT OF STRESS-STRAIN RESPONSE OF A RAMMED EARTH PRISM IN COMPRESSION USING FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS

A comparative study of strain response and mechanical properties of rammed earth prisms, has been made using Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors (optical) and clip-on extensometer (electro-mechanical). The aim of this study is to address the merits and demerits of traditional extensometer vis-à-vis FBG sensor; a uni-axial compression test has been performed on a rammed earth prism to validate its structural properties from the stress - strain curves obtained by two different methods of

A. S. Guru Prasad, M. Anitha, K. S. Nanjunda Rao, S. Asokan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 376–387

research-article | 07-July-2020

Putative shared mechanisms in autism spectrum disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a systematic review of the role of oxidative stress

et al., 2011; Sandin et al., 2012). Additionally, iodine deficiency, even at a sub-clinical level, appear to contribute to an increased risk for both disorders (Blazewicz et al., 2016; Abel et al., 2017). Exposure to environmental pollutants and chemicals has also been suggested to increase the risk of autism and hyperactivity disorder (Dickerson et al., 2015; Tran and Miyake, 2017). Oxidative stress markers have been found in autism and ADHD, suggesting that increased oxidative stress may

Filipa Sa-Carneiro, Conceição Calhau, Rui Coelho, Margarida Figueiredo-Braga

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 129–138

research-article | 30-September-2019

The role of TVT position in relation to the pubic symphysis in eliminating the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence and urethral funneling

Introduction Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most common type of urinary incontinence (UI) in women(1,2). However, its pathophysiology is not fully understood. The symptoms of SUI are assumed to be associated with urethral hypermobility and low maximum urethral closure pressure in most cases(3,4). The introduction of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) was a breakthrough in the surgical treatment of SUI. The method is highly effective, with cure rates up to 93% at 6 months after procedure

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Magda Krzycka, Paulina Pająk, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 207–211

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Effects of social stress and clomipramine on emotional memory in mice

We have previously observed impairing effects of social defeat stress (CSDS) on inhibitory avoidance (IA) in mice. Given the similarity between changes produced by social stress in animals and symptoms of certain human psychopathologies such as depression and anxiety, the effects of the antidepressant clomipramine on IA impairment produced by CSDS were evaluated in the present study. Male CD1 mice were randomly assigned to the groups: non-stressed+saline, non-stressed+clomipramine, stressed

Aranzazu Duque, Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Santiago Monleón

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 225–233

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Nicorandil attenuates neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress associated with murine model of vascular calcification

enzymes, indicating a severe oxidative stress. The elevated brain mitochondrial enzymes like NADH dehydrogenase, and succinate dehydrogenase in the disease control groups, reversed to the near control level after nicorandil treatment. We observed that nicorandil was more effective when given after calcification. It reduced the biochemical alterations associated with calcium and phosphorous toxicity in the brain, by preserving mitochondria, the key target for treating neurodegenerative diseases.

Sriram Ravindran, Krithika Swaminathan, Abhinaya Ramesh, Gino A. Kurian

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 57–67

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Comparison of the influence of two models of mild stress on hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF) immunoreactivity in old age rats

The way hippocampal neurons function during stress in old age (critical times of life) is dependent on brain derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF). This study examined the influence of acute and chronic forced swim (FS) or high-light open field (HL-OF) stimulation on the density of BDNF immunoreactive (ir) neurons in the hippocampal pyramidal layers of CA1, CA2, CA3 regions and the granular layer of dentate gyrus (DG) in old (postnatal day 720; P720) Wistar Han rats. Our data showed that in

Ewa Badowska-Szalewska, Beata Ludkiewicz, Rafał Krawczyk, Natalia Melka, Janusz Moryś

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 68–76

Review | 30-November-2018

The value of exercise echocardiography in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

diastolic dysfunction (abnormal E/e’ ratio (averaged ≥13) and abnormal e’<9 cm/s). Few papers have proposed exercise echocardiography as a relevant diagnostic tool in HFpEF. Importantly, Erdei et al. published an important paper highlighting the fact that diastolic exercise stress test should be performed with the aim of estimating filling pressure and systolic-diastolic reserve when exercising(2): Complete echocardiography at rest Complete echocardiography at 100–120 beats/min (submaximal exercise

Erwan Donal

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 43–44

Article | 16-April-2018

Using TTouch to Reduce Stress and Enhance Learning when Training Guide Dogs

Excessive stress impairs learning. The Tellington TTouch method (TTouch) is used to reduce stress and relax animals so they can learn more effectively. It aims at increasing an animal’s body awareness and balance by using a combination of techniques that include specific touches, body wraps, and leading (movement) exercises. This article introduces the TTouch method, its role in sensory enhanced learning, and provides a review of TTouch in the scientific literature and the way this

Janice Lloyd, Elizabeth (Lib) Roe

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 8–20

research-article | 15-October-2020

Antistress and antidepressant properties of dapoxetine and vortioxetine

as diabetes. Numerous concepts in publications are frequently contradictory and fail to explain the symptoms observed in patients fully. A growing body of evidence nowadays suggests that pathogenesis of depression features multiple factors, including neurobiological, genetic, environmental (stress), and psychological (Hall and Reynolds-Iii, 2014). The emergence of depression symptoms is believed to be associated with the deregulation of serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine levels in synaptic

Piotr Ratajczak, Krzysztof Kus, Małgorzata Zielińska-Przyjemska, Beata Skórczewska, Tomasz Zaprutko, Dorota Kopciuch, Anna Paczkowska, Elżbieta Nowakowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 217–224

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Effects of individual stressors used in a battery of “chronic unpredictable stress” on long-term plasticity in the hippocampus of juvenile rats

We have studied alterations in the properties of long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampal slices of juvenile rats induced by the exposure of animals to different individual stressors usually used in batteries of chronic unpredictable stress (CUS), a widely used model of depression. Social isolation for 16 h did substantially affect neither the magnitude and nor the development of LTP. The effects of stroboscopic illumination and water deprivation appeared most severe, though opposite: the

Alexandra A. Gorbunova, Irina V. Kudryashova, Anna O. Manolova, Margarita R. Novikova, Mikhail Yu. Stepanichev, Natalia V. Gulyaeva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 3, 244–253

Article | 01-April-2018

The Effect of Residual Stress on Coupling Power Loss of VCSEL Modulus

In this article,the effect of residual stress on active region misalignmentof laser light sources for vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL)modulus has been studied.The post-weld-shift variation of active region introduced from the residual stress distribution variation for different VCSELsolder joints, i.e. tin-silver (Sn/3.5Ag) and tin-lead (Sn/37Pb) solder joints,a resimulated by employing the thermal-elastic-plastic finite element model of MARC package.The ball grid solidification

Jao-Hwa Kuang, Chao-Ming Hsu, Ah-Der Lin, Jyun-Wei Luo

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, –

research-article | 30-November-2018

RHEOLOGY OF MORTAR WITH PORTLAND-LIMESTONE CEMENT CEM II/A,B-LL IN RELATION TO PROPERTIES OF CEMENT

setting time and rheological properties, is ambiguous [4, 7]. The results of the research [8] indicate a reduction of the yield stress and plastic viscosity with the increase in limestone content in cement, while the results of studies [9] indicate the opposite relationships. Authors of works [3, 10] showed a decrease in the yield stress and an increase of plastic viscosity with an increase in the limestone content. The results of tests are usually only related to the chemical and physical properties

Małgorzata GOŁASZEWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 81–89

original-paper | 08-September-2020

The Effect of Environmental Stresses on lipL32 Gene Expression in Pathogenic Leptospira spp. through Real-Time PCR

availability, and nutrient conditions. Environmental signals, such as increased oxidative stress or temperature, can stimulate the response of regulators of virulence genes to pathogenic Leptospira during infection (Fraser and Brown 2017). Phyllanthus amarus is a plant widely used for the treatment of human diseases. The aqueous and methanolic extracts of this plant possess an excellent and useful inhibitory activity against Leptospira (Verma et al. 2014). The aim of this research was to isolate and

SONA ROSTAMPOUR YASOURI, MONIR DOUDI, MASOOD GHANE, NAFISEH SADAT NAGHAVI, ABOLHASAN REZAEI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 301–310

research-article | 30-November-2019

Serotonin and noradrenaline content and release in the dorsal hippocampus during learning and spatial memory in prenatally stressed rats

INTRODUCTION In rodents, maternal stress during pregnancy can cause psychopathologies in the offspring, such as anxiety and depressive-like behaviors, as well as cognitive deficits (Weinstock, 2017). Also, alterations in development and maturation of brain structures, such as the hippocampus, have been reported (Fujioka et al., 2006). The dorsal hippocampus is involved in spatial learning and memory processes in rats and primates (Bannerman et al., 2004; Tanti and Belzung, 2013; Grigoryan and

Diana Méndez Guerrero, Felipe de Jesús Jiménez Vásquez, Moisés Rubio Osornio, María del Carmen Rubio Osornio, Sandra Orozco Suárez, Socorro Retana-Márquez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 400–410

research-article | 30-November-2019

Decreased serotonin content and release in the ventral hippocampus of prenatally stressed male rats in response to forced swim test

INTRODUCTION Prenatal brain development is critical for shaping adult behavior (Pallarés and Antonelli, 2017), with growth and differentiation of major brain structures occurring during fetal development (Entringer et al., 2015). Many environmental factors, such as prenatal maternal stress can alter brain structure development, which has been associated to cognitive, behavioral and psychosocial disturbances, in both animals and humans (St-Pierre et al., 2016). One of the alterations caused in

Felipe de Jesús Jiménez Vásquez, Diana Méndez Guerrero, Moisés Rubio Osornio, María del Carmen Rubio Osornio, Sandra Orozco Suárez, Socorro Retana-Márquez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 331–343

Article | 01-July-2019

THE STRINGENT RESPONSE AND ITS INVOLVEMENT IN THE REACTIONS OF BACTERIAL CELLS TO STRESS

1. Introduction In the course of evolution, living organisms have developed mechanisms allowing them to survive in unfavourable conditions. The adaptation of bacterial cells to conditions abnormal for their growth and survival in a new, changed environment is the result of the cells’ response to stress. In stressful conditions, changes in metabolism occur with a view to protecting a cell. One of the adaptive mechanisms is the stringent response, observed for the first time in Escherichia coli

Julia Berdychowska, Justyna Boniecka, Grażyna B. Dąbrowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 2, 127–142

research-article | 30-November-2019

Alteration of the neurogenesis and long term potential of olfactory bulb in an animal model of PTSD

INTRODUCTION To understand the pathophysiology of emotional disturbance in mental disorders, evaluation of smell memory can provide valuable insight into the underlying mechanism. Failure of extinction of fear-conditioned emotional or traumatic memory is the core pathology behind post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Vermetten and Lanius, 2012; Yehuda et al., 2015), which makes it a potential target for assessment of olfactory memory dysfunction. Specific trauma-related odors (like the odor of

Sadegh Rahimi, Mohadeseh Ragerdikashani, Farimah Beheshti, Faride Baghishani, Mahmoud Hosseini, Nikoo Saeedi, Motahareh Mirdoosti, Sajad Sahab Negah

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 344–352

original-paper | 04-June-2020

Lactobacillus fermentum JX306 Restrain D-galactose-induced Oxidative Stress of Mice through its Antioxidant Activity

Introduction Oxidative stress refers to an imbalance, which is caused by high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and low levels of antioxidant activity (Preiser 2012). The excessive ROS can damage enzymes, fatty acids, proteins, nucleic acids, and other physiological substances of cells, which leads to structure and function disorders (Dizdaroglu et al. 1992; Wu et al. 2014). The oxidative stress can cause various diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, asthma, allergies, and

DI ZHANG, CHUANG LI, RUIRUI SHI, FENGCHUN ZHAO, ZHENGYOU YANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 205–215

research-article | 25-March-2021

“Less stress”: a pilot study on a cognitive behavioral treatment program for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders

primary outcomes (anxiety disorders), significant differences were reported on secondary outcomes (anxiety questionnaires) indicating clinically meaningful treatment responses. Currently, we lack a Norwegian individually based CBT program for children with ASD and anxiety disorders. “Less stress” is a new CBT program in Norwegian (27) based on the previously developed “Exploring feelings” program (28) which has been evaluated in a controlled study (29). The “Less stress” sessions are designed to be

Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Tony Attwood, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 30–40

Research Article | 30-November-2012

Modeling Patterns of Negative Life Events and Mental Health in Faroese Adolescents

females had endorsed more traumas of a sexual nature and that males had endorsed more traumas of a violent nature. Finally, post-traumatic stress, negative affectivity, and somatization were examined in the different typologies.Latent class analyses were conducted with the use of data collected from a self-report questionnaire survey from 687 Faroese eighth graders (85% response rate). The questionnaire included a traumatic and negative life event list, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire—Part IV, and

Tóra Petersen, Cherie Armour, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 63–71

Article | 14-October-2020

Rheological Properties of Pullulan and Aloe Vera Nanofiber Solutions

frequency sweep test at room temperature to obtain dynamic properties (G’,G’’) of the mixtures. G’, the storage modulus which describes the elastic properties and G’’, the loss modulus, which describes the viscous properties, were calculated by a computer program of the rheometer by deconvolution the torque (shear stress) versus time data. III. DISCUSSION The homogenous solution of 13% pullulan in aloe vera were prepared to study the rheological properties of these nanofibers as shown in Figure 1

Haifa El-sadi, Shady Sally, Alex Bossart, Dilhan Kalyon

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 9–15

review-article | 30-November-2020

Effects of vitamin E on neurodegenerative diseases: an update

INTRODUCTION Characterized by specific neuronal cell losses, neurodegenerative diseases are among the leading cause of disabilities in elderly people (Knight, 1997; Floyd and Hensley 2002, Ricciarelli et al., 2007). Oxidative stress has important roles in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. It is known that oxidative stress levels in the brain increase with age (Floyd and Hensley, 2002). Oxidative stress occurs due to the presence of free radicals in high amounts and/or insufficient

Mehmet Arif Icer, Neslihan Arslan, Makbule Gezmen-Karadag

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 21–33

Research Article

PROBIOTICS AND THEIR POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDATIVE ACTIVITY

Human population in the XXI century is struggling with the increasing incidence of such diseases as obesity, diabetes, cancers, food allergies and many others. Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species and free radicals, may underlie the occurrence of many diseases. Probiotics are known for their beneficial effects on health and are established as dietary adjuncts. Researchers are trying to find potential probiotic strains which can exhibit antioxidant

Nina Trojan, Paweł Satora

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 1, 18–27

research-article | 30-November-2018

EVALUATION OF TIME DEPENDENT PRESTRESS LOSSES IN PRETENSIONED CONCRETE MEMBER WITH TOP AND BOTTOM TENDONS

deduced. Additionally, variations of stress in the prestressing steel are calculated for pretensioned concrete members with different depths of the cross-sections of the concrete, loads, and ratios of the top and bottom tendons to analyse an error between the results according to the deduced equations and those obtained on the basis of the equation (5.46) from Eurocode 2 [4] for the common substitute cross-section of the prestressing reinforcement: (1) Δσp,c+s+r(t)=εcs(t,t0)Ep+0.8Δσpr(t)+EpEcmφ(t,t0

Vadzim PARKHATS, Rafał KRZYWOŃ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 105–112

research-article | 30-November-2018

Burden sharing in families to children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD: Analysis of ADHD Helpline in Swedish Clinical Services

, including learning disorders, anxiety and mood disorders, as well as sleep disorders (3, 4). Given the complexity of the clinical presentation, ADHD in children frequently leads to functional impairments both in home and school environments, as well as in leisure activities (5-7). In addition, parents to children with ADHD report high level of parental stress (8). Thus, the individual with ADHD and his or her family often require different kinds of support and interventions in various contexts. The help

Elina Renhorn, Carl Nytell, Anna Backman, Camilla Ekstrand, Tatja Hirvikoski

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 88–91

Article | 24-November-2017

DEVELOPMENT OF A DESIGN-EXPERIMENTAL METHODOLOGY FOR THE PREDICTION OF RELIABLE EXPLOITATION OF FREIGHT RAILWAY CARS

universal freight cars’ residual operation time, allows to calculate equivalent stress using test results that rely on a change of internal pressure activity during drainage and filling operations, and the most unfavorable combination of simulation of active loads on a tank-wagon was proposed. The proposed procedure can be adapted for use during valuation of freight cars’ residual operation time, or for other means of transport and machineries.

Valeriia VOROPAI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 21–34

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Impact of recurrent hypoglycemic stress on hindbrain A2 nerve cell energy metabolism and catecholamine biosynthesis: modulation by estradiol

enzyme expression during re-exposure to hypoglycemia. Augmentation of negative energy balance during this recurring metabolic stress in the absence of E is a likely impetus for augmented vs. decreased A2 signaling of energy imbalance by DβH in O vs. E rats during RIIH.

Pratistha Tamrakar, Karen P. Briski

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 31–44

Article | 20-September-2020

A New Quasi Sujatha Distribution

The aim of this paper is to introduce a new quasi Sujatha distribution (NQSD), of which the following are particular cases: the Sujatha distribution devised by Shanker (2016 a), the sizebiased Lindley distribution, and the exponential distribution. Its moments and momentsbased measures are derived and discussed. Statistical properties, including the hazard rate and mean residual life functions, stochastic ordering, mean deviations, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves and stress-strength reliability

Rama Shanker, Kamlesh Kumar Shukla

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 21 , ISSUE 3, 53–71

Research Article | 02-February-2017

The Determination of Admissible Speed of Locomotives on the Railway Tracks of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Today modern locomotives of KZ4AC, KZ8A, TE33A series were put into service in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In order to establish safe operating mode of these locomotives the admissible speed on the railway tracks of the Republic of Kazakhstan was determined. The admissible speed of locomotives was determined on the basis of analysis on the results of dynamic and railroad tests and calculations for stress of railway construction.АннотацияВ настоящее время в Республике Казахстан введены в

Seidulla ABDULLAYEV, Natalyа TOKMURZINA, Gabit BAKYT

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 61–68

research-article | 30-November-2019

LONG-TERM EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS OF WASTE GLASS POWDER ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE

used to obtain strain measurements for each cylindrical specimen used to test the elastic modulus. The strain gauges were symmetrically fixed at the center of the concrete cylinder’s height using a high-performance adhesive. Stress and the corresponding strain values were measured using the data acquisition system (Microlink 851). Graphic displays were obtained using the data acquisition software “Windmill Software”. Elastic modulus was then determined following ASTM C469 specification [36]. 3

Brwa OMER, Jalal SAEED

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 61–75

Article | 15-March-2021

RISK ASSESSMENT DURING THE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS CONSIDERING THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE DRIVER

become more important every time. The specific importance of this becomes clear when drivers operate vehicles that transport dangerous goods. Therefore, research on the interaction of chains of the DARE system (using improved existing and developed methods by the authors) is carried out in this paper, taking into account the indicators of drivers’ FS in different situations (stress index, which consists in evaluation of the heart and brain operations). The results obtained provide an

Yevhen FORNALCHYK, Maksym AFONIN, Taras POSTRANSKYY, Mykola BOIKIVBOIKIV

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 139–152

short-report | 05-September-2020

Long-Term Evaluation of an Australian Peer Outdoor Support Therapy for Contemporary War Veterans

1. Introduction Each year in Australia, approximately 12,000 Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel are deployed in military service (1). Mental health problems including Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD, i.e., a set of symptoms such as traumatic flashbacks, avoidance, feeling emotionally numb, negative thoughts and mood, and agitation) (1,2), anxiety (3) and depression (1) may develop in some personnel as a result of exposure to traumatic experiences during such service. In addition

S Cloete, L Chantler

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 3 , 39–53

Research Article | 24-May-2019

CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF HYDROPHOBINSAND THEIR USE IN MANIFOLD INDUSTRIES

Łukasz P. Tymiński, Zuzanna Znajewska, Grażyna B. Dąbrowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 4, 374–384

original-paper | 09-March-2021

Effects of Different Ambient Temperatures on Caecal Microbial Composition in Broilers

Introduction Poultry provides an crucial protein source in the human diet and thus has enormous economic value. The broiler breeds were produced by selecting a high growth rate and feed conversion in intensive poultry farming, but they display a low tolerance to ambient temperature change (Lara and Rostagno 2013). Temperature stress may adversely affect poultry immunity, growth performance, physiology, and intestinal morphology and may further cause several health problems such as

YUTING YANG, XING LI, ZHENHUI CAO, YINGING QIAO, QIUYE LIN, JIANPING LIU, ZHIYONG ZHAO, QINGCONG AN, CHUNYONG ZHANG, HONGFU ZHANG, HONGBIN PAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 33–43

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Influence of Environmental and Genetic Factors on Proteomic Profiling of Outer Membrane Vesicles from Campylobacter jejuni

Kuehn 2015). Alterations in size, number, and content of OMVs are frequently regarded as bacterial responses to changes in the environment (such as pH, temperature, ionic strength, and antibiotic pressure), including endogenous stress (Mcbroom et al. 2007, Schwechheimer and Kuehn 2015). This notion is supported by a number of observations. A treatment with polymyxin B (a cyclic cationic antimicrobial peptide that alters the membrane permeability) or with ciprofloxacin (an antibiotic that damages DNA

RENATA GODLEWSKA, JOANNA KLIM, JANUSZ DĘBSKI, AGNIESZKA WYSZYŃSKA, ANNA ŁASICA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 255–261

research-article | 30-November-2019

An exploration of group-based compassion-focused therapy for adolescents and their parents

their children’s MH problems (16). Parents tend to feel isolated in their parenting struggles and unsupported by the other parent, the child’s school, and/or healthcare professionals (15). Interventions are needed to help parents manage their stress and enhance their sense of agency and trust in their abilities to support their children’s development and success (17). The impact and long-term negative consequences of MH problems during adolescence highlight the need for effective early treatments

Anna Sofia Bratt, Marie Rusner, Idor Svensson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 38–47

Article | 20-November-2017

SELECTING THE OPTIMAL MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING PROCEDURE FOR METRIC DATA WITH R ENVIRONMENT

methods, 5 distance measures and 3 types of MDS models (ratio, interval and spline). It uses two criteria for selecting the optimal multidimensional scaling procedure: Kruskal’s Stress-1 fit measure and Hirschman-Herfindahl HHI index calculated based on Stress per point values. The results are illustrated by an empirical example.

Marek Walesiak, Andrzej Dudek

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 3, 521–540

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Acoustic emission testing of electrical stressed copper trace

Copper becomes more and more important in the electronic industry. This metal is more resilient than conventional materials (like aluminium) due to the higher electrical and thermal conductivity. During several electrical stress pulses the copper changes. The surface can melt up and cracks and voids can develop inside the copper specimen. In this paper we use acoustic emission testing to analyse copper degradation especially of copper and copper traces. It is evaluated if an acoustic wave

Daniela Florian, Thomas Wiesner, Bernhard G. Zagar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Review | 31-July-2017

The physiology of blood platelets and changes of their biological activities in multiple sclerosis

Barbara Wachowicz, Agnieszka Morel, Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 269–281

Article | 01-December-2014

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF SLIDING FRICTION COEFFICIENT AND THE NORMAL PRESSURE BETWEEN THE CABLE WIRE

positive pressure, provides a method and basis for the practical engineering of steel wire in the ultimate friction shear stress accurately, set up and stay cable as layered slipping model provides important parameters of bending stress analysis. From the numerical simulation method analyzes the positive pressure parallel wire between the start. This paper first parallel wire contact problem of two cables are analyzed with the classical theoretical solution and the FEM software ANSYS, to verify the

Zhu Hui-ling, Zhu Xin-yin, Wang Yu-lin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1773–1788

research-article | 30-November-2018

Maternal Stress Reduces the Susceptibility of Root-Knot Nematodes to Pasteuria Penetrans

exudates from both host and non-host plants reduced attachment of P. penetrans compared to J2 that had no prior exposure to root exudates (Liu et al., 2017). This was the first evidence that cues from the environment could alter the susceptibility of root-knot nematodes to pathogens. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of maternal stress in M. arenaria on the susceptibility of their offspring to parasitism by P. penetrans. Because host genotype can influence the outcome of

Chang Liu, Pingsheng Ji, Patricia Timper

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–8

research-article | 15-October-2020

Serum levels of hepcidin and interleukin 6 in Parkinson’s disease

INTRODUCTION The pathology of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is considered to be multifactorial. In addition to causing alterations in protein transformation, genetic defects and mitochondrial disfunction, the disease also induces chronic neuroinflammation and elevated oxidative stress processes. Neurodegeneration in PD is associated with complex relationships between immune-inflammatory pathways and peripheral tissues. Evidence for peripheral and central chronic inflammation in patients with PD

Jolanta Kwiatek-Majkusiak, Maciej Geremek, Dariusz Koziorowski, Ryszard Tomasiuk, Stanisław Szlufik, Andrzej Friedman

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 297–304

Article | 05-September-2020

INCREASING THE RESOURCE OF MILLING CUTTERS USED TO PROCESS THE LOCOMOTIVE WHEELSETS. PART 2: STUDY OF STRESSED-DEFORMED STATE

The article deals with the stress-strain state of the cutters used in the mills of a new design for the restoration of the working surfaces of locomotive wheels. A comparative analysis of stresses in the cutters was carried out using the finite element method, which showed a significant advantage of the new technical solution, the novelty of which is confirmed by the patent.

Aleksander SŁADKOWSKI, Yuriy PROYDAK, Vladislav RUBAN

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 139–151

short-report | 05-September-2020

A Case Study of Meditation to Reduce Alcohol Use Disorder Symptomology in Veteran PTSD Comorbidity

1. Introduction Within today's military setting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is becoming an ever-increasing issue, with the problem affecting individuals regardless of socioeconomic background, gender or culture (2, 3). Coupled with the rise of drug and alcohol related issues plaguing Australia there is a potential for the two major health concerns to have a detrimental effect on the health of military veterans (3, 4). When PTSD is diagnosed in military veterans it can include a

C Hicks, S. Centofanti

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 18–24

Research Article | 13-December-2017

INTELLIGENT STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS COVERED BY PIEZOELECTRIC HIGH-POLYMER FILM

If a piezoelectric material is deformed, the local electric field is caused by the electromechanical interaction. When a structural element with surface defects is subjected to the stress, the strain distribution appears also on the opposite surface to the defects. Such localized strain distribution can be measured by the electric potential distribution on a piezoelectric film mounted on the smooth surface. This paper shows that back-surface defects in typical structural elements can be

Eiji Matsumoto, Yuji Komagome

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 420–429

Research paper | 13-December-2017

STUDY OF THERMAL-MAGNETIC DRIVING FOR NEXT-GENERATION INKJET

In this paper, the authors proposed a novel type of inkjet where the ink is driving by maxwell stress employing the characteristic of thermalmagnetic. Different with the traditional inkjet technology like the piezo-vibration driving type or bubble driving type, in the proposed approach the moving elements or high temperature is absolutely unnecessary and having simple structure, so that high durability and reliability is promising with small size and strong pumping force. The working mechanism

Shinya Muraii, Hirofumi Han, Y. Koshimoto

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 592–604

Research Article | 12-December-2017

A LOW COST THREE-DIRECTIONAL FORCE SENSOR

In this work a low cost sensor has been developed to measure three-directional forces. The theory, design and sensor construction details are presented. It was constructed by using commercial strain gauges. Finite element method was adopted to optimize the structure dimensions, and improve the sensitivity of force sensor by distributing the sensing stress on the maximum strain positions. A hardware conditioning circuits was developed for the 3D force sensor. The calibration experiments were

S. Boukhenous

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 21–34

Article | 01-September-2014

SENSOR PERFORMANCE OF CANTILEVERED MAGNETOSTRICTIVE BEAM

A nonlinear couple modeling of magnetostrictive cantilever is built by combining Gibb’s free energy formulation with the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. The Gibb’s free energy corresponding to different orientations in 3D space can be expressed in terms of their direction cosines, the stress at a given point can be described by classical theory. The magnetomechanical bending experimental setup is designed. The results demonstrated magnetostrictive sensing can be performed in bending even when both

Cao Qinghua, Chen Dingfang, Lu Quanguo, Tang gang, Yan Jianwu, Zhu Zhifang, Xu Bin, Zhao Ran, Zhang Xiaoxing

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1221–1238

research-article | 30-November-2018

Dexamethasone induces alterations of slow wave oscillation, rapid eye movement sleep and high-voltage spindle in rats

INTRODUCTION Previously, mental and cognitive deficits known as steroid psychosis were found in cases of long-term anti-inflammatory drug treatment (Clark et al., 1952). In addition, daily life stress also increased corticosterone levels and induced hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity, anxiety-like behavior, impairments in learning and memory, dysfunction in balance and motor coordination and volume reductions in multiple brain areas, including rodent hippocampus (Jafari et

Acharaporn Issuriya, Ekkasit Kumarnsit, Chayaporn Reakkamnuan, Nifareeda Samerphob, Pornchai Sathirapanya, Dania Cheaha

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 252–261

Research Article | 30-November-2014

The Use of Social Networking Sites by Adolescents with Psychiatric Illnesses: A Qualitative Study

Social networking sites (SNSs) are increasingly dominant platforms for communication among adolescents. Recently, concerns have been raised about the risks involved with SNS use, particularly among more vulnerable adolescents.Our goal was to explore the experience of SNS use by adolescents with psychiatric illnesses. We also sought to understand the ways in which these sites may be a useful way to communicate—as well as a potential source of increased stress—for this vulnerable population.We

Gerrit Ian van Schalkwyk, Katherine Klingensmith, Paige McLaughlin, Zheala Qayyum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 108–114

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Effects of epidural compression on stellate neurons and thalamocortical afferent fibers in the rat primary somatosensory cortex

observed in some myelinated TCA fibers. In addition, expressions of oxidative markers 3-nitrotyrosine and 4-hydroxynonenal were elevated in barrel field post-lesion. Treatment of antioxidant ascorbic acid or apocynin was able to reverse the increase of oxidative stress and the decline of TCA fiber density, rather than the shrinkage of dendrites and the stripping of dendritic spines of stellate neurons post-lesion. Together, these results indicate that sustained epidural compression of primary

Tzu-Yin Yeh, Guo-Fang Tseng, Chi-Yu Tseng, Yung-Hsin Huang, Pei-Hsin Liu

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound shear wave elastography of the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments in healthy subjects

been well characterized. The primary aim of this study was to determine SW velocity values of the ATFL and CFL in young healthy males at rest and under stress. Our secondary aim was to determine the inter-observer variability in SW velocities to evaluate the reproducibility of these measurements. Materials and methods Subjects Institutional review board approval was obtained for this prospective US SWE study (Protocol Number 1000000966R007). Written informed consent for the participation in the

Lana H. Gimber, L Daniel Latt, Chelsea Caruso, Andres A. Nuncio Zuniga, Elizabeth A. Krupinski, Andrea S. Klauser, Mihra S. Taljanovic

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e86–e94

Research Article | 02-February-2017

THE FATIGUE DURABILITY OF THE MODIFIED ASPHALT CONCRETE UNDER THE EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TRAFFIC LOADS

surface covered with standard and modified cold asphalt concrete is examined. The prediction has been received with an account of stress relaxation processes in asphalt concrete pavement and unevenness of traffic load application.

Yuri KALGIN, Alexander STROKIN

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 51–59

Article | 30-March-2018

LASER WELDING WITH MICRO-JET COOLING FOR TRUCK FRAME WELDING

The aim of this paper is to analyse the mechanical properties of the weld steel structure of car body truck frames after laser welding. The best welding conditions involve the use of proper materials and alloy elements in steel and filer materials, in addition to welding technology, state of stress and temperature of exploitation. We present for the first time the properties of steel track structures after laser welding with micro-jet cooling. Therefore, good selection of both welding

Jan PIWNIK, Bożena SZCZUCKA-LASOTA, Tomasz WĘGRZYN, Wojciech MAJEWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE SE, 107–114

Research Article | 20-February-2013

DEFORMATION FORECAST OF FLEXIBLE MATERIAL PROCESS BY SPLINE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD AND APPLICATION

This paper provides a new computing method for the amount of deformation of flexible materials by spline finite element. Firstly, it analyzes the deformation of single yarn in the way of cubic spline interpolation, with the idea of spline finite element; it takes the flat fabric as anisotropic material to build a simple surface model with the use of bicubic interpolation, so as to deduce to the formula of flat fabric’s deformational displacement under the stress. Finally, it takes the line

Deng Yaohua, Li Bingjing, Chen Sicheng, Chen Jiyuan, Wu Liming

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 331–351

research-article | 30-November-2019

Panagrolaimus superbus tolerates hypoxia within Gallium metal cage: implications for the understanding of the phenomenon of anhydrobiosis

. In particular, Ga has low melting point (29.76°C) (Jefferson Lab, 2003) and is slowly oxidized (Moskalyk, 2003), when compared to other metals. Previously, we have shown that desiccated P. superbus nematodes are tolerant to temperatures up to 50°C (de Souza et al., 2017). This observation raised the possibility of immersing desiccated nematodes within liquid Ga (at 30°C) to assess their tolerance to such abiotic stress. Therefore, in the present study, our objective was to investigate the

Danyel Fernandes Contiliani, Yasmin de Araújo Ribeiro, Vitor Nolasco de Moraes, Tiago Campos Pereira

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–6

Article | 05-October-2019

CHITINASES AS THE KEY TO THE INTERACTION BETWEEN PLANTS AND MICROORGANISMS

Anna Kisiel, Katarzyna Jęckowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 317–327

Review | 04-May-2018

Developmental neurotoxicants and the vulnerable male brain: a systematic review of suspected neurotoxicants that disproportionally affect males

include: (1) greater glutathione availability in females; (2) greater sulfate-based detoxification capacity in females; (3) potentiating effects of co-exposure to neurotoxicants and testosterone; (4) greater neuroinflammatory response in males; (5) reduced vulnerability to oxidative stress in females; and (6) neuroprotective effects of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone), especially in the reduction of inflammation and oxidative stress.

Janet K. Kern, David A. Geier, Kristin G. Homme, Paul G. King, Geir Bjørklund, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mark R. Geier

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 269–296

Research Article | 02-February-2017

ELECTRODES WITH VARIOUS AMOUNT OF NICKEL FOR TRUCK FRAME REPAIRS

Summary. The goal of this paper is to analyze the exploitation and safety conditions of weld steel structure of car body truck frames after welding repairs made by covered electrodes. The main role of conditions in connected with materials, alloy elements in steel and filer materials, welding technology, state of stress and temperature. Because of that, good selection of steel and choice of welding method for proper steel structure repairs are very important. For responsible steel, structures

Michał MIROS, Wojciech MAJEWSKI, Jan PIWNIK, Tomasz WĘGRZYN, Adam KONOPKA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 21–27

Research Article | 02-November-2017

DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF BULK MICROMACHINED ACCELEROMETER FOR SPACE APPLICATIONS

. Extensive Finite Element simulation of the silicon microstructure has been carried out to obtain application specific optimum design parameters. Based on the deflection, frequency and stress analyses the optimum geometry and dimensions of the accelerometer have been determined. Noise analysis has been carried out, the performance of the accelerometer has been predicted and its compliance to the expected performance is ensured.

Thampi Paul, Jaspreet Singh, M. M. Nayak, K. Rajanna, M. Sasi Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 1019–1030

Article | 06-July-2017

SUJATHA DISTRIBUTION AND ITS APPLICATIONS

, stochastic ordering, mean deviations, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves, and stress-strength reliability have been discussed. Estimation of its parameter has been discussed using the method of maximum likelihood and the method of moments. The applications and goodness of fit of the distribution have been discussed with three real lifetime data sets and the fit has been compared with one-parameter lifetime distributions including Akash, Shanker, Lindley and exponential distributions.

Rama Shanker

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 3, 391–410

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018

A CASE OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM IN FAST JET AIRCREW

An asymptomatic 33 year old male Air Combat Officer was recommended to have a CT cerebral angiogram, based on a family history of a vascular anomaly. A 1-2mm aneurysm located in the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery was discovered. Neurosurgical advice was obtained which indicated that the risk of haemorrhage from this aneurysm in this location is ‘practically zero’, and that there is no indication for any intervention. The fast jet environment does impose significant stress on

Collette Richards

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 16–18

review-article | 30-November-2020

Neurobiological effects of forced swim exercise on the rodent hippocampus: a systematic review

., 2009; Cechella et al., 2014b). Moreover, it acts improving the morphophysiological characteristics in learning and memory processes (Aimone et al., 2014; Tutakhail et al., 2019), impacts on neural plasticity (Nunes et al., 2010), attenuates the dementia state caused by Alzheimer’s disease (AD), decrease the oxidative stress (Abhijit et al., 2018; Belviranlı and Okudan, 2019) along with a crucial modulatory impact in the biochemical course of hippocampal neuroprotection and neuroplasticity (Zhang et

Rodrigo Freire Oliveira, Karina Maia Paiva, Gabriel Sousa da Rocha, Marco Aurélio de Moura Freire, Dayane Pessoa de Araújo, Lucídio Cleberson de Oliveira, Fausto Pierdoná Guzen, Paulo Leonardo Araújo de Gois Morais, José Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 58–68

Research Article | 20-May-2019

ROLE OF MICROBIOTA IN MAINTAINING THE HOMEOSTASIS IN THE HUMAN BODY

and number of intestinal microbiota may contribute to the development of numerous infectious (HIV), metabolic (diabetes, obesity) and immunological (allergy, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis) diseases, as well as conditions associated with various organs (kidneys, liver, heart, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease), cancer (colon) and the nervous system (autism, sleeping problems, stress, chronic fatigue syndrome, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease). The composition of the

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Article | 26-June-2018

Navigating Unchartered Waters: A Nursing Perspective on Lewy Body Dementia

Madelaine B Rañola

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 28 , ISSUE 1, 5–12

Research Article | 21-April-2017

RESEARCH OF IMPACT OF THE LOADING ON ENDURANCE OF THE FREIGHT LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES

stress of parts and units of the diesel) by 15÷20%.

Sergejus LEBEDEVAS, Galina LEBEDEVA, Stasys DAILYDKA, Gediminas VAIČIŪNAS

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 45–55

Article | 28-August-2018

AN INVESTIGATION TO THE COMPARATIVE IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF URBAN FACADES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES OF RESIDENTS IN NEW AND OLD HOUSING AREAS; THE CASE OF JOLFA STREET IN ISFAHAN

results show that almost certainly there is a direct and significant relationship between the urban facade and citizens spirit; Questionnaire results suggest dissatisfaction of citizens and the existence of negative effects such as stress, lack of vitality and sadness toward a part of the contemporary constructions and in front of it the sense of happiness, calmness and liveliness toward the historical body or harmony with it. The physical reasons for dissatisfactions are often lack of coordination

Sina RAZZAGHI-ASL, Afrooz Rahimi ARIAEI, Sama Barati GHAHFAROKHICI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 57–70

research-article | 30-November-2017

PROPERTIES OF COARSE MINERAL AGGREGATES AGAINST PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE

) it is difficult to evaluate the effect of strength and type of aggregate on the elasticity modulus of concretes and the limit strain. Only by analyzing the relationship of stress strain (Fig 13) one can simultaneously assess the effect of concrete strength and aggregate type on the strain properties of concrete. Figure 13. Relationship σc-εc of concretes with different aggregates under instantaneous compressive loading Large angles of experimental stress strain curves equivalent with high

Wojciech PIASTA, Waldemar BUDZYŃSKI, Jacek GÓRA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 97–105

Research Article | 01-June-2017

SMART SENSING SYSTEM FOR ENHANCEING THE RELIABILITY OF POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES
USED IN WIND TURBINES

Reliability of modern power systems, in particular those use wind and solar energies, is affected by the relatively short lifetime of the associated power electronic converters (PECs). Thermal stress has been identified as one of the commonest causes for failures in PECs. However, existing thermal monitoring systems are expensive, bulky and with no intelligent capabilities, which limit their full acceptance as monitoring and control tools in operational power plants. This work presents

S. H. Teay, C. Batunlu, A. Albarbar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 407–424

Article | 09-August-2018

THE WAYS OF ADJUSTING HOSPITALS FOR CHILDREN TO THE NEEDS OF THE CHILD – THE EXAMPLE OF MEYER CHILDREN HOSPITAL IN FLORENCE, ITALY

Designing child hospitals is a complex, multi-layered process. Research shows, the patients’ environment has influence on the process of treatment. The feelings of isolation, powerlessness, discomfort and stress can be exacerbated by a inadequate design. Currently, many hospitals are built around the world, in which the design should help process of treatment. One of them is the Meyer Hospital in Florence, Italy, which is an excellent example of an interesting, functional and surprising

Magdalena Jamrozik-Szatanek, Łukasz Jamrozik-Szatanek

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 11–20

Article | 04-November-2019

EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF A SELECTED FLIGHT PERSONNEL AND SW: PRESURVEY FOR TRANSPORT SAFETY

Flight personnel have various factors that cause high psychological stress during the performance of flight tasks, thereby influencing their psycho-physiological experience, which may be a cause of a breach of air traffic safety. The paper presents the results of an experimental verification of task management under load, which allowed selection of probands from a sample of 100 participants in the presurvey. Overall, 70% of the probands achieved better results than the minimum level of success

Miroslav KELEMEN, Matej ANTOŠKO, Stanislav SZABO, Luboš SOCHA, Jaroslav JEVČÁK, Ladislav CHOMA, Alica TOBISOVÁ

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 145–154

Research Article | 21-May-2019

MECHANISMS OF ARSENIC TOXICITY AND TRANSPORT IN MICROORGANISMS

Arsenic is an ubiquitous element present in the environment either through geological or anthropogenic activities. Millions of people all over the world are exposed to arsenic mainly via air, drinking water and food sources, which results in higher incidence of cancer. Several mechanisms by which arsenic compounds induce tumorigenesis have been proposed. Arsenic mediates its toxicity by generating oxidative stress, inducing protein misfolding, promoting genotoxicity, hampering DNA repair and

Seweryn Mucha, Mateusz Berezowski, Katarzyna Markowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 1, 88–99

Review | 10-October-2018

The role of DSCAM in the regulation of synaptic plasticity: possible involvement in neuropsychiatric disorders

Synaptic plasticity simply put, is the activity-dependent modification of the strength or efficacy of synaptic transmission in the network of synapses in the brain. The role of synaptic plasticity in disease is an active area of research. Changes in plasticity translate to the release of neurotransmitters at the synapse and subsequently, the way humans see the world. It is known that neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD

Katarzyna Stachowicz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 210–219

Original Paper | 27-September-2017

Comparison of Microbial Communities Associated with Halophyte (Salsola stocksii) and Non-Halophyte (Triticum aestivum) Using Culture-Independent Approache

, Planctomycetes, Cyanobacteria, Thermotogae, Verrucomicrobia, Choroflexi and Euryarchaeota were predominant groups from halophyte whereas Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteriodetes, Planctomycetes and Verrucomicrobia were predominant phyla of wheat samples. Diversity and differences of microbial flora of Salsola and wheat suggested that functional interactions between plants and microorganisms contribute to salt stress tolerance.

Salma Mukhtar, Ayesha Ishaq, Sara Hassan, Samina Mehnaz, Muhammad S. Mirza, Kauser A. Malik

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 353–364

original-paper | 04-June-2020

N-acetylcysteine (NAC) Attenuating Apoptosis and Autophagy in RAW264.7 Cells in Response to Incubation with Mycolic Acid from Bovine Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex

. 2018). Previous studies have shown that MTB lacking MA is less pathogenic in vivo, suggesting that MA plays an important role in MTB’s infection (Slama et al. 2016). Furthermore, MTB promotes bacterial survival by inducing oxidative stress in macrophages (Mohanty et al. 2016). Therefore, the strategy to alleviate the virulence of MTB is to inhibit the biosynthesis of MA, neutralize the oxidative stress produced by MA, and reduce the damage of ROS to intracellular substances. N-acetylcysteine (NAC

XUE LIN, MENGMENG WEI, FUYANG SONG, DI XUE, YUJIONG WANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 223–229

Article | 31-March-2018

PRELIMINARY MODELLING STUDIES OF AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST STAND OF A CRANE, FOR INVESTIGATION OF ITS DYNAMIC PHENOMENA OF LIFTING AND DRIVING MECHANISM

In the article, the problem of designing and preliminary tests on experimental test bench was taken into account. Proposed test stand allows us to carry out a series of studies concerning the dynamic phenomena accompanying the lifting of the load. Presented test bench allows, among other things, measurements of data such as the acceleration of selected points of the girder and also of cargo, displacement of cargo and centre of the girder, along with measurement of stress in selected locations

Tomasz HANISZEWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE SE, 115–126

Student Essay | 20-December-2018

THE MIND CRAFT PROJECT – HEALTHY MINDS, HEALTHY PILOTS: A LITERATURE REVIEW ON MINDFULNESS MEDITATION PROGRAMS FOR COMMERCIAL AIRLINES PILOTS

of pilots. Moreover, a pilot’s mental health can directly affect the safety of passengers and needs to be treated as a public safety issue. This literature review has demonstrated that the implementation of a mindfulness training program could be a feasible and acceptable method for implementation in a commercial aviation environment to help ease stress, increase concentration and assist in mental health risk management. A few potential limitations to mindfulness interventions were uncovered such

Anita Vandyke

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–6

Review Paper | 07-June-2016

Depression and anxiety in people with epilepsy: Why should we identify?

drugs, poor surgical outcome, and eventually, poor quality of life. Furthermore, depression and anxiety were closely associated with perceived stigma, obsessive-compulsive symptom, aggression, fatigue, and perceived stress. Conclusions. Clinicians who take care of PWE in a busy clinical setting should identify their psychiatric problems by brief screening tools and treat them instantly to minimize their negative impacts.

Sung-Pa Park

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 57–62

Article | 30-November-2018

GUT MICROBIOTA IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

proteins) – occludin and claudin [58]. A change in the environment in which a microbiota exists: the presence of toxins, diet, antibiotic therapy, stress or medications taken cause the dominant bacteria and the compounds synthesized by them to change, which leads to damaging the intestinal barrier. This is the case, among others, in chronic kidney disease [2]. 2. Mechanisms leading to alterations in gut microbiota and their effects on intestinal barrier permeability Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a

Magdalena Nalewajska, Jarosław Przybyciński, Małgorzata Marchelek-Myśliwiec, Violetta Dziedziejko, Kazimierz Ciechanowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 237–245

Article | 05-October-2019

THE ROLE OF THE STRINGENT COMPONENTS IN THE REGULATION OF VIRULENCE

Klaudyna Krause, Klaudia Milewska, Agnieszka Szalewska-Pałasz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 247–258

original-paper | 08-September-2020

Characteristics and Diversity of Endophytic Bacteria in Endangered Chinese Herb Glehnia littoralis Based on Illumina Sequencing

endophytes, and these habitat-adapted endophytes can improve the stress tolerance of host plants (Rodriguez et al. 2008; Redman et al. 2011). Many investigations have reported that endophytic bacteria isolated from halophytes have profound effects on their host plants’ stress tolerance. For example, it was documented that the endophytic bacteria from Arthrocnemum macrostachyum could enhance the salt tolerance ability of the host plant (Navarro-Torre et al. 2017). Additionally, Hashem et al. (2016

XIAOWEI HUO, YUE WANG, DAWEI ZHANG, TING GAO, MENGMENG LIU

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 283–291

research-article | 30-November-2020

Changes over time in mental health symptoms among adolescents in Tampere, Finland

pace of life. These societal changes have raised concerns about their effects on mental health (13, 14). Concerning children and also adolescents, the accelerated pace of life and social media use may have led to increased stress and psychological suffering (13, 14). To keep track of mental health in the population and to monitor the effectiveness of interventions on mental health disorders, data on the time trends of these disorders are needed. According to time trend studies in the 2000s and

Noora Knaappila, Mauri Marttunen, Sari Fröjd, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 96–104

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Short-term exposure to high-intensity sound induces hearing loss and apoptosis in guinea pigs

intensity sound exposure. Cortisol, which is the major glucocorticoid produced in the adrenal cortex, has been used as a measure of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in stress research (Carrasco and Van de Kar, 2003; Miller et al., 2007). Previous studies have revealed that industrial noise at levels > 80 dB has significant effects on salivary cortisol levels in blue collar industrial workers (Fouladi et al., 2012). Muchnik et al. (1998) also found that at the time of the complete arousal

Yanqing Liu, Hui Wang, Ziquan Liu, Yanjun Gu, Limin Xin, Jinyang Liu, Haojun Fan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 155–168

Article | 01-October-2019

Design and Analysis of Thermoplastic Metal Detector RC Car with Wireless Charging

important inputs to the model is the elastic modulus E of the material. The elastic modulus defines the stiffness (resistance to deflection) of the material. Its value is determined from material tests. A material with a high value of E will deflect less than one with a lower value of E. By applying finite element analysis, we can accurately observe the stress distributions in the various layers of the material as shown in Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4. Figure 1 shows Chassis Fixed at Rear Differential, the

Haifa El-Sadi, Matthew R. Cole, Aaron M. Denis, Derek Fernandes, Alberto Benhamu-Chocron

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 47–52

research-article | 30-November-2018

The interplay between parkin and alpha-synuclein; possible implications for the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease

the removal of dysfunctional proteins and organelles. Damage to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus, leading to deregulated transport of macromolecules and induction of ER stress. Impaired mitochondrial fission and fusion. Deregulation of transcription factors. Disrupted inter-organellar contacts, such as mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAM). Parkin is a 52kDa, 465aa E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase with broad-spectrum neuroprotective activities and is found in LB along with α-syn

Henryk Jęśko, Anna M. Lenkiewicz, Anna Wilkaniec, Agata Adamczyk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 277–290

Article | 24-March-2021

SELECTED ASPECTS OF THE CRISPR-CAS BIOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS

expression of 244 genes, including repression of transcription of cas1 [42, 43]. It is also very likely that cas genes are involved in the bacterial stress response. In Enterococcus faecalis, which causes opportunistic intestinal infections, a stress response is mediated by effector molecules, e.g. (p)ppGpp. The synthesis of these molecules is regulated by pyrophosphokinase GTP, which was correlated with the lower expression of cas genes in E. faecalis. This observation was described by Yan et al. (2009

Monika Wawszczak, Aneta Filipiak, Michał Majchrzak, Stanisław Głuszek, Wioletta Adamus-Białek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 60 , ISSUE 1, 3–12

Review Paper | 04-December-2013

Effect of plant polyphenols on seizures – animal studies

protect the brain against oxidative stress-induced damage suggests a potential use of some flavonoids at least as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of epilepsy.

Władysław Lasoń, Monika Leśkiewicz

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 79–87

Article | 21-April-2019

Researching social justice for students with special educational needs

and, hence, to stress the need for its implications upon socially just school leadership practices in New Zealand to be far more thoroughly explored.

Rose Symes

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 92–105

review-article | 26-March-2021

Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection

affect the availability of ACE2 to carry out the mentioned functions. It is also one of the strengths of SARS-CoV-2, when using ACE2 as a binding and entry agent to the host cell it disables the other mechanisms, decreasing the ability of the immune modulating tissue to respond by increasing the oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis. This proposed interaction is based on the pathway of the angiotensin II, which it’s binding to the AT1 receptor, leads to cellular damage through the effects

Cindy Bandala, José Luis Cortes-Altamirano, Samuel Reyes-Long, Eleazar Lara-Padilla, Ian Ilizaliturri-Flores, Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 69–79

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

. subscapularis tendon pathology the Gerber lift off test showed a sensitivity of 1, whereas the belly press test showed the higher specifi city (0.72). The infraspinatus test showed a high sensitivity (0.90) and specifi city (0.74). All AC tests (painful arc IIa, AC joint tendernessb, cross body adduction stress testc) showed high specifi cities (a0.96, b0.99, c0.96). Evaluating the long biceps tendon, the palm up test showed the highest sensitivity (0.47) and the Yergason test the highest specifi city (0.88

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 29–44

Article | 30-November-2018

POLY-3-HYDROXYBUTYRATE AS AN EXAMPLE OF A BIOPOLYMER PRODUCED BY METHANOTROPHIC BACTERIA

mechanism of the PHB biosynthesis Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate is a reserve material of bacterial cells and its synthesis takes place under physiological stress conditions. Production and storage of PHB occurs particularly intensively in the shortage of biogenic elements such as: nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, and simultaneous excess of the carbon source in the environment [7, 22, 23]. The individual phases of the PHB synthesis are catalysed by specific enzymes (Fig. 2). Their presence determines the

Adam Kubaczyński, Anna Pytlak, Zofia Stępniewska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 329–338

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