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Research Article | 22-December-2016

Children’s coping styles and trauma symptoms after an explosion disaster

Background:The negative impact of trauma on children and adolescents is well documented. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between coping and trauma and distress symptoms after man-made disasters, especially those not related to war.Objective:This study investigated the relationship between children’s coping styles and their self-reported levels of trauma and distress symptoms after an explosion disaster in a residential area.Method:Participants were recruited through the

Mette Elmose, Christina Duch, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 132–140

research-article | 26-March-2021

On the relation of white matter brain abnormalities and the asociality symptoms in schizophrenia outpatients – a DTI study

INTRODUCTION The brain origins of psychotic symptoms, known as Kraepelin’s ‘dementia praecox’, were further indicated by Bleuer as an essential disintegration of mental processes in schizophrenia (Jablensky, 2010). Nowadays, it resonates with the disconnection theory (Friston, 2002; Friston et al., 2016), where neuropathology of schizophrenia points at abnormal functional connections associated with subtle changes in the structure of axons located across the brain. Recent evidence implicates

Przemysław Adamczyk, Olga Płonka, Dawid Kruk, Martin Jáni, Piotr Błądziński, Aneta Kalisz, Stynke Castelein, Andrzej Cechnicki, Miroslaw Wyczesany

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 80–95

Review | 10-July-2018

Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms in response to methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Cochrane systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis#

Background:There is little evidence in the literature on the association between methylphenidate treatment and psychotic symptoms in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Objective:We examine the occurrence of psychotic symptoms during methylphenidate treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD. The data arise from our two Cochrane systematic reviews on methylphenidate, reported elsewhere.Methods:Electronic databases were searched up to January 2016

Erica Ramstad, Ole Jakob Storebø, Trine Gerner, Helle B. Krogh, Mathilde Holmskov, Frederik L. Magnusson, Carlos R. Moreira-Maia, Maria Skoog, Camilla Groth, Donna Gillies, Morris Zwi, Richard Kirubakaran, Christian Gluud, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 52–71

research-article | 18-March-2020

Parental internalizing symptoms as predictors of anxiety symptoms in clinic-referred children

Introduction Anxiety disorders are prevalent among children and may have long-term negative impact on individuals’ personal, social, and academic functioning (1). Several factors may influence the development and maintenance of anxiety in children, including genetic, physiological, temperamental, parental, and family-context related risks (2-4). Increased knowledge about factors that influence the level of anxiety symptoms in children is needed to improve clinical practice, as well as to

Krister Westlye Fjermestad, Christina Lium, Einar R. Heiervang, Odd E. Havik, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Ingvar Bjelland, Gro Janne Henningsen Wergeland

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 18–24

Research Article | 23-January-2019

Psychiatric problems and quality of life in a clinical sample of adolescents: The role of peer relations

Background:The quality of peer relations is linked to mental health in childhood and adolescence, but few studies have investigated its clinical relevance. In particular, the potential mediating role of peer functioning in the associations between different dimensions of symptoms and quality of life (QoL) has not been sufficiently examined.Objective:In a clinical sample of adolescents, we examined peer relations in light of psychiatric diagnoses, as well as QoL and symptoms of mental health

Ingunn Ranøyen, Eva Gulliksrud, Marit S. Indredavik, Frode Stenseng

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 183–192

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

Evaluation of musculoskeletal symptoms among physicians performing ultrasound

evaluating the prevalence and type of musculoskeletal symptoms among diagnostic medical sonographers, as well as identify­ing their professional profile. Material and method: The study covered 553 sonographers who responded to an online survey comprising 27 questions, including branching ques­tions allowing to provide more detailed information depending on the answers given, as well as open questions. The survey was geared towards identifying the type and frequency of the experienced symptoms

Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 154–159

research-article | 30-November-2020

Changes over time in mental health symptoms among adolescents in Tampere, Finland

Introduction Adolescence is a time of marked growth and change (1). These changes enable young people to become adults but also put them at risk for developmental problems (1). Mental health disorders are the most common illness group in adolescence (2). Mental health disorders can be divided into internalizing and externalizing disorders (3). In internalizing disorders, the symptoms are directed at oneself, i.e. the problem is internalized (3). Examples of internalizing disorders/symptoms

Noora Knaappila, Mauri Marttunen, Sari Fröjd, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 96–104

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Latent Classes of Symptoms related to Clinically Depressed Mood in Adolescents

The diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, is based only on adult symptomatology of depression and not adapted for age and gender. This may contribute to the low diagnostic specificity and validity of adolescent MDD. In this study, we investigated whether latent classes based on symptoms associated with depressed mood could be identified in a sample of adolescents seeking psychiatric care, regardless of traditionally

Eva Henje Blom, Mats Forsman, Tony T. Yang, Eva Serlachius, Jan-Olov Larsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Low self-esteem and high psychological distress are common among depressed adolescents presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department

Background:Increasing psychiatric disorders and alcohol intoxication challenge the pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) to which adolescents are referred owing to acute alcohol intoxication.Objective:This study examined the degree to which adolescents presenting to PED with alcohol intoxication or deliberate self-harm report symptoms of depression and how they differed from non-depressed patients in terms of alcohol use, perceived social support, psychological distress, self-esteem, and

Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 39–49

review-article | 23-April-2021

Prevalence of depressive symptoms among older children and young adolescents: a longitudinal population-based study

). Depression among adults is associated with problems regarding interpersonal relationships (4), substance misuse (9), self-harm and suicide (10). Furthermore, major depressive disorder among youth has the greatest impact of any disorder, with more than 40% of young people experiencing a severe negative impact on their life (11). Common symptoms of depression in adults are decreased energy, loss of motivation and initiative, increased degree of irritation, impaired concentration and memory, poorer self

Else Marie Lysfjord Juul, Odin Hjemdal, Tore Aune

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 64–72

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Impairment in Young Preschool Children with Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Co-occurring Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder

We have limited knowledge of the impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the daily functioning of young preschool children.This study investigated the level of impairment related to symptoms of ADHD in different functional domains. It also addressed how impairment caused by ADHD was related to ADHD subtype, symptom load, gender, and the co-occurrence of oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, or both.Participating children (N = 807) who were 3.5 years old

Bothild Bendiksen, Heidi Aase, Elisabeth Svensson, Svein Friis, Anne Margrethe Myhre, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Pål Zeiner

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 95–105

research-article | 03-October-2020

Repetitive Negative Thinking outperforms loneliness and lack of social connectedness as a predictor of prospective depressive symptoms in adolescents

both adults and adolescents (for reviews, see: 6, 7, 8). For example, in a longitudinal cohort study in 658 at-risk adolescents Wilkinson et al. (9) found that RNT predicted both the onset of a depressive episode and levels of depressive symptoms over a 12-month interval, when controlled for baseline symptomatology. Likewise, Bijttebier and colleagues (10) showed that, again when controlled for baseline symptom levels, RNT predicted prospective levels of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up in

Filip Raes, Margot Bastin, Tina Pede, Eline Belmans, Luc Goossens, Janne Vanhalst

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 149–156

research-article | 14-February-2020

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

Introduction Good sleep is important for mental as well as somatic health in adolescents (1-6). In Sweden, studies have shown that people aged 16 to 24 years, especially females, have over time exhibited an increase in symptoms of anxiety, depression, and somatization (7, 8). Psychiatric disorders have, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), now become the second most common non-communicable health concern worldwide (cardiovascular disease being the leading concern) (9, 10

Frida Thorsén, Carl Antonson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 10–17

Research Article | 18-October-2018

Identity formation and evaluation in adolescence and emerging adulthood: How is it associated with depressive symptoms and loneliness?

identity dimensions and intra- and interpersonal aspects of mental health.Method:In total, 524 high school students (65 % female; mean age = 18.27; SD = 1.15) participated in a cross-sectional study measuring five identity dimensions and intra- and interpersonal aspects of mental health (depressive symptoms and loneliness). Correlation coefficients were calculated and hierarchical regression analyses were performed.Results:Only two of the five identity dimensions: Identification with Commitment and

Nanna Lindekilde, Marlene Lübeck, Mathias Lasgaard

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 91–97

original-paper | 09-April-2019

Dengue Outbreaks in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan in 2017: An Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System (IDSRS)-Based Report

were investigated for various signs and symptoms e.g. fever, body aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gum bleeding and bleeding of the nose, skin rashes, animals contact history, and platelet count at admission. ELISA. The data collected was obtained from medical records. About 120 948 patients were reviewed retrospectively for demographic and clinical as well as laboratory data. The patients’ serum was investigated for the presence of non-structural protein-1 (NS1) antigen in order to identify DENV

ABDULLAH, SHER ALI, MUHAMMAD SALMAN, MISBAHUD DIN, KACHKOL KHAN, MUNIB AHMAD, FAISAL HAYAT KHAN, MUHAMMAD ARIF

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 115–119

Original Paper | 17-March-2016

Lateralized periodic discharges associated with status epilepticus in the first year after stroke

prospectively evaluated patients who clinically presented with status epilepticus associated LPDs between March 2014 and March 2015. We investigated patients that presented with a new stroke occurrence. We excluded the other LPD etiologies. EEG studies of five patients (two men) who were admitted to our emergency unit with confusion, three of whom had visual symptoms; four were treated for NCSE as diagnosed with LPDs. The fifth patient had convulsive status epilepticus with LPD in the postictal period

Hava Ozlem Dede, Nerses Bebek, Ozlem Gelisin, Murat Mert Atmaca, Nilufer Yesilot Barlas, Candan Gurses, Betul Baykan, Aysen Gokyigit

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 15–23

Research Article | 23-May-2019

PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUS – CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPARISON OF SELECTED PROPERTIES OF HCOV-SARS AND HCOV-MERS

asymptomatic disease. HCoV-SARS infections seem to be associated with severe disease only. In this paper, a comparison of the structure of these viruses, the mechanisms underlying their ability to cross the interspecies barrier and to multiply in the human body, including modulation of IFNβ cascade, as well as routes of infection transmission and symptoms caused, were presented.

Katarzyna W. Pancer

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 22–32

research-article | 30-September-2019

The role of TVT position in relation to the pubic symphysis in eliminating the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence and urethral funneling

Introduction Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most common type of urinary incontinence (UI) in women(1,2). However, its pathophysiology is not fully understood. The symptoms of SUI are assumed to be associated with urethral hypermobility and low maximum urethral closure pressure in most cases(3,4). The introduction of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) was a breakthrough in the surgical treatment of SUI. The method is highly effective, with cure rates up to 93% at 6 months after procedure

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Magda Krzycka, Paulina Pająk, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 207–211

research-article | 30-November-2019

Difference in lesion formation by male and female Pratylenchus penetrans

be interesting to evaluate dill and other family members to identify crops with potential to suppress reproduction by this important species. Migration and feeding behaviors of P. penetrans have been linked to the development of symptoms (Zunke, 1990b). Our data indicate that feeding was more important, and perhaps essential, to lesion formation. Females made new lesions on pea for eight days past the day when the average lesion length stopped increasing. Intercellular movement of P. penetrans

Kanan Saikai, Ann E. MacGuidwin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Immigrant Preadolescents and Risk of Emotional Distress

Daniele E. Alves, Heather L. Corliss, Espen Roysamb, Henrik D. Zachrisson, Brit Oppedal, Kristin Gustavson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 41–51

Case report | 01-December-2019

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria: a case report

A 15-month-old white male child was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, increased somnolence, pallor, jaundice, fever, and decreased activity level. The purpose of this case study is to report the clinical findings associated with the patient’s clinical symptoms and differential laboratory diagnosis.

Scott C. Wise, Sheila H. Tinsley, Lloyd O. Cook

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 118–123

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of rice root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola, infecting Juncus microcephalus in Brazil

during the absence of crop, serving as an alternative host for many crop pests including arthropods, pathogens, including nematodes. In October 2020, samples of South American reeds showing many galls on the roots (Fig. 1A, B) were collected in rice fields, before sowing the crop from the municipality of Agudo (29° 34′16, 7″S; 53° 17′17, 4″ O; 53 m), state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. No symptoms were observed in the aerial part of infected South American rush plants. Figure 1: Meloidogyne

Cristiano Bellé, Paulo Sergio dos Santos, Tiago Edu Kaspary

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–4

research-article | 24-April-2020

First report of southern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, infecting pomegranate, Punica granatum, in Peru

Ricardo Andreé Vega-Callo, María Yaquelin Mendoza-Lima, Nataly Ruth Mamani-Mendoza, Leslie Sharon Lozada-Villanueva, Juan José Tamo-Zegarra, Teodocia Gloria Casa-Ruiz, Cristiano Bellé

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

research-article | 21-October-2020

Chenopodium album is a weed host of Meloidogyne incognita (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) in Peru

Meloidogyne sp. (Fig. 1). In order to identify the plant-parasitic nematode species infecting roots of these C. album plants, a combination of morphological, biochemical, and molecular analyses were employed. Figure 1: Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White, 1919; Chitwood, 1949) root infestation symptoms on fat-hen (Chenopodium album L.). The identification to species level of Meloidogyne population was carried out using morphological measurement of second-stage juveniles (J2) (n = 20), females (n

Jorge Airton Gómez-Chatata, Teodocia Gloria Casa-Ruiz, Juan José Tamo-Zegarra, Cristiano Bellé

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

Article | 30-November-2018

LYSSAVIRUS SPP. – RABIES VIRUSES AS A STILL-PRESENT PROBLEM

characterized by aggressiveness and a feeling of excitement. This pathology is also sometimes called “hydrophobia” from the Latin hydrophobia, which refers to one of the symptoms of this disease – involuntary muscle spasms at the sight or sound of water [45, 46]. In 1931 in the West Indies, six years before the first isolation of the West Nile virus (WNV) [49], Joseph Lennox Pawan discovered the Negri bodies in the brain of a bat exhibiting behaviour that deviated from the rest of mammals of the same

Przemysław Gałązka, Patryk Kaczor, Klaudyna Grzelakowska, Kamil Leis

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 2, 153–164

research-article | 30-November-2018

First report of Meloidogyne javanica (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) infecting Scoparia dulcis, a medicinal plant in Brazil

Cristiano Bellé, Rodrigo Ferraz Ramos, Andressa Lima de Brida, Tiago Edu Kaspary

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–3

Research Article | 23-May-2019

TICK-BORNE PATHOGENS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 (HIV-1) INFECTION

The studies on the occurrence and diversity of tick-borne infections in HIV-infected individuals have been few, and the subject has been relatively neglected when compared with other infections associated with HIV. Non-specific symptoms of tick-borne diseases pose a challenge in clinical care and may lead to misdiagnosis, especially in HIV-positive patients, who often experience many non-specific clinical symptoms. Additionally, in immunocompromised patients, a significant delay of antibody

Renata Welc-Falęciak, Małgorzata Bednarska, Magdalena Szatan, Agnieszka Pawełczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 3, 251–259

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Psychological Difficulties among Children and Adolescents with Ethnic Danish, Immigrant, and Refugee Backgrounds

This study investigated and compared the prevalence of psychological difficulties among Danish, immigrant, and refugee children.We enrolled 332 children between the ages of 8 and 18 years (148 Danish children, 81 immigrant children, and 67 children with refugee backgrounds), all from low-income areas of residence. The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Symptoms Checklist, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and the Revised Children’s Anxiety and Depression Scale were applied.We

Ingrid Leth, Janni Niclasen, Else Ryding, Yasmine Baroud, Barbara H. Esbjørn

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 29–37

Research Article | 30-November-2012

Exploration of ADHD Subtype Definitions and Co-Occurring Psychopathology in a Missouri Population-Based Large Sibship Sample

There is some debate regarding the utility of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) subtypes as currently defined. Differences in co-occurring psychopathology among subtypes would support the validity of subtype definitions. To explore how ADHD subtype relates to co-occurring psychopathology in a large population-based sample of children and adolescents (n=5744). Parents completed the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-symptoms and Normal behavior (SWAN) questionnaire, the Child

Angela M. Reiersen, Alexandre A. Todorov

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 3–13

Editorial | 10-July-2018

Occurrence of psychotic symptoms during treatment of ADHD with methylphenidate: Clinical significance and the need for further research

Angela M. Reiersen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 1–3

Case report | 29-September-2017

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration of adventitial cysts in the occluded popliteal artery – clinical results and MR findings at 5-year follow-up

resolution of symptoms and no calf pain 5 years after the proce­dure. MR findings and resolution of symptoms in these two patients show the efficacy of percutaneous adventitial cyst aspiration in a 5-year follow-up.

Grzegorz Rosiak, Krzysztof Milczarek, Andrzej Cieszanowski, Olgierd Rowiński

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 212–216

Review Paper | 06-December-2013

Corpus callosum and epilepsies

Introduction. Corpus callosum (CC) is the largest forebrain commissure. Structural anomalies and accompanying clinical symptoms are not in the focus of neurologists, epileptologists or neurosurgeons. Aim and method. Anatomy, embryological development, normal functions, structural abnormalities, additional malformations, clinical symptoms and seizure disorders with CC anomalies are reviewed from the literature. Review. The detection of callosal anomalies increased rapidly with widespread use of

Gerhard Bauer, Elżbieta Płonka-Półtorak, Richard Bauer, Iris Unterberger, Giorgi Kuchukhidze

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 89–104

research-article | 24-June-2021

The neural substrates of diminished humor comprehension in schizophrenia and its relationship with psychopathology

regarding humor-processing disturbances and their neural substrates in schizophrenia, the relationship between brain activity and psychopathology symptoms or cognitive deficits remains understudied. Previous data indicate that schizophrenia individuals find jokes more difficult to understand when mentalizing abilities (Theory of Mind) are involved (Corcoran et al., 1997), and the humor comprehension is more impaired in patients with more severe positive symptoms, such as delusions (Corcoran et al., 1997

Martin Jáni, Olga Płonka, Artur Daren, Piotr Błądziński, Aneta Kalisz, Mirosław Wyczesany, Przemysław Adamczyk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 2, 95–104

Short Report | 10-September-2020

Can pregnant women accurately report snoring? A pilot study

Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) has been associated with possible negative outcomes, such as preeclampsia and foetal growth restriction. SDB screening tools have been developed for use within general populations. These included the use of self-reports and objective measurements. Seventeen pregnant women within their 34th to 37th week of pregnancy were recruited.  Participants undertook an overnight study within their home and SDB symptoms were monitored using the Watch-PAT 200 and an

Jane Warland, Jacinta Carpentieri, Jillian Dorrian

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 57–64

research-article | 30-November-2020

Associations between insecure attachment styles to parents and suicidal ideation in adolescents with depression

depression were both included in the screening, to get a clinical confirmation of the self-reported depressive symptoms. Adolescents meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for any psychotic disorder, anorexia nervosa, bipolar disorder, intellectual disability or pervasive developmental disorders were excluded from the study. Eligible adolescents and parents provided written, informed consent and were then randomized to either Attachment Based Family Therapy (ABFT) or treatment as usual (TAU). The RCT study sample

Luxsiya Waraan, Lars Mehlum, Erling W. Rognli, Nikolai O. Czajkowski, Marianne Aalberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 41–51

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

produces the mutation causing XDP. XDP presents a higher male incidence as recessive mutation affects the X chromosome. Males, having only the one X chromosome, are more likely to express the mutation where women, having two chances to obtain a normal dominant X chromosome, are less likely to display the mutation (Dobyns, et al. 2004). Females can be carriers of the defective gene however it is rare for symptoms to be displayed and if present, they appear comparatively mild to male counterparts (Lee

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

Research Article | 23-May-2019

NOCARDIA SPP. – CHARACTERISTICS, PATHOGENICITY, TREATMENT

after immunosupression therapy. Nocardia asteroides is responsible for the majority of infections in humans. Diagnostic methods include cell culture and PCR. The symptoms vary depending on the form of the illness. Cough and hemoptysis are characteristic for pulmonary nocardiosis, while abscesses are typical for the cutaneous form. When the illness spreads, the symptoms vary depending on the organ. The treatment of choice is sulfonamide.

Michał Wiciński, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Bartosz Malinowski, Jarosław Żak, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk, Kamil Leis

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 68–75

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Anxiety Disorders among Adolescents referred to General Psychiatry for Multiple Causes: Clinical Presentation, Prevalence, and Comorbidity

Reports of anxiety disorder characteristics among youth in clinical settings typically include descriptions of patients who have been specifically referred for anxiety treatment. At odds with a large body of evidence which demonstrates these disorders to be most common among young people, prevalence studies in samples referred to general psychiatry for multiple causes are scarce and report highly discrepant estimates.For this study and regardless of their presenting symptoms, 125 adolescents

Susanne Olofsdotter, Sofia Vadlin, Karin Sonnby, Tomas Furmark, Kent W. Nilsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 55–64

case-report | 30-November-2018

Late diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in a 5.5-month-old infant

circulation, the diameter of the pulmonary veins and the vertical vein, as well as the size of the coexistent atrial septal defect (ASD) (the only way by which oxygenated blood can reach the left atrium). Signs and symptoms typically exacerbate during physical exercise. About 80% of patients with TAPVD die within the first year of life(1,4,5) if untreated, although the literature mentions oligosymptomatic cases with long-term survival(1,4,6). Common symptoms of TAPVD include shortness of breath, cyanosis

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Weronika Rygier, Radosław Kunikowski, Michał Buczyński, Danuta Roik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 75–79

Research Article | 30-November-2013

How do Girls with Low Functioning Autism Compare to Boys with Autism and Typically Developing Girls with regard to Behavior, Cognition, and Psychopathology?

The female autism spectrum disorder (ASD) phenotype is currently underresearched. Girls with ASD may differ from boys with ASD, yet few studies have tested this hypothesis, particularly among low functioning individuals. This study compared girls and boys with predominantly low functioning ASD and typically developing girls during middle and late childhood across autism symptoms, cognition, sensory overresponsivity, and co-occurring psychopathology.Three mental-age–matched groups were compared

Camilla Nguyen, Angelica Ronald

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 55–65

Article | 15-October-2019

THE PREVALENCE OF SYMPTOMATIC DERMATOPHYTOSES IN DOGS AND CATS AND THE PATHOMECHANISM OF DERMATOPHYTE INFECTIONS

, present around the world [106]. Surface skin mycoses constitute an important disease entity due to their highly contagious nature, significant zoonotic potential and poorly outlined clinical symptoms which may additionally imitate other diseases. Dermatomycoses are self-limiting in most immunocompetent hosts and may become eradicated on their own within a few weeks or months. Nevertheless, a proper diagnosis and the introduction of appropriate treatment not only shortens the time needed to cure a

Dominik Łagowski, Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Marcelina Osińska, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 2, 165–176

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Underidentification of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Females: A Case Series Illustrating the Unique Presentation of this Disorder in Young Women

underidentification in this group.The purpose of this case series is to demonstrate how symptoms of ASD may uniquely manifest in females without co-occurring intellectual impairment.An examination of three case examples of young women diagnosed with ASD will illustrate the processes that contribute to the atypical manifestation and underidentification of ASD in females.Across cases, the females in this study demonstrated shared symptom presentations within three domains: 1) unique core symptom manifestation

Andrea Trubanova, Katharine Donlon, Nicole L. Kreiser, Thomas H. Ollendick, Susan W. White

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 66–76

Research Article | 10-July-2018

Long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention during their preschool years: a pilot study of 15 young adults

, and 10 received eclectic treatment. Participants were followed from their first autism diagnosis during the preschool years (time 1) to the age of six years (time 2). The participants are now in their twenties (time 3), and at this point in time, information on autism symptoms, co-occurring disorders, quality of life, functioning, participation, adaptive behavior, and overall outcome was gathered from parents. Six of the participants answered questionnaires on quality of life, functioning, and

Sigrídur Lóa Jónsdóttir, Birta Brynjarsdóttir, Evald Saemundsen, Jón Fridrik Sigurdsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 28–39

research-article | 25-March-2021

“Less stress”: a pilot study on a cognitive behavioral treatment program for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders

impacted by anxiety symptoms (9) and the need to explore the potential impact of anxiety on school performance in children with ASD has recently been underlined (10). In general, we know that anxiety can be effectively treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) (11, 12). Also, when intellectual abilities (IQ) are below average but in the (lower) normal range, children with ASD can complete and benefit from CBT (13). However, an early study found that children with ASD seem to respond less well to

Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Tony Attwood, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 30–40

Review | 06-February-2018

Nigrostriatal interaction in the aging brain: new therapeutic target for Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of unclear etiology and pathogenesis. Research results gathered to date support the hypothesis that the motor symptoms of the disease result from the gradual loss of midbrain dopamine neurons residing in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Recent discoveries, however, significantly expand this knowledge indicating that the primary source of the PD pathogenesis may be located both in the SNpc as well as in the GABAergic

Janusz W. Błaszczyk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 106–112

research-article | 12-April-2019

Pragmatic language impairment general and specific associations to mental health symptom dimensions in a child psychiatric sample

symptoms with social-emotional and developmental problems. There is still a controversy whether PLI is a separate developmental disorder, a specific “language disorder,” or an aspect or symptom of low-grade or high-function autism (3,13,14). This is the case despite the establishment of the diagnosis “social communication disorder” in the DSM5, which was tailored to label PLI as a separate disorder and has the additional requirement of both non-verbal and verbal communication problems (15). Later

Edel Brenne, Tormod Rimehaug

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 3–12

research-article | 21-October-2020

First report of southern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, infecting Brassica nigra in Peru

Jorge Airton Gómez-Chatata, Juan José Tamo-Zegarra, Teodocia Gloria Casa-Ruiz, Cristiano Bellé

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

Case report | 10-January-2018

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Adapting to Consequences

. Subjects had Glasgow Coma Scores 14/15 at 30 minutes after injury and 15/15 (full score) after 3 days. Subjects reported low post-concussion symptoms scores and few depressive symptoms. All subjects worked or studied before the injury and almost of them returned to normal lives at the time of interview. However, 18% did experience moderately severe disability and 1.5% suffered severe disabilities. Future studies with longitudinal, comparison, or predictive methodology with reduced but relevant

Nutthita Petchprapai

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 12–19

Case report | 05-May-2015

Cognitive functions in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres – a case report

Introduction. Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERRF) is a rare, progressive mitochondrial disease affecting multiple systems, including the central nervous system. Typical MERRF symptoms include: myoclonus, epileptic seizures, ataxia and cognitive decline. In mitochondrial diseases selective cognitive impairment or generalized decline, called mitochondrial dementia, is usually diagnosed. Description of case. We present the case of an 18-year-old patient with progressive neurological

Martyna Domańska, Emilia J. Sitek, Michał Schinwelski, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska, Agnieszka Matheisel, Jarosław Sławek

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 69–74

Research Article | 23-May-2019

RELAPSING FEVERS

%), B. turicatae (41%), B. Parkeri (51%). Symptoms of relapsing fevers transmitted by lice and by ticks are very similar. The following symptoms are characteristic for both types of relapsing fevers: high fever with sudden onset, chills, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, drowsiness, photophobia and cough.

Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska, Beata Fiecek, Tomasz Chmielewski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 41–46

research-article | 30-November-2019

Evaluation of fluopyram for the control of Ditylenchus dipsaci in sugar beet

root-rot symptom development on sugar beets was determined by de-heading 20 beets/plot down to the crown surface and slicing them vertically until the bottom of the root. The percentage of root volume showing rot symptoms was determined using an index with 0 = no rot visible, 1 = ≤ 10% of rotten root, 2 = 11 to 33% of rotten root, 3 = 34 to 66% of rotten root, and 4 = 67 to 100% of rotten root. In 2017, field experiments were repeated, but warm and dry conditions in spring were unfavorable to D

Alan Storelli, Andreas Keiser, Reinhard Eder, Samuel Jenni, Sebastian Kiewnick

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2018

First Report of the Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne floridensis Infecting Guardian® Peach Rootstock in South Carolina, USA

nematodes in three declining peach orchards in Edgefield County, South Carolina, several plant parasitic nematodes including a RKN were found in soil and root samples. Excavated roots of Prunus persica showed strong gall symptoms (Fig. 1). Nematode species identification was performed using both morphological and molecular methods at the Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, California. The RKN was identified as Meloidogyne floridensis in samples from

Gregory L. Reighard, William G. Henderson, Sarah O. Scott, Sergei. A. Subbotin

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–6

Original Paper | 02-January-2015

The pathophysiology of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome – a review of clinico-electrophysiological studies

Introduction. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a type of therapy-resistant epileptic syndrome. Since the establishment of our Epilepsy Center in 1975 we have performed many studies to assess the clinical symptoms, seizure manifestations, sleep and long-term follow-up of the clinical course and changes on electroencephalographs (EEGs) in patients with LGS. Aim. To review the updated pathophysiology of LGS based on our own clinico-electrophysiological data referring to recent advances in brain

Kazuichi Yagi

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 7–23

Research Article | 30-November-2012

Modeling Patterns of Negative Life Events and Mental Health in Faroese Adolescents

the Trauma Symptom Checklist.Three classes of adolescents were identified on the basis of their exposure to potentially traumatic and negative life events. The baseline class (81.3%) had a low probability of the endorsement of all potentially traumatic and negative life events, except threats of violence and bullying. This group had low scores for post-traumatic symptoms, negative affectivity, and somatization. Class 2 (13.7%) comprised mainly males and had the highest probability of endorsement

Tóra Petersen, Cherie Armour, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 63–71

research-article | 30-November-2020

Detection of Pratylenchus zeae and P. brachyurus parasitizing plants from the caatinga biome, Ceará, Brazil

) and were inoculated with 5,000 eggs and J2 of P. zeae and P. brachyurus per pot. Inoculation was carried out by placing the inoculum suspension in holes approximately 4 cm deep in the rhizosphere of each plant. The experimental design used was completely randomized, with five times per plant species plus five control plants, which were not inoculated. Inoculated plants exhibited root necrosis symptoms similar to those observed in the field, while uninoculated plants showed no symptoms. This is the

Francisco Jorge Carlos Souza Junior, Mayara Castro Assunção

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–5

Case report | 25-January-2018

The Life and Trials of a Pseudomeningocoele.

. Ms Z’s symptoms started at the age of sixteen. She experienced severe headaches when she coughed or laughed and was seen by a neurologist at the time but no clear diagnosis was made. Her symptoms continued and after multiple medical appointments, a diagnosis of Chiari Malformation was made. She had her first surgery in 2013 after which Ms Z reported her complications began to occur. She moved to New Zealand and started to get more unwell and presented to a rural emergency department (ED). She has

Larissa Engel, Maira Manch

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 33–37

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Periodontal Status and Subgingival Biofilms in Cystic Fibrosis Adults

analyzed by gingival indices describing the condition of the gums. The available literature regarding the periodontal status of cystic fibrosis patients shows that CF adult patients, compared to healthy individuals, have less gingival bleeding, with a similar bacterial plaque accumulation (Pawlaczyk-Kamieńska et al. 2018). In our study, despite the widespread presence of bacterial dental deposits in cystic fibrosis patients, none of them has clinical symptoms of periodontal disease. This can be

TAMARA PAWLACZYK-KAMIEŃSKA, RENATA ŚNIATAŁA, HALINA BATURA-GABRYEL, MARIA BORYSEWICZ-LEWICKA, SZCZEPAN COFTA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 377–382

research-article | 30-November-2019

Molecular identification of Bursaphelenchus cocophilus associated to oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) crops in Tibu (North Santander, Colombia)

Escobar, 2007; Saenz, 2016). The red ring symptoms in oil palm are varied in Colombia, in the case of the Eastern Plains the main symptom is the shortening of leaves. In the North Zone, there is shortening and copper coloration of the leaflets. In some cases, there is accumulation of spear leaf and when they open are very short and chlorotic (Chinchilla, 1992; Calvache et al., 1995). However, external symptoms are not considered a diagnostic method of the disease because there are other pathogens that

Greicy Andrea Sarria, Donald Riascos-Ortiz, Hector Camilo Medina, Yuri Mestizo, Gerardo Lizarazo, Francia Varón De Agudelo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

critical-appraisal | 31-March-2020

A brief update on psychogenic non-epileptic seizures: a challenge to overcome

happening by referring to descriptions provided by witnesses, and often describe their attacks using the image of an internal entity of which they were victims. By contrast, patients with ES describe their attacks in as much detail as possible and try to reconstruct the experience as fully as they can, making an effort to describe their subjective symptoms, quantify the duration of the phases preceding and following the seizure, and use the image of an external entity overcoming them. PNES: HOW TO

Massimiliano Beghi, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Ettore Beghi

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 28 , 67–72

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Preadolescents with Immigrant Backgrounds: The Relationship between Emotional Problems, Parental Achievement Values, and Comparison

Daniele E. Alves, Kristin Gustavson, Espen Roysamb, Brit Oppedal, Henrik D. Zachrisson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 124–134

research-article | 17-March-2020

First report of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne arenaria, on lavender in Turkey

. (2014) was reported on L. spica L. (Carneiro et al., 2014). Lavender species, L. spica L. was inoculated with M. arenaria (Neal, 1892; Chitwood, 1949) and was a suitable host for this root-knot nematode (Moreno et al., 1990). However, there is no report on root-knot nematodes infecting lavender in Turkey. In 2019, a survey was carried out in the lavender growing areas in Kırklareli and Edirne provinces of Turkey. The roots of lavender plants with symptoms of stunting were observed and examined

Tevfik Özalp, Gonca Könül, Önder Ayyıldız, Adnan Tülek, Zübeyir Devran

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

Research Article | 29-March-2016

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

basis of the collected data, the author has performed multiple analyses to confirm the usefulness of ultrasound imaging for postoperative evaluation of CTS treatment efficacy.ResultsAmong all 62 patients, 3 months after surgical median nerve decompression: in 40 patients, CTS symptoms subsided completely, and sonographic evaluation did not show median nerve entrapment signs; in 9 patients, CTS symptoms persisted or exacerbated, and ultrasound proved nerve compression revealing preserved flexor

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 16–24

Case report | 18-October-2018

Treatment efficacy of narrative family therapy for children and adolescents with diverse psychiatric symptomatology

different diagnoses.Method:Families receiving NFT from the Family Therapy Team (FTT) at the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) of the Capital Region of Denmark filled out psychometric measurements before and after treatment. Patients evaluated the burden of symptoms using Beck’s Youth Inventory (BYI), and parents evaluated their personal agency in relationship to their child’s psychiatric disorder using Parent Activation Measurement (PAM).Results:We analyzed data from 48 patients and

Nina Tejs Jørring, Karsten Gjessing Jensen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 107–114

review-article | 26-March-2021

Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection

unexplored route of transmission. On the other hand, to date there is no evidence on the identification of intrauterine infection or mother-to-child transmission (Chen et al., 2020). It is essential to mention that people of all ages are generally susceptible, however the bulk of patients are concentrated in the group of 30 to 79 years, which represents 86.6%. Patients with underlying diseases are more susceptible (Yuan et al., 2020), compared to men, women not only have fewer symptoms, but also have a

Cindy Bandala, José Luis Cortes-Altamirano, Samuel Reyes-Long, Eleazar Lara-Padilla, Ian Ilizaliturri-Flores, Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 69–79

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Continuous MPTP intoxication in the Göttingen minipig results in chronic parkinsonian deficits

of the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Twelve female Göttingen minipigs were divided into groups of 2–4 animals and implanted with infusion pumps for continuous intramuscular MPTP delivery of 4–24 mg MPTP/day for 11 weeks. The animals showed parkinsonian symptoms with bradykinesia, rigidity, coordination and chewing difficulties. Symptoms were stable in the 12 and 18 mg MPTP/day groups, whereas the remaining groups showed partial or full behavioral recovery

Mette Slot Nielsen, Andreas Nørgaard Glud, Arne Møller, Poul Mogensen, Dirk Bender, Jens Christian Sørensen, Doris Doudet, Carsten Reidies Bjarkam

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 199–211

Research Article | 30-November-2014

The Early Diagnosis of Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Norway: a Study of Diagnostic Age and Its Associated Factors

The early identification of autism spectrum disorder is important to ensure access to early intervention. Much research has focused on the identification of early behavioral symptoms and screening. This study examines referral for diagnostic assessment, diagnostic age, and factors associated with diagnostic age for children with autism spectrum disorder. The results of this study indicate that children are referred and diagnosed later than they should be. Previous research has identified a

Kenneth Larsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 136–145

research-article | 29-March-2019

First Report of the Peach Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne floridensis Infecting Almond on Root-Knot Nematode Resistant ‘Hansen 536’ and ‘Bright's Hybrid 5’ Rootstocks in California, USA

, California. Almond trees (Prunus dulcis) grafted onto peach-almond hybrid rootstocks ‘Hansen 536’ and ‘Bright’s Hybrid®5’, both resistant to southern root-knot nematode (M. incognita) and Javanese root-knot nematode (M. javanica) and having ‘Okinawa’ and ‘Nemaguard’, respectively, in their parentage (McKenry et al., 2007) showed strong symptoms of growth decline (Fig. 1). Extracted root-knot nematodes were identified by both morphological and molecular methods as M. floridensis at the Plant Pest

Andreas Westphal, Zin T. Z. Maung, David A. Doll, Mohammad A. Yaghmour, John J. Chitambar, Sergei A. Subbotin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–3

case-report | 08-March-2021

Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report

probe, which demonstrated significant thickening of the dorsal scapular nerve at the level of the belly of the rhomboid major muscle, with narrowing and flattening distally (Fig. 1). On that basis, the diagnosis of DSNEN at the level of the rhomboid major muscle belly was made. In view of the chronicity of the symptoms and failure of physiotherapy, which had been performed for 2 months, hydrodissection of the dorsal scapular nerve was considered at the level of entrapment. Fig. 1. Longitudinal (A

Gaurav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 74–76

Case report | 18-October-2018

Widespread cortical PET abnormalities in an adolescent related to a PNES dissociative state, PTSD, ADHD, and domestic violence exposure

Background:Accumulated evidence indicates that exposure to trauma is associated with the development of cognitive impairments and psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents.Objective:In this case study of a female adolescent of 17 years, we aimed to evaluate how cortical positron emission tomography (PET) abnormalities relate to psychogenic non-epileptic seizure (PNES) dissociative state, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and domestic

Dejan Stevanovic, Leposava Brajkovic, Madhur Kumar Srivastava, Ivan Krgovic, Jasna Jancic

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 98–106

research-article | 30-November-2017

Validation of the Polish version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (P-NDDI-E)

INTRODUCTION Patients with epilepsy (PWEs) have worse quality of life than individuals from the general population not only because of occurrence of epileptic seizures, but also due to comorbid psychiatric disorders, especially depression (Jacoby et al., 2009; Kanner et al., 2012a; Yue et al., 2011). These symptoms are severe and more frequent in population of patients with epilepsy than in the general population (Jalava and Sillanpää, 1996; Kwon and Park, 2014; Tellez-Zenteno et al., 2007

Bartłomiej Gmaj, Jerzy Majkowski, Jan Szczypiński, Joanna Jędrzejczak, Beata Majkowska-Zwolińska, Marcin Wojnar, Jacek Gawłowicz, Piotr Januszko, Sung Pa Park, Ewa Nagańska, Simon Ziemka, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1-2, 59–64

Short Communication | 15-March-2016

IgG Avidity: an Important Serologic Marker for the Diagnosis of Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Infection

A total of 52 serum samples from patients with symptoms suggestive of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) infection and positive IgM and/or IgG antibodies were tested for IgG avidity. Acute/recent TBEV infection was confirmed by low/borderline avidity index (AI) in 94.8% IgM positive/IgG positive samples, while in 5.2% high AI was found indicating persisting IgM antibodies. Majority of IgM negative/IgG positive samples (78.6%) showed high AI consistent with past TBEV infection. However, in

Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Goranka Petrovic, Gordana Mlinaric-Galinovic

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 119–121

research-article | 28-September-2020

B-mode and color Doppler imaging of carotid paragangliomas in different neck regions

Introduction Glomus tumors (GT) or paragangliomas (PG) are rare benign neoplasms which usually occur in the upper and lower extremities. They are rare in the head and neck region, and mostly located in the jugular fossa(1). They grow slowly and have benign properties, but they tend to cause local invasion and expansion to adjacent anatomic structures(2–4). Since the clinical symptoms that should accompany the lesion are mostly absent, the majority of the GT cases are incidental. The aim of this

Antigone Delantoni, Apostolos Sarafopoulos, Aspasia Polanagnostaki, Kaan Orhan

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 218–221

Research Article | 30-November-2012

Child Abuse Management Units: How can Mental Health Services be Further Improved?

. For the majority of these patients (80.2%), sexual abuse was the only concern. The children presented diverse psychological and somatic symptoms and problems. Psychosocial functioning was in general not properly described in the records. Four out of five of the children were referred to services for follow up after the first examination in the child abuse management unit. Only 36% of the children were referred to child protective services.This study revealed that psychosocial functioning is seldom

Hanne K. Greger, Thomas Jozefiak, Arne K. Myhre

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 51–62

research-article | 23-April-2021

A longitudinal investigation of cognitive functioning and its relationship to symptom severity and academic functioning in treatment seeking youth with ADHD

) score from standardized tests of intelligence (5-7). This is important because meta-analytic studies routinely find that individuals with ADHD, across the age range, present with significantly lower FSIQ scores than control groups (8). However, while lower FSIQ scores are associated with poorer functional outcomes, they do not appear to predict the persistence or remittance of ADHD symptoms over the long-term (9-13). The relationship between ADHD, IQ and functional outcomes is further complicated by

Pia Tallberg, Maria Rastam, Sean Perrin, Anne-Li Hallin, Peik Gustafsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 52–63

Case report | 31-January-2019

Iodinated contrast-induced sialadenitis: a review of the literature and sonographic findings in a clinical case

unknown to date: based on sonographic appearance, we support the hypothesis of an acute inflammatory condition elicited by iodine accumulation in the salivary glands. The emergency care practitioner needs to be confident with the clinical symptoms as well as the sonographic findings and therapeutic options to successfully manage this condition.

Antonio Lucarelli, Simone Perandini, Alessandro Borsato, Endrit Strazimiri, Stefania Montemezzi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 359–364

Research Article | 22-May-2019

AMOEBAE OF THE GENUS ACANTHAMOEBA – PATHOLOGICAL AGENTS IN HUMANS

Free living, cosmopolitan amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba present a serious risk to human health. As facultative human parasites, these amoebae may cause health and life-threatening diseases, such as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and cutaneous acanthamebiasis. AK is a severe, vision-threatening cornea infection with non-specific symptoms and course. GAE is a unique central nervous system disease, almost always leading to death. Cutaneous acanthamebiasis

Marcin Padzik, Edyta B. Hendiger, Lidia Chomicz, Jacek P. Szaflik

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 429–439

research-article | 18-May-2020

First report of Rotylenchulus reniformis infecting turmeric in Vietnam and consequent damage

approach, and to evaluate their damage potential to turmeric crops in order to provide a basis for pest management strategies. Material and methods Soil samples were collected following a grid pattern method from a turmeric growing area in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. At 10 sampling sites a visual inspection of plant symptoms was combined with the collection of four samples around a clump of turmeric, after removing the detritus layer to create a bulk sample (collection of 40 soil samples using a

Huu Tien Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

Article | 20-December-2020

Incidence of Rodgers-negative individuals in systemic lupus erythematosus patients

significant difference from controls (p=.002). A retrospective study of patients who produced anti-Rg showed that one third had symptoms often associated with SLE but none had SLE as a primary diagnosis.

JoAnn M. Moulds

Immunohematology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 92–94

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Exploring the Contribution of Parental Perceptions to Childhood Anxiety

= 44). In line with the findings from the literature that addresses externalizing disorders, parental sense of competence was significantly associated with childhood outcomes. Logistical regression suggested that paternal efficacy beliefs, acceptance, and maternal satisfaction were associated with an absence of clinical anxiety and lower levels of anxiety symptoms in children. Parental perceptions may thus provide an important area for understanding childhood anxiety.

Barbara H. Esbjørn, Ida D. Caspersen, Mikael J. Sømhovd, Sonja Breinholst, Marie Louise Reinholdt-Dunne

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 115–123

Article | 16-April-2018

Should We Rethink Toxoplasmosis?

Historically, acute infections by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) were not considered problematic in children and adults. Congenital infections caused concern due to effects on the developing foetus. Unless severe, symptoms such as chorioretinitis often only appeared later with periodic reactivation of chronic infection. Current thinking about the role of T. gondii has changed substantially. Researchers now believe that acute infections in children and adults, and their periodic reactivation once

Michael G. Gleeson, B. App. Sc., (Phty), M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 73–78

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018

SUDDEN VISUAL DISTURBANCE IN AN AIRCREWMAN – INVESTIGATION AND DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

, signs, symptoms and investigation results are discussed in the context of the aeromedical handling of the case, and eventual return to flying duties after a restriction period. Unusual facets and possible contributors in this case study are the exposure to noxious fumes and vaporised nicotine (e-cigarettes). The implications of the latter are still unexplored in the aviation environment.

Wolfgang Seckler

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 13–15

Original Research | 20-December-2018

SIMULATOR SICKNESS IN AIRFOX® DISORIENTATION SIMULATOR

ABSTRACT Use of flight simulators has consistently increased over the years, a phenomenon known as simulator sickness upon simulator exposure (SE) has been of concern in aircrew. This Simulator Sickness (SS) has been largely considered to be a persistent limiting factor in continuing flying training. It is classically characterized by nausea, dizziness, postural instability, fatigue and general malaise. On cessation of SE, few symptoms may persist up to several hours and these may have an

Piush Renjhen

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2018

Considering Causes for Hypoactive Delirium

overwhelming physiological stressors, inflammation ensues and alterations in neurotransmitters (mainly dopamine and acetylcholine) lead to behavioral symptoms (Mulkey, Hardin, Olson, & Munro, 2018). Predisposing factors particularly associated with the hypoactive subtype include advanced age, prior cognitive impairment, and medications (especially sedatives). As many as 80% of older adults experience delirium during hospitalization (Mulkey, Hardin, et al., 2018). Of those experiencing delirium, the

Malissa A Mulkey, Sonya R Hardin, DaiWai M Olson, Cindy L Munro, Erik Everhart

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 29 , ISSUE 1, 9–16

Research Article | 22-May-2019

NON-PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUSES – CHARACTERISTICS AND DIAGNOSTICS

In this article, the characteristics of human coronaviruses (HCoV) are presented. Currently, six human coronaviruses are known: HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, HCoV-SARS and HCoV-MERS. The first human coronaviruses were described in the sixties of the twentieth century, the last one, HCoV-MERS, in 2012 y. Coronaviruses can cause mild, asymptomatic infections as well as severe respiratory diseases, like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. The symptoms of HCoV infection are mainly: fever

Edyta Abramczuk, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut, Bogumiła Litwińska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 205–213

research-article | 09-September-2021

Immersion pulmonary oedema in a triathlete – a diagnostic challenge in sports cardiology

swimming stage. This may delay medical rescue efforts, so the aetiology of death remains unclear. Among the causes, IPO/SIPO have been proposed(1). Immersion pulmonary oedema (IPO/SIPO) was first described in 1989 in divers experiencing cold water conditions (<12C). The researchers concluded that the main predisposing factors included hypertension, female gender, and cold water(2). The main symptoms are dyspnoea (79% of cases), cough (71%), less commonly haemoptysis, foamy sputum, chest pain/tightness

Anna Sobieszek, Marcin Konopka, Marek Cacko, Marek Kuch, Wojciech Braksator

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 252–257

Research Article | 30-November-2013

A multicenter, randomized, controlled study of Training Executive, Attention, and Motor Skills (TEAMS) in Danish preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Rationale and description of the intervention and study protocol

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder that is often detected during the preschool years. Neuroimaging data indicate that children with ADHD have brains that are characterized by growth and functional anomalies. Data suggest that the diminution of ADHD symptoms is correlated with improved neural functioning and growth. On the basis of these findings, interventions that target neural growth, which indicates neural development, can

Helle Annette Vibholm, Jesper Pedersen, Anne Holm, Søren Krue

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 2–10

Review | 14-March-2020

The pathophysiology and prevention of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI):  a review

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a clinically important complication of transfusion that is often difficult to diagnose, is probably underreported, and likely has a multifactorial origin that is incompletely understood, making it challenging to find effective treatments and preventative steps. The spectrum of its severity and clinical symptoms seems wide, but its pathogenesis is most likely associated with pulmonary damage from activated recipient neutrophils. Despite the

David C. Mair, Ted Eastlund

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 4, 161–173

Case report | 14-December-2020

Case report and review: alloimmunization, delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction, and clinically significant anti-Yta in a patient with ß-thalassemia/sickle cell anemia

A 26-year-old female with ß-thalassemia/sickle cell anemia was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of a painful crisis. During the next 4 days her hematocrit decreased to 13 percent, and there was reticulocytopenia. She was transfused with four units of red blood cells that were microscopically incompatible, and the hematocrit increased to 29 percent. Eight days later the patient was readmitted with back pain, hemoglobinuria, and a hematocrit of 27 percent. Anti-E, -c, -Jka, and -Yta

Christopher D. Hillyer, Jacquelynn M. Hall, Karen O. Tiegerman, Eugene M. Berkman

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 102–106

Case report | 13-September-2016

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

We report a case of a 17-year-old patient referred to our outpatient Doppler Department due to clinical suspicion of liver cirrhosis. The patient presented with non-specifi c symptoms,such as malaise, pain in the right subcostal region, peripheral oedema. Until then,diagnostic imaging, including echocardiography was inconclusive. We performed the Doppler sonography of the portal system, which revealed normal diameter of the portal vein with abnormal, phasic and markedly pulsatile waveform

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 227–230

Review | 29-September-2017

Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are mainly manifested by symptoms of peripheral arthri­tis and enthesitis. Early involvement of sacroiliac joints and spine is exceptionally rare in children; this usually happens in adulthood. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presented classifications and radiographic presentation of juvenile

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 176–181

Review | 25-September-2018

Articular abnormalities that may mimic arthritis

There are numerous abnormalities that present with similar signs and symptoms to arthritis. In this article some of these conditions that can masquerade as arthritis are discussed. Synovial osteochondromatosis is an uncommon benign disorder marked by the metaplastic proliferation of multiple cartilaginous nodules in the synovial membrane of the joints, bursae, or tendon sheaths. Pigmented villonodular synovitis, also known as diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumor, is a locally destructive

Adam Greenspan, Andrew J. Grainger

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 212–223

Case report | 25-September-2018

TRUS-guided drainage of the ectopic ureter entering the prostatic urethra and TRUS-guided transurethral neo-orifice formation using holmium laser

A fifty-nine year-old male was hospitalized for exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. As a gigantic cyst of the pancreatic tail was identified, it was fused with the jejunal loop. Due to persistent fever and severe symptoms in the storage and voiding phases, the patient was referred to a urologist. Because transrectal ultrasound examination revealed a fluid collection resembling the left seminal vesicle filled with purulent material, a transrectal puncture procedure was performed. The analysis

Waldemar Białek, Ewa Mey, Piotr Kawecki, Roman Styliński, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 255–264

Case report | 31-January-2019

Heterotopic pregnancy – how easily you can go wrong in diagnosing? A case study

clinical symptoms.

Michał Ciebiera, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Kornelia Zaręba, Grzegorz Jakiel

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 355–358

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Continuity between Stressful Experiences and Delusion Content in Adolescents with Psychotic Disorders – A Pilot Study

Delusions are usually considered core symptoms of schizophrenia, but they are in fact associated with a wide range of psychiatric disorders. The content of a delusion is often related to stressful life experiences that preceded the delusion.The aim of this study is to detect whether there is a link—specifically, a thematic link—between past experiences and delusion content that connects the two events via thematic analogy.The sample population evaluated for this study consisted of 16

Gennaro Catone, Simone Pisano, Matthew Broome, Juliana Fortes Lindau, Antonio Pascotto, Antonella Gritti

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 14–22

Research paper | 01-November-2017

USING THE DAY RECONSTRUCTION METHOD TO QUANTIFY TIME SPENT SUFFERING AMONG OLDER ADULTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain. Results indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population, with over 98% of the sample providing interpretable responses. Chronic pain respondents reported spending a considerable proportion of their day suffering from pain, fatigue, and depression; a much higher proportion than reported by healthy controls (p’s < .01). Time spent suffering was

Dylan M. Smith

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 429–440

Case report | 10-January-2018

Timely Anticoagulant Thromboprophylaxis is Safe and Effective in the Care of Patients Suffering Traumatic Brain Injury.

morbidity. This review aims to determine the safety and efficacy of chemical VTE prophylaxis within the neurosurgical setting. The consequences of VTE can be devastating and patients with neurotrauma are amongst those at greatest risk. With this in mind, the neuroscience nurse must be meticulously conscientious for the prevention of VTE in the neurosurgical setting. The neurosurgical nurse has a close affiliation to the patient, is often the first to observe the clinical signs and symptoms associated

Kandace Micallef

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 30–34

Research Article | 23-May-2019

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 138–144

Article | 06-December-2020

Reactive lysis - a phenomenon of delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions

posttransfusion, a mixed-field anti-IgG direct antiglobulin test (DAT) indicated that there were two cell populations present. The DAT remained positive with anti-C3b, -C3d throughout the course of the reaction. Because of the substantially lower Hb and the severity of symptoms, immunologic clearance of the antigen-positive donor RBCs was expected. However, we demonstrated their persistence. Our data corroborates the observation that complement activation occurring during DHTRs can result in the hemolysis of

Deborah L. Greene, Sanobar Khan

Immunohematology, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 74–77

Article | 20-July-2021

Retreatment of a skeletal Class II postpubescent patient with a convex facial profile and temporomandibular disorders

moderate skeletal Class II relationship within a long face. The patient had bilateral pain around the temporomandibular joints and her maximum mouth opening was only 11 mm. The treatment plan was to initially relieve the temporomandibular symptoms and then to retract the upper dentition using mini implants. Results: The patient’s mouth opening ability reached 37 mm and a significantly improved harmonious facial profile was achieved. Conclusions: Cases that present with previous unsuccessful

Jia-Nan Zhang, Si Chen, Chong Zhong, Feng-Yang Yu, Hai-Ping Lu

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 218–228

research-article | 09-September-2021

The definitive role of CEUS in an ambiguous case of renal cell carcinoma

. Ultrasound is the examination through which kidney lesions are most commonly diagnosed. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) allows for the identification of active bleeding and is a valuable real-time diagnostic test in abdominal emergencies due to AML. It can also be used for distinguishing between malignant and benign renal lesions. Case description We present the case of a 60-year-old patient with no clinical symptoms and a focal lesion in the parenchymal layer of the left kidney which was

Katarzyna Drelich, Monika Zbroja, Weronika Cyranka, Olga Pustelniak, Ewa Kopyto, Maryla Kuczyńska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 248–251

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