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Research Article

DEADLY MICROBES – MICROBES USED AS A BIOLOGICAL WEAPON

Due to the development of civilization, people’s needs and expectations increase. The global development of civilization, the desire of some countries to expand their borders and achieve a higher political, social and military influence, cause insecurity among the people. Security is one of the main factors for the proper functioning of individuals and whole societies. Currently, a major threat to people is terrorism. Especially dangerous is the use of biological weapons for this purpose

Karol Abramczyk, Anna Gałązka

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 395–404

Research Article

External Threat as Coercion

In coercive relations, threats of negative sanctions extract valued positive sanctions from coercees. Only when coercion is direct, however, are the negative sanctions controlled by the coercer who benefits from the threats. Not previously investigated, indirect coercion relies on threats and negative sanctions that are external to the exploitative relation. We suggest that indirect coercion is ubiquitous. From their inception states have used the threat of external enemies to justify rulers

Pamela Emanuelson, David Willer

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–16

Research Article

LISTERIOSIS. MODERN PERCEPTION OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL THREAT

efficient monitoring of the pathogen . The qualification of the disease has also changed and, currently, listeriosis is considered a contemporary threat to life and health.

Monika Lewańska, Agnieszka Godela, Magdalena Myga-Nowak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 106–116

Article

Cyber Security Cookbook for Practitioners

I. GENERAL OVERVIEW Organizations prepare for various types of emergencies by developing a disaster recovery plan to cover flood, fire, earthquakes, and other unforeseen events that may disrupt their operations. It is important to protect the organization’s assets against cyber threats and having a robust playbook as well. According to IBM’s CEO, “Cyber Crime Is the Greatest Threat to Every Company in the World”1. Darkreading.com states, “Global cost of cybercrime predicted to hit $6 trillion

Devesh Mishra

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 88–105

Article

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF BACTERIA A GROWING THREAT FOR ANIMALS AND PUBLIC HEALTH

) infections, infections by Gram-negative strains resistant to the third generation of cephalosporins, or even carbapenems in dogs and horses and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus psudintermedius (MRSP) infections in dogs [6, 17, 36, 50, 53]. Deep, systemic and postoperative wound infections with the aforementioned microorganisms pose a direct threat to animal life and give veterinarians a moral choice whether to euthanise the animal or use an inadvisable alternative, which are antibiotics such as

Marian Binek, Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Magdalena Rzewuska, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Agnieszka Sałamaszyńska-Guz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 259–270

Article

A New Race (X12) of Soybean Cyst Nematode in China

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, is a serious economic threat to soybean-producing regions worldwide. A new SCN population (called race X12) was detected in Shanxi province, China. Race X12 could reproduce on all the indicator lines of both race and Heterodera glycines (HG) type tests. The average number of females on Lee68 (susceptible control) was 171.40 with the lowest Female Index (FI) 61.31 on PI88788 and the highest FI 117.32 on Pickett in the race test. The average

YUN LIAN, JIANQIU GUO, HAICHAO LI, YONGKANG WU, HE WEI, JINSHE WANG, JINYING LI, WEIGUO LU

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 321–326

Research Article

INFLUENCE OF IMPLEMENTATION OF TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED EVACUATION MODELS ON THE PROCESS OF DECREASING THE RISK DURING ACCIDENTS IN AN LNG TERMINAL

Summary. The continuing growth of the LNG (liquid natural gas) industry has led to a rapid increase in the construction of LNG terminals and the need for accurate risk assessment models as accidents involving LNG are potentially hazardous and pose a major threat. One aspect of risk modeling - evacuation of people to the safe zones of an LNG terminal - is a complex problem that has yet to receive sufficient attention. The aim of this paper is to illustrate how the implementation of a

Goran STANKOVIĆ, Stojan PETELIN, Peter VIDMAR, Marko PERKOVIČ

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 25–38

Article

Remote ECG System Data Encryption Scheme

Liu Xin, Wei Zhiqiang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 31–34

Article

MODELLING THE RANKING OF LITHUANIAN RAILWAYS LEVEL CROSSING BY SAFETY LEVEL

Gintautas BUREIKA, Marek KOMAIŠKO, Virgilijus JASTREMSKAS

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 11–22

research-article

First Report of Scutellonema brachyurus (Steiner, 1938) Andrassy, 1958 and Occurrence of Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 in Belgium

study the presence of S. brachyurus and M. incognita in Belgium was demonstrated and a climate change-driven poleward migration of pests and plant pathogens is well known (Bebber, 2015; EPPO, 2019), we have insufficient data to state that the tropical nematodes found in this study form a potential threat nor that they are the result of global warming. Nevertheless, in the light of climate change it is highly important to gain more insights in tropical nematodes in more Northern countries. This

Huu Tien Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh, Marjolein Couvreur, Phougeishangbam Rolish Singh, Wilfrida Decraemer, Wim Bert

journal of nematology , 1–6

Research Article

DRUG RESISTANCE IN THE GENUS ENTEROCOCCUS – CURRENT PROBLEM IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS

animal husbandry and in food production. Household pets form a reservoir of drug-resistant enterococcal strains, too. The exchange of resistance genes between enterococcal strains from different niches poses a threat to public health.

Katarzyna Talaga-Ćwiertnia, Małgorzata Bulanda

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 244–250

research-article

Developing a real-time PCR diagnostic method for a potential threat to chrysanthemum, Paratylenchus dianthus

calibration curve may require cumbersome process such as finding soil without the target nematode and inoculating the known number of the target nematode. Our hypothesis was that plant-parasitic nematodes might be a potential threat on chrysanthemum. We further hypothesized that a real-time PCR method might be a strong diagnostic tool for assessing target plant-parasitic nematodes at low cost and high-throughput. To test these hypotheses, we analyzed plant-parasitic nematode species in six Okinawa’s

Masanori Kawanobe, Koki Toyota, Hidehito Uchihara, Mikoto Takae

Journal of Nematology , 1–11

Research Article

DETECTING WORMHOLE ATTACKS IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS USING HOP COUNT ANALYSIS

The wormhole attack is a severe threat to wireless sensor networks. Most existing countermeasures for detecting and locating wormhole links either require extra hardware or are too complex for the inherently capability-constrained sensor nodes. Actually, wormhole links can enormously change the original sensor network topology. In this paper, we introduce the HCA4DW mechanism for detecting and locating wormholes in wireless sensor networks. It is based on the basic idea that the change of

Lan Yao, Zhibin Zhao, Ge Yu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 209–223

Article

ANALYSIS OF SELECTED GENETIC TRAITS, PHENOTYPES, AND THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL THREAT OF ENTEROCOCCUS BACTERIA RESISTANT TO VANCOMYCIN

hospitals and no strains outside the hospital environment were observed, while in Europe, animals were the reservoir [1]. 7. VRE phenotypes Among the strains of vancomycin-resistant enterococci, nine phenotypes can be distinguished. These are: VanA, VanB, VanC, VanD, VanE, VanG, VanL, VanM, VanN [1]. One of them, VanC, is an example of natural (species-specific) resistance. It is a feature of species that do not pose a significant clinical threat: E. gallinarum (vanC1), E. casseliflavus (vanC2 and

Wojciech Rogóż, Daniel Sypniewski, Ilona Bednarek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 35–48

Research Article

PATHOGENIC FREE-LIVING AMOEBA

Invasions caused by free-living and parasitic limax amoeba can pose a major threat to human health and life. The amoeba from the genera Acanthamoeba and Naegleria as well as the following species: Sappina diploidea, S. pedata, Balamuthia mandrillaris, and probably Hartmannella vermiformis, are the major cause of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE) and amoebic keratitis (AK). Furthermore, free-living amoeba can be vectors of bacteria, including

Natalia Łanocha-Arendarczyk, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Wojciech Zaorski, Karolina Kot, Katarzyna Galant, Aleksandra Łanocha

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 106–112

Article

Internet of Things Application in Satellite Communication in Power Transmission, Transform and Distribution

Dong Chuang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 38–46

Research Article

Development and Evaluation of Portable Low Cost Testing System for Phthalates

A portable low-cost microcontroller based testing system was designed and constructed to detect phthalates in aqueous media. Phthalates, especially di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is the most ubiquitous endocrine disrupting compound (EDC) posing highest reproductive toxicity threat to all living species on earth. Frequency response analyser (FRA) approach was used to develop the rapid response, non-invasive electrochemical impedimetric system for detection. A smart thin film gold interdigital

Asif I. Zia, S.C. Mukhopadhyay, P.L. Yu, I. H. Al-Bahadly, C. Gooneratne, Jǘrgen Kosel

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–7

Research Article

Image Quality Testing: Selection of Images for Assessing Test Subject Input

Determining image quality is dependent to some degree on human interpretation.  Although entirely subjective methods of evaluating image quality may be adequate for consumer applications, they are not acceptable for security and safety applications where operator interpretation may lead to missing a threat or finding threats where they do not exist.  Therefore, methods must be developed to ensure that the imagery used in security and safety applications are of sufficient quality to

John Jendzurski, Nicholas G. Paulter, Francine Amon, Eddie Jacobs, Al Bovik, Todd Goodall

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4

research-article

THE USAGE OF ULTRASOUNDS TO DISINTEGRATE ESCHERICHIA COLI BACTERIA CONTAINED IN TREATED WASTEWATER

microorganisms contained in treated wastewater is quite significant, and the greatest threat is associated with the occurrence of, among others, pathogenic bacteria. Escherichia coli rods are one of the basic indicators of sanitary quality of water, sewage or sewage sludge, hence the choice of this type of microorganisms for the research was not accidental [12]. Table 1 shows changes in the count of Escherichia coli bacteria in ultrapure water subjected to ultrasound at 20 and 40 kHz as the temperature

Eliza HAWRYLIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 131–136

Article

Time in the shelter: Asylum, destitution and legal uncertainty

Mark Justin Rainey

Borderlands , ISSUE 2, 138–164

Original Research

Diversity of Root-knot Nematodes Associated with Tubers of Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Established Using Isozyme Analysis and Mitochondrial DNA-based Identification

Abstract The root-knot nematodes (RKN), Meloidogyne spp., represent an important threat to yam (Dioscorea spp.) production in West Africa. With the aim to establish the diversity of RKN species affecting yam tubers, for control and resistance screening purposes, surveys were conducted in the main yam producing areas of Nigeria. Galled tubers (N = 48) were collected from farmers’ stores and markets in nine states in Nigeria and in one district in Ghana. RKN isolated from yam tubers were

Yao A. Kolombia, Gerrit Karssen, Nicole Viaene, P. Lava Kumar, Nancy de Sutter, Lisa Joos, Danny L. Coyne, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 177–188

Research Article

CLOUD SECURITY AND COMPLIANCE - A SEMANTIC APPROACH IN END TO END SECURITY

determines the high level security and compliance policy controls that have to be activated for each threat. The application also displays existing cloud providers that support these security policies. Cloud consumers can use our system to formulate their security policies and find compliant providers even if they are not familiar with the underlying technology.

R. Kalaiprasath, R. Elankavi, R. Udayakumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 482–494

Mini Review

Bacteriological, Clinical and Virulence Aspects of Aeromonas-associated Diseases in Humans

scepticemia, skin, eye, wound and respiratory tract infections in humans. Several virulence and antibiotic resistance genes have been identified and isolated from this group, which if present in their mobile genetic elements, may be horizontally transferred to other naive environmental bacteria posing threat to the society. The extensive and indiscriminate use of antibiotics has given rise to many resistant varieties of bacteria. Multidrug resistance genes, such as NDM1, have been identified in this group

UTTARA DEY BHOWMICK, SOUMEN BHATTACHARJEE

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, –

research-paper

Pain catastrophizing is associated with altered EEG effective connectivity during pain-related mental imagery

has been characterized as a maladaptive response to pain, comprising three components: magnification (of the threat value or seriousness of experienced pain), rumination (compulsively focused attention on the symptoms of one’s distress) and helplessness (inability to suppress pain-related thoughts and behaviors) (Sullivan et al., 1995). To date, the great majority of studies have focused on identifying brain changes related to pain-catastrophizing in clinical populations (especially individuals

Magdalena A. Ferdek, Agnieszka K. Adamczyk, Clementina M. van Rijn, Joukje M. Oosterman, Miroslaw Wyczesany

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 53–72

Case Study

A behavioural modification intervention to reduce snack food consumption focusing on external situational cues: The case study you can’t read between meals without ruining your appetite!

Currently, obesity is a leading threat to optimal health and wellbeing in Australia. Offsetting risks of acute and chronic disease and disability, a balanced diet offers a sound investment against premature morbidity and mortality commonly associated with obesity. Demonstrated empirically to lead to weight gain, consumption of snack foods lacking in nutritional value (“indulgences”) threatens a healthy lifestyle and is as prevalent as 90% in some populations. Thus, finding strategies

Nicola Brewer

Eat, Sleep, Work , ISSUE 1, 65–71

research-article

SAFETY ANALYSIS OF TAP WATER BIOSTABILITY

1. INTRODUCTION The primary and basic subject which the concept of water safety concerns is the consumer. A measure of safety in relation to water consumers is risk, defined as the probability of undesirable event occurrence (cause), whose consequence may be a real threat to the lives or health of water consumers (effect). When analysing the functioning of the water distribution subsystem (WDS) in terms of the protection of water consumers mainly the resistance of system to various types of

Barbara TCHÓRZEWSKA-CIEŚLAK, Dorota PAPCIAK, Katarzyna PIETRUCHA-URBANIK, Andżelika PIETRZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 149–154

original-paper

Patterns of Drug-Resistant Bacteria in a General Hospital, China, 2011–2016

data from CHINET surveillance between 2005 and 2014 showed that the five selected species, including E. coli, K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, A. baumannii, and S. aureus accounted for 51.9 to 60.3% of all isolates (Hu et al. 2016). In a four-year study in Italy, researchers found that Gram-negative bacteria appeared to be the major causes of infection (Reale et al. 2017). Thus, in terms of quantity and proportion, Gram-negative bacteria have become a major threat in nosocomial infections. During the

TINGTING MAO, HUIJUAN ZHAI, GUANGCAI DUAN, HAIYAN YANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 225–232

Article

THE PREVALENCE OF SYMPTOMATIC DERMATOPHYTOSES IN DOGS AND CATS AND THE PATHOMECHANISM OF DERMATOPHYTE INFECTIONS

Dominik Łagowski, Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Marcelina Osińska, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 165–176

Article

First Report of the Carolina Spiral Nematode, Scutellonema brachyurus, from Soil of a Garden in Crete, Greece

brachyurus may represent a threat for ornamental and cultivated plants production in Crete, Greece. The nematode has been already reported, mainly in greenhouses of six European countries (CABI and EPPO, 2006). In most of these cases, it is hypothesized that the nematode was introduced by imported plant material.

EMMANUEL A. TZORTZAKAKIS, CAROLINA CANTALAPIEDRA-NAVARRETE, ANTONIO ARCHIDONA-YUSTE, JUAN E. PALOMARES-RIUS, PABLO CASTILLO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 7–7

Abstract Supplements

Special Abstract Supplement, PhD Electronic Poster Evening, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia

two zoo-based education approaches Sarah Mellish*a, Elissa Pearsona, Ben Sandersb, Carla Litchfielda. a. University of South Australia; b. Zoos Victoria. Background: Marine debris poses a significant threat to marine biodiversity. Given human action is responsible for much of the debris that ends up in the ocean, one way to reduce the amount of debris and rates of marine wildlife entanglement (MWE; i.e. marine animals that have ingested, become entangled by, or trapped in marine debris including

John Mingoia, MD S.R Jabin, Cassie Hilditch, Stephanie Newton Webb, Sarah Mellish

Eat, Sleep, Work , ISSUE 1, 84–90

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