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  • Journal Of Ultrasonography


review-article | 18-June-2021

Shoulder ultrasound: current concepts and future perspectives

Main shoulder anatomy The shoulder girdle comprises three bones (the proximal humerus, the scapula, and the clavicle) that articulate in three joints: the glenohumeral, acromioclavicular, and sternoclavicular joints. The head of the humerus is much larger than the glenoid fossa, giving the glenohumeral joint a wide range of movement at the cost of instability. Static (glenoid labrum, capsule, glenohumeral and coracoacromial ligaments) and dynamic stabilizers (rotator cuff tendons) maintain the

Francesca Serpi, Domenico Albano, Santi Rapisarda, Vito Chianca, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Carmelo Messina

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e154–e161

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal interventional procedures around the shoulder

). Ultrasound is a fast, accessible, reliable, and radiation-free imaging modality routinely used to assess the soft tissues of the upper limb(3). It enables the identification of a wide range of pathological conditions and can be used to guide several musculoskeletal interventional procedures around the shoulder(4,5). In this article, the most common ultrasound-guided procedures around the shoulder have been reviewed to discuss indications and techniques. Acromioclavicular joint Acromioclavicular joint

Silvia Tortora, Carmelo Messina, Salvatore Gitto, Vito Chianca, Francesca Serpi, Angelo Gambino, Luigi Pedone, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e162–e168

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

Objective: High resolution ultrasonography is a non-painful and non-invasive imaging technique which is useful for the assessment of shoulder pain causes, as clinicalexamination often does not allow an exact diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the fi ndings of clinical examination and high resolution ultrasonographyin patients presenting with painful shoulder. Methods: Non-interventional observational study of 100 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 29–44

research-article | 18-December-2020

Elasticity of the coracohumeral ligament in patients with frozen shoulder following rotator interval injection: a case series

Introduction Adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, also known as frozen shoulder, is a common orthopaedic condition characterised by loss of glenohumeral motion(1). The underlying cause of adhesive capsulitis is not well understood but appears to be characterised by synovial inflammation and capsular fibrosis(2). Several recent studies have implicated the rotator interval and coracohumeral ligament as being critical in the pathology of adhesive capsulitis(3–6). The coracohumeral ligament (CHL

David McKean, Siok Li Chung, Rebecca te Water Naudé, Bernard McElroy, Jonathan Baxter, Aniruddha Pendse, Joseph Papanikitas, James Teh, Richard Hughes

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 300–306

Review | 25-September-2018

The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 234–239

Original Paper | 30-June-2016

Sonographic detection of inferior subluxation in post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders

Aim of the study: To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonographic acromion-greater tuberosity distance measurement and Shoulder ratio in detecting post-stroke inferior shoulder subluxation. Material and methods: Forty-five hemiplegic stroke patients and 45 controls underwent shoulder sonography to measure their acromion-greater tuberosity distance. Side-to-side acromion-greater tuberosity distance differences and Shoulder ratios were derived from the acromion-greater tuberosity distance values

Bukunmi M. Idowu, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Victor A. Adetiloye, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Babalola I. Afolabi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 106–112

Research Article | 01-September-2017


Graphical passwords are believed to be more secure than traditional textual passwords, but the authentications are usually complex and boring for users. Furthermore, most of the existing graphical password schemes are vulnerable to spyware and shoulder surfing. A novel graphical password scheme ColorLogin is proposed in this paper. ColorLogin is implemented in an interesting game way to weaken the boring feelings of the authentication. ColorLogin uses background color, a method not previously

P. Saranya, S. Sharavanan, R. Vijai, RM. Balajee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 590–603

Original Paper | 07-September-2016

Inter-rater reliability in the classification of supraspinatus tendon tears using 3D ultrasound – a question of experience?

BackgroundThree-dimensional (3D) ultrasound of the shoulder is characterized by a comparable accuracy to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. No studies investigating 2D versus 3D inter-rater reliability in the detection of supraspinatus tendon tears taking into account the level of experience of the raters have been carried out so far.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in the analysis of 3D ultrasound image sets of the supraspinatus tendon between

Giorgio Tamborrini, Christian Marx, Raphael Micheroli

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 252–259

case-report | 18-June-2021

Infraspinatus atrophy due to Bennett lesion causing suprascapular nerve palsy

Case report A 19-year-old professional volleyball player presented to the emergency department complaining of long-standing and progressively worsening right shoulder pain, which exacerbated during sports activity. Physical examination revealed right subtle supraspinatus and obvious infraspinatus muscle atrophy. The range of motion was preserved, and there were no signs of instability or muscle weakness. There was no neck pain, numbness, or tingling in her arm or any previous shoulder

Juan Miranda Bautista, Javier Fernández-Jara, Santiago Miranda Bautista, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, María Valencia Mora, Begoña Gutiérrez San José, Mateo González Estévez, Blanca Mur Molina, Patricia Patilla Vázquez

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e177–e181

research-article | 30-September-2019

The use of a probe stabilizer to reduce musculoskeletal overload of ultrasound operators in routine diagnostic echocardiographic imaging

of the ultrasound department(2). Important causes of work-related injuries are excessive strain, repetitive motions, and duration of pressure(3,4). The wrist and shoulder are the most common body parts injured in sonographers(5,6). A common static work posture during scanning contains wrist flexion and extreme shoulder abduction for a long period of time. An angle of abduction greater than 30° puts the shoulder at greater risk for injury(7). Modified scanning techniques and ergonomically designed

Sjoerd Bouwmeester, Marloes de Kleijn, Jan van Wijngaarden, Patrick Houthuizen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 193–197

Article | 01-December-2012


To improve the human arm function of disable patients after stroke, we propose in this paper a new design of a robot-assisted therapy. The robotic device must be attached to a human arm and mimics the motion of the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints. The functional training of the stroked upper limb is covered in motion and force via a safe compliant motion. The controller parameters are optimized by the therapist based on the human morphology parameters via an intelligent Control Interface where

Haifa Mehdi, Olfa Boubaker

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 1044–1062

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Macroscopic and ultrasonographic anatomy of the rotator cuff layers

of the rotator cuff structures, the 50/50 division should not be treated stiffly. Fig. 7. A schematic representation of the rotator cuff structures. Longitudinal section of the shoulder in the supraspinatus or infraspinatus zone. Blue – superior complex, green – tendon, red – muscle belly, purple – subacromial-subdeltoid bursa. By permission of Czyrny(4) Supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons do not have layers – they are single-layered. The outer layer of the rotator cuff is a tendinous one

Zbigniew Czyrny, Bartłomiej Kordasiewicz, Maciej Kiciński, Małgorzata Brzozowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 120–124

rapid-communication | 08-March-2021

Ultrasound guided injection of the rotator interval – Gaurav-Botchu technique

. Schematic diagram of rotator interval showing needle tip in target zone via lateral to medial approach Fig. 2. Axial ultrasound showing the indented trajectory of the needle (A) with a needle tip in the target zone (B) via lateral to medial approach Anatomy The rotator interval (RI) is a key anatomical structure for the stability of the shoulder. This complex triangular region includes the long head of the biceps tendon (LHB), which is stabilised by the coracohumeral ligament (CHL) and the

Gaurav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 77–79

review-article | 30-September-2019

Sonographic assessment of the anatomy and common pathologies of clinically important bursae

-resolution ultrasonography, and to explain the ultrasound diagnosis of the most frequent and clinically most important pathologies of bursae. Imaging findings Shoulder Subacromial-subdeltoid bursa is clinically the most important bursa of the shoulder. However, there are also several other bursae around the shoulder joint: coracobrachial bursa, subcoracoid bursae, and subscapularis subtendinous bursa(7). Subacromial-subdeltoid bursa is the largest bursa of the human body, but the two walls of the

Slavcho Ivanoski, Violeta Vasilevska Nikodinovska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 212–221

Review | 29-March-2016

Role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases in light of ACR/EULAR guidelines

League Against Rheumatism concerning medical imaging in rheumatoid arthritis. Nine of ten recommendations concern ultrasonography which is relevant in detecting diseases, predicting their progression and treatment response, monitoring disease activity and identifying remission. In the new criteria concerning polymyalgia rheumatica from 2012, an ultrasound scan of the shoulder and pelvic girdle was considered an alternative to clinical assessment. Moreover, the relevance of ultrasonography in the

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 55–64

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