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review-article | 05-September-2019

Cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy – an updated review

have seizures despite treatment (Brodie et al., 2012; Kwan, Brodie, 2000). The approval of many new antiseizure drugs during the past two decades has not substantially reduced the proportion of patients with medically refractory disease (Brodie et al., 2012). The safety and side-effect profile of antiseizure drugs has improved, but side effects related to the central nervous system are common and affect quality of life (Perucca, Gilliam, 2012). Patients need new treatments that control seizures and

Marcin Kopka

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 35–42

Research Article | 30-November-2015

A Danish study of One-session Treatment for Specific Phobias in Children and Adolescents

One-session treatment (OST) is a short-term massed exposure therapy for the treatment of specific phobias in children and adults. Systematic reviews have demonstrated the effectiveness of the treatment for children and adolescents across countries and age groups.A single-group open trial design was used to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of OST for youths with specific phobias in a Danish context.At the Anxiety Clinic of Aarhus University, 10 youths between the ages of 7 and 17

Mette Djernes Nielsen, Christina Linddahl Andreasen, Mikael Thastum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 65–76

Review Paper | 13-October-2014

Recent advances in pathophysiology studies and treatment of epilepsy in neurocutaneous disorders

Introduction. Epilepsy that is associated with neurocutaneous disorders seriously deteriorates quality of life and cognitive outcome of affected children. Recent advances in epilepsy pathophysiology raise hopes for better treatment results in this difficult group of patients. Aim. The aim of this review is to present recent treatment recommendations as well as current research progress in the most frequent neurocutaneous disorders. Material and methods. We analyzed PubMed database to select the

Krzysztof Sadowski, Sergiusz Jóźwiak

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 99–108

research-article | 25-March-2021

“Less stress”: a pilot study on a cognitive behavioral treatment program for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders

reduced level of child functioning and an additional burden for the family (1-4). Although more than 50% of children with ASD also fulfill criteria for an anxiety disorder (2, 4, 5), only a minority receive adequate treatment for anxiety (6). The importance of offering children with ASD help for their additional disorders beyond the core ASD difficulties has been emphasized by users, clinicians and researchers alike (7, 8). For instance, one study found that school performance was the life domain most

Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Tony Attwood, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 9 , 30–40

mini-review | 27-December-2020

Hepatitis B Virus: From Diagnosis to Treatment

Introduction Although there are effective vaccines and treatment strategies against hepatitis B (HB), it is still a significant health concern worldwide that can present in acute, permanent, severe liver failure and cancer forms resulting in high morbidity and death. Globally, 2 billion people have been infected with HB. There is an estimated more than 292 million people living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection worldwide. The global HB surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity was estimated to


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 391–399

research-article | 27-July-2021

Levetiracetam as second-line treatment of status epilepticus – which dose should be applied?

INTRODUCTION Since 2004 (Arrigo et al., 2004) many reports on the treatment of status epilepticus (SE) with levetiracetam (LEV) have been published. Based on a Pub-Med search on December 12th, 2011, 37 case series with 727 treatment episodes were analysed in 2013 (Rösche et al., 2013) and the efficacy rate of LEV in terminating SE was estimated to be in a range between 53.7 and 58.1%. Dosages ranged from 500 mg to 9000 mg/day and were rarely reported in mg/kg. LEV had been used in all stages of

Johannes Rösche, Bernd Schade

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 29 , 7–12

case-report | 15-September-2020

Zolpidem in treatment resistant adolescent catatonia: a case series

make it more child and adolescent oriented, including separating refusal to drink/eat from social withdrawal, replacing automatic obedience with automatic compulsive behaviour, adding incontinence as a regressive behaviour of catatonia. The resulting instrument is a modified version of the BFCRS called the Paediatric Catatonia Rating Scale (6). Benzodiazepines are the mainstay treatment for catatonia in adults (7) as well as in children (8). Augmenting lorazepam with second generation

Pravesh Kumar, Deepak Kumar

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 135–138

research-article | 08-April-2020


1. INTRODUCTION The increase in automation and intensification of production processes and the reduction of the amount of water used in these processes leads to a significant increase of pollutants in industrial wastewater. Bearing in mind the progressive degradation of the natural environment, there is a need to limit the negative impact of industry on various elements of the environment, including on surface waters through the use of effective methods of wastewater treatment. This situation

Paulina DAWCZAK, Mariusz DUDZIAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 115–120

Research Article | 13-September-2016

Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment for Youth Treated With Antipsychotic Medications

behavior change in multiple social contexts. The intervention was administered to three obese adolescents with long-term antipsychotic medication exposure. The efficacy of the intervention was evaluated with a battery of anthropomorphic and metabolic assessments, including weight, body mass index percentile, whole body adiposity, liver fat content, and fasting plasma glucose and lipid levels. Participants and their parents also filled out a treatment satisfaction questionnaire after study

Ginger E. Nicol, Rachel P Kolko, Monica Mills, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Michael D. Yingling, Julia A. Schweiger, Eric J. Lenze, John W. Newcomer, Denise Wilfley

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 96–104

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Dependence of Colonization of the Large Intestine by Candida on the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

microbiome in IBD are a cause or a consequence of inflammation. Pediatric-onset CD is on the increase worldwide (Benchimol et al. 2017; Ng et al. 2017). Many young patients present with an extensive and aggressive course of the disease, which is a real therapeutic challenge. Treatment of CD is a complex, multistage process and depends on the type and clinical activity of the illness. ECCO/ESPGHAN guidelines recommend the usage of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) as a first-line therapy to induce


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 121–126

Research Article | 30-November-2014

Assessment and Treatment of Identity Pathology During Adolescence

, including that of borderline personality disorder, which leads to a broad spectrum of maladaptive and dysfunctional behaviors.To measure identity pathology and its improvement with treatment, we developed a self-report questionnaire entitled Assessment of Identity Development in Adolescence to establish a reliable, valid, and time-efficient inventory to represent a dimensional concept of healthy and impaired personality development. The reliability of this self-report questionnaire is excellent, and the

Susanne Schlüter-Müller, Kirstin Goth, Emanuel Jung, Klaus Schmeck

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 63–70

research-article | 27-March-2019

Recommendations of the Polish Society of Epileptology for the treatment of epileptic seizure in adult patients in Poland: an update

… Constantly expand my medical knowledge and bring to the knowledge of the medical world all that I can invent and improve. (Excerpt of the oath of Polish medical schools’ graduates, derived from the Hippocrates, 5th century BC). INTRODUCTION In 2014, a group of Polish epilepsy experts published recommendations of the Polish Society of Epileptology (PSE) for antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment of epileptic seizures in adult patients (Jędrzejczak et al., 2014). The presented therapy outlines

Joanna Jędrzejczak, Beata Majkowska-Zwolińska, Danuta Ryglewicz, Ewa Nagańska, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 9–16

Article | 14-October-2020

Enzyme and DTT treatment of adherent RBCs for antibody identification by a solid phase immunoassay system

Treatment of RBCs with protease enzymes or dithiothreitol (DTT) causes denaturation of several RBC antigens and is regularly used in antibody identification. In this study, we have standardized enzyme and DTT treatment of adherent RBCs in the magnetic-mixed passive hemagglutination assay (M-MPHA) for antibody identification. We have also tried drying these treated RBCs. The optimal enzyme and DTT treatment conditions for intact adherent RBCs were determined, in addition to the optimal condition

Toyohiro Tamai, Toshio Mazda

Immunohematology, Volume 18 , ISSUE 4, 114–119

Short Communication | 09-March-2018

Changes of Microbial Diversity During Swine Manure Treatment Process

We investigated microbial diversity in a manure storage tank (MST) storing untreated manure and an aeration tank (AT) during swine manure treatment process using the next-generation sequencing in order to find the aeration effect on microbial diversity. Proteobacteria were more abundant in the AT group than in the MST group and may include denitrifying bacteria contributing to nitrous oxide (N2O) emission or aerobic bacteria stimulated by oxygen. The opposite held true for the phyla

Minseok Kim, Jung-Im Yun, Seung-Gun Won, Kyu-Hyun Park

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 109–112

Article | 26-October-2020

EDTA/glycine-acid versus chloroquine diphosphate treatment for stripping Bg antigens from red blood cells

strips Bg antigens from RBCs. Our results indicate EGA treatment is more efficient and requires less time (1–2 minutes) to perform than the CDP procedure (30–120 minutes) for removal of Bg antigens from RBCs.

Kayla D. Champagne, Peggy Spruell, Jane Chen, Leslie Voll, Gloria Schlanser

Immunohematology, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 66–68

Article | 28-August-2018


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of powdered activated carbon on fouling intensity of capillary membranes working in the submerged membrane bioreactor during the treatment of synthetic municipal wastewater loaded with organic compounds. The research were carried out in a membrane bioreactor including a capillary ultrafiltration module made of polyethersulfone. The feed used in the presented study was synthetic municipal wastewater which was prepared in order to include high


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 127–133

research-article | 30-November-2020

Class II division 1 malocclusion treatment with extraction of maxillary first permanent molars: cephalometric evaluation of treatment and post-treatment changes

Introduction A Class II division 1 malocclusion is a common indication for orthodontic treatment. The orthodontist faces many challenges when deciding between early or late treatment, one- or two-phase treatment, extraction or non-extraction therapy, dentoalveolar compensation or possibly jaw orthopaedics, and orthognathic surgery. Treatment options also are based on patient age at referral, malocclusion severity, the maxillofacial growth pattern, patient expectations, and the current state of

Johan Willem Booij, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Frits A. Rangel, Christos Livas, Yijin Ren, Christos Katsaros, Edwin M. Ongkosuwito

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 294–310

Case report | 31-August-2018

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

Renal artery pseudoaneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae most often occur as an iatrogenic complication. The article discusses a case of a patient diagnosed with an arteriovenous fistula and a pseudoaneurysm. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to nonspecific pain in the lumbar region. Imaging showed a typical picture of clear cell renal carcinoma. The patient was qualified for surgical treatment. After tumor resection, the patient developed microhematuria. Arteriovenous fistula

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 170–173

Review | 13-September-2016

Breast ultrasound scans – surgeons’ expectations

Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of mammary gland imaging techniques,particularly ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. A challengerelated to these studies is the increase in the precision of the anatomical assessment of breast, particularly for early detection of subclinical lesions, performance of ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures, and accurate preoperative location of pathological lesions so as to optimize the surgical treatment. Ultrasound imaging is a primary

Piotr Bednarski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Eryk Chrapowicki, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 164–171

Article | 16-February-2021

Use of trypsin in serologic investigation

reliable commercial source of trypsin, additional proteolytic enzymes such as papain and ficin were later identified as useful. Enzyme treatment is thought to decrease the negative charge between RBCs by the removal of sialic acid. It was soon recognized that the treatment of RBCs with chemicals (e.g., dithiothreitol [DTT] and 2-aminoethylisothiouronium bromide) or enzymes (e.g., ficin, papain, trypsin, and α-chymotrypsin) alters the expression of RBC antigens differently. The change in antibody

A. Novotny

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 4, 145–148

Review | 25-September-2018

The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

detected on imaging that are not symptomatic. The article covers the important diagnosis of subdeltoid subacromial bursitis, glenohumeral joint capsulitis, calcific tendinosis, acromioclavicular joint osteoarthritis and long head of biceps tendinosis. It will guide the reader in how to use the findings to treat, using ultrasound-guided injection and other techniques, including steroid injections, hydrodilatation, barbotage and extracorporeal shockwave treatment. These are discussed with the knowledge

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 234–239

research-article | 30-November-2019


[4]. 2. THE N-E-W (NUTRIENTS-ENERGY-WATER) PARADIGM The idea of the N-E-W paradigm was created in the USA by the National Association of Clean Water Agencies, Federation of Water Environment and Water Environment Research Foundation [5] in 2012 and presented by the Working Group of the Water Environment Federation [6] in 2014. It was a response to the ongoing climate and demographic changes and increasing water pollution. This paradigm represents a new, holistic approach to wastewater treatment

Katarzyna KALEMBA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 93–97

Article | 30-July-2021

Invisalign treatment of lower incisor extraction cases

Aim: To demonstrate the use of the Invisalign appliance in lower incisor extraction cases. Method: Twelve patients, consecutively treated by the removal of a single lower incisor and Invisalign appliances, were selected from the author’s private practice. Pretreatment, treatment and post-treatment photographic records were obtained and are presented. Results: All cases completed treatment, with a mean treatment time of 42 weeks. Fifty percent of the cases required a brief period of

Tony Weir

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 82–87

Review | 06-August-2019


1. INTRODUCTION Basing on the data provided by the Central Statistical Office, in 2016 the length of the sewerage network in Poland exceeded 154 thousand kilometers, with the number of connections to buildings being approx. 3.2 million. The volume of sewage discharged from households in 2016 amounted to 938.1 hm3. The generated municipal sewage is subjected to treatment processes in over three thousand treatment plants, of which 106 produce biogas from the fermentation of sewage sludge [1

Józef CIUŁA, Krzysztof GASKA, Łukasz ILJUCZONEK, Agnieszka GENEROWICZ, Viktor KOVAL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 131–140

Article | 20-July-2021

Valid consent and orthodontic treatment

Valid patient consent is a legal and ethical principle that is fundamental to healthcare provision. Oral health practitioners (OHPs) must understand the principles that need to be addressed to ensure that the consent given by a patient is valid. Failure to obtain consent may result in a negligence claim or a complaint of professional misconduct against the OHP. Orthodontic treatment is mostly elective but is not without risk to the patient. Obtaining and maintaining valid consent for

Maurice J. Meade, Annalene Weston, Craig W. Dreyer

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 35–45

Case report | 20-July-2021

Multidisciplinary treatment of a severe facial asymmetry

This case report presents the multidisciplinary treatment of an adult female who presented with a previously repaired right unilateral cleft lip and palate. The patient had been referred with a complaint of facial asymmetry, eating difficulties and a missing right central incisor. A clinical evaluation revealed severe facial asymmetry created by a mandibular deviation to the right side and a compensatory transverse cant of the maxillary occlusal plane. After pre-surgical orthodontic treatment

Ezgi Atik, Ersoy Konas, Ilken Kocadereli

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 70–77

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided treatment of Morton’s neuroma

accurate clinical test. However, a variety of forefoot disorders can mimic MN, eliciting similar pain, including synovitis, metatarsal stress injuries, plantar plate tears, metatarsophalangeal joint laxity, and Freiberg’s disease. Therefore, imaging by means of ultrasound (US), achieving 98% accuracy, can confirm the diagnosis and provide immediate pain relief when combined with percutaneous injections(8). The treatment of Morton’s neuroma traditionally starts with conservative measures including the

Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, George A. Kakkos, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e134–e138

Review | 31-August-2018

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

its location and may involve intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal and portal system bleeding with concomitant portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices. Wide access to diagnostic tests, for example ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, helps establish the correct diagnosis and a therapeutic plan as well as select appropriate treatment. After a procedure, the same diagnostic tools enable assessment of treatment efficacy, or are used for the monitoring

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Congress Report | 27-December-2017

20th Annual Meeting of the German-Austrian-swiss epilepsy Working Group

The stated purpose of the meeting was to summarize „current, new and proven approaches in diagnostics and epilepsy therapy”, to define optimal clinical practice and scientific research areas, highlight advances in clinical and basic science and to identify future approaches or directions in epilepsy treatment.

Hermann Stefan

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 123–125

Case report | 30-July-2021

Incidental pathological finding during routine orthodontic treatment: a case report

Lateral cephalograms and orthopantomograms (OPGs) are often taken prior to the commencement of orthodontic treatment to assist in diagnosis and treatment planning. Further radiographs may be taken during treatment to monitor progress. It is the responsibility of the practitioner to carefully and thoroughly assess all aspects of the radiographs, both orthodontic and non orthodontic. In the case presented, a radiolucency in the right mandible was identified in a mid-treatment OPG. Following

Ravi Theja Kamisetty, Wayne Sampson, Craig Dreyer, Richard Logan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 123–128

Review Paper | 19-January-2015

Neurostimulation, neuromodulation, and the treatment of epilepsies

Introduction. Neurostimulation and neuromodulation are techniques that may be able to affect the course of epilepsy. In the last 20 years, since the approval of VNS, we have observed a surge of studies assessing the potential of other devices and techniques for the treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsies including deep brain stimulation (DBS), responsive neurostimulation (RNS), trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), and repetitive transcranial

Lauren B. Bolden, Sandipan Pati, Jerzy P. Szaflarski

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 45–59

Review | 30-November-2014

A Systematic Review of Social Communication and Interaction Interventions for Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder

address ASD. To ensure stakeholder involvement, we also conducted two surveys with three major Swedish ASD interest organizations to assess perceived research priorities for ASD treatment. With the use of this rationale for selection, Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention [EIBI], Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children [TEACCH], social skills training groups, and interventions that involved significant others were reviewed. A bibliographic search was

Tatja Hirvikoski, Ulf Jonsson, Linda Halldner, Aiko Lundequist, Elles de Schipper, Viviann Nordin, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 147–168

Article | 16-October-2019

Dithiothreitol treatment of red blood cells

Principle Dithiothreitol (DTT) is a reducing agent capable of irreversibly cleaving accessible disulfide bonds when the solution pH is >7. DTT treatment of red blood cells (RBCs) will modify the tertiary structure of protein-based erythrocyte membrane antigens if their confirmation depends on disulfide bonds.1 Antigens of the following blood group systems are destroyed or weakened by 0.2 M DTT treatment: KEL, IN, JMH, YT, LU, MER2, KN, DO, CROM, and LW.2,3 Antibodies directed at antigens in

C.B. Bub

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 4, 170–172

original-paper | 27-November-2020

The Effect of Lactobacillus salivarius SGL03 on Clinical and Microbiological Parameters in Periodontal Patients

lead to systemic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (Caton et al. 2018; Dahlen et al. 2019). Therefore, prevention and treatment of periodontitis are crucial not only for the maintenance of teeth and oral health but also for the whole human. Periodontal tissue destruction in the course of inflammation occurs due to both direct bacterial action and activation of indirect immune-inflammatory mechanisms in host tissues (Dahlen et al. 2019). The constant presence of pathogenic


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 441–451

Article | 20-July-2021

The impact of treatment cost on low SES families: an orthodontic viewpoint

Background: It is reported that in New Zealand financially disadvantaged adolescents are less likely to access orthodontic treatment than the more affluent in society. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the attitudes of a group of New Zealand orthodontists towards the current fee-for-service model of treatment funding. A second aim was to explore orthodontists’ perceptions of how the affordability of orthodontic treatment affects low socio-economic families. Methods: As

Lee Smith, Hannah Jack, Joseph Antoun, Peter Fowler, Keely Blanch, Lyndie Foster Page

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 13–20

Review | 06-August-2019


1. INTRODUCTION Hardness is a measure of the amount of calcium and magnesium salt that is present in water. In general, surface water is characterized by lower hardness than groundwater. Water with a hardness of up to 100 mgCaCO3/L is regarded as very soft, between 100 and 200 mgCaCO3/L as soft, between 200 and 350 mgCaCO3/L as medium-hard, between 350 and 550 mgCaCO3/L as hard and above 550 mgCaCO3/L as very hard [1]. The effluents from urban wastewater treatment plant may be characterized by


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 141–147

Research Article | 08-February-2019


Abstract Rural areas, similar with the amount of produced sewage to urban areas, are rarely parts of agglomerations. Because of dispersed buildings and often poor infrastructure, sewage management regulation in rural areas can be difficult. Caring for the environment include aquatic environment protection. Sewage economy regulations, especially in rural areas, is a key issue in water contaminations counteracting. Often inappropriate sewage disposal and treatment methods choice could cause


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 179–184

Article | 20-July-2021

AcceleDent Aura does not influence treatment duration or number of visits

Background: Many techniques and appliances claim to reduce orthodontic treatment time, one of which is micro-vibration applied by the AcceleDent Aura appliance. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to report compliance with AcceleDent Aura and to assess any effect on treatment duration, number of visits and bond failures. Methods: Forty Class II adolescent subjects were randomly assigned to use the AcceleDent Aura appliance or no AcceleDent Aura device during orthodontic treatment with

Peter Miles, Nikolaos Pandis

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 2–8

Article | 15-August-2021

A study of Class III treatment: orthodontic camouflage vs orthognathic surgery

Aim: To evaluate the differences in pretreatment and post-treatment characteristics of Class III patients treated with orthodontic camouflage or orthognathic surgery, and to compare the range of skeletal, dental and soft tissue changes that are likely to occur with treatment, with particular reference to the influence of extractions on the resultant incisor angulations. Method: Pretreatment and post-treatment cephalograms of 31 Class III orthodontically-camouflaged patients and 36 Class III

Katherine Georgalis, Michael G. Woods

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 138–148

mini-review | 05-December-2019

Antibiotic Resistance Among Uropathogenic Escherichia coli

). Community- or healthcare-acquired UTIs are clinically divided into complicated or uncomplicated, and among many other factors, this classification determines what antimicrobial agents can be applied for treatment (Zacchè and Giarenis 2016). Complicated UTIs require prolonged therapy and occur in patients with renal failure, anatomical urinary tract abnormalities such as urinary obstruction and retention or in patients that use medical devices such as a catheter. Complicated UTIs are also associated with


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 403–415

Article | 30-July-2021

Novel aesthetic treatment of bilateral gemination of maxillary central incisors

The fusion of adjacent tooth buds and the formation of a single tooth or the gemination of a single tooth are rare and occur less often bilaterally in the permanent dentition. Following a brief literature review, this case report describes the multidisciplinary treatment of an adolescent patient who presented with the bilateral gemination of the permanent central incisors. It was planned to restore the teeth using porcelain laminated veneers after the completion of orthodontic treatment. The

Iosif Sifakakis, Christos Chryssafidis, Heleni Vastardis

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 116–122

Article | 22-November-2020

Glycine-EDTA treatment to prepare Ko red blood cells: preservation of high-frequency antigens

Reactivity of high-incidence antigens after glycine-EDTA treatment of red blood cells (RBCs) to prepare artificial Ko RBCs was investigated. The treatment had little or no effect on Yta, JMH, Yka, Kna, and McCa. Hy antigen-positive-treated RBCs reacted less well with anti-Hy when compared to nontreated cells. Glycine-EDTA treatment to prepare Ko RBCs offers an advantage over AET treatment because it preserves some high-frequency antigens that AET treatment does not.

Jana Julleis, Cindy Sapp, Ram Kakaiya

Immunohematology, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 64–65

research-article | 13-July-2021

Treatment time for surgical-orthodontic cases: a private versus public setting comparison

Introduction The primary driving factor and indication for seeking orthodontic treatment is an improvement of dentofacial aesthetics.1,2 In cases in which the severity of a malocclusion is beyond the scope of orthodontic treatment alone, or for which orthodontic treatment alone would fail to deliver an acceptable aesthetic result, a combined surgical-orthodontic approach may be considered.3-5 While surgical-orthodontic treatment has the potential to improve aesthetics and psychosocial wellbeing

Richard J.H. Lee, Asanka Perera, Steven Naoum, Christophe Duigou, Alethea Rea, Mithran S. Goonewardene

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 31–36

Article | 15-February-2021

ZZAP treatment of red blood cells

the surrounding medium, allowing the proteolytic enzyme increased accessibility to the peptide groups. The IgG molecule may lose integrity and dissociate completely from the RBC antigen with which it had reacted.”1 Indications ZZAP treatment is useful in several ways. It may eliminate spontaneous RBC agglutination, allowing for antigen typing of RBCs with direct agglutinating antisera, i.e., resolving an ABO discrepancy or performing Kidd typings. Because ZZAP removes IgG from the RBCs, it may

S.I. Marckwardt

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 9–10

research-article | 18-December-2020

Usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in the monitoring of laser treatment of acne scars

unacceptability for patients, effective methods for the treatment of acne vulgaris and its complications have been sought for many centuries. Both, non-invasive (e.g. pharmacotherapy) and invasive (dermabrasion, cryotherapy, chemical peels) methods are used in the treatment of acne scarring(2). Among invasive methods, laser therapies have become particularly popular in recent years, especially treatments performed with ablative fractional lasers, which are characterized by high efficacy, lower invasiveness

Sylwia Malinowska, Dominíka Jaguś, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 279–283

Review Paper | 30-November-2015

The role of cannabinoids and endocannabinoid system in the treatment of epilepsy

Introduction. The treatment of epilepsy is still a major challenge. Despite the introduction of many new antiepileptic drugs, approximately 30% of patients still remain drug resistant. In the absence of a satisfactory therapy outcome, which is sometimes associated with numerous side effects, there is a need for new and effective drugs with low toxicity. Cannabinoids have been shown in preliminary animal model studies and in studies of patients with epilepsy to have antiepileptic activity. Aim

Monika Pędracka, Jacek Gawłowicz

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 131–138

Article | 20-July-2021

The public perception of orthodontic treatment performed by general dentists and specialist orthodontists

Background: In Australia, orthodontic treatment may be performed by either a general dental practitioner (GDP) or a specialist orthodontist. However, the titles ‘specialist’ and ‘orthodontist’ are restricted to dentists who have undertaken an additional three years of full-time training in an accredited institution. Considering the increase in popularity of GDP orthodontic courses, an assessment was worthwhile of the public’s understanding of the difference between

Morgan Wishney, Oyku Dalci, Peter Petocz, M. Ali Darendeliler

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 232–238

Case report | 31-March-2016

Successful treatment of epilepsia partialis continua due to Rassmussen encephalitis with perampanel

Background. Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a difficult to treat condition, which tends to be refractory to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We previously published two other treatment episodes of EPC due to stroke and vascular dementia with a possible effect of perampanel (PER). Aim. With the publication of a third treatment episode of EPC terminated by the administration of PER we would like to suggest that PER may be an effective treatment option in this condition. Material and Methods. We

Katja Göde, Annette Grossmann, Johannes Rösche

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 67–70

Article | 20-July-2021

Reversing treatment from surgical orthodontics to camouflage therapy: a four-year follow-up

Patients in active treatment and transferred to another orthodontic clinic may present a difficult challenge for the receiving orthodontist. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate and discuss the orthodontic therapy of a 35-year-old male who had been prepared for orthognathic surgery, transferred to a different clinic and whose treatment was revised to involve orthodontic camouflage. A reflection of the difficulties in managing transferred patients is offered, and the consequences of

Dauro Douglas Oliveira, Giordani Santos Silveira, Larissa Salgado da Matta Cid Pinto, Bruno Franco Oliveira, Mariele Cristina Garcia Pantuzo

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 75–84

Case report | 31-August-2018

Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg – a case report

External injuries are one of the common reasons for reporting to hospital emergency departments. Peripheral vascular injuries occur in up to about 25% of upper and lower extremity injury cases. Arteriovenous fistula is a type of arterial injury. Doppler ultrasound is currently the primary diagnostic method for vascular injuries as it allows for the implementation of appropriately targeted treatment, indicating the potential need for extended diagnosis or patient qualification for endovascular

Jan Sobstyl, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Łukasz Światłowski, Maria Tsitskari, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 166–169

Article | 20-July-2021

Orthodontic, periodontal and prosthodontic treatment for a periodontally compromised patient with a deep overbite

Background: Periodontitis may result in displacement, overeruption and the tilting of teeth, which can lead to occlusal prematurities and accelerate the loss of periodontal structures. Orthodontic treatment is needed to correct displaced tooth positions, but inappropriate force and tooth movement can lead to further loss of supporting tissues. Aim: To describe the treatment of a deep overbite in a 32-year-old male with a history of periodontitis, gingival recession and missing premolars

Wanlu Ouyang, Yufen Qian

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 2, 228–237

Research Article | 20-February-2013


Observation of the oral cavity microstructure is an important factor for a successful dental treatment. None of the many currently available diagnostic equipment can accurately observe the microstructure. In this study, we have designed an endoscope with a single graded-index multimode fiber of 600-µm diameter that can reach the narrow spaces in the oral cavity and can perform both image acquisition and sample illumination using a prism beam splitter, unlike the conventional endoscope using

Shinji Yoshii, Yupeng Zhang, Satoshi Ikezawa, Chiaki Kitamura, Tatsuji Nishihara, Toshitsugu Ueda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

research-article | 30-November-2020

Improving total nitrogen removal using a neural network ammonia-based aeration control in activated sludge process

Introduction Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is a topic of pivotal importance in providing a sanitary water which is a vital resource for everyone. Protecting water sources and safeguarding the ecosystem is a long-standing challenge for the WWTP industry. WWTP are facing more stringent effluent standards which were formed for a safer ecosystem (Åmand and Carlsson, 2013; Han and Qiao, 2014; Olsson et al., 2014). The WWTP industry must come up with a solution that abide the stringent effluent

M. H. Husin, M. F. Rahmat, N. A. Wahab, M. F. M. Sabri

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–16

research-article | 30-November-2020

Class III malocclusion: a challenging treatment using miniscrews for extra anchorage

hyperdivergent facial pattern, demonstrating vertical growth as a potential compensation mechanism.1 Dentoalveolar compensations are frequently observed in Class III patients and, in addition to maintaining function, the compensations mask the underlying skeletal discrepancy. Treatment is often challenging as the diagnosis and prognosis are complex and difficult to establish, especially in malocclusions with associated asymmetries.2 In the nongrowing Class III malocclusion patient, it is essential to

Mirian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto, Patrícia Maria Monteiro, Wendes Dias Mendes, José Tarcísio Lima Ferreira, Fábio Lourenço Romano, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 227–236

Article | 30-July-2021

Short-term treatment effects of the quad-helix appliance on dentofacial morphology of hyperdivergent patients

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term expansion treatment using the quad-helix appliance on dentofacial morphology in orthodontic patients presenting with a hyperdivergent facial pattern. Methods: The treatment group consisted of 40 patients with a hyperdivergent facial pattern, who were treated for maxillary incisor crowding with a quad-helix appliance during the mixed dentition period. Lateral cephalograms taken at the start (T0) and end (T1) of the

Saori Endo, Wataru Yamada, Isao Shundo, Yoshiki Kobayashi, Akira Komatsuzaki, Toshiya Endo

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 211–220

Review | 30-November-2014

Factors that Affect Adolescent Adherence to Mental Health and Psychiatric Treatment: a Systematic Integrative Review of the Literature

Although adherence to somatic treatment has been studied extensively, adherence to mental health treatment has not. In this study, the term treatment adherence is used to refer to adherence to medication regimes and other non-pharmacological recommended treatments as part of mental health and psychiatric care. Knowledge of factors connected to adolescents’ adherence to such treatment is fairly fragmented. Although treatment staff members are broadly aware of the factors that influence adherence

Ulla Timlin, Helinä Hakko, Raija Heino, Helvi Kyngäs

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 99–107

Review | 01-April-2020

Review: Pharmacologic treatment of warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia

The clinical course of warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA) can be perplexing and frustrating. Although many patients respond to standard therapy in a predictable and timely fashion, some patients are refractory to standard therapy and may require several attempts of therapies that are less well established. The focus of this review is to discuss the various pharmacologic approaches and options for the treatment of WAIHA.

Karen E. King

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 3, 120–129

Research Article | 02-February-2017

Resource-Saving Technologies of Treatment of Polluted Washing Water for Transport Companies


Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 131–145

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

High-frequency ultrasound in carpal tunnel syndrome:assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy and a frequent cause of sick leaves because of work-related hand overload. That is why an early diagnosis and adequate treatment (conservative or surgical) are essential for optimal patient management. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in CTS for the assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment. Material and methods: The study involved 62 patients (50 women and 12

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 283–291

Article | 15-August-2021

The socio-demographic and malocclusion characteristics of adolescents presenting for specialist orthodontic treatment in New Zealand practices

Background: There are few reports of the socio-demographic and malocclusion characteristics of those undergoing clinical orthodontic treatment in private specialist practice. Aim: To describe the pretreatment characteristics of individuals presenting for orthodontic treatment. Methods: Individuals (N = 174) presenting for orthodontic treatment in 19 private specialist orthodontic practices in New Zealand were randomly selected and examined (at the beginning of a three-year prospective study

David L. Healey, Robin D. Gauld, W. Murray Thomson

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 20–25

research-article | 06-April-2020

Local field potential power spectra and locomotor activity following treatment with pseudoephedrine in mice

INTRODUCTION Pseudoephedrine (PSE) is an effective decongestant for the treatment of a stuffy nose and has been shown to reduce nasal resistance, as a sympathomimetic drug (Hendeles, 1993). Efficacy for oral PSE against nasal congestion during the common cold has been consistently demonstrated by several studies (Loose and Winkel, 2004; Mizoguchi et al., 2007). However, there were warnings that PSE might have health risks and that over-the-counter sales should be banned repetitive

Nusaib Sa-ih, Chayaporn Reakkamnuan, Nifareeda Samerphob, Dania Cheaha, Saree Niyomdecha, Ekkasit Kumarnsit

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 19–31

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Coumarins as potential supportive medication for the treatment of epilepsy

effect of coumarins on the central nervous system (CNS). Therefore, numerous experimental studies focus on disorders such as epilepsy, schizophrenia, depressive and anxiety disorders or Alzheimer’s disease (Skalicka-Woźniak et al., 2016). Possible anticonvulsant properties of natural coumarins Epileptic seizures are the result of excessive abnormal neuronal activity in the brain. The primary treatment for epilepsy is the administration of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). These drugs reduce the frequency

Jarosław Bryda, Mirosław Zagaja, Aleksandra Szewczyk, Marta Andres-Mach

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 126–132

Research Article | 23-May-2019


after immunosupression therapy. Nocardia asteroides is responsible for the majority of infections in humans. Diagnostic methods include cell culture and PCR. The symptoms vary depending on the form of the illness. Cough and hemoptysis are characteristic for pulmonary nocardiosis, while abscesses are typical for the cutaneous form. When the illness spreads, the symptoms vary depending on the organ. The treatment of choice is sulfonamide.

Michał Wiciński, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Bartosz Malinowski, Jarosław Żak, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk, Kamil Leis

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 68–75

Short Communication | 04-December-2017

Inhibition of Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria by a Photoactivated Porphyrin

The authors studied the in vitro antibacterial activity of the photo-activated porphyrin meso-tri(N-methyl-pyridyl), mono(N-tetradecyl-pyridyl)porphine (C14) against four multidrug-resistant bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis (Gram-positive), Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative). Using 10 μg/ml of porphyrin and 60 sec irradiation we observed the remarkable suscep­tibility of S. aureus and E. faecalis to treatment while, under the same conditions, E

Moreno Bondi, Anna Mazzini, Simona De Niederhäusern, Ramona Iseppi, Patrizia Messi

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 533–536

research-article | 13-July-2021

The application of 3D metrology software in the quantitative and qualitative assessment of aligner treatment outcomes

Introduction Three-dimensional (3D) imaging technology has become extensively used in orthodontics for treatment planning and for the custom fabrication of treatment mechanics, including sequential aligners and fixed appliances.1-4 Intraoral scanners of high resolution capability can acquire detailed three-dimensional (3D) images of individual tooth crowns and entire dental arches, allowing the accurate examination of both crown alignment and root parallelism.5-7 While cone-beam computed

Tony Weir

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 100–108

research-article | 13-July-2021

Orthodontic treatment of a case with a congenitally missing maxillary canine and a malformed contralateral canine

the space for implant placement, auto transplantation, or prosthetic restoration.15,16 The restoration of the missing tooth is often complicated by the remaining teeth being in unfavourable positions. Common issues faced in treating hypodontia patients include aligning displaced teeth, space management, tooth uprighting, the management of a possible deep overbite, and post-treatment retention.16 Orthodontic treatment may facilitate restorative care but the final treatment plan will be dependent on

Ahmed I. Masoud, Feras H. Bindagji

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 121–127

Case report | 20-July-2021

An asymmetric magnetic reverse Twin-block appliance for the treatment of a skeletal Class III malocclusion: a case report

Background: The treatment of a skeletal Class III malocclusion with accompanying mandibular asymmetry is an orthodontic challenge. A skeletal Class III may be associated with a retrognathic maxilla, a prognathic mandible and a mandibular asymmetry can be of dental or skeletal origin or in various combinations. Timely treatment with appropriate biomechanics is crucial for an acceptable and stable result. Aims: The aim of this article was to introduce a clinically effective asymmetric magnetic

Qiaoling Ma, Li Mei, Yuanyuan Jiang, Yun Xu, Tuojiang Wu, Huang Li

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 229–240

Article | 20-July-2021

A clinically based review of patient and treatment characteristics in West Australian private orthodontic practices

Objective: To describe patient and treatment characteristics in West Australian private orthodontic practices. Methods: A quantitative retrospective cross-sectional study of patient records from private practices in Western Australia was conducted. Permission was sought to access clinical records of 100 most recently-treated patients at each participating practice. A sample of 3,200 patients (response rate 84%) was collected, representing approximately one-third of practices in Western

Raymond Lam, Simone Mustac, Mithran S. Goonewardene

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 9–19

Article | 20-July-2021

Evaluation of treatment risks and the quality of information contained within the websites of specialist orthodontists

Objective: To evaluate the treatment risks and the quality of information contained within the websites of specialist orthodontists in Australia. Methods: The term ‘specialist orthodontic practice’ was entered into three internet search engines. Websites satisfying inclusion and exclusion criteria were evaluated for orthodontic treatment risk information against nine common treatment risks. For website reliability and quality, the DISCERN instrument was used along with the HON

Maurice J. Meade, Craig W. Dreyer

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 143–151

Article | 30-July-2021

Comprehensive periodontal/orthodontic treatment of bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion caused by posterior bite collapse due to periodontal disease

Background: Increased mobility of teeth in adult patients with advanced periodontal disease causes posterior bite collapse, which is characterised by mesial inclination of the molars and vertical dimension loss, often resulting in bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion. Aim: A case is reported of successful comprehensive periodontal/orthodontic treatment of a 51-year-old woman presenting with bimaxillary dentoalveolar protrusion accompanied by severe crowding in the mandibular arch and flaring of

Masahiro Konno, Masahiro Iijima, Takashi Kado, Yasushi Furuichi, Itaru Mizoguchi

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 105–115

Original Paper | 09-October-2019

Use of standard laboratory methods to obviate routine dithiothreitol treatment of blood samples with daratumumab interference

Daratumumab is an antibody currently used in the treatment of patients with refractory multiple myeloma. Blood samples from patients being treated with daratumumab may show panreactivity during pre-transfusion testing. To facilitate the provision of blood components for such patients, it is recommended that a baseline phenotype or genotype be established prior to starting treatment with daratumumab. If patient red blood cells (RBCs) require phenotyping after the start of daratumumab treatment

Nicholas J. Lintel, Debra K. Brown, Diane T. Schafer, Farai M. Tsimba-Chitsva, Scott A. Koepsell, Sara M. Shunkwiler

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 22–26

Article | 20-July-2021

Treatment of identical twins with congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors – a long-term follow-up

Congenitally missing upper lateral incisors can significantly alter the aesthetic appearance of a smile. The orthodontic challenge is to achieve acceptable facial aesthetics by restoring the dentition either by replacing the missing teeth or by substituting the canines for the lateral incisors. The present case report discusses the orthodontic treatment of two identical twin sisters with missing upper lateral incisors, in whom the spaces were reopened to accommodate prosthetic replacement. The

Morris H. Wechsler, Dong Phung Van

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 250–262

Article | 20-July-2021

The effect of electro-thermal treatment of stainless steel arch wire on mechanical properties and cell proliferation

Background: Electric resistance heat treatment may be performed on orthodontic arch wires, but it remains unclear whether this procedure reliably provides better mechanical properties or whether an austenite phase transition affords less cytotoxicity and less arch wire width change. Methods: Stainless steel (SS) arch wires of 0.017 × 0.025 and 0.019 × 0.025 inches in size were heat-treated using a spot welder for eight seconds at power settings of 2, 4, 6 and 8. The surface

Yingzhi Gu, Xianju Xie, Hongmei Wang, Rui Zhuang, Yuxing Bai

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 75–86

Article | 20-July-2021

Long-term evaluation of enamel colour change following orthodontic treatment: a randomised clinical trial

Objective: To evaluate enamel colour change over a period of one year after the completion of fixed appliance treatment and to assess the influence of two different clean-up procedures and the resulting surface roughness. Materials and methods: Seventeen orthodontic patients were debonded and the residual resin removed using tungsten carbide burs followed by enamel polishing with Stainbuster burs or Sof-Lex discs in a split mouth design. A spectrophotometric colour evaluation was performed

Akshaya Pandian, Nithya Jagdish, Vignesh Kailasam, Sridevi Padmanabhan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 205–211

Review | 20-July-2021

The clinical benefits of orthodontic treatment to pathologically migrated teeth: A systematic review

Introduction: The present systematic review aimed to assess the evidence related to the periodontal benefits of orthodontic treatment of pathologically migrated teeth in combination with periodontal therapy with or without a regenerative procedure. Methods: Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase and Cochrane) were searched up to March 21, 2019. Selection criteria included human studies in which pathologically migrated maxillary teeth were repositioned with orthodontic fixed appliances after

Gustavo H. Gameiro, Michel Dalstra, Paolo M. Cattaneo

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 184–194

Article | 15-August-2021

An aesthetic approach towards the temporary restoration of missing upper lateral incisors during orthodontic treatment

This clinical hint demonstrates an aesthetic method for masking spaces due to missing lateral incisors during orthodontic treatment.

Katie Xu, Seong-Seng Tan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 236–238

Article | 20-July-2021

Reducing iatrogenic complications in the treatment of cleft lip and palate

All patients receiving orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances have a significantly higher risk of developing white spot lesions (WSLs), which are considered the most common iatrogenic complication of treatment. Cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) is a common craniofacial anomaly occurring in approximately one in 800 births. Patients affected by cleft lip and/or palate tend to have poorer oral hygiene and a greater risk of WSLs and caries than non-cleft sibling controls. Patients presenting with

Andrew Savundra, John Fricker

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 110–118

Article | 20-July-2021

The impact of orthodontic treatment on the dental occlusion and oral health-related quality of life of individuals with cleft lip and/or palate

Background: Children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) are a special group of orthodontic patients. Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is an important aspect of treatment outcome that is becoming popular in its application in orthodontics, but its relationship with clinical treatment outcomes remains unclear. Objectives: To compare OHRQoL and clinical treatment outcomes of a sample of children with cleft lip and/or palate and non-cleft children before and after orthodontic treatment

Rebecca Chapman, Peter Fowler, Joseph Antoun, Lyndie Foster Page

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 119–126

Article | 20-July-2021

Evaluation of the posterior airway space following orthopaedic treatment of mandibular deficient Class II malocclusion – a pilot study

Background: The use of Twin Block therapy is a well-accepted functional treatment option for the correction of a Class II malocclusion. In addition to skeletal and dental changes, its use may also promote changes in airway structure and dimension, including the size of the posterior airway space (PAS). This may be of importance in reducing the risk of developing obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). Materials and methods: Sixteen (16) subjects (eight females and eight males) underwent

Christopher J. Costello, John Sambevski, Lam L. Cheng, M. Ali Darendeliler

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 11–16

Article | 20-July-2021

Evaluation of skeletally anchored therapy using miniplates and micro-implants in skeletal Class III treatment

(23 patients). Facemasks with full occlusal coverage acrylic appliances were applied in the FM group (21 patients). Lateral cephalometric radiographs obtained before treatment (T0), after orthopaedic treatment (T1), and after fixed orthodontic treatment (T2) were traced and 31 measurements compared. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the groups related to treatment duration and gender distribution. The mean age was significantly higher in the SA group (11.70

Elçin Esenlik, Gayem Eroğlu Albayrak, Cahide Ağlarcı, Esra Yüksel Coşkun, Yavuz Fındık, Hikmet Orhan

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 158–166

Article | 30-July-2021

The efficacy of Hybrid Hyrax-Mentoplate combination in early Class III treatment: a novel approach and pilot study

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to assess the skeletal, dental and soft tissue effects of a specific treatment protocol in consecutively treated patients who presented with a Class III malocclusion. Treatment involved the use of a Hybrid Hyrax (HH) in the maxilla, a Mentoplate in the mandible and the application of continuous intra-oral Class III elastics. Method: The treated group was comprised of seven males and seven females (mean pretreatment age 10.4 ± 1.7 yr, range

Vandana Katyal, Benedict Wilmes, Manuel Nienkemper, M. Ali Darendeliler, Wayne Sampson, Dieter Drescher

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 88–96

research-article | 13-July-2021

Accuracy of predicted versus achieved aligner treatment outcome of a complex case using digital heatmaps

Introduction Following the first report of treatment of a lower incisor extraction case using Invisalign® appliances in 2002,1 a 12 consecutively-treated patient case series2 and a three-patient case report3 were published by 2016. From these publications, it appears that the Invisalign® appliance is able to produce satisfactory clinical outcomes in the management of lower incisor extraction cases. It is essential for the successful treatment of any lower incisor extraction case to have an

Phillip Goh, Tony Weir, Elissa Freer, Brett Kerr

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 109–120

Article | 20-July-2021

The effect of the lateral cephalometric radiograph on orthodontists' diagnosis and treatment decisions: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial

Aims: To evaluate the influence of the lateral cephalometric radiograph on orthodontists’ diagnosis and treatment planning decisions. Methods: Five patients with full pre-treatment records were selected to represent a spectrum of malocclusions. The records were provided in a web-based questionnaire emailed to 510 Australian registered orthodontists. Participants were asked to formulate a diagnosis and treatment plan for a randomised patient case. The control group received a lateral

Scott Derek Currell, Sophie May Roberts, Yousef Abdalla, Adrian Esterman

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 188–195

Research Article | 29-March-2016

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

AimThe aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of high frequency ultrasound in the postoperative evaluation of CTS treatment efficacy.Material and methodsSixty-two patients (50 women and 12 men aged 28–70, mean age 55.2) underwent surgical treatment of CTS. Ultrasound examinations of the wrist in all carpal tunnel sufferers were performed 3 months after the procedure with the use of a high frequency broadband linear array transducer (6–18 MHz, using 18 MHz band) of MyLab 70/Esaote. On the

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 16–24

mini-review | 05-December-2019

Colistin Resistance in Enterobacterales Strains – A Current View

-negative bacilli has led to polymyxins B and E being used once again, as a “salvage” therapy in the patients with CRE (carbapenems-resistant Enterobacteriaceae) infections for which we do not have the better treatment options (Li et al. 2006; Nation and Li 2009; Lim et al. 2010). Orally and topically administered colistin sulphate and parenteral colistin methanesulphonate sodium are designed for the treatment of life-threatening human infections caused by Gram-negative rods. Colistin has been approved


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 417–427

Article | 30-November-2018


immunosuppressive treatment, patients on hemodialysis, and newborns due to the immaturity of the immune system [6, 7, 18, 31, 35, 36]. The currently available, approved and certified diagnostic methods allow for a quick and reliable confirmation of the infection, demonstration of viral replication, monitoring of the course of the infection and result in effective antiviral therapy. However, despite the diagnostic and therapeutic solutions in the form of antiviral drugs, the hCMV is still a significant cause of

Anna Majewska, Beata Młynarczyk-Bonikowska, Magdalena Malejczyk, Sławomir Majewski, Grażyna Młynarczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 291–299

research-article | 13-July-2021

Dental developmental stage affects the treatment outcome of maxillary protraction in skeletal Class III children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Introduction A skeletal Class III malocclusion may involve maxillary hypoplasia, or mandibular hyperplasia, or a combination of both. It has been found that approximately two-thirds of subjects presenting with a skeletal Class III malocclusion have maxillary hypoplasia,1 which negatively affects orofacial aesthetics and function. Maxillary protraction therapy using a facemask (reverse headgear) is invariably used for the treatment of skeletal Class III malocclusion as a result of maxillary

Wei Miao, Dan Zhou, Chunjie Li, Lichun Chen, Min Guan, Yiran Peng, Li Mei

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1, 37–49

research-article | 03-September-2020

Moderation of treatment effects by parent-adolescent conflict in a randomised controlled trial of Attachment-Based Family Therapy for adolescent depression

recurrence of depression in adulthood (7), and depression has been found to mediate intergenerational continuity in high-conflict family environments (8). Parent-adolescent conflict and treatment of adolescent depression Because parent-adolescent conflict has shown a consistent association with the development and course of adolescent depression, it has also been studied as a potential predictor or moderator of outcome in multiple clinical trials of adolescent depression treatments. Moderators in the

Erling W. Rognli, Luxsiya Waraan, Nikolai O. Czajkowski, Marianne Aalberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 110–122

Article | 20-July-2021

Clinical evidence in the treatment of white spot lesions following fixed orthodontic therapy: a meta-analysis

Objective: This systematic review aims to determine the most effective method of treatment to remineralise post-orthodontic white spot lesions (WSLs). Method: Six databases were accessed and searched for articles. Screening and selection were conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two reviewers independently assessed and extracted identified studies and relevance disagreement was resolved through consensus. Experimental studies were

Eng Seng Yeoh, Tam Le, Joemer Maravilla, Vincent O’Rourke, Yan He, Qingsong Ye

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 45–60

research-paper | 12-August-2019

The effect of bupropion augmentation of minocycline in the treatment of depression

onset of action, which basically restricts their effectiveness, and hence the prerequisites of the therapy of depression are still unmet (Mojtabai, 2009; Richelson, 2013). Augmentation therapy as a second-line treatment is preferred over first-line monotherapy because the latter is associated with a lower success rate (60-70%) (Thase et al., 2007). The therapeutic potential of the new generation drugs like venlafaxine (a dual reuptake inhibitor), reboxetine (a selective NE-reuptake inhibitor) or

Monica Bendale, Sharon Ronald D'souza, Veeranjaneyulu Addepalli, Pravin Popatrao Kale

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 217–224

research-article | 30-November-2018


popular processes in biological treatments are aerobic and anaerobic, they use microorganisms as a tool to treat organic industrial wastewater [5; 6]. Although both processes are necessaries in most complete wastewater treating system, anaerobic processprevail due to its advantages over aerobic:it requires no oxygen has a high load Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), and minimizes sludge production Many types of industrial wastewater treatment systems could not operate well with the absence of anaerobic

Nhat-Ha TRAN, Manh-Ha BUI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 145–151

Review | 20-July-2021

The effect of headgear treatment on the development of obstructive sleep apnoea. A systematic review

dimensions and headgear. A risk of bias assessment was conducted using the ACROBAT-NRSI tool for non-randomised studies. Results: Of the 51 articles initially retrieved, only three were eligible for inclusion, while the remainder were retrospective cohort studies presenting serious risk of bias primarily due to undetected confounding factors or selection bias. No quantitative synthesis was possible. One study assessed the potential effect of isolated headgear treatment on apnoeic indices, while two

Vera Studer, Despina Koletsi, Anna Iliadi, Theodore Eliades

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 239–249

research-article | 07-October-2021

Dentofacial changes following treatment with a fixed functional appliance and their three-dimensional effects on the upper airway

Introduction Functional appliances (FA) are commonly used as fixed or removable devices for the orthodontic treatment of class II malocclusions.1 In addition to class II correction, cephalometric studies have shown an association between FA treatment and an increase in the upper airway area, with increased ANB and SNB angles;2 a posterior mandibular rotation;3 and an increased vertical growth pattern being negatively associated with airway changes.4 The limitations of cephalometric imaging

Yousef Abdalla, Stavros Kiliaridis, Liselotte Sonnesen

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 284–293

Article | 20-July-2021

The incidence and severity of root resorption following orthodontic treatment using clear aligners

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and severity of root resorption in patients who were orthodontically treated by clear aligner therapy. Methods: Linear tooth lengths of maxillary and mandibular teeth from the second molar to second molar were measured from pre and post-treatment cone beam computed tomography examinations of 25 patients who were treated by a clear aligner system. Results: Mean reductions in tooth length varied according to tooth type, with

Christopher James Costello, Brett Kerr, Tony Weir, Elissa Freer

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 2, 130–137

Article | 14-October-2020

Low-incidence MNS antigens associated with single amino acid changes and their susceptibility to enzyme treatment

MNS antigens are carried on glycophorin A (GPA), glycophorin B (GPB), or their variants. Antigens at the N-terminus of GPA are sensitive to cleavage by ficin, papain, and trypsin but are resistant to α-chymotrypsin. Antigens at the N-terminus of GPB are sensitive to cleavage by ficin, papain, and α-chymotrypsin but are resistant to trypsin treatment. These characteristics have been used to aid in the identification of blood group alloantibodies. Recent molecular analyses have

Marion E. Reid, Jill Storry

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 3, 76–81

Mini Review | 30-June-2018

Brucella – Virulence Factors, Pathogenesis and Treatment

the bacteria multiply. The treatment of brucellosis is based on two-drug therapy, the most common combinations of antibiotics are: doxycycline with rifampicin or fluoroquinolones with rifampicin. Currently, also other methods are used to disrupt Brucella intracellular replication (tauroursodeoxycholic acid or ginseng saponin fraction A).


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 151–161

Article | 09-August-2018


Activated sludge method dominates among the currently used biological wastewater treatment systems. The dynamic development of this technology implies need for research, most of which are carried out in laboratory conditions. Biolog system seems to be an effective tool that allows a quick assessment of microbial activity of activated sludge. The aim of this study was to verify Biolog® EcoPlates’ usage for comparing the functional and metabolic diversity of activated and excess sludge

Justyna Michalska, Danuta Wojcieszyńska, Izabela Greń

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 119–126

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Anti-inflammatory compound curcumin and mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury in rats

studied, two groups received curcumin on the surface of the spinal cord immediately after SCI and then once a week for 3 weeks together with an intraperitoneal daily curcumin injection for 28 days. The other two groups received saline. Seven days after SCI, human MSC were intrathecally implanted in one curcumin and one saline group. Both curcumin and curcumin combined with MSC treatment improved locomotor ability in comparison to the saline treated animals. The combined treatment group showed

Jiri Ruzicka, Lucia Machova Urdzikova, Anna Kloudova, Anubhav G. Amin, Jana Vallova, Sarka Kubinova, Meic H. Schmidt, Meena Jhanwar-Uniyal, Pavla Jendelova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 358–374

research-paper | 30-November-2020

Effects of scopolamine treatment and consequent convulsion development in c–fos expression in fed, fasted, and refed mice

al., 1997; Patronas et al., 1998). Various stressors such as light, odor, fasting, and food deprivation activate c–fos expression. Nutrition and food deprivation function as neuronal activators in different areas of the cerebrum (Angeles–Castellanos et al., 2004; 2005). Fasted animals treated with antimuscarinic drugs, such as scopolamine and atropine, develop convulsions after re–feeding (Nurten et al., 2006, Enginar et al., 2009; 2010). Food deprivation, antimuscarinic treatment, and solid food

Asli Zengin Turkmen, Asiye Nurten, Mine Erguven, Emine Bilge

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 3, 264–270

Case report | 12-March-2020

Role for serial prenatal anti-Vel quantitative serologic monitoring with 2-ME serum treatment during pregnancy: case report

Anti-Vel is an uncommon antibody to a high-prevalence antigen. Its clinical significance and management in the prenatal setting are not well characterized. We present a case that demonstrates the utility of serial prenatal anti-Vel quantitative serologic monitoring with 2-ME serum treatment during pregnancy. The patient is a 23-year-old Hispanic woman with history of prior pregnancy and prior transfusion who was discovered to have an antibody to the high-prevalence Vel antigen in the first

Walter J. Linz, Judith T. Fueger, Steven Allen, Susan T. Johnson

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 8–10

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